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You fee the man; you fee his hold on heav'n,
If found his virtue; as Philander's found. [friends
Heav'n waits not the last moment; owns her
On this fide death, and points them out to men
A lecture filent, but of fov'reign pow'r !
To vice, confufion; and to virtue, peace.
Whatever farce the boastful hero plays,
Virtue alone has majesty in death;

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And greater ftill, the more the tyrant frowns.

$92. Love. YOUNG.

LOVE calls for love. Not all the pride of
Thofe eyes that tell us what the fun is made of;
Thofe lips, whofe touch is to be bought with life!
Thofe hills of driven fnow, which feen are felt:
All these poffeft are nought, but as they are
The proof, the fubftance of an inward paffion,
And the rich plunder of a taken heart.


93. Pleafures of Meditation. YOUNG

§ 96. Picture of NarciJa, Defcription of her Fune-
ral, and a Reflection upon Man. YOUNG.

SWEET harmonift! and beautiful as fweet!
And young as beautiful! and soft as young!
And gay as foft! and innocent as gay!
And happy (if aught happy here) as good!
For fortune fond had built her neft on high.
Like birds quite exquifite of note and plume,
Transfixt by fare (who loves a lofty mark)
How from the fummit of the grove the fell,
And left it unharmonious! All its charms
Extinguifh'd in the wonders of her fong!
Her fong ftill vibrates in my ravish'd ear,

Still melting there, and with voluptuous pain
(0 to forget her!) thrilling thro' my heart!
Of bright ideas, flow'rs of paradife, [this group
Song, Beauty, Youth, Love, Virtute, Joy!
As yet unforfeit in one blaze we bind,
Kneel, and prefent it to the fkies; as all
We guefs of heav'n, and these were all her own,
And the was mine; and I was -zas! - most
Gay title of the deepest mifery! [bleft-
As bodies grow more pond'rous robb'd of life,
Good loft weighs more in grief than gain'd in joy.
Like bloffom'd trees o'erturn'd by vernal storm,

FROM Dreams, where thought in fancy's maze Lovely in death the beauteous ruin lay;

runs mad,

To Reason, that heav'n-lighted lamp in man,
Once more I wake; and at the deftin'd hour,
Punctual as lovers to the moment fworn,
I keep my affignation with my woe.

O loft to virtue, loft to manly thought,
Loft to the noble fallies of the foul!
Who think it folitude to be alone.
Communion fweet! communion large and high!
Our Reason, Guardian Angel, and our God!
Then nearest thefe, when others most remote;
And all, ere long, fhall be remote but these,
How dreadful, then, to meet them all alone,
A stranger! unacknowledg'd! unapprov'd!
Now woo them; wed them; bind them to thy
To win thy with creation has no more: [breaft;
Or if we wish a fourth, it is a friend-
But friends, how mortal! dang'rous the defire.

$94. Beauty. YOUNG.

BEAUTY alone is but of little worth;

But when the foul and body of a piece, Both fhine alike; then they obtain a price, And are a fit reward for gallant actions.

$95. Paffions. YOUNG.
WHEN Reafon, like the skilful charioteer,
Can break the fiery pallions to the bit,
And, fpite of their licentious fallies, keep
The radiant track of glory; paffions, then,
Are aids and ornaments. Triumphant Reason,
Firm in her feat and fwift in her career,
Enjoys their violence; and, fmiling, thanks
Their formidable flame for high renown.

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And if in death ftill lovely, lovelier there ;
Far lovelier pity fwells the tide of love.
And will not the fevere excufe a figh?
Scorn the proud man that is afham'd to weep;
Our tears indulg'd indeed deferve our fhame.
Ye that e'er lost an angel! pity me.

Soon as the luftre languifht in her eye,
And on her cheek, the refidence of spring,
Dawning a dimmer day on human fight;
Pale Omen fat, and scatter'd fears around
On all that faw (and who would cease to gaze
That once had seen?) With hafte, parental haste,
I flew, I fnatch'd her from the rigid north,
And bore her nearer to the fun; the fun
Her native bed, on which bleak Boreas blew,
(As if the fun could envy) checkt his beam,
Deny'd his wonted fuccour; nor with more
Regret beheld her drooping than the bells
Of lilies; faireft lilies not fo fair!

