Page images

Latin literature, promoted in the age of
Elizabeth, by the labours of Ascham and
others, i. 454, 455. List of Latin writers
translated into English in the time of
Shakspeare, 483.

Lavaterus, remarks of, on the absurdity of
terrifying children, i. 317, 318. On the
ministry of angels, 336, 337. On corpse
candles, 358. And sudden noises, as
forerunners of death, 361.

Law terms, collection of, found in Shak-
speare's plays, 43, 44. notes.
Lear (King), probable date of, ii. 457-
459. And sources, 459. Observations
on the general conduct of the play, 460,
461. Analysis of the character of Lear,
461-463. Of Edgar, 462. 464. And
of Cordelia, 465.

Passages of this drama illustrated in the
present work.

Act i.

scene 2., i. 384.
scene 5., ii. 462.

Act ii. scene 4., ii. 462.
Act iii. scene 1., ii. 464.
scene 2., ii. 464.

scene 4., i. 347. 566. 588. ii.
463, 464.

scene 6., i. 588, 589.

Act iv. scene 3., i. 592.

scene 6., i. 308.

scene 7., ii. 465, 466.
Leet Ale, account of, i. 176.
Legge (Thomas), a dramatic writer in the
Elizabethan age, character of, ii. 251.
Leicester (Robert Dudley, Earl of), his
magnificent reception of Queen Eliza-
beth, i. 37-39. ii. 195–199.
Leighton (Sir William), a minor poet of the
age of Shakspeare, i. 691.
Lever (Christopher), a minor poet of the
age of Shakspeare, i. 691.
Lexicographers, but little rewarded, i. 27.


Leyden (Dr.), beautiful poetical allusions of,
to Scottish traditions concerning fairies,
ii. 320, 321. 323. Fine apostrophe to
Mr. Scott, 321. note.
Lhuyd (Humphry), notice of his topogra-
phical labours, i. 479, 480.

Libel of Shakspeare on Sir Thomas Lucy,
i. 405, 406.

Library, hints for the best situation of, i.

437. Notice of Captain Cox's library of

romances, 518, 519, 520. And of Dr.
Dee's library of magical and other books,
ii. 511, 512. notes.

Lights, burning blue, a supposed indication
of the presence of spirits, i. 358.
Lilly (John), notice of his "Euphues," a
romance, i. 441, 442. Encomiums on it,
442. Estimate of its real character, 443.
His style corrupted the English language,
ibid. Satirised by Shakspeare, 445, 446.
Character of his dramatic pieces, ii. 240


Lilye, a dextrous repairer of old books,
i. 433.

of the age



Linche (Richard), a minor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 691. Specimen of his
verses, ibid. note.
Lisle (William), a minor poet
Shakspeare, i. 691.
Literature (polite), outline of, during the
age of Shakspeare, i. 428. Encouraged
by Queen Elizabeth, 428-432. Influ-
ence of her example, 433-437. State
of philological or grammatical literature,
439. Innovations in the English lan-
guage by Lilly, 442-445. Improve-
ments in the language, by the great
writers in the reigns of Elizabeth and
James, 446-448. Classical literature
greatly encouraged, 449. 453-455.
Modern languages then cultivated, 451,
452. State of criticism, 456-460.
history, 475. Voyages and travels, 477-
479. Topography and antiquities, 479—
481. Biography, 481, 482. Transla-
tions of classical authors extant in this
period, 483. Natural history, 484, 485.
Miscellaneous literature: -of the wits of
that age, 485-499. Of the Puritans,
500-502. Sober writers, 503-507.
Origin of newspapers, 508. Writers of
characters, 509-511. Essayists, 511-
514. Writers of facetiæ, 515-517.
State of romantic literature, 518-593.
Of poetry in general, 461-474. 594-
675. Table of miscellaneous minor poets
during the age of Shakspeare, 676—707.
Collections of poetry and poetical miscel-
lanies, 708-731. State of literature in
the Elizabethan age highly favourable to
the culture of poetic genius, 596.
Literature (juvenile), state of, during Shak-
speare's youth, i. 25–28.

