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Not to incur; but soon his clear aspect
Not only these fair bounds, but all the earth
O by what name, for thou above all these,
365 Or all enjoying, what contentment find 3 Thus I presumptuous; and the Vision bright, As with a smile more brighten'd, thus reply'd:
What call'st thou solitude ? Is not the earth With various living creatures, and the air 370 Replenish'd ? and all these at thy command To come and play before thee? Know'st thou not Their language and their ways? They also know, And reason not contemptibly. With these Find pastime, and bear rule; thy realm is large. So spake the l'niversal Lord, and seem'd 376 So ordering. I with leave of speech implored,
342. Gen. ii. 19, 20.
And humble deprecation, thus reply'd :
Let not my words offend thee, Heav'nly Pow'r! My Maker, ba propitious while I speak! 380 Hast thou not made me here thy substitute, And these inferior far beneath me set ? Among unequals what society Can sort? what harmony or true delight? Which must be mutual, in proportion due 383 Giv'n and received; but in disparity, The one intense, the other still remiss Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak Such as I seek, fit to participate
Whereto th’ Almighty answer'd not displeased :
405 From all eternity? for nune I know Second to me, or like, equal much less. How have I then with whom to hold converse Save with the creatures which I made ? and those To me inferior! infinite descents
410 Beneath what other creatures are to thee.
He ceased; I lowly answer'd: To attain The height and depth of thy eternal ways, All human thoughts come short, Supreme of things! Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee
415 Is no deficience found. Not so is Man, But in degree; the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help, Or solace his defects. No need that thou
418. Rom. xi. 33
Should’st propagate, already infinite,
420 And through all numbers absolute, though one , But Man by number is to manifest His single imperfection, and beget Like of his like, his image multiply'd In unity defective, which requires
425 Collat'ral love, and dearest amity. Thou in thy secrecy, although alone, Best with thyself accompany'd, seek'st not Social communication; yet so pleased, Canst raise thy creature to what height thou wilt 430 Of union or communion, deify'd: I by conversing cannot these erect From prone, nor in their ways complacence find. Thus I embolden'd spake, and freedom used Permissive, and acceptance found; which gainid 435 This answer from the gracious voice divine:
Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleased; And find thee knowing not of beasts alone, Which thou hast rightly named, but of thyself; Expressing well the spirit within thee free, 440 My image not imparted to the brute, Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee, Good reason was thou freely should’st dislike : And be so minded still. I, ere thou spak'st, Knew it not good for Man to be alone;
445 And no such company as then thou saw'st Intended thee; for trial only brought, To see how thou could st judge of fit and meet. What next I bring shall please thee, be assured ; Thy likeness, thy fit help, thy other self, 450 Thy wish exactly to thy heart's desire.
He ended, or I heard no more, for now My earthly by his heav'nly overpower'd, Which it had long stood under, strain'd to th' highth In that celestial colloquy sublime,
455 As with an object that excels the sense Dazzled and spent, sunk down, and sought repair Of sleep, which instantly fell on me, call'd By nature as in aid, and closed mine eyes. Mine eyes he closed, but open left the cell 460
421. And through, &c. perfect, complete in all its parts. 453. A beautiful idea to express the cause of Adam'e deep s.eep.
Of fancy, my internal sight; by which
490 This turn hath made amends! Thou hast fulfill'd Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, Giver of all things fair, but fairest this Of all thy gifts, nor enviest! I now see Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself 495 Before me! Woman is her name ; of Man Extracted. For this cause he shall forego Father and mother, and to' bis wife adhere: And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul.
She heard me thus; and tho' divinely brought; 500 462. Alstract; that is, the spirit was so separated from the body that it did not see things as before with its material organs of vision. 485. Gen. ii. 22.
498. Gen. xxiii, 24.
Yet innocence and virgiu modesty,
520 Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss Which I enjoy; and must confess to find In all things else delight indeed, but such As used or not, works in the mind no change,
525 Nor vehement desire ; these delicacies I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flow'rs, Walks, and the melody of birds; but here Far otherwise, transported I behold, Transported touch. Here passion first I felt, 530 Commution strange, in all enjoyments else Superior and unmoved ; here only weak Against the charm of beauty's pow'rful glance. Or nature fail'd in me, and left some part Not proof enough such object to sustain; 535 Or from my side subducting, took perhaps More than enough : at least on her bestow'd Too much of ornament; in outward show Elaborate ; of inward, less exact.
302. The conscience; the knowledge of.
613. Taken from Homer, Il. xiv. 347. 520. It was the custom of the ancients to light their bridal lamp3
when the evening star appeared.