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count of illness, he must retire for a time from official and public life; but he then vanished, as in a moment, from life itself. I had long the pleasure of his acquaintance; we had sat for many years together in the House of Commons; we were on different sides; but his amiable disposition disarmed, if not all opposition, certainly all hostility. He was a most courteous and accomplished gentleman—a scholar of peculiar elegance-a man of blameless life-an honour to his order-the type of a truly noble Englishman; and Ireland-his almost adopted country-will, I doubt not, long cherish a grateful recollection of the good and gentle Carlisle."

The distinguished guests were visibly moved by this high and generous tribute of respect and esteem paid by the learned Recorder to a firm and consistent political opponent.

At the ninth Congress of the Society for the Promotion of Social Science, Lord Brougham said :—

"We have to lament the losses which we-the country-the world at large have sustained since we met at York."

And after alluding to the services of Richard Cobden and John Cassell, thus proceeded :—

"Nor is it possible in this country to forget the heavy loss-which at our last Congress we had hoped to escape, but which soon after befell us—of Lord Carlisle, than whom a more virtuous person, or, in all his positions, one more useful, did not exist. On these lessons we may use the touching words in which the Royal Psalmist poured out his sorrow,—

"We shall go to them, but they shall not return to us.' —(2 SAMUEL, xii. 23).

The limits of this work would not admit of the possibility of recording the innumerable tributes-by men of eminence in science and literature, by Statesmen of the highest reputationto the merits and virtues of Lord Carlisle.

The following fine elegiac poem, written immediately after the death of Lord Carlisle, by a gentleman of well-known literary attainments-conspicuous for the descriptive power of his muse, and a political opponent, with great truth and expressiveness embraces the noble qualities, the varied accomplishments, and the virtuous attributes of the late Lord Carlisle, and vividly describes the feelings of general grief prevailing everywhere-in every rank of the social scale :


"WHO are his many mourners?

By best of men-

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Missed by us all!

"Missed by the artist—
The Thespian amateur;
By all in need who sought
The patron sure——
Missed by us all!

"Deeply as a brother mourned,
Missed in every tie-
The friend and relative
Together weep and sigh-
Missed by us all!

"Missed in the social group,
The radiant smile;
Missed in the Senate,
Classic, genial style-
On earth a blank!

"Missed from the Viceroy's throne,
Poor Erin's friend;

Missed from the house of prayer

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On Sunday, the 18th December, 1864, a few days after the mortal remains of the late Viceroy had been consigned to the tomb in the ancestral mausoleum of the Howard family, the Very Rev. Daniel Bagot, Dean of Dromore, and Vicar-General of the Diocese of Newry and Mourne, preached an eloquent and impressive sermon on the death and memory of Lord Carlisle, în the Chapel Royal of Dublin Castle.

The following are extracts from the Dean of Dromore's Encomium:

"It has pleased that great Being, who is the All-wise and All-merciful Disposer of our destinies, to remove out of this world of suffering and of sin that distinguished nobleman who had been for so many years the representative of our gracious Sovereign in this our native land. The Earl of Carlisle is no more. On the 5th of this present month the silver cord was loosed, the golden bowl was broken, and his undying soul was added to the spirits of the just; and on Tuesday last, the 13th, his mortal remains were committed-earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust'—to the solemn isolation of the tomb, in sure and certain hope of a glorious resurrection at the last day. The earnest expressions of concern and regret which this melancholy event has produced do credit to the judgments and the hearts of all who knew him, and carry with them the clearest proofs that they are not a merely interested and artificial tribute of assumed respect, but that they rise out of feelings of profound attachment, and from a sincere and deep-felt grief for the departure of one whose noble accomplishments and commanding virtues have deserved the most solid and enduring appreciation. I cannot regard the place where I now address you, and in which he so often worshipped, as one in which it is unsuitable to pay a passing tribute to his memory. He was eminently endowed with a simple and unassuming manliness of character. True nobility was an innate and essential element in his moral nature. Free from everything approaching to arrogance, or ostentation, or pride-full of kindness and benevolence, of dignified and impressive wisdom, and discriminating sense, he discharged the responsible duties of his exalted station with gentle and graceful firmness, with lenient and impartial sway, and always employed his high and prevailing influence for the material and social improvement of the country which he loved and had adopted as his own. Endowed with the estimable adornments of clear and penetrating intelligence, richly cultivated tastes, copious and refined information, he was at all times ready to consecrate these to the service of every useful and philanthropic undertaking; and in him the advancement of every beneficent art that tends to regenerate and embellish society always found a zealous patron and a generous champion. He never stooped to covet or to seek a spurious popularity by methods of which his morally fortified mind and well-disciplined conscience disapproved; but in all his actions unsullied integrity was the motive power, stainless and unbending principle was his guiding star. He never prized the advantages of his elevated position as instruments for administering to his own aggrandisement and gratification, but chiefly for the opportunity which they supplied for endeavouring to raise the character and condition, and to improve the habits of the lower and industrial classes of society. His genial and courteous affability, his pleasing versatility of conversation, his cheerful sympathy with all that was kind and good, ever attracted the enthusiastic and admiring homage of all who enjoyed the

