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in co-operating; whereas by this view, Chrift has done all already that he had to do, or is ever to do, for mankind, by making his great fatisfaction; the confequences of which will affect each individual according to the particular conduct of each. I would illuftrate this by faying, that Chrift's fatisfaction resembles a fun placed to fhew light to men, so that it depends upon themselves whether they will walk the right way or not, which they could not have done without that fun, "the fun of righteousness." There is, however, more in it than merely giving light.-a light to lighten the Gentiles: for we are told, there is healing under his wings. Dr. Johnson faid to me, "Richard Baxter commends a treatife by Grotius, De Satisfactione Chrifti. I have never read it: but I intend to read it; and you may read it." I remarked, upon the principle now laid down, we might explain the difficult and feemingly hard text, "They that believe shall be faved; and they that believe not shall be damned:" They that believe fhall have fuch an impreffion made upon their minds, as will make them act so that they may be accepted by God.

We talked of one of our friends taking ill, for a length of time, a hafty expreffion of Dr. Johnfon's to him, on his attempting to prosecute a fubject that had a reference to religion, beyond the bounds within which the Doctor thought fuch topicks fhould be confined in a mixed company.Johnson. "What is to become of fociety, if a friendship of twenty years is to be broken off for fuch a caufe?" As Bacon fays, Sir Henry Wotton

"Who then to frail mortality fhall truft,

"But limns the water, or but writes in duft."

I faid,

I faid, he should write exprefsly in fupport of Christianity for that, although a reverence for it fhines through his works in feveral places, that is not enough. "You know, (faid I,) what Grotius has done, and what Addifon has done. You should do alfo."-He replied, "I hope I fhall."

Monday, 23d August.

Principal Campbell, Sir Alexander Gordon, Profeffor Gordon, and Profeffor Rofs, vifited us in the morning, as did Dr. Gerard, who had come fix miles from the country on purpose. We went and faw the Marischal College*, and at one o'clock we waited on the magiftrates in the town hall, as they had invited us in order to present Dr. Johnson with the freedom of the town, which Provost Jopp did with a very good grace. Dr. Johnfon was much pleased with this mark of attention, and received it very politely. There was a pretty nume rous company affembled. It was striking to hear all of them drinking "Dr. Johnfon! Dr. Johnfon !" in the town-hall of Aberdeen, and then to fee him with his burgefs-ticket, or diplomat, in his hat, which he wore as he walked along the ftreet, according to the ufual cuftom.-It gave me great fatisfaction to obferve the regard, and indeed fondness too, which every body here had for my father.


* Dr. Beattie was so kindly entertained in England, that he had not yet returned home.

† Dr. Johnson's burgess-ticket was in these words : "Aberdoniæ, vigefimo tertio die menfis Augufti, anno Domini millefimo feptingentefimo feptuagefimo tertio, in prefentia honorabi


While Sir Alexander Gordon conducted Dr. Johnfon to old Aberdeen, Profeffor Gordon and I called on Mr. Riddoch, whom I found to be a grave worthy clergyman. He observed, that, whatever might be faid of Dr. Johnfon while he was alive, he would, after he was dead, be looked upon by the world with regard and aftonishment, on account of his Dictionary.

Profeffor Gordon and I walked over to the Old College, which Dr. Johnson had feen by this time. I stepped into the chapel, and looked at the tomb of the founder, Archbishop Elphinston, of whom I fhall have occafion to write in my Hiftory of James IV. of Scotland, the patron of my family.

We dined at Sir Alexander Gordon's. The Provost, Profeffor Rofs, Profeffor Dunbar, Profeffor Thomas Gordon, were there. After dinner came in Dr. Gerard, Profeffor Leslie, Profesïor Macleod. We had little or no converfation in the morning; now we were but barren. The profeffors feemed afraid to speak.