[ocr errors]

Lithgow (William), critical notice of his
"Travels," i. 478.

Littlecote House, description of, and of its
ancient furniture, i. 77-79.
Little John, the companion of Robin Hood,
account of, i. 163.


Lloyd (Lodowick), a minor poet of the
of Shakspeare, i. 691.
Lobeira (Vasco), the author of "Amadis of
Gaul," i. 545. Popularity of his romance,
545, 546.
Lodge (Dr. Thomas), a miscellaneous and
dramatic writer, account of, i. 503. His
principal works, ibid. Defects in his
Пterary character, ibid. 504. Remarks of,
on the quarrelsome temper of Nash, 459,
460. Remarks on his poetry, 632-635.
Character of his dramatic productions,
ii. 249.

Lofft (Mr. Capel), opinion of, on the sources
of Shakspeare's wisdom, i. 32. note. On
the extent of his knowledge of Italian
literature, 54. note. Notice of his edition
of Shakspeare's "Aphorisms," 517.
Lok (Henry), a minor poet of the age of
Shakspeare, i. 691, 692, and note †.
London, when first resorted to by country-
gentlemen, i. 85, 86. Dress of the inha-
bitants of the metropolis, ii. 87-111.
Their houses, how furnished, 111-120.
Food and drinking, 120-137. Ser-
vants, 138-142. Miscellaneous house-
hold arrangements, 143–145. Pecu-
liarities in their manners, 145-162.
Police of London during the age of Shak-
speare, 162-167. Their manners, 153.
Credulity and superstition, 154. Curi-
osity for seeing strange sights, 155. Pas-
sion for travelling, 156. Love of gaming,
157. Duelling, 158. Love of quarrel-
ling, ibid. 159. Lying, 159. Gossip-
ping, ibid.
Swearing, 160. Compli-
mentary language, 160, 161. Ceremo-
nies of inaugurating the Lord Mayor,
162-164. Regulation of the police of
the city, 164-166. Diversions of the
court and city, 168-200. Account of
a splendid masque given by the citizens,
189, 190.

Lord Mayor, ceremony of inaugurating
described, ii. 162-164.

Lovell (Thomas), a minor poet of the age of
Shakspeare, i. 692.

[blocks in formation]

Act v.

scene 2., i. 27. note. 445, 446.
scene 1., i. 96. 308.

scene 2., i. 105. 130. 515.556,
ii. 171.
Lucrece, beautiful picture of, ii. 36, 37. See
Rape of Lucrece,

Lucy (Sir Thomas), biographical notice of,
i. 402. His deer stolen by Shakspeare,
403. Whom he reprimands and exposes,
404. Is libelled by Shakspeare, 404-
407. Prosecutes him, 407, 408. Ridi-
culous portrait of Sir Thomas, 409.
Luders (Mr.), notice of his essay on the cha-
racter of Henry V., ii. 381,
Luigi da Porta, the Giuletta of, the source
of Shakspeare's Romeo and Juliet, ii, 360


Lunacy (latent), philosophical and medical
remarks on, ii. 406, 407. Application
of them to the character of Hamlet, 407,

Lupton (Thomas), a dramatic writer in the
time of Elizabeth, notice of, ii. 237.
Luring of Hawks, i. 266, 267. note.


Mab, queen of the fairies, exquisite picture
of, ii, 341, 342.

Macbeth, date of, ii. 469. Analysis of the
character of Macbeth, 469-471. Re-
marks on the management of the fable,
471. Its striking affinity to the tragedy of
Eschylus, 472-474. Critical remarks
on the supernatural machinery of this
play, 474. Account of the popular su-
perstitions concerning witchcraft, current

in Shakspeare's time, 475-486. In-
stances of his admirable adaptation of
them to dramatic representation in Maç-
beth, 487, 488.

Passages of this drama, illustrated in the
present work.

Act i. scene 3., ii. 299. 488.
scene 7., i. 129.

