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Inter his son before we press upon him This edict.


Byron. Tragedy. Two Foscari. act. iv. sc. 1. INTERAMNA, in ancient geography, a town of the Cisappennine Umbria; so called from its situation between rivers, or in an island in the river Nar, now called Terni. It was the birthplace of Tacitus the historian, and Tacitus the emperor. Pliny distinguishes the natives by the name of Interamnates Nartes.

INTERAMNA LIRINAS, a town and colony of the Volsci in Latium, on the confines of Samnium, at the confluence of the rivers Liris and Melpis, now in ruins.

INTERAMNA, Or INTERAMNIA, Prætutianorum, a town in the territory of the Prætutiani, a part of Picenum; now called Teramo, in the Abruzzo of Naples. INTER CALAR, adj. Fr. intercalaire; Lat. INTERCAL'ARY. Sintercalaris. Inserted out of the common order to preserve the equation of time; as, the 29th of February in a leap year is an intercalary day.

INTERCALARY DAY, the odd day in leap year, so called from calare, to proclaim, it being proclaimed by the priests with a loud voice.

INTER CALATE, v. a. Fr. intercaler; Lat. intercalo. To insert an extraordinary day.

INTERCATIA, in ancient geography, a town of the Vaccai in Hispania Citra. Here Scipio Emilianus slew a champion of the barbarians in single combat; and was the first who mounted

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. Fr. interceder; Lat. intercedo. To pass be

tween; to mediate; to act between two par

INTERCEDE', v. n. INTERCED'ER, n. s. INTERCESSION, n. s. INTERCES'SOR, n. s. ties with a view of reconciling differences. It has with if only one part be named, and between if both be named. Interceder, more properly written intercessor, a mediator; an agent between two parties to procure reconciliation: intercession, mediation; interposition; agency in the cause of another, sometimes against him.

He bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Isa. liii. 12. Pray not thou for this people, neither make intercession to me; for I will not hear thee. Jer. vii. 16. He maketh intercession to God against Israel.

Rom. xi. 2.

So of thy grace and bountie speciall
To the King on hyghe be intercessor,
In hevyn to crown hir a quene of honoure.

G. Cavendishe's Metrical Visions. The better course should be by planting of garrisons about him, which, whensoever he shall look forth, or be drawn out, shall be always ready to inSpenser. tercept his going or coming.

Can you, when you pushed out of your gates the very defender of them, think to front his revenges with the palsied intercession of such a decayed dotard Shakspeare. as you seem to be.

Behold the heavens! thither thine eyesight bend; Thy looks, sighs, tears, for intercessours send.

On man's behalf,


Patron or intercessour, none appeared. Milton.
Them the glad son

Presenting, thus to intercede began. ld. He supposeth that a vast period interceded between that origination and the age wherein he lived.


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I may restore myself into the good graces of my fair criticks, and your lordship may intercede with them on my promise of amendment. Dryden.

Your intercession now is needless grown; Retire, and let me speak with her alone. Id. When we shall hear our eternal doom from our intercessours, it will convince us, that a denial of Christ is more than transitory words. South.

Those superficies reflect the greatest quantity of light, which have the greatest refracting power, and which intercede mediums that differ most in their refracting densities.


Though for the first all Westminster should plead, And for the last all Gresham intercede. Young. INTERCEPT, v. a. ? Lat. intercipio. To INTERCEPTION, n. s. stop and seize in the way; to obstruct; cut off, or stop from being communicated.

Who intercepts me in my expedition? -O, she that might have intercepted thee, By strangling thee. Shakspeare. Richard III.

I then in London, keeper of the king,
Mustered my soldiers, gathered flocks of friends,
Marched towards St. Albans t' intercept the queen.

Your intercepted packets
You writ to the pope."

Id. Henry.

Though they cannot answer my distress, Yet in some sort they're better than the tribunes; For that they will not intercept my tale.

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and counterrolments, running through the hands, and resting in the power of so many several persons, is sufficient to argue and convince all manner of Bacon's Office of Alienation. falsehood.

With what delights could I have walked thee round!

If I could joy in ought! sweet interchange
Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains.


His faithful friend and brother Euarchus came so mightily to his succour, that, with some interchanging changes of fortune, they begat, of a just war, the best child peace. Sidney.

All along the history of the Old Testament we. find the interchangeable providences of God towards the people of Israel, always suited to their manners. Tillotson. Removes and interchanges would often happen in the first ages after the flood. Burnet's Theory. After so vast an obligation, owned by so free an acknowledgment, could any thing be expected but a continual interchange of kindnesses?


These articles were signed by our plenipotentiaries, and those of Holland; but not by the French, aithough it ought to have been done interchangeably; and the ministers here prevailed on the queen to execute a ratification of articles, which only one part had signed. Swift.