privilege of his acquaintance. To the innermost circle of those who were connected with him by family ties, or by social ties, he was the object of affectionate love; to the outer circle of those with whom he was officially connected, he was the object of the warmest esteem; to the more comprehensive circle of those who knew him by his character and his actions, he was the object of grateful admiration and respect. To him the splendour of external rank, which in many is but a substitute for personal worth, was almost superfluous, for the glare of temporal titles and of worldly honours was far surpassed by the brighter and more enduring lustre of sterling honour and intrinsic virtue.

"His religious convictions were earnest, steadfast, intelligent, and sincere; and I can state that he was impressed with a deep and abiding feeling of personal piety and devotion. His charities were munificent and unbounded; but they should not be called charities. This word has been degraded into a vulgar and paltry vehicle for expressing those unspontaneous donations which moneyed parsimony occasionally doles out under the influence of vanity and self-gratulation, so as to cause a blush instead of exciting gratitude in the recipient. We want a new term to describe that pure and simple liberality which gives, if I may so say it, without giving, and is received without the humiliating feeling of being received. If we could transfer from a Grecian source the term which the Apostle employs in the 13th chapter of his first Epistle to the Corinthians we should have the right designation of genuine Christian philanthropy, which suffereth long and is kind; vaunteth not itself; is not puffed up; seeketh not her own;' and which was the root and principle from which the noble generosity so profusely exemplified in the late Earl of Carlisle was derived. How willingly did he contribute to every public enterprise of usefulness or benevolence! how feelingly did he sympathize with every case of distress that came before him! His delight was to feed the hungry, to clothe the naked, to relieve the sick, to make the orphans' and the widows' heart exult with joy; to enjoy the luxury of doing good; and he felt peculiar pleasure in fostering rising talent with kind and liberal encouragement, and in acting as the generous and discriminating patron of obscure and of struggling merit.

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"This is not the place in which we should refer to anything of a political bearing or complexion; but this I may say, that in the administration of the Government of this country it was his great desire and aim to be an unbiassed and impartial ruler. He always felt and acted as one who had been peculiarly intrusted with a mission of philanthropy from our good and gracious Queen to her people of every sect, and party, and denomination in our land. And accordingly, whatever had a tendency to eradicate prejudice, to emancipate the mind from bigotry, to make the candid, the generous, and patriotic in sentiment predominant over every feeling of an intolerant and exclusive

complexion, ever met with his heartiest welcome and was greeted with his warmest applause. In the matter of education his object was to raise the intellectual tone and character of the people, and to vindicate for the poor man that freedom of conscience and right of private judgment which the rich man is able and determined to assert for himself, and to make not only the system which is established by the State, but also every other system, no matter on what principle it may be based, the means of achieving moral victories over ignorance and vice, of banishing the evil spirit of religious discord, and of scattering the seeds of industry and loyalty and sobriety, and of all the household virtues of society broadcast throughout the land.

"His life was a life of faith in the Son of God, who loved him and gave Himself for him. I know that his simple dependence was upon the finished work of his Divine Redeemer; that he relied upon His sacrifice alone for pardon-upon His righteousness alone for acceptance with God; and that he looked forward with clear and unclouded faith to that blessed hope, even the glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ. His latter days were days of peaceful serenity and of tranquil joy; and instead of manifesting symptoms of restlessness and irritation under the pressure of the disease by which he was afflicted, the lustre of Christian principle shone forth with clear and hallowed brightness, and gave a sacred softness to his whole deportment. His work on earth is done, and now he sleeps in Jesus."


Lord Carlisle's functions in the world of statesmanship seemed to be to represent and sustain the highest magnanimity, devotedness, and benevolence. In every sphere of his useful life, in every office of state to which he was called by the favour of his Sovereign, he was distinguished by the ability, zeal, and fidelity with which he discharged his social and official duties.

The welfare of the working classes was to him a subject of deep interest from the period of his entrance into public life. The Lectures he delivered abound with sentiments of earnest regard for their amelioration-the actions of his entire life accord with the principles which directed his political career.

He was an ardent promoter of Mechanics' Institutes, and initiated Public Libraries and People's Parks.

To all social and sanitary improvements he gave an effective impulse. As Commissioner of Woods and Forests he originated

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