Act ii. scene 1., i. 82.

scene 2., ii. 470.

scene 3., i. 354.

Act iii. scene 1., i. 388.
scene 5., i. 386.

Act iv. scene 3., i. 371.

Machin (Lewis), "The Dumb Kinhgt” of,
illustrated, ii. 31. note.

Madmen, in Shakspeare's plays, remarks on,
i. 587. Characteristic madness of Edgar,
in the play of Lear, 588. Affecting mad-
ness of Ophelia in Hamlet, 589-591.
Contrast between the madness of Lear
and Ophelia, ii. 396. The madness of
Edgar and Lear considered, 462-464.
Madrigals, collections of, in the time of
Shakspeare, i. 730—733.

Magic, state of the art of, in the time of
Queen Elizabeth, ii. 509, 510. Notice
of eminent magicians at that time, 511-
514. Different classes of magicians, 515.
Prospero, one of the higher class, ibid.
Description of his dress and spells, 515—
517. Mode of conjuring up the spirits
of the dead, 518-520. Different orders
of spirits under magical power, 521-526.
Maid Marian, origin of, i. 161. One of
Robin Hood's associates in the May-
games, ibid. 162.

Malone (Mr.), opinion of, on the authen-
ticity of John Shakspeare's will, i. 15.
On the probability of William Shak-
speare's being placed with an attorney,
43-45. His conjecture as to the per-
son to whom Shakspeare's sonnets were
addressed, ii. 61. Refuted, 62-73.
Strictures on his inadequate defence of
Shakspeare's sonnets, against Mr. Stee-
vens's censure, 74, 75. Conjecture of, as
to the amount of Shakspeare's income,
225. Ascribes Pericles to him, 265.
His opinion on the date of Love's La-
bour's Lost, 289. On the spuriousness
of Henry VI. Part I., 293. His able
discrimination of genuine from the spuri-
ous passages, 295. On the probable date


[ocr errors]

of Romeo and Juliet, 357, 358. Of the
Taming of the Shrew, 364. Of Rich-
ard III. 370.
Of Henry IV. Parts I.
and II., 379. Of Hamlet, 391. Of
King John, 419. Of All's Well That
Ends Well, 422, 423. On the date of
Troilus and Cressida, 438. Of Henry
VIII. 442-445. Of Timon of Athens,
446, 447. Of Measure for Measure,
452. Of King Lear, 457-459. Of The
Tempest, 500-503. Of Othello, 527,
528. Of Twelfth Night, 535. Stric-
tures on his splenetic censure of Ben
Jonson, 578. note. Remarks of, on the
epitaphs ascribed to Shakspeare, 607. and
note. Character and expression of the
poet's bust injured through his interfe-
rence, 621.
His illustrations of Shak-

speare cited, passim.
Malory (Sir Thomas), account of his trans-
lation of the romance of "La Morte
D'Arthur," i. 524.

Mandrake, fable concerning, i. 374.
Manners of the metropolis during the age
of Shakspeare, ii. 149. Influence of Eli-
zabeth and James I. upon them, 153,
154. Credulity and superstition, 154.
Love of strange sights, 155. Passion for
travelling, 156. Love of Gaming, 157.
Duelling and quarrelling, 158, 159. Ly-
ing and gossipping, 159, 160. Compli-
mentary language, 160-162:
Manning of hawks, i. 266, 267. note.
Manningtree, celebrated for its fairs and
stage plays, i. 251.
Mansions of country squires and gentlemen,
in Shakspeare's age, description of, i. 72

Mantuanus, Eclogues of, probably one of
Shakspeare's school books, i. 27. note.

Quoted and praised by him, ibid. Trans-
lations of them noticed, 28. note.
Marbeck (John), a minor poet of the age of
Shakspeare, i. 692.