Too late and long

We may deplore and struggle with the coil, In wretched interchange of wrong for wrong 'Midst a contentious world, striving where none are strong. Byron. Childe Harold.

Upon occasions of such trying exigency, as those which we have lately experienced, I hold it to be the very essence of our free and popular constitution, that an unreserved interchange of sentiment should take place between the representative and his constiCanning's Speeches.


INTERCESSIO, INTERCESSION, was used in ancient Rome, for the act of a tribune of the people, or other magistrate, by which he inhibited the acts of other magistrates; or even, in case of the tribunes, the decrees of the senate. Veto was the solemn word used by the tribunes, when they inhibited any decree of the senate, or law proposed to the people. The general law of these intercessions was, that any magistrate might inhibit the acts of his equal or inferior; but the tribunes had the sole prerogative of controlling the acts of every other magis


INTERCESSOR, in the Roman law, was the name of an officer, whom the governors of provinces appointed principally to raise taxes and other duties.

INTERCESSOR is also a term heretofore applied 'to such bishops as, during the vacancy of a see, administered the bishopric, till a successor to the deceased bishop had been elected. The third council of Carthage calls these interventors. INTERCIPIENT, adj. & n. s. See INTER


They commend repellents, but not with much astringency, unless as intercipients upon the parts above, lest the matter should thereby be impacted in the part. Wiseman.

INTERCISION, n. s. Lat. inter and cado. Interruption.

By cessation of oracles we may understand their intercision not abscission, or consummate desolation. Browne.

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INTERCLUSION, n. s. Lat. interclusus. Obstruction; interception.

INTERCOLUMNIATION, n. s. Lat. inter and columna. The space between the pillars.

The distance of intercolumniation may be near four of its own diameter, because the materials commonly laid over this pillar were rather of wood than stone. Wotton. INTERCOM'MON, v. n. Inter and common. To feed at the same table.

Wine is to be forborn in consumptions, for that the spirits of the wine do prey upon the roscid juice of the body, and intercommon with the spirits of the body, and so rob them of their nourishment.

Bacon's Natural History.

INTERCOMMUNITY, n. s. Inter and community. A mutual communication or community; a mutual freedom or exercise of religion. INTERCOSTAL, adj. Fr. intercostal; Lat. inter and costa. Placed between the ribs.

The diaphragm seems the principal instrument of ordinary respiration, although to restrained respiration the intercostal muscles may concur. Boyle. By the assistance of the inward intercostal muscles, in deep suspirations, we take large gulps of air.


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If into a phial, filled with good spirit of nitre, you cast a piece of iron, the liquor, whose parts moved placidly before, meeting with particles in the iron, altering the motion of its parts, and perhaps that of some very subtile intercurrent matter, those active parts presently begin to penetrate, and scatter abroad particles of the iron. Boyle.

"NTERDEAL', n. s Inter and deal. Traffic; intercourse. Obso.ete.

The Gaulish speech is the very British, which is yet retained of the Welchmen and Britons of France; though the alteration of the trading and interdeal with other nations has greatly altered the dialect. Spenser.

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Those are not fruits forbidden, no interdict
Defends the touching of these viands pure;
Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil.
Id. Paradise Regained.

Had he lived to see her happy change,
He would have cancelled that harsh interdict,
And joined our hands himself.

Dryden's Don Sebastian. Nani carried himself meritoriously against the pope, in the time of the interdict, which held up his credit among the patriots.


interdict his suffragans, but his vicar-general may do An archbishop may not only excommunicate and the same. Ayliffe.

By magick fenced, by spells encompassed round, No morta! touched this interdicted ground. Tickel. INTERDICT, a censure inflicted by a pope, or bishop, suspending the priests from their functions, and depriving the people of the use of sacraments, divine service, and Christian burial. This punishment was but little practised till the time of Gregory VII. Afterwards indeed interdicts were often executed in France, Italy, and Germany; and, in 1170, pope Alexander III. put all England under an interdict, forbidding the clergy to perform any part of divine service, except baptising of infants, taking confessions, and giving absolution to dying penitents. In excommunicating a prince all his subjec.s, who retain their allegiance, are excommunicated, and the whole country is put under an interdic.. In the reign of king John the kingdom of England lay under a papal interdict for above six years together it began A. D. 1208. In imitation of the popes, the bishops also soon began to interdict; and it became a common thing for a city, or town, to be excommunicated for the sake of a single person whom they undertook to shelter ; but this severity was found to have such ill effects, to promote libertinism and a neglect of religion, that the succeeding popes very seldom made use of it. There was also an interdict of persons, who were deprived of the benefit of attending on divine service. Particular persons were also anciently interdicted of fire and water, which signified a banishment for some particular offence by their censure, no person was allowed to receive them, or allow them fire or water; and, being thus wholly deprived of the two necessary elements of life, they were doubtless under a kind of civil death.

