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parliament. The steps taken by them in it. Their plan

excellent, p. 288-293.

Parliament attempts to reform the law, enact all law-pro-

ceedings to be in the English tongue, p. 294-296.

The best pens fought out and rewarded by the parliament for

writing in behalf of civil and religious liberty. Of

Milton, Nedham, the Parkers and others, p. 297–305.

Of the provifion made for the ftate clergy and univerfities-

Bishops, and dean and chapters lands fold-Of ecclefiafti-

cal Revenues-Produce of the fale of the bishops lands in

the province of York. Chancellor Oxenstiern admires

the great actions of the parliament, Mr. Hume cenfured,

p. 306-315.

Cromwell puts a period for a time to the commonwealth-

Difcourfe between him and Whitlock concerning his

taking on him the Kingship. Account of his turning the

members out of the house-Cenfured by Whitlock, and

Ludlow, p. 316–323.


Fuftifications of Cromwell by himself and his apologists on

this head-Remarks thereon-Cromwell and the com-

monwealth leaders characterised by Dr. Warburton,

P. 324-329.

Cromwell conflitutes a council of ftate and calls a parlia-

ment Account of their proceedings. Lord Clarendon's

reprefentation of them virulent and false.- Hatred of ec-

clefiaftics-Parliament refign back their power into the

hands of Cromwell. Remarks thereon, p. 330-340.

Cromwell affumes the title of Lord Protector-Of the in-

frument of government-The Protector endeavours to

juftify himself to the army-Reajons given for the new

fettlement-His government, at first, almost universally

acquiefced in, p. 341-351.

Cromwell rivals the greatest of cur monarchs in glory, and

makes himself courted and dreaded by the nations around

bim. Proofs of it, p. 352-361.

Cromwell gives peace to the Dutch-Conditions of it,

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LIVER Cromwell, fon of Robert Cromwell, and Elizabeth Stuart, his wife, was born at Huntington, on the twenty fourth of April, one thousand five hundred ninety nine. His family, which was confiderable, I shall give some account of in the note (A).


(A) I fhall give fome account of his family.] We are naturally inquifitive about the defcents and alliances of those who have figured in the world. Whether they fprung from new or old families? whether their fathers were men of renown? or they them felves first gave luftre to their name? are queftions usually asked by fuch as read or hear concerning them. To gratify the curiofity of the reader then, the following account B has

He was educated in grammar learning in the Free-fchool at Huntington, under Dr. Thomas

has been collected.

That his (Oliver's) extraction by the father's fide, was from Sir Richard Williams, Knight, a gentleman of eminent note (fays Sir Villiam Dugdale) in the court of king Henry VIII. and fon to Morgan ap Williams (a Welchman) by fifter to Thomas lord Cromwell earl of

(4) Short

Effex, is not to be doubted. Who being by his uncle preferred to the fervice of king Henry, was for that caufe (and no other) called Cromwell, as is apparent View of the enough from teftimonies of credit (a).' If I have troubles in not been mifinformed, many gentlemen of the name 458. Ox- of Williams, in Wales, value themfelves on this defcent ford, 1681. of Oliver Cromwell. Dugdale's account has been lately. contefted by a gentleman who thinks it more proba

England, P.



ble that this family defcended by the females from Ralph lord Cromwell of Tattenhall in Lincolnshire, the laft heir male of which was lord High Treasurer in the reign of Henry VI. and one of his coheireffes married Sir William Williams, whofe defcendents might afterwards take the name of Cromwell, in hopes of attaining that title which Humphry Bouchier, a younger fon of the then earl of Effex, who married the eldest of the coheireffes, actually had, and was killed at Barnet field, fighting on the fide of king Edward phia Britan- IV. (b)-Which of thefe accounts is most probable

(4) Biogra

nica, vol.

iii. Article Cromwell, nute (A).

must be left to the judgment of the reader.--However, this is certain, that Sir Richard Cromwell above mentioned was fheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingtonfire in the time of Henry VIII. was a great favourite and commander in the wars, and had grants • of abbey lands in Huntingtonfire to the amount, as they were then rated, of three thoufand pounds a year. His fon, Sir Henry, was four times fheriff of the county. Sir Oliver, uncle to the Protector, gave king James I. the greatest feaft that had been given


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