Marlow (Christopher), character of, as a poet,
i. 635,636. And as a dramatic writer, with
specimens, ii. 245-248. His wretched
death, 249, and note. His "Passionate
Shepherd," cited by Shakspeare, i. 578.
Marston (John), biographical notice of, i.
636. Character of his satires, 637. Es-
timate of his merits as a dramatic poet,
ii. 567, 568. His "Scourge of Villa-
nie," cited and illustrated, ii. 160.

4 P

269. note.

Mark's Day (St.), supposed influence of, on
life and death, i. 323.
Markham (Gervase), a miscellaneous writer
in the time of Shakspeare, biographical
account of, i. 505. List of his works,
506, 507. notes. Their great popularity,
506, 507. Notice of his "Gentleman's
Academie, or Book of St. Alban's," i.
70. note. 257. note. Dedication to, 70.
His difference between churles and gen-
tlemen, 71, 72. notc. His edition seen by
Shakspeare, 71. note. Directions of, for
an ordinary feast, 80. note. His expla-
nation of terms in hawking, 267-
On different sorts of hounds,
283, 284. Description of the qualifica-
tions of an angler, 294-296. Notice of
his "Discource of Horsemanshippe,"
299. note. Precepts for learning to ride,
299, 300.
List of his poems, 692, 693.
His address to the Earl of Southampton,
ii. 17. note.
Marriage, ceremony of, in Shakspeare's time,
i. 223. Procession, ibid. 224. Rosemary
strewed before the bride, 224. Ceremonies
in the church, 225. Drinking out of the
bride cup, ibid. 226. Blessing the bridal
bed, ib. Description of a rustic marriage,
227-229. How celebrated in the North
of England in the 18th century, 229. note.
Martial, epigram of, happily translated, i.

690. note.

Martinmas, or the festival of St. Martin,
i. 190. Winter provision then laid in,
ibid. Poetical description of, 191-193.
Universally observed throughout Eu-
Allusion to this day, by
rope, 191.
Shakspeare, 193.

Martin Mar-Prelate, notice of, i. 457.
Mascall's (Leonard), " Booke of Fishing,"
notice of, i. 291, and note.

Masks generally used in the age of Shak-
ii. 95.
Masques, splendid, in the age of Shakspeare,
account of, ii. 187-190. Allusions to them
by Shakspeare, 191-193. Unrivalled
excellence of Ben Jonson's masques, 578.
Massinger (Philip), merits of, as a dramatic
poet, considered, ii. 561, 562. Illustra-
tions of several of his plays, viz.
City Madam, i. 75.

Act ii. scene 1., i. 180.

Guardian, i. 262, 263.
Virgin Martyr, i. 310.

Master of the Revels, office of, when insti-
tuted, ii. 202. The superintendance of
the stage and of actors, committed to
them, 203. Players sometimes termed
children of the revels, 204.

Maxwell (James), a minor poet of the age of
Shakspeare, i. 693.


May-Day, anciently observed throughout
the kingdom, i. 152. A relic of the
Roman Floralia, ibid. Poetical descrip-
tion of, in Henry VIII.'s time, 153.
Cornish mode of celebrating, ibid. How
celebrated in the age of Shakspeare, 154,
155. Allusions to it by the poet, 155,
156. Verses on, by Herrick, 156, 157.
Morris-dances, the invariable accompa-
niment of May-day, 157, 158.
Hood and his associates, when intro-
duced, 159-163. Music accompany-
ing May-games, 164, 165. Introduc-
tion of the hobby-horse and dragon, 156.
Description of the May-games, as cele-
brated in Shakspeare's time, 167-171.
Opposition made to them by the Puri-
tans, and their consequent decline, 171–
173. Revived by King James's "Book
of Sports," 173, 174. Their gradual
disuse, 174, and note.

Maying, custom of going a Maying, i, 155.
Verses on, 156, 157.

Mayne's "City Match," illustration of, i. 388.
Maypole, ceremony of setting up described,

i. 154.

Measure for Measure, probable date of, ii.
452. Its primary source, 453. Ana-
lysis of its characters, 454-456,

Passages of this drama illustrated in the
present work.

Act ii. scene 1., ii. 125.

