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and his sons and daughters; to Mr. Morden and his wife; to Mrs. Puling; and to Mrs. Calvet.-Anstis, 136.
109. The will of James Baudouin, dated "in the year 1733, and the first of July, about the end of the S5th year of my age" commences with a fervent prayer not in the common form. 1st. He designates as his heiress generally, his niece, Mary Moliniere, wife of David Montolieu de Saintipolite, Brigadier in the Army. His body to be interred in the plainest manner that decency would permit, andtherefore his executrix should get it done before night without flamboys, escutcheons, or hangings, and instead of this worldly expense she should distribute £100 to the poor of the French Protestant Refugees-to each as her prudence and charity should deem it proper. 2nd. To pay to the Treasurer of the French Hospital £500, to help towards the maintenance of the poor of the said Hospital. 3rd. A bequest to the Receiver of the House of Charity, in "Spittlefields." 4th. A bequest to the Receiver of the Society of Nismes. 5th. To Mr. Declaris de Florian, Minister of the Holy Gospel. 6th. To servants. 7th. To his sister, his heiress's mother. 8th. To his brother, on condition that he shall come out of France, and come and pass the remainder of his days in England among those of his family, with freedom of body and mind,..... my conscience not allowing me to increase his income in a country of persecution and Idolitary, being (sic) if I did it, it would be a motive for him absolutely to fix himself there the more. 9th. To nephew, James Molinier, (he had but one daughter), brother of his heiress, and his brother Charles. Seal with arms: In chief, three mullets; in base, a demi lion grasping a dagger rising from the sea.
Codicil directs his heiress to pay a legacy to Mr. Madiere, in consideration of the friendship there was between his family and testator's. A legacy to Mr. James Varnier, Life Guardsman to His Majesty, in consideration that he is "my godson, and that I have held him in baptism at Breda, and besides that he is honest and fearing God."
Codicil, 3rd Oct., 1735, gives a legacy to Mrs. Omerville, as a token of the friendship which there has been between the family of the late Mr. Miget and testator's.
Codicil, 29th March, 1738, recites that both his sister and M. de Claris de Florient were dead; his nephew, Charles Molinier "passed 50 years, and his bodily infirmities cannot reasonably incline him to marry, and to load his mind and body with the heavy burthen of marriage, of which many, who were free, have made themselves slaves."
Proved 15th March, 1738, by Mary de Saintipolite, otherwise Molinier.Henchman, 48.
110. The will of Nicholas Vanderhoven, of the parish of Christchurch, "Spittlefields." Gent., dated 9th June, 1739, was proved 19th Oct., 1742, by his widow, Elizabeth Vanderhoven, to whom he left everything.-Trimley, 312.
111. The will of Mrs. Judith Grolleau, of Knightsbridge, in the county of Middlesex, Spinster, dated 20th August, 1750, was proved 6th Novr., 1750 by David Royd (y. Lloyd), the exor. therein named. She directed her body to be buried in W. burial-ground commonly called Mount Nod. Appointed her nephew David Royd, with whom she then lived, exor. Gave to each of her sister Fourdrinier's children as should be living at her death a small legacy. To god-daughter, Judith Fourdrinier, half-pint silver mug, which was left to her by late Mrs. Vanderhoven. (I cannot trace Mrs V.'s will). To niece, Mrs. Royd, wife of her exor., gold watch and chain for life, then to her dau. Maria Royd. Residue to nephew, David Royd.-Greenley, 355.
112. The will of George Wolley, of the South Sea House, dated 28th Aug., 1760, was proved with three codicils, on the 9th Feb., 1761. Testator appoints John Pudsey, exor., and desires to be buried in the burying ground
on the top of the hill at W., in the same grave wherein his late wife was buried. Bequeaths to his exor. his house at St. Alban's, Herts. Part of East India Stock to niece Mary, eldest dau. of late brother Holland Wolley; part to Samuel Berkley, Esq.; part to Mr. James Champain. Part of South Sea Stock to John Milnes, Esq,; to niece, Elinor, wife of Mr. Burlton, of Ludlow ; to nephew, George, eldest son of Holland Wolley; to nephew, youngest son of Holland Wolley; to second and to youngest dau. of Holland Wolley; to Mrs. Pudsey, wife of John Pudsey; to Mrs. Berkley, wife of Samuel Berkley; to Revd. Mr, Young, of Gt. Torrington, co. Devon, for his son, to whom testator was a god-father, and all that may be due from the estate of late uncle, Aronshaw. Interest of long annuity to friend, Hannah Champain. Servant, Grace Postgate, residuary legatee. -Cheslyn, 78.
