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BAYNES (Henry Samuel). The Evangelist of the Desert, Life of Claude Brousson, etc.
London, 1853. 12o. (4865. c.) WEISS (N.). La sortie de France pour cause de religion de Daniel Brousson & de sa famille, 1685-1693; publiée pour la première fois; avec une introduction et des notes par N. Weiss. Paris, 1885. 12o. DE PECHELS. Castle Goring, with the narratives of M. Samuel de Péchels and Mrs. Jacob de Péchels, of the sufferings of the French Protestants at the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Contributed by Sir Percy Burrell, Bart. [Vol. XXVI of the Collections of the Sussex Archæological Society.]
DU CANE (Lieut.-Col. Edmund Frederick), C.B., R.E. Some account of the family of Du Quesne, and especially of the branch which settled in England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. London, 1876. 4o. FABER (Reginald Stanley). The Buried Book: or the Bible of Henri de Dibon. (Brit. Mus.) London, 1885. 8°.
[Only 35 copies, privately printed. FONTAINE (Rev. James). Memoirs of a Huguenot family: translated and compiled from the original autobiography of the Rev. J. F., and other family MSS......By Ann Maury. With an appendix.
New York, 1853. 8°. (4866. b.)
[1st ed.; there is a French Translation of this, by the Pastor E. Castle, Toulouse, 1877, but without the appendix. (4887, b. 2.)] GUERIN (Wm. Collings Lukis). Huguenot Guérins and their descendants, etc. [For private circulation only.]
London, 1873. 8o (9904, bbb.)
PORTAL (Baron Pierre Paul Frédéric de). Les descendants
des Albigeois et des
SIGOURNEY (H. H. W.).
Huguenots ou mémoires de la famille
Genealogy of the Sigourney family.
USWICK (James). Biographic sketches of the late James
Dublin, 1868. 8°.
See also,-DUMONT DE BOSTAQUET, under the heading of IRELAND.
COQUEREL (Athanase), fils. Les Forçats pour la foi; étude
Paris, 1866. 120. (4632. aaa.)
NETHERLANDS, WALLOON CHURCHES IN THE. Articles résolus au Synode des Eglises Wallonnes des Provinces-Unies des Pays-Bas. 1688-1810. (5017. d.) [A list of Galériens will be found in Vol. 1.] Listes des Protestans qui souffrent actuellement les peins des Galères de France depuis 21, 20, 18, 15 années pour la vérité de la Religion reformée. Le 15 Mars, 1707.
(Harl. MSS., 7543.) Lettered" French Protestant
MS." (No. 1122 is the Library mark) in Lambeth Library, and containing also some printed pamphlets. This collection ranges from 1695 to June 6th 1768, but very few papers bear date earlier than 1748. Among these papers are to be found lists of French Protestants at the galleys in France, and also of the captives at Aigues-les-mortes. Also one vol. relating to Archbishop Wake's papers.
GUIGARD (J.). Bibliothèque Héraldique de la France. [With appendix and supplement].
Paris, 1861. 8° (9917. dd. and B. B. T.)
The Honorary Secretary, while thanking Mr. Stride for the admirable list of standard works on Huguenot subjects which he had drawn up, stated that with very few exceptions the books described were now to be found in the library of the French Protestant Hospital, Victoria Park, where, as the President had already announced, they might be read or consulted by the Fellows of this Society on application being made to the Honorary Secretary at the French Hospital.
On the motion of Mr. W. J. C. Moens a vote of thanks was passed to the President. which having been acknowledged the meeting terminated.
As the second Wednesday in March would be Ash Wednesday, it was announced that the next Ordinary Meeting would be held on Wednesday, the 17th March.
NOTICES OF BOOKS, &c.
History of the Huguenot Emigration to America. By Charles W. Baird, D.D. 2 volumes. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company. [1885.]
