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THE REV. GREVILLE EWING, of whom we have furnished this month a striking and approved likeness, is a native of Edinburgh, where he was born in 1767. Though originally destined by his parents for a secular profession, so decidedly was his mind directed to the Christian ministry, that, after having served an apprenticeship, he entered the University of Edinburgh, where he passed through the regular course of study appointed by the Church of Scotland, and in the year 1792 was licensed to preach the Gospel in the Established Church by the Presbytery of Hamilton. After preaching a few months as a probationer, he was ordained minister of Lady Glenorchy's Chapel, Edinburgh, in 1793, as colleague with the Rev. Dr. Jones, who still occupies that charge.
About the year 1796, when attention was so powerfully awakened to missionary objects, a plan of a mission to India was formed by Robert Haldane, Esq. of Arthrey, near Stirling. The parties principally engaged in this undertaking were Mr. Haldane, the Rev. David Bogue, of Gosport, the Rev. William Innes, then one of the ministers of Stirling, and Mr. Ewing. It was proposed that they and their families should go out to some part of Bengal, and there spend their lives in propagating the Gospel. The entire expense of the mission was to have been defrayed by Mr. Haldane. NEW SERIES, No. 1.
The Directors of the East India Company were repeatedly petitioned and memorialised on the subject, but permission to proceed to India was most peremptorily refused. From one of the memorials, presented to the Directors in their joint names, we extract the following spirited passage, rejoicing that the dispositions of the Directors are now changed, or that it is no longer in their power to prevent the introduction of the Gospel into India.
"The history of the world does not afford a similar instance of conduct. Twentyfour English merchants, of splendid fortunes, men of a liberal education, and of enlarged minds, and who will receive credit from the world for a considerable share of philanthropy; men professing the Christhat it is unspeakably superior to every tian religion, and consequently believing other, and has the most powerful tendency to promote the happiness of mankind, and by the providence of God invested with sovereign authority over the populous provinces in Hindostan. That men in such a
situation, and with such advantages, should be unwilling to permit Christianity (the religion they themselves profess) to be carried to that country, and should appear to wish to shut up twelve millions of people from the benefits of that religion which conduces greatly to their present comfort, and secures their eternal blessedness, is unique in the annals of mankind. The records of nations contain nothing like it, nor has language terms to express it. Every other State, Protestant and Catholic, which has had foreign colonies and settle
ments, has procured and employed missionaries to instruct the natives in the principles of Christianity. This has been the case for the last two hundred years; and an exception cannot be produced. If at the end of the eighteenth century the Directors of the East India Company refuse liberty to persons who wish to under