Dr. Gerard told us that an eminent printer was very intimate with Warburton.-Johnson. "Why, fir,

lium virorum, Jacobi Jopp, armigeri, præpofiti, Adami Duff, Gulielmi Young, Georgii Marr, et Gulielmi Forbes, Balivorum, Gulielmi Rainie Decani guildæ, et Joannis Nicoll Thefaurarii dicti burgi.

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Quo die vir generofus et doctrina clarus, Samuel Johnson, L. L. D. receptus et admiffus fuit in municipes et fratres guildæ præfati burgi de Aberdeen. In deditiffimi amoris et affectus ac eximiæ obfervantiæ tefferam, quibus dicti Magiftratus eum amplectuntur. Extractum per me,


fir, he has printed fome of his works, and perhaps bought the property of fome of them. of fome of them. The intimacy is fuch as one of the profeffors here may have with one of the carpenters who is repairing the college." "" But, (faid Gerard,) I faw a letter from him to this printer, in which he fays, that the one half of the clergy of the church of Scotland are fanaticks, and the other half infidels."-Johnson. "Warburton has accustomed himself to write letters juft as he speaks, without thinking any more of what he throws out. When I read Warburton firft, and obferved his force, and his contempt of mankind, I thought he had driven the world before him; but I foon found that was not the case; for Warburton, by extending his abuse, rendered it ineffectual."

He told me, when we were by ourselves, that he thought it very wrong in the printer, to fhew Warburton's letter, as it was raifing a body of enemies against him. He thought it foolish in Warburton to write fo to the printer; and added, "Sir, the worst way of being intimate, is by fcribbling." He called Warburton's "Doctrine of Grace" a poor performance, and fo he faid was Wefley's Answer. Warburton, he observed, had laid himself very open. In particular, he was weak enough to fay, that, in fome diforders of the imagination, people had fpoken with tongues, had spoken languages which they never knew before; a thing as abfurd as to fay, that, in fome diforders of the imagination, people had been known to fly.

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I talked of the difference of genius, to try if I could engage Gerard in a difquifition with Dr. Johnfon; but I did not fucceed. I mentioned, as

a curious

a curious fact, that Locke had written verfes. Johnson. "I know of none, fir, but a kind of exer cife prefixed to Dr. Sydenham's Works, in which he has fome conceits about the dropfy, in which water and burning are united; and how Dr. Sydenham removed fire by drawing off water, contrary to the usual practice, which is to extinguish fire by bringing water upon it. I am not fure that there is a word of all this; but it is fuch kind of talk *." We


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* All this, as Dr. Johnfon fufpected at the time, was the immediate invention of his own lively imagination; for there is not one word of it in Mr. Locke's complimentary performance. My readers will, I have no doubt, like to be fatisfied, by comparing them; and, at any rate, it may entertain them to read verfes compofed by our great metaphyfician, when a Bachelor in Phyfick.

Febriles æftus, victumque ardoribus orbem
Flevit, non tantis par Medicina malis.

m poft mille artes, medica tentamina curæ,
Ardet adhuc Febris; nec velit arte regi.
Prada fumus flammis; folum hoc fperamus ab igne,
Ut refet paucus, quem capit urna, cinis.
Dum quærit medicus febris cauffamque, modumque,
Flammarum & tenebras, & fine luce faces;
Quas tractat patitur flammas, & febre calefcens,
Corruit ipfe fuis victima rapta focis.
Qui tardos potuit morbos, artufque trementes,
Siftere, febrili fe videt igne rapi.

Sic faber exefos fulfit tibicine muros ;

Dum trahit antiquas lenta ruina domos.
Sed fi flamma vorax miseras incenderit ædes,
Unica flagrantes tunc fepelire falus.

Fit fuga, tectonicas nemo tunc invocat artes ;
Cum perit artificis non minus ufta domus.
Se tandem Sydenham febrifque Scholaque furori
Opponens, morbi quærit, & artis opem.
Non temere incufat teta putedinis ignes;
Nec fictus, Jebres qui fovet, bumer erit.


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