Queen lilies! and ye painted populace!
Who dwell in fields, and lead ambrofial lives,
In morn and ev'ning dew your beauties bathe,'
And drink the fun, which gives your cheeks to
And out-blush (mine excepted) every fair; [glow,
You gladlier grew, ambitious of her hand,
Which often cropt your odours, incenfe meet
To thought fo pure! Ye lovely fugitives!
Coëval race with man! for man you smile;
Why not finile at him too? You share indeed
His fudden pafs, but not his constant pain.

So man is made nought minifters delight
But what his glowing paffions can engage;
And glowing paffions bent on aught below,
Muft, foon or late, with anguifh turn the scale;
And anguish, after rapture, how fevere!
Rapture! bold man! who tempts the wrath divine,
By plucking fruit deny'd to mortal tafte,
While here prefuming on the rights of Heav'n.



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For tranfport doft thou call on ev'ry hour,
Lorenzo At thy friend's expence be wife;
Lean not on earth; 'twill pierce thee to the heart;
A broken reed at best but, oft a spear :
On its fharp point peace bleeds, and hope expires.
Turn, hopeless thoughts! turn from her:-
Thought repell'd,

Refenting rallies, and wakes ev'ry woe.
Snatch'd ere thy prime ! and in thy bridal hour!
And when kind fortune, with thy lover, fmil'd!
And when high flavour'd thy freth op'ning joys!
And when blind man pronounc'd thy blifs com-

And on a foreign fhore, where ftrangers wept !
Strangers to thee; and more furprizing ftill,
Strangers to kindnefs wept: Their eyes let fall
Inhuman tears; ftrange tears! that trickled down
From marble hearts! obdurate tenderness !
A tenderness that call'd them more severe;
In spite of nature's foft perfuafion, steel'd;
While nature melted, fuperftition rav'd!
That mourn'd the dead, and this deny'd a grave.
Their fighs incens'd; fighs foreign to the will!
Their will the tyger fuck'd, outrag'd the storm.
For oh! the curit ungodlinefs of zeal!
While finful flesh relented, fpirit nurst
In blind infallibility's embrace,
The fainted fpirit petrify'd the breast:
Deny'd the charity of duft to spread
O'er duft! a charity their dogs enjoy.
What could I do? What fuccour? What refource?
With pious facrilege, a grave I ftole;
With impious piety, that grave I wrong'd;
Short in my duty; coward in my grief
More like her murderer, than friend, I crept,
With foft suspended step, and muffled deep
In midnight darknefs, whisper'd my laft figh.
I whisper'd what fhould echo thro' their realms;
Nor writ her name whofe tomb fhould pierce
the skies.

Prefumptuous fear! How durft I dread her foes,
While nature's loudeft dictates I obey'd?
Pardon neceffity, bleft fhade! Of grief
And indignation rival bursts I pour'd;
Half execration mingled with my pray'r;
Kindled at inan, while I his God ador'd;
Sore grudg'd the favage land her facred duft;
Stampt the curft foil; and with humanity
(Deny'd Narciffa) with'd them all a grave.
Glows my refentment into guilt? What guilt
Can equal violations of the dead?

The dead how facred! Sacred is the duft
Of this heav'n-labour'd form, erect, divine;
This heav'n-affum'd majestic robe of earth
He deign'd to wear, who hung the vast expanfe
With azure bright, and cloath'd the fun in gold.
When ev'ry paffion fleeps that can offend;
When ftrikes us ev'ry motive that can melt;
When man can reak his rancour uncontroul'd,
That ftrongeft curb on infult and ill-will;
Then, fpleen to duft the duft of innocence;
An angel's duft-This Lucifer tranfcends;
When he contended for the patriarch's bones,
'Twas not the ftrife of malice, but of pride;
The furife of pontiff pride, not pontiff gall.

Far less than this is fhocking in a race
Moft wretched, but from streams of mutual love;
And uncreated, but for love divine;
And, but for love divine, this moment, loft,
By fate reforb'd, and funk in endless night.
Man hard of heart to man! of horrid things
Moft horrid 'Mid ftupendous, highly strange!
Yet oft his courtefies are fmoother wrongs;
Pride brandishes the favours He confers,
And contumelious his humanity :
What then his vengeance? Hear it not, ye ftars!
And thou pale moon! turn paler at the found;
Man is to man the foreft, fureft ill.