The family of Baird has done good service in the department of religious history. More than forty years ago Dr. Robert Baird published his useful account of Religion in the United States of America,' (Glasgow, 1844). His son, Professor Henry M. Baird brought out the first instalment of his "History of the Rise of the Huguenots" in 1880; and now another son, Dr. Charles W. Baird, gives us two volumes-likewise an instalment of a History of the Huguenot Emigration to America,' which has points in common with the subjects of both his father's and his brother's works. The volumes before us give evidence of extensive and indefatigable research. Both in Europe and in America Dr. Baird has carried on minute investigations into the family history of the Huguenot refugees, whether in the archives of the French colonies,' or in registers, wills, and private documents. These labours have occupied him for ten or twelve years, and their result will earn for him the gratitude of all who are in any way connected with the Huguenot settlers in America; we may almost say, of all connected with Huguenot settlers anywhere; for Dr. Baird traces the ramifications of families with such care that there are few Huguenot names respecting which he does not supply some new fact or illustration, and this from unprinted more often than from printed sources. But Dr. Baird has done far more than elucidate a page of domestic history or genealogy. No one who has studied the growth of the colonies in America will be disposed to underate the importance of the Huguenot factor in their composition. Dr. Baird's is thus truly a patriotic work, and one well worthy of the pains he has devoted to it. The only general qualification that we should make to our estimate of its value, is that in his view of the history of the time with which he is concerned Dr. Baird is too exclusively the Huguenot partizan; he can see nothing right, he can see no principle, in the acts or policy of his opponents; more strictly perhaps, it does not occur to him to look
for such. The catholic appears to him as inevitably devoid of the ordinary attributes of humanity. Doubtless the history is one in which it is hard to maintain a judicial impartiality; but at least in the earlier stages of the Huguenot troubles, from a political point of view, there is a good deal to be said on the catholic side. In any case, even if there were no possible justification for any single part of the catholic policy, the historian should avoid antiquated forms of speech which imply that one section of Christianity represents absolute truth, and another section absolute falsehood. We have thought it right to make these observations, because we hold that history should never be confounded with polemic; but we hasten to add that they affect a very small part of Dr. Baird's book, and that they are suggested rather by his tone than by any positive mis-statements.
Dr. Baird's 'History' begins with the abortive attempts at colonization designed by the great Coligny. We doubt whether the settlement in 1555 in an island off the coast of Brazil deserves to be included among Huguenot colonies. Dr. Baird describes 'the company of emigrants,' and admits that only 'some of these were protestants.* They were recruited no doubt in the following year from Geneva; but it is a stretch of language to call Swiss Calvinists' Huguenots.' Moreover the whole settlement was broken up in 1557 in consequence of religious dissensions between the protestants and their catholic chief; for that Villegagnon was a catholic from the first can hardly be doubted. The next expeditions of which we read are the equally unfortunate attempts to establish French settlements in Florida, which were made in 1562 and the following years, and which were rudely put an end to by the Spaniards in 1565. These events Dr. Baird relates as introductory to the main subject of his book, which starts from the promulgation of the Edict of Nantes a generation later. But even when we have reached this point we have hardly entered upon the Huguenot emigration properly speaking. For the emigration with which our author here deals, that to Acadia (Nova Scotia) and Canada, was the mere removal of Frenchmen, not only of Huguenots, from one part of the French dominion to another. Had it been the removal of Huguenots as such, they would have had little more reason to look for a peaceable home there than in France. It is true that in 1603 the power of France in those regions was hardly more than nominal; but it was * Vol. i., p. 28.
+ See especially vol i., p. 55, note,
none the less liable to be realized at any moment. If the Huguenot had difficulties to contend with in France, those difficulties, he would always suspect, might follow him across the Atlantic. The explanation of the share which the Huguenots took in the colonial enterprises of the beginning of the seventeenth century is very simple. They formed the strongest element in the sea-faring population of France, and were thus naturally foremost in the colonisation of a country to which they had, many of them, been long accustomed through the fisheries and the fur trade of Newfoundland and the St, Lawrence. This explanation is quite correctly given by Dr. Baird, but he does not lay sufficient stress upon the distinction thus drawn between the emigration to the French possessions in America, and that to the colonies formed there by protestant states. The distinction, however, needs no further proof than the fact that so early as the year 1633 the Huguenots were formally excluded from taking up their residence in 'New France,' as the territory of Canada was then called; although it does not appear that this prohibition was fully carried into effect.† Only during the intervals in which England obtained a hold upon parts of these regions do we find the Huguenots established in any degree of security, a security which was speedily upset when the French resumed their power there. Hence it should seem that there was a not inconsiderable migration from Canada to the neighbouring colonies of New England. It is hardly necessary to add that the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes was attended by the same proscription of the Huguenots in Canada as in France itself.
Dr. Baird's second chapter is devoted to the settlements in New Netherland during the time that that colony belonged to the United Provinces. He takes us first into Holland, and describes the friendly welcome, offered by the Dutch, to the mixed company of Huguenots and Walloons which the religious conflicts of France and the Southern provinces of the Low Countries were constantly sending them. The first Huguenots went to New Netherland, together with Dutch emigrants, and they sailed like our 'pilgrim fathers' from Dutch ports. They first sought an arrangement with the English Virginia company, but failing to receive the assistance they desired, they took advantage of the transport afforded by the Dutch West India Company, and set sail in 1623 for the Hudson River. Dr. Baird gives interesting details of their settlement, but he is not able to offer more than a general * Vol. i., pp. 80-83. + Vol, i. pp. 116-119.