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P. 5. n. 5.] The examples of this phrafe, produced by Mr. Steevens, were accidentally omitted.
So, in K. Henry IV. P. I. fc. vi.
Add therefore to his
"When they fhall hear how we have play'd the men." Again, in Marlowe's Tamburlaine, 1590, P. ÎI.
66 Viceroys and peers of Turkey, play the men."
Again, in Scripture, 2 Samuel, x. 12. "Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people." MALONE.
P. 7. n. 5.] In the old copy these words were abfurdly printed as fpoken by one perfon. Dr. Johnfon's arrangement is proved to be right, not only by the reafon of the thing, but by a fimilar paffage in Coriolanus, A& V. fc. ult. "He kill'd my fon-my daughter," &c. where the words, All People are prefixed to the fpeech. MALONE.
P. 8. n. 3.] Add to my note. So, in Spenfer's Shepheard's Calender (April):
"The red rofe medled with the white y-fere,
"In either cheeke depeinetein lively cheere."
Again, in Lewknor's tranflation of Contareno's Commonawealth and Government of Venice, 1598: "which ferolles being first all well meddled together, are put into the pott." MALONE.
P. 9. n. 6.] So, in the Winter's Tale:
"Of your own ftate take care; this dream of mine,-
Again, in Cymbeline:
"He liv'd in the court
66 -to the grave
"A child that guided dotards; to his mistress,
P. 11. n. 3.] To trash for over-topping may either mean te lop them because they did over-top, or in order to prevent them from over-topping. So Lucetta in the second scene of The Two Gentlemen of Verona, says,
"—I was taken up for laying them down :
"Yet here they fhall not lie for catching cold."
"We'll have a bib for spoiling of your doublet."
That is, to prevent discovery. MASON.
P. 12. n. 6.] There is a very fingular coincidence between this paffage and one in Bacon's Hiftory of King Henry VII. [Perkin Warbeck]" did in all things notably acquit himfelf; infomuch as it was generally believed-that he was indeed Duke Richard. Nay, bimfelf, with long and continual counterfeiting, and with oft telling a lie, was turned by babit almoft into the thing he feemed to be; and from a liar to be a believer. MALONE.
Ibid.-Me, poor man! my library
Was large enough;] i. e. was large enough for. Of this kind of ellipfis fee various examples in a note on Cymbeline. Vol. VIII. p. 472, n. 3.
P. 14. 1. 1.] For cherubim, read cherubin, which is the reading of the old copy, and, though inaccurate, was the conftant In Bullokar's English ExpoJanguage of Shakspeare's time. fitor, 8vo. 1616 we find " CHERUBIN, one of the highest order of angels." So, in Sir Thomas Overbury's characters, 1616: [A Precifian]" He thinks every organist is in the state of damnation, and had rather hear one of Robert Wisdome's Pfalmes than the best hymn a cherubin can fing." Again, in The Spanish Tragedy, 1605:
"Back'd with a troop of fiery cherubins." MALONE. Ibid. Some food we had, and fome fresh water, that
A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,
Out of his charity, (who being then appointed
Mafter of this defign;) did give us;] Mr. Steevens has fuggefted, that we might better read-be being then appointed; and fo we fhould certainly now write: but the reading of the old copy is the true one, that mode of phraseology being the idiom of Shakspeare's time. So, in The Winter's Tale:
This your fon-in-law,
"And fon unto the king, (whom heavens directing,) "Is troth-plight to your daughter."
Again, in Coriolanus:
waving thy hand;
"Which often, thus, correcting thy flout heart,
"That will not hold the handling; or, fay to them," &c. See Vol. IV. p. 257, n. 1. and p. 488, n.*; and Vol. VII. p. 239, n. 5. MALONE.
Ibidem. n. 4. 1. 12.] For deck, r. leck.-Add at the end of my note.-In Cole's Latin Dictionary, 1679, we find—“ Te dag, collutulo, irroro. MALONE.
P. 16.-to ride
On the curl'd clouds ;] So, in Isaiah, xix. 1. Lord rideth on the fwift cloud." MALONE.
Ibidem. n. 7.] So alfo De Loier, fpeaking of "ftrange fights happening in the feas," Treatife of Spectres, 4to. 1605, p. 67, b: "Sometimes they fhall fee the fire which the faylors call Saint Hermes, to fly uppon their fhippe, and to alight upon the toppe of the maft; and fometimes they fhall perceive a wind that ftirreth fuch ftormes as will run round about their shippe, and play about it in fuch fort, as by the hurling and beating of the clowdes will rayfe uppe a fire that will burne uppe the yardes, the fayles, and the tacklings of the fhippe." MALONE.
and quit the veel,] Quit is, I think, here used for quitted. So, in K. Lear:
'Twas he inform'd against him,
"And quit the house on purpose, that their punishment "Might have the freer courfe."