A previous blaft foretels the rifing storm;
O'erwhelming turrets threaten ere they fall;
Volcanos bellow ere they difembogue;
Earth trembles ere her yawning jaws devour;
And smoke betrays the wide-confuming fire
Ruin from man is moft conceal'd when near,
And fends the dreadful tidings in the blow.
Is this the flight of fancy? Would it were !
Heav'n's Sovereign faves all beings, but himself,
That hideous fight, a naked human heart.

$97. Jealousy. YOUNG.

-IT is Jealoufy's peculiar nature' Tofwell fmall things to great; nay, out of nought To conjure much; and then to lofe its reafon Amid the hideous phantoms it has form'd.

$98. Paffions. YOUNG. WHILE paffions glow, the heart, like heated fteel, Takes each impreffion, and is work'd at pleasure.

899. Dying Friends. YOUNG. OUR dying friends come o'er us like a cloud,

To damp our brainlefs ardours, and abate That glare of life, which often blinds the wife. Our dying friends are pioneers, to fmooth Our rugged pafs to death; to break those bars Of terror and abhorrence nature throws Crofs our obftructed way; and, thus to make Welcome, as fafe, our port from ev'ry ftorm. Each friend by fate fnatch'd from us, is a plume Pluckt from the wing of human vanity, Which makes us floop from our aërial heights, And, dampt with omen of our own difeafe, On drooping pinions of ambition lower'd, Juft fkim earth's furface, ere we break it up, O'er putrid earth to fcratch a little duft, And fave the world a nuifance. Smitten friends Are angels fent on errands full of love; For us they languish, and for us they die : And fhall they languifh, fhall they die in vain? Ungrateful, fhall we grieve their hov'ring fhades, Which wait the revolution in our hearts? Shall we difdain their filent foft address ; Their pofthumous advice, and pious pray'r? Senfelefs as herds that graze the hallow'd graves,


Tread under-foot their agonies and groans;
Fruftrate their anguish, and destroy their deaths?
Lorenzo! no; the thought of death indulge;
Give it its wholefome empire let it reign,
That kind chaftifer of thy foul in joy!
Its reign will fpread thy glorious conquefts far,
And still the tumults of thy ruffled breast:
Aufpicious Era! golden days, begin!
The thought of death fhall, like a god, infpire.

§100. Thanks to the Deity. YOUNG.

BEST be that hand divine, which genely laid
My heart at reft, beneath this humble fhed.
The world's a stately bark on dang❜rous feas,
With pleasure seen, but boarded at our peril;
Here, on a fingle plank, thrown fafe afhore,
I hear the tumult of the diftant throng,
As that of feas remote, or dying ftorms,
And meditate on fcenes more filent still;
Purfue my theme, and fight the Fear of Death.
Here, like a fhepherd gazing from his hut,
Touching his reed, or leaning on his staff,
Eager ambition's fiery chace I fee;
I fee the circling hunt of noify men
Burft law's inclofure, leap the mounds of right,
Purfuing, and purfu'd, each other's prey;
As wolves for rapine; as the fox for wiles;
Till Death, that mighty hunter, earths them all.

§ 101. Human Life. YOUNG.

-AH! what is human life? How like the dial's tardy-moving fhade, Day after day flides from us unperceiv'd! The cunning fugitive is fwift by stealth; Too fubtle is the movement to be feen: Yet foon the hour is up-and we are gone.


§ 102. Man. YOUNG.

know thyself. All wisdom centres
there !

To none man seems ignoble but to man;
Angels that grandeur, men o'erlook, admire :
How long fhall human nature be their book,
Degen'rate mortal! and unread by thee?
The beam dim reason sheds fhews wonders there;
What high contents! Illuftrious faculties !
But the grand comment, which displays at full
Our human height, scarce fever'd from divine,
By Heav'n compos'd, was publish'd on the cross.
Who looks on that, and fees not in himself
An awful ftrange, a terrestrial god?
A glorious partner with the Deity
In that high attribute, immortal life?
If a God bleeds, he bleeds not for a worm;
I gaze, and, as I gaze, my mounting foul
Catches ftrange fire, Eternity! at Thee;
And drops the world-or rather, more enjoys:
How chang'd the face of nature! how improv'd!
What seem'd a chaos fhines a glorious world,
Or, what a world, an Eden; heighten'd all !

