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They sat them down to weep; nor only tears
Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within
Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate,
Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore
Their inward state of mind, calm region once
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent:
For understanding rul'd not, and the will
Heard not her lore; both in subjection now
To sensual appetite, who from beneath
Usurping over sov'reign reason claim'd
Superior sway from thus distemper'd breast
Adam, estrang'd in look and alter'd style,
Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd.



Would thou hadst hearken'd to my words, and stay'd

With me, as I besought thee, when that strange 1135
Desire of wand'ring this unhappy morn

I know not whence possess'd thee; we had then
Remain'd still happy, not, as now, despoil'd

Of all our good, sham'd, naked, miserable.

Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek 1141 Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail.

To whom, soon mov'd with touch of blame, thus Eve. What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe! Imput'st thou that to my default, or will Of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows

1128 both] Fenton reads 'but in subjection.'

1144 words] Compare Hom. Il. xiv. 83.

Ατρέιδη, ποιόν σε ἔπος φύγεν ἕρκος οδόντων. Thyer.




But might as ill have happen'd thou being by,
Or to thyself perhaps? hadst thou been there,
Or here th' attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd
Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake;
No ground of enmity between us known,
Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm.
Was I to have never parted from thy side?
As good have grown there still a lifeless rib.
Being as I am, why didst not thou the head
Command me absolutely not to go,
Going into such danger, as thou said'st?
Too facil then thou didst not much gainsay;
Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent,
Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.
To whom then first incens'd, Adam reply'd.
Is this the love, is this the recompence
Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve! express'd
Immutable when thou wert lost, not I,

Who might have liv'd and joy'd immortal bliss,
Yet willingly chose rather death with thee?
And am I now upbraided, as the cause

Of thy transgressing, not enough severe,



It seems, in thy restraint? what could I more? 1170 I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold

The danger, and the lurking enemy

1165 Immutable] Inimitable. Bentl. MS.

1170 thy] So in the early editions; in Tonson's, 1711, it is in my restraint,' which Tickell, Fenton, and Bentley have improperly followed.

That lay in wait: beyond this had been force,
And force upon free will hath here no place.
But confidence then bore thee on, secure
Either to meet no danger, or to find
Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps
I also err'd in overmuch admiring

What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought
No evil durst attempt thee; but I rue

That error now, which is become my crime,
And thou th' accuser. Thus it shall befall
Him who to worth in women overtrusting
Lets her will rule; restraint she will not brook,
And left to herself, if evil thence ensue,

She first his weak indulgence will accuse.
Thus they in mutual accusation spent

The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning,
And of their vain contest appear'd no end.







MAN's transgression known, the guardian angels forsake paradise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approved, GOD declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressors; who descends, and gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of man: to make the way easier from hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad highway, or bridge, over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then, preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of his success, returning to hell: their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against man: instead of applause, is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transformed, with himself also, suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in paradise; then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; GOD foretells the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things; but for the present commands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not; but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the

late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the serpent, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication.

the eye

MEANWHILE the heinous and despightful act Of Satan done in paradise, and how He in the serpent had perverted Eve, Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit, Was known in heaven; for what can scape Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just, Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Of man, with strength entire, and freewill arm'd, Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend!



For still they knew, and ought to have still remember'd

The high injunction not to taste that fruit,
Whoever tempted; which they not obeying
Incurr'd, (what could they less?) the penalty,
And, manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.

Up into heaven from paradise in haste
Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad
For man; for of his state by this they knew,


Much wondering how the subtle fiend had stol'n 20 Soon as th' unwelcome news

Entrance unseen.

From earth arriv'd at heaven-gate, displeas'd

All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare

That time celestial visages, yet mix'd

With pity, violated not their bliss.

About the new-arriv'd in multitudes

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