Act iii. scene 1., i. 378. ii. 455, 456.
Act v. scene 1., i. 222.

Menæchmi of Plautus, the basis of Shak-
speare's Comedy of Errors, ii. 286-288.
Merchant of Venice, date of, ii.385. Proba-
ble source of its fable, 385, 386. Analysis
of it, 387, 388. And of its characters,
388-390. Particularly that of Shylock,
388, 389.

Illustrations of this drama.
Act ii. scene 8., ii. 389.
Act iii. scene 2., ii. 93.
Act iv. scene 1., i. 374.

Act v. scene 1., i. 187. 381. ii. 390.

Meres (Francis), critical notice of his "Com-
parative Discourse of our English Poets,
with the Greeke, Latine, and Italian
Poets," i. 468. His censure of the popu-
larity of "La Morte D'Arthur," 525.
Encomium on Shakspeare's Venus and
Adonis, ii. 29. And on several of his
dramas, 287.

Merry Pin, explanation of the term, i. 131.


Merry Wives of Windsor, tradition respect-
ing the origin of, ii. 435, 436. Analysis
of its characters, 436, 437.

Passages of this drama illustrated in the
present work.

Act i. scene 1., i.252.307.409, ii. 178.
scene 4., i. 82.

Act ii. scene 1., i. 577.

scene 2., ii. 134.

Act iii. scene 3., i.271.577. ii. 94. 114.
scene 5., ii. 132.

Act iv. scene 2., i. 362.

scene 5., ii. 117. 169.

Act v. scene 5., i, 82. ii. 340. 341.
343. 347.

Metrical Romances, origin of, i. 522, 523.
Michael (St.) and All Angels, festival of, i.
334. Superstitious doctrine of the mi-
nistry of angels, 334-340. Michaelmas-
geese, 340, 341.

Middleton (Christopher), a minor poet of
the age of Shakspeare, i. 693.
Middleton (Thomas), a minor poet of the
age of Shakspeare, i. 693. Wrote seve-
ral pieces for the stage, in conjunction
with other dramatic poets, ii. 565. Es-
timate of his merits as a dramatist, 565,
566. Illustrations of his "Fair Quar-
rel," i. 224. And "No Wit, No Help
like a Woman's," i. 226.
Midsummer-Eve, superstitious observances
on, i. 328. Midsummer-Eve fire, of
Pagan origin, ibid. 329. Fern-seed only
visible on that eve, 329. Spirits visible
of persons, who are to die in the follow-
ing year, 330, 331. Recent observance
of Midsummer-Eve in Cornwall, 331.
Visionary appearance of future husbands
and wives supposed to take place on this
Eve, 332, 333. Plays and masques per-
formed then, 333, 334.
Midsummer-Night's Dream, composed for
Midsummer-Eve, i. 333, 334. Its pro-

[blocks in formation]

Milton's "Comus," illustration of, i. 131.
Illustrations of "Paradise Lost," i. 339,
381. Proof that he imitated Shak-
speare's Pericles, ii. 279, 280. notes.
Exquisite passage from his "Paradise
Lost," on the ministry of angels, 401.
Ben Jonson the favourite model studied
by Milton, 578, 579.
Ministry of Angels, superstitious notions
concerning, i. 334–339. Remarks of
Bishop Horsley on, 339, 340.
Minstrels better paid than clergymen, i. 93.
Their condition in the age of Elizabeth,
557. Their costume described, 558, 559,
Dissolute morals of, 559, 560. Allu-
sions to them by Shakspeare, 560, 561.
Their profession annihilated by act of
parliament, 561. Allusions to their
poetry by Shakspeare, 574–593.
Miranda, remarks on the character of, ii.506.
"Mirrour for Magistrates," a collection of
poetical legends, planned by Sackville,
i. 708. Account of its various editions,
709, 710. Its character, 710. Influ-
ence on our national poetry, ibid.
Monkies, kept as the companions of the
domestic fool, ii. 145, 146.
Monsters, supposed existence of, i. 384-389.

« PreviousContinue »