It is another scene! another felf!
And ftill another as time rolls along;
And that a felf far more illuftrious ftill.
Beyond long ages, yet roll'd up in fhades,
Unpierc'd by bold conjecture's keenest ray,
What evolutions of surprising fate!

How nature opens, and receives my foul [gods In boundless walks of raptur'd thought! where Encounter and embrace me! What new births Of strange adventure, foreign to the fun, Where what now charms, perhaps, whate'er Old time, and fair creation, are forgot! [exifts, Is this extravagant? Of man we form

Extravagant conception to be just

Conception unconfin'd wants wings to reach him!
Beyond its reach, the Godhead only more.
He, the great Father! kindled at one flame
The world of rationals; one fpirit pour'd
From fpirit's awful fountain; pour'd Hamfelf
Thro' all their fouls; but not in equal stream,
Profufe or frugal, of th'infpiring God,
As his wife plan demanded; and when paft
Their various trials, in their various fpheres,
If they continue rational as made,
Reforbs them all into himself again;

His throne their centre, and his fmile their crown,


$103. Feeling. YOUNG.

HO never lov'd ne'er fuffer'd; he feels

Who nothing feels but for himself alone;
And when we feel for others, reafon reels,
O'erloaded, from her path, and man runs mad.
As love alone can exquifitely blefs,
Love only feels the marvellous of pain;
Opens new veins of torture in the foul,
And wakes the nerve where agonies are born.

$104. Religion. YOUNG. RELIGION's all. Defcending from the skies

To wretched man, the goddefs in her left Holds out this world, and, in her right, the next; Religion the foul voucher man is man; Supporter fole of man above himself; Ev'n in this night of frailty, change, and death, She gives the foul a foul that acts a god. Religion! Providence! an after-state! Here is firm footing; here is folid rock! This can fupport us; all is fea besides; Sinks under us; beftorms, and then devours. His hand the good man fastens on the skies, And bids earth roll, nor feels her idle whirl.

As when a wretch, from thick, polluted air, Darkness, and ftench, and fuffocating damps, And dungeon-horrors, by kind fate difcharg'd, Climbs fome fair eminence, where æther pure Surrounds him, and Elyfian profpects rife, His heart exults, his fpirits caft their load! As if new-born, he triumphs in the change; So joys the foul when, from inglorious aims And fordid sweets, from feculence and froth Of ties terrestrial, fet at large, fhe mounts



To Reason's region, her own element,
Breathes hopes immortal, and affects the skies.
Religion! thou the foul of happiness ;
And groaning Calvary, of thee! There fhine
The nobleft truths; there ftrongeft motives fting:
There facred violence affaults the foul;
There nothing but compulfion is forborn.
Can love allure us, or can terror awe
He weeps!-the falling drop puts out the fun;
He fighs the figh carth's deep foundation
If in his love fo terrible, what when [fhakes.
His wrath inflam'd? his tendernefs on fire?
Like foft, fmooth oil, outblazing other fires?
Can pray'r, can praife avert it-Thou, my All!
My theme! my infpiration and my crown!
My ftrength in age! my rife in low eftate!
My foul's ambition pleafure! wealth



My light in darknefs! and my life in death!
My boaft thro' time! blifs thro' eternity!
Eternity! too short to fpeak thy praise !
Or fathom thy profound of love to man;
To man of men the meaneft, ev'n to me:
My facrifice! my God!-what things art thefe!

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$105. Jealousy. YOUNG.

JEALOUSY, each other paffion's calm To thee, thou conflagration of the foul ! Thou king of torments! thou grand counterFor all the tranfports beauty can infpire! [poife

$106. Faith and Reafon. YOUNG. FOND

as we are, and justly found, of faith,
Reafon, we grant, demands our firft regard,
The mother honour'd, as the daughter dear.
Reafon the root, fair faith is but the flower;
The fading flower thall die; but reafon lives
Immortal, as her Father in the fkies.
When faith is virtue, reafon makes it fo.