113. The will of Thomas Williamson, of W., Scarlet Dyer, dated the 10th October, 1761, was proved on the 7th Nov,, 1761, by his widow, Christiana Williamson. Legacy to brother, John Williamson. Lease of dwelling-house and dye-house at W., to Robert Scott, of Peckham, Esquire, and Nicholas Pearce, of Blackwell Hall, Factor, upon trust to sell and invest proceeds in 1760, £4 p. c. Bank annuities. Income to wife for life, and afterwards equally amongst his brothers, James, William, and John Williamson, and his sister, Elizabeth Blakey, wife of Mr. Blakey, Fellmonger, at Gallowshiels. Legacies to wife's sister, Mrs. Morrison; Mr. Walter Garston; Mrs. Holsworth, and her sons, John and Thomas Holsworth.-Cheslyn, 413.
114. The will of Henry Ruffe, of W., Hatmaker, dated 15 May, 1748, was proved on the 11th May, 1753. Legacy to his good friend, Samuel Torin, of St. Martin's Lane, Cannon St., London, and residue to his wife, Magdaleine Ruffe. Appointed both of them exors. -Searle, 151.
115. The will of Henry Nadauld, of Tonbridge Wells, co, Kent, Surgeon, dated 8th September. 1768, was proved 24th Nov., 1785. Mary Magdelain Jurquet, who then lived and had lived with him some years, sole legatee and executrix.-Ducarel, 566.
116. Register of Marriages:-" 1785, September 12th, Richard King, Junr., of W., Bachelor, married Sophia Nadauld, of W., Spinster."
117. The will of George Spence, of W., Dyer, dated 29th August, 1763, was proved on the 3rd October, 1763. Appointed his brother, John Spence, exor., and gave him £1000 upon trust to invest and pay income to brother Henry for life; reversion to John Spence (nephew), and John Howgarth (nephew-in-law), equally. Farm at Brentwood in Essex in occupation of Rebecca Unwin, widow, to brother John Spence, for life, with remainder to nephew, John Spence. Residue between brother, John Spence; nephew, John Spence; and nephew-in-law, John Howgarth, equally, subject to an annuity to servant, Agnes Rice.-Casur, 485.
118, Manning and Bray (1814), Vol. 2, p. 355, say :-- now wholly overgrown with ivy."
119. Manning and Bray, supra, say :—"The stone remains; the inscription not now legible.
NOUVELLE TOUCHANT LA
OBTENUE PAR LES HOLLANDOIS ET ZELLANDOIS CONTRE L'ARMEE NAVALE DU ROY D'ESPAGNE AUX COSTES D'ANGLETERRE L'AN 1639; SUR LE CHANT DU PSEAUME 68, QUE DIEU SE MONSTRE SEULEMENT.
Communicated by COLONEL SIR EDMUND F. DU CANE, K.C.B. Vice-President.
The following" Chanson Nouvelle" was composed by Isaye de Lobeau, who was, as I am informed by the Rev. Mr. Martin, at the time an Ancien of the Walloon Church at Canterbury. It is preserved in the handwriting of Pierre Du Quesne, a lineal ancestor of our family. He was born in 1609, and was the grandson of the Jean Du Quesne, who came over to England from Flanders on account of the persecution of the Protestants by the Duke of Alva, and settled at Canterbury. soon as Alva's appointment was known the great noblesOrange, Calemburg, Bergh, Brederode, and others, sold their estates and raised money. All prepared for removal. The inferior nobility, rich merchants of Antwerp, and wealthy burghers of other cities, resolved to expatriate themselves. Soon after Alva's mission was known the Duchess Regent wrote to the King of Spain that already one hundred thousand persons had abandoned the country. After Alva's arrival, 22 Aug., 1567, the emigration increased, and the greatest number of removals were to England."*
It is likely enough that Pierre Du Quesne had heard details of these religious troubles and persecutions from those who had personally suffered from them, and the tradition of them must have been still fresh, for they had occurred only some seventy years before the date of this song. Moreover their memory could not die out so long as the struggles which originated in the religious persecution were carried on by the Spanish King in the countries he had inherited as successor of the Counts of Flanders and the Dukes of Burgundy. These Encyclopædia Britannica.
struggles began in 1570, when those countries first revolted, and lasted almost without intermission till the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, when Spain acknowledged the independence of the States, each side retaining the territory which it then held.