So, in King Henry VI. P. I. lift, for lifted :
"He ne'er lift up his hand, but conquered." MALONE. Ibidem. On their fuftaining garments, &c.] The word fuftaining in this place does not mean fupporting, but enduring; and by their fuftaining garments Ariel means, their garments which bore, without being injured, the drenching of the fea.
Perhaps fuftaining is here used for fuftained. So, in Antony and Cleopatra, all-obeying, for all-obeyed. Mr. Mafon's interpretation, however, may be the true one; and the word fufiaining may also have been used for fuffering, in the paffage quoted from King Lear. Their garments could not be called fuftaining, in the fenfe which Mr. Steevens attributes to the VOL. X.
word, for it is well known that the clothes of a perfon who has fallen into the fea, when they become thoroughly wet, inftead of fuftaining him, render him lefs able to keep himfelf from finking. MALONE.
to tread the ooze
Of the falt deep —
To do me bulinefs in the veins of the "earth,] [So Milton, Par. Loft :
"Or do his errands in the gloomy deep."
P. 22. Come, thou tortoife! when?] This expreffion of impatience occurs often in our old dramas. See Vol. V. p. 9, n. 8, and Vol. VII. p. 330, n. 5. MALONE.
P. 22. We cannot mifs him.] That is, as Mr. Mafon has obferved, We cannot do without him. This provincial expreffion is ftill used in the midland counties. MALONE.
P. 24. Which any print of goodness will not take,
Being capable of all ill !] So, in Harrington's tran
Aation of Orlando Furiofo, 1591:
"The cruel Effelyno, that was thought
"To have been gotten by fome wicked devil,
P. 25. 1. 4.] For vild, r. vile, and dele my note. Vildin the old copy is merely the ancient mode of spelling vile, and therefore, as modern orthography has been obferved in all other places, it ought alfo to be followed here. MALONE. Ibidem. The red plague rid you !] To follow Mr. Steevens's
So again, in Coriolanus:
"Now the red peftilence strike all trades in Rome!" The word rid, which has not been explained, means to 4. Aroy. So, in K. Henry VI. P. II.
If you ever chance to have a child,
"Look, in his youth, to have him fo cut off,
"As, deathfmen! you have rid this sweet young prince." MALONE. P.26. Court'fied when you have, and kifs'd,] The lady's hand only was kifs'd, as it fhould feem, previous to the dance. See Winwood's Memorials, Vol. II. p. 44: at this he was taken out to dance, and footed it like a lufty old gallant with his country-woman. He took out the queen, and for. got not to kiss her hand." MALONE.
Ibidem. Where fould this
mufick be? i'the air, or the earth ?]
So, Milton, in his Il Penferofo:
"And, as I walk, fweet mufick, breathe,
"Above, about, or underneath!" MALONE.
Ibidem, n. 3. 1. 4.] After "our author's word," addagen, A. S. fignifies both adverfus and iterum. In Julius Cafar we find against used in the firft of these senses :
"Against the capitol I met a lion,-,"
Lydgate in his Troie boke, defcribing Priam's palace, uses again in the fense of against:
"And even agayne this kynges royal fee,
"In brede and length a full rich aultere." MALONE. P. 29. n. 6. l. 6. from the bottom.]
Again, in Lily's Maydes Metamorphofes, 1600:
"Well met, fair nymph, or goddesse if ye be."
Add at the end:
I have faid" that nothing is more common in these plays than a word being used in reply in a fenfe different from that in which it was employed by the first speaker." Here follow my proofs. In As you like it, Orlando, being asked by his brother, "Now, fir, what make you here?" [i, e. What do you do here?] replies, "Nothing; I am not taught to make any thing." So, in K. Henry VI. P. III.
66 -Henceforward will I bear
"Upon my target three fair fhining funs.
Again, in K. Henry IV. P. II.
Ch. Juft. Your means are very flender, and your wafte great.
"Fal. I would it were otherwise; I would my means were greater, and my waist lenderer.”
Again, in K. Richard III.
With this, my lord, myself hath nought to do. "Glo. Naught to do with mistress Shore?" &c.
P. 31. n. 2.] We have the fame thought in Lily's Euphues, 580: "Then how vain is it, that the foot fhould neglect his office, to correct the face." MALONE.
P. 33. n.*.] Claribel is alfo the miftrefs of Phaon in Spenfer's Faery Queen, B. II. c. iv. MALONE.
P. 34.] How lush and luffy the grass looks, bow green!] The word lush has not yet been rightly interpreted. It appears from the following paffage in Golding's tranflation of Ovid, 1587, to have fignified juicy, fucculent:
N n 2