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After this sample, short as it is, and the notice which we have given of the leading principle of the book, our readers will scarcely expect us to enter into an elaborate discussion of the author's tenets.

We have heard it said that reviewers are apt to be out of humour with a defective table of contents: but we are here presented with one that is sufficiently explicit to pacify the most querulous of our fraternity. The greater divisions of the book (to say nothing of its minor partitions,) amount to the number of sixty; and in the table des matieres, one or more explanatory lines are allotted to the contents of each page. The author appears to have formed no slight estimate of the interest of his book to the political and literary world. He presents his readers with two commendatory epistles from Vienna and Oxford; and he concludes his labours with a warn ing of the danger that would attend the publication of any surreptitious edition: an attempt of which, in our humble opinion, he needs not feel any dread. On the score of erudition and of perspicuity of style, he is intitled to a degree of favourable testimony, which we can by no means bestow on his arguments and conclusions.

ART. XI. L'Intérieur de l'Ancienne Rome, &c.; i. e. The Interior of Antient Rome; or a Notice of the principal Monuments of that City, and of the Customs observed among the Romans, &c. By A. F. PORNIN, Ex-Director of the Secondary School. Svo. pp. 190. Paris. 1809. London, Deconchy. Price 6s. sewed.


HE best book extant on the antiquities of any nation is perhaps Potter's Archeologia Græca. It is not only accurate and copious in information, but pleasant in style, and may be perused as well as consulted. Kennett's "Roman Antiquities" also possessed this latter quality: but Kennett was either unable, or not diligent enough, to give. a full and exact account of his subject. Dr. Adam, on the contrary, (in his "Roman Antiquities,") is correctness itself, and minute even to tediousness, as far as he examines Roman customs: but his frequent and dry references to page, chapter, and verse, and the total want of the agrémens of quotation throughout his learned volume, render the book a mere student's vade-mecum, and induce the lover of Roman literature to adopt the more superficial but more entertaining work of Kennett, in preference to its duller and deeper companion.

In general, the French excel us in compositions of this na ture. Their abstracts, their epitomes, their books, in a word, for learners,- are more attractive than our own. The "Private Life of the Romans" (our translation of which has become, we believe, a scarce book,) was a charming little composition,



from which no reader could rise without improvement: in so popular and intelligible a manner did it lay before us the daily habits, customs, occupations, and amusements of the masters of the world. The present volume is by no means deficient in utility, nor in entertainment: but it is merely a book of reference (as the author confesses) for school-boys; and as such, with some particular exceptions in regard to its accuracy, and with a general objection to its incomplete view of the subject. proposed, (namely the antiquities of Rome,) we shall venture to recommend it to the use of French academies.

The quotations are well-chosen, and given at length; a practice which we highly approve. A number of barren figures, and abbreviated names, may or may not shew learning in the writer: but short and apposite extracts from classical books must convey instruction in an engaging manner to the youthful scholar, and exercise his memory at the same time that they add to his knowlege and improve his taste. To the end of the volume is subjoined a short alphabetical index; which should always accompany works of this nature.

As no very favourable specimen of the author's accuracy in the execution of this humble but generally useful little book, we extract a passage from the brief account of the Gladiators:

"When a Gladiator was wounded, the people cried out, bac habet; "he has it." This custom induced Virgil to put these words into the mouth of Messapus, when he wounds Aulestes with his spear,

"Hac habet: hæc melior magnis data Victima Divis." Æn.xii. v. 296. It depended on the people, and sometimes upon the person who bore the expence of the exhibition, to grant or to refuse life to the wounded Gladiator. They had only to press down the thumb to save this unfortunate wretch, or to turn it up, to ordain his death."

The writer has here confounded the two customs. Juvenal would have reminded him,

"PRESSO pollice vulgi

Quemlibet OCCIDUNT populariter :”

but perhaps here is some mistake of the press, since we observe at page 35 a Scazon iambic attributed to a writer of hexameters, and yet in such a way as to shew that Martial was intended though Juvenal is mentioned; and several obvious false prints occur in the volume.

Considerable trouble has been taken by M. PORNIN with the Roman Calendar; and altogether, though the book by no means fulfils the promise of the title-page, we think that it may be placed in the hands of the school-boy with considerable advantage. Its chief merit, indeed, lies in counting a hundred with tolerable precision.

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To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.


ACADEMY, of Plato, state of

under his different succes-

sors, 474-477.

-, French, historical

particulars of, 518.

Acid, Uric, See Brande.
Eschylus, remarks on various
commentators on, and on a
new edition of, 162-174.
Alcuin, supposed conversation
with, in the academy founded,
by Charlemagne, 487..
Alicant, particulars relative to,

Alkaline metals, experiments in,

Allthochte, Scotch, or Although,
English, etymology of that
word, 18.
Ammonia, experiments on, 267.
Andrewes, Dr., remarks on, as a
preacher, 182.
Anglo-Saxon language and litera-

ture, remarks on, 77-83.
Anonymous Works, curious parti-
culars respecting, 462-469.
Antients, historical view of the
progress of mind among, by a
female, 501-513.
Aristotle, remarks on the com-
mentators on, 10.
Articles, of the church, the revi-
sion of them seriously recom-
mended, 400.