The intensity of the feeling which the refugee families preserved till long after the date of this song is illustrated in the following extract from a sermon preached in 1682 by Dr. Gilbert Burnet, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury, at the funeral of Mr. James Houblon, the first Governor of the Bank of England, whose wife was a sister of Pierre Du Quesne :-" Mr. James Houblon was descended from that worthy Confessor, Mr. Houblon, a Gentleman of Flanders, who above a hundred years ago fled over to Englandfrom the Persecution that was raised there against all that embraced the Purity of the Christian Religion, and rejected the Idolatry and Superstition of the Church of Rome, by the Duke of Alva, who proceeded in it with all the Rigour and Cruelty with which that Bloody Religion could inspire a Man of so fierce a Temper, acting under a King no less bloody than his Religion...... He was born in this City the 2nd of July, 1592, so that he wanted but a few Days of being 90 Years of Age when he died. He was baptized in the French Congregation and continued a Member of it his whole Life. He married one of his own CountryWomen, the Daughter of Mr. Du Cane, who fled over hither upon the same account, so that this Family is descended from Confessors on both Sides."
Pierre Du Quesne and his friends, and the congregation of which he was a leading member, may have felt a special interest in the naval fights that had taken place off our own shores between their old enemies the Spaniards and their former connections, the Hollanders and Zealanders. The fights might easily have been witnessed by their relations and friends, who were still living at Canterbury a few miles from the scene; and we see in the Chanson that many people of all classes visited and" caressed" the victorious Admirals.
They had moreover more pressing reasons for rejoicing in the defeat of the Spaniards than the memory of former persecutions. James the First had shown a strong desire for an alliance with Spain, the leader of the movement against the Reformed Church, and Charles the First had been strongly suspected of the intention to support France in suppressing the Huguenots. He had forbidden the refugees the practice of their own religion and required them to conform to the
Church of England; some of the refugees had in consequence re-emigrated. The frequent reference in the song to the Great Armada of 1588, gives an idea of the importance they attached to the destruction of the Spanish fleet as a guarantee for the preservation of their religious liberties, and in fact the Council had issued a proclamation to the Lords Lieutenant of the south coast counties from Essex to Dorsetshire, to get the train-bands in readiness on account of the King of Spain's ships in the Downs carrying many soldiers.
Strype, in his Annals of the Reformation, says of the Refugee congregations-" After the sermon they sang all in common a psalm in metre, the custom being brought from abroad by the exiles" This "Chanson" was sung to the tune of the 68th Psalm, of which the opening verse is "Let God arise and let His enemies be scattered; let them also which hate Him flee before Him."
It may be that the religious services at which this Song was sung were held in the house of Pierre Du Quesne, for it is recorded in a notice of him written about 1731, relating to a period of his life, shortly after the ejection of Ministers at the beginning of the reign of Charles the Second, that "he alone of his Quality in the Heart of the City of London dedicated and consecrated his House a little Church for that Man of Prayer, the Rev. Mr. Watson, formerly Minister of Stephen's Walbrook, in the fiercest Persecution about 60 years ago."
At the time of the fight the territory of the United Provinces, whose fleets were led by Van Tromp and De Witt, embraced what is now the Kingdom of Holland. Flanders and the country still subject to Spain extended to Gravelines, about fourteen miles from Calais, comprising therefore Belgium and a considerable part of France. The French territory there comprised only a narrow strip about twenty miles wide parallel to the coast between Calais and St. Valery. The Downs formed therefore for the Spanish fleet a convenient anchorage in close proximity to their own territory.
The campaign of 1639 was chiefly naval. The Hollanders under Van Tromp attacked ten large Spanish men of war near Gravelines on the 18 Feb., and defeated them. The Spaniards then equipped a tremendous fleet and placed it under D'Oquendo. It consisted of eighty-seven large ships and numerous transports with twenty thousand land forces on board. This was no doubt the Armada" whose defeat on the 8th and 9th September is commemorated in the "Chanson Nouvelle." Van Tromp met and engaged them, and took the