Wrong not the Chriftian; think not reafon


'Tis reafon our great Mafter holds fo dear;
'Tis reafon's injur'd rights His wrath refents;
'Tis reafon's voice obey'd his glories crown;
To give loft reafon life, He pour'd his own:
Believe, and fhew the reafon of a man;
Believe, and taste the pleasure of a God;
Believe, and look with triumph on the tomb;
Thro' reafon's wounds alone thy faith can die;
Which dying, tenfold terror gives to death,
And dips in venom his twice-mortal sting.

$107. Misfortune. YOUNG. MISFORTUNE ftands with her bow ever bent

O'er the world; and he who wounds anoDirects the goddefs by that part he wounds, [ther, Where to ftrike deep her arrows in himself.

108. Vanity and Adulation. YOUNG. LORENZO! to recriminate is just.

Fondnefs for fame is avarice of air.

I grant, the man is vain who writes for praife.

Praise no man e'er deferv'd who fought no more.

As juft thy fecond charge. I grant, the muse
Has often blusht at her degen'rate fons,
Retain'd by fenfe to plead her filthy caufe;
To raife the low, to magnify the mean,
And fubtilize the grofs into refin'd:
As if to magic numbers powerful charm
'Twas given, to make a civet of their fong
Obfcene, and sweeten ordure to perfume.
Wit, a true pagan, deifies the brute,
And lifts our fine-enjoyments from the mire.
The fact notorious, nor obfcure the cause.
We wear the chains of pleasure and of pride;
These share the man; and these distract him too;
Draw different ways, and clash in their com-

Pride, like an eagle, builds among the stars;
But pleasure, lark-like, nefts upon the ground.
Joys fhar'd by brute-creation, pride refents;
Pleasure embraces: Man would both enjoy,
And both at once: A point how hard to gain!
But what can't wit, when stung by strong defire?
Wit dares attempt this arduous enterprise.
Since joys of fenfe can't rife to reafon's tafte;
In fubtle fophiftry's laborious forge,

Wit hammers out a reason new, that stoops
To fordid scenes, and meets them with applause.
Wit calls the Graces the chafte zone to loofe;
Nor less than a plump god to fill the bowl:
A thoufand phantoms, and a thousand spells,
A thoufand opiates fcatters, to delude,
To fafcinate, inebriate, lay afleep,
And the fool'd mind delightfully confound.
Thus, that which fhock'd the judgment shocks

no more; P

That which gave gride offence, no more offeads,
Pleafure and pride, by nature mortal foes,
At war eternal which in man fhall reign,
By wit's addrefs, patch up a fatal peace,
And hand in hand lead on the rank debauch,
Art, curfed art! wipes off th’indebted blush.
From rank, refin'd to delicate and gay.
From nature's cheek, and bronzes ev'ry fhame.
Man fmiles in ruin, glories in his guilt,
And Infamy ftands candidate for praife.

All writ by man in favour of the foul,
Thefe fenfual ethics far, in bulk, tranfcend
The flow'rs of cloquence, profufely pour'd
O'er fpotted vice, fill half the letter'd world.
And confecrate enormities with fong?
Can powers of genius exercife their page,

§ 109. Reflection on the World. YOUNG.

WHAT is this world?- Thy fchool, O


Our only leffon is to learn to fuffer; [thing.
And he who knows not that, was born for no-

S110. Darkness and Solitude. YOUNG.
LET Indians, and the gay, like Indians, fond
Of feather'd fopperics, the fun adore;
Darkness has more divinity for me;

It ftrikes thought inward; it drives back the foul


To fettle on Herfelf our point fupreme!
There lies our theatre! there fits our judge.
Darkness the curtain drops o'er life's dull feene;
'Tis the kind hand of Providence ftretcht out
'Twixt man and vanity; 'tis reafon's reign,
And virtue's too; thefe tutelary fhades
Are man's afylum from the tainted throng.
Night is the good man's friend and guardian too;
It no lefs refcues virtue than infpires.