The following is the formula of an ancient interdict:

'In the name of Christ, We, the bishop, in behalf of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, and of St. Peter, the chief of the apostles, and in our own behalf, do excommunicate and interdict this church, and all the chapels thereunto belonging, that no man from henceforth may have leave to say mass, or to hear it, or in any wise to administer any divine office, nor to receive God's tithes without our leave; and whosoever shall presume to sing or hear mass, or perform any divine office, or to receive any tythes, contrary to this interdict, on the part of God the Father Almighty, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, and on the behalf of St. Peter, and all the saints, let him be accursed and separated from all Christian society, and from entering into Holy Mother Church, where there is forgiveness of sins; and let him be anathema, maranatha, for ever with the devils in hell. Fiat. fiat, fiat.'-Du Cange.

INTERDICTS, in the Roman .aw, were certain formula of words by which the prætor, when the possession of any property was contested between many, ordered or forbade something to be done with it, till the right or property should be legally determined. Which formulæ were called interdicts, because they related to the possession of the thing in the interim, or till the right was ascertained.

They had three kinds of interdicts, prohibitory, restitutory, and exhibitory. Prohibitory were those by which the judges forbade any one to vex another in the possession of any thing legally belonging to him. Restitutory were those by which the judges appointed any one, who had been expelled out of his estate, to be repossessed, before his right was legally ascertained. Exhibitory were those by which any thing in dispute was ordered to be exhibited; as a testa

ment, &c.

Fr. interes

INTERESS, v. a. In ́terest, v. a., v. n., & n.s. ( ser; Lat. in terest. To concern; to affect, or give share in; to affect or move with passion; to gain the affections: interest, concern, or advantage; influence over others; participation; regard to private gain; usury; surplus of advantage.

The mystical communion of all faithful men is such as maketh every one to be interessed in those precious blessings, which any one of them receiveth

at God's hanus.


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She could repay each amatory look you lent With interest, and in turn was wont with rigour To exact of Cupid's bills the full amount, At sight, nor would permit you to discount. Byron.

God forbid, that there should not be modes of as

sembly by which every class of this great nation may be brought together to deliberate on any matters connected with their interest and their freedom.

Canning. INTEREST is the premium paid for the loan of money. See ARITHMETIC.

INTEREST, in commerce, is a sum paid for the loan, or for forbearance in demanding a sum of money, called the principal. It is usually estimated according to some rate or proportion; in this country at a sum of money laid on, or considered as the aliquot part of £100.

The highest legal interest in England is 5 per the poor, in the case of the pawnbrokers, who are cent. per annum, except, to the great injury of allowed to take from 15 to 20 per cent.

Interest is either simple or compound.

Simple interest is that which is counted and time of the loan or forbearance. allowed upon the principal only, for the whole

The sum of the principal and interest is called the amount.

As the interest of any sum, for any time, is directly proportional to the principal sum and time, therefore the interest of £1 for one year being multiplied by any proposed principal sum, and by the time of its forbearance, in years and Darts, will be its interest for that time. That is, if r the rate of interest of £1 per annum, p= any principal sum lent, t the time it is lent for, and a the amount, or sum of principal and interest; then is prt the interest of the s'm p, for the time t, at the rate r; and consequently p + prt = p x 1 + rt = a, the amount of the same for that time. And, from this general theorem, other theorems can easily be deduced for finding any of the quantities above-mentioned; which, collected all together, will be as follow:1st, apprt the amount

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Interest, is that which is counted not only upon the principal sum lent, but also for its interest, as it becomes due, at the end of each stated time of payment.

Although it is not lawful to lend money at compound interest, yet in purchasing annuities, pensions, &c., and taking leases in reversion, it is usual to allow compound interest to the purchaser for his ready money; and therefore it is necessary to understand the subject.

Besides the quantities concerned in simple interest, viz. the principal p, the rate or interest of £1 for one year r, the amount a, and the time t, there is another quantity employed in compound interest, viz. the ratio of the rate of interest, which is the amount of £1 for one time of payment, and which here let be denoted by R, viz. R=1+r. Then, the particular amounts for the several times may be thus computed, viz. As £1 is to its amount for any time, so is any proposed principal sum to its amount for the same time; i. e. £1: R::P PR the 1st year's amount, £1: R PR PR the 2d year's amount, £1: R:: P R2: P R3 the 3d year's amount,

and so on.

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that is, any sum doubles in 14 years nearly, at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum compound interest.

Compound interest is also computed by means of such a table as the following; containing the amounts of £1 from one year to forty, at various rates of interest :

At 6 per Cent.

At 4 per Cent.

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