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Balance, See Money-balance.
Bank of England, observations on
the excess and depreciation of
its notes, and its resumption of

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payments in cash,and on Country-
Banks, 174-190, 284-301,
4c8-423, 435, 436. Large
balance of government-money
in the hands of, 419. State.
ment of 18 millions owing to
the Bank refuted, 420.

Directors of, their com-
munications with Mr. Pitt in
1795, 29. Line of conduct
recommended to, respecting
the resumption of cash pay-
ments, 296.

Bankers, customs of, See Charge,
See Clearing-House.

Bank stock, rise of dividends on,
and Bonuses, since the suspen-
sion of cash-payments at the
Bank, 179.

Bar, and its derivatives, etymo-
logy of those words, 23.
Barbary-shore, a visit to, recom-
mended to travellers in Spain,

Barlow, Sir George, his differ-

ences with Mr. Petrie, at Ma-
dras, 107
Barnard, Hannah, a female
Quaker, her harsh treatment
farther stated, 442.
Baylefire, or Bonfire, curious ac.

count of the custom of, 28.
Bayley, C., his prize ode on the
misfortunes of Swisserland,

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Bible, Polish, account of, 5.
Bibliography, remarks on the pre-
vailing excess in the taste for, 1.
Blenheim, battle of, described by
Prince Eugene, 537-
Blomfield, C. J., his prize odes,
366. 371.

--, E. V., his Cambridge
odes, 370.
Bonaparte, name of, supposed to
be typified in the number of
the beast 666 in the Revela-
tions, 208. Observations on
his character and policy, 313.
A disciple of Machiavel in po-
litics and of Polybius in war.
fare, ib.

Bonfire, See Baylefire.
Booksellers, theological, society
of, account of, 396.
Borch, etymology of that term,

Bossuet's Exposition, &c. anec.

dotes relative to that work,
Brande, Mr., on the effects of
magnesia in preventing uric
acid, 272.

Bullion, observations on the high
price of, and on the Report of
the Bullion-Committee, 174-
190, 284-301, 408-423,

Committee, their Report
defended, 409.
Burgos, that town described, 122.
Burke, See Fox.

Burrell, Mr., on a rare insect, and
on insects found in Norfolk,
Busby Hall, in Yorkshire, anec-
dote of an unfeeling possessor

of, 425.

Butler, Samuel, his prize poem on
astronomy, 363.

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communication with the Black-
sea, 457:

Castile, old and new, account of
those provinces, and their in-
habitants, 122, 123. 125.
Cattle, experiments on soiling
them, 273.

Caves, remarkable, at Honduras,
described, 391.

Caxton, Wm., the early printer,
strictures on, 306.

Charge the), technical term for the
daily settlement of private
bankers with the Bank of Eng-
land, mode of that transaction,
Charlemagne, anecdote of, 489.
Charles II, his retreat in the
Boscobel oak said to be pur-
posely overlooked by his pur-
suers, 430.

Christianity and Platonism, the
doctrines of, contrasted, 469,

Cicero de Naturâ Deorum com-
pared with a Greek MS. found
at Herculaneum, 232.
Cintra, in Portugal, description
of, 159.
Clearing-house, among bankers,
explanation of that term and
the transactions of, 189.
Clergy, their right to be treated
with respect, and as gentlemen,
Climate, observations on its ef-
fects on the character of man,
in opposition to Montesquieu,

Clovis, character of the Franks in
his reign, 484.
Coatham, in Yorkshire, described

Coercion, See Government-
Coin, remarks on the state of that

of Great Britain, and sugges-
tions for improving it, 179.
Cole, Wm, his Cambridge prize
ode, 368.

Collyer, Dr., strictures on his
preaching, 280,


Colophon, city of, etymology of

its name, 241.
Consul, Roman, costume of, 439.
Consumption, See Cough.
Continents of our globe, supposed
alternate formation and de-
struction of, 495.
Cooke, Edward, his prize poem on
Sir William Browne, 361.
Cornish pebble, account of, 137.
Cornwall, women of, their beauty
ascribed to their feeding on
pilchards, 140. See Miners.
See Language.
Corycus, a mountain near Tcos,
etymology of its name, 241.
Cough, winter, a regulated tem-
perature recommended for,
Cowper, William, a poetic tri-

See Bank of

bute to his memory, 95.
Cromwell, Henry, letter to, from
Mr. Pope, 62.
Cuningham, Mr., his evidence on
the rate of Exchange, 291.

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etymology of that name, 239.
On inscriptions in the ruins of,
240. On the names of places
in the Campania Felix, ib.
On the materials on which the
antients wrote, 244.
On a
Greek MS. on the Gods, 245.
Drury, Benjamin, his Cambridge
prize ode, 367.


Earth, formation of, hypotheses
respecting, 494-500.
Education, system of, in public
schools, defended, 206.
Eloges of the French Academy,
account of, 519.
Entomology, account of the rise,
&c. of that science in Great
Britain, 33.

Equations, various modes of solv-
ing, 401-407.

Eschke, Professor, account of his
seminary at Berlin for the Deaf
and Dumb, 129:

Estremadura, statistical account
of, 118, 120.

Eugene, Prince, view of the prin-
cipal actions of his life, from
his own pen, 532—541.
Exchange, observations on the
high rate of, between this coun-
try and the continent, 287-

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