Virtue, for ever frail as fair, below,
Her tender nature fuffers in the crowd,
Nor touches on the world without a ftain:
The world's infectious; few bring back at eve,
Immaculate, the manners of the morn.
Something we thought, is blotted; we refolv'd,
Is fhaken; we renounc'd, returns again.
Each falutation may flide in a fin
Unthought before, or fix a former flaw.
Nor is it it range: Light, motion, concourfe, noife,
All, fcatter us abroad; thought outward bound,
Neglectful of our home affairs, flies off
In fuine and diffipation, quits her charge,
And leaves the breaft unguarded to the foe.
Prefent example gets within our guard,
And acts with double force; by few repell'd.
Ambition fires ambition; love of gain
Strikes like a peftilence, from breast to breast;
Riot, pride, perfidy, blue vapours breathe;
And inhumanity is caught from man,
From finiling man. A flight, a fingle glance,
And fhot at random, often has brought home
A fudden fever to the throbbing heart,
Of envy, rancour, or impure defire.
We fee, we hear, with peril; fafety dwells
Remote from multitude; the world's a school
Of wrong, and what proficients fwarm around!
We muft or imitate, or difapprove;
Muft lift as their accomplices, or foes;
That stains our innocence; this wounds our peace.
From nature's birth, hence wifdom has been fmit
With fweet recefs, and languifht for the fhade.

This facred fhade, and folitude, what is it?
'Tis the felt prefence of the Deity.
Few are the faults we flatter when alone:
Vice finks in her allurements, is ungilt,
And looks, like other objects, black by night.
By night an Atheist half-believes a God.

Night is fair virtue's immemorial friend;
The confcious moon, thro' ev'ry diftant age,
Has held a lamp to wisdom, and let fall
On contemplation's eye her purging ray.
The fam'd Athenian, he who woo'd from heav'n
Philofophy the fair, to dwell with men,
And form their manners, not inflame their pride,
While o'er his head, as fearful to moleft
His lab'ring mind, the ftars in filence flide,
And feem all gazing on their future guest,
See him foliciting his ardent fuit

In private audience; all the live-long night,
Rigid in thought, and motionlefs, he stands;
Nor quits his theme, or pofture, till the fun
(Rude drunkard, rifing rofy from the main ')
Difturbs his nobler intellectual beam,
And gives him to the tumult of the world.

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$112. Reflections in a Church-yard. YOUNG. THE man how bleft, who, fick of gaudy fcenes,

(Scenes apt to thrust between us and ourselves!).
Is led by choice to take his fav'rite walk
Beneath death's gloomy, filent, cypreis fhades,
Unpierc'd by vanity's fantaftic ray;

To read his monuments, to weigh his duft,
Vifit his vaults, and dwell among the tombs!
Lorenzo, read with me Narciffa's ftone
(Narcilla was thy fav'rite); let us read
Her moral ftone; few doctors preach fo well;
Few orators fo tenderly can touch
The feeling heart. What pathos in the date!
Apt words can ftrike: and yet in them we fee
Faint images of what we here enjoy.

What caufe have we to build on length of life?
Temptations feize when fear is laid fleep;
And ill foreboded is our strongest guard.


See from her tomb, as from an humble shrine, Truth, radiant goddess fallies on my foul, And puts Delufion's dusky train to flight; Difpels the mifts our fultry paffions raife, From objects low, terrestrial, and obfcene,* And fhews the real estimate of things; Which no man, unafflicted, ever faw Pulls off the veil from virtue's rifing charms; Detects temptation in a thousand lyes. Truth bids me look on men as autumn leaves, And all they bleed for, as the fummer's duft, Driv'n by the whirlwind: Lighted by her beams, I widen my horizon, gain new pow'rs, See things invifible, feel things remote ; Am prefent with futurities; think nought To man fo foreign as the joys poffeft; Nought fo much his as those beyond the grave.

No folly keeps its colour in her fight; Pale worldly wisdom lofes all her charms; In pompous promife, from her fchemes profound. If future fate fhe plans, 'tis all in leaves, Like Sibyl, unfubftantial, fleeting blifs! At the first blaft it vanishes in air. [and yet What grave preferibes the best A friend's: From a friend's grave how foon we difengage! Ev'n to the deareft, as his marble, cold, Why are friends ravifht from us? 'Tis to bind, By foft affection's ties, on human hearts

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