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Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to the Universe.


I. That we can judge only with regard to our own fyftem, being ignorant of the relations of fyftems and things, ver. 17. &c.

II. That Man is not to be deemed imperfect, but a Being fuited to his place and rank in the creation, agreeable to the general Ordre of things, and conformable to Ends and Relations to him unknown, ver. 35. &c.

III. That it is partly upon his ignorance of future events, and partly upon the hope of a future ftate, that all his happiness in the prefent depends, ver. 77. &c.

IV. The pride of aiming at more knowledge, and pretending to more Perfection, the cause of Man's error and mifery. The impiety of putting himself in the place of God, and judging of the fitness or unfunefs, perfection or imperfection, juftice or injuftice, of his difpenfations, ver. 109. &c.

V. The abfurdity of conceiting himself the final cause of the creation, or expecting that perfection in the moral world, which is not in the natural, ver. 131. &c.



VI. The unreasonableness of his complaints against Providence, while on the one hand he demands the Perfections of the Angels, and on the other the bodily qualifications of the Brutes; though, to poffefs any of the fenfitive faculties in a higher degree, would render him miferable, ver. 137. &c.

VII. That throughout the whole vifible world, an univerfel order and gradation in the fenfual and mental faculties is obferved, which causes a fubordination of creature to creature, and of all creatures to Man. The gradations of fenfe, inftinct, thought, reflection, reafon; that Reason alone countervails all the other faculties: ver 207.

VIII. How much farther this order and subordination of living creatures may extend, above and below us; were any part of which broken, not that part only, but the whole connected creation must be deftroyed, ver. 233.

IX. The extravagance, madness, and pride of fuch a defire, ver. 250.

X. The confequence of all, the abfolute fubmiffion due to Providence, both as to our present and future ftate, ver. 281. &c. to the end.

Perfius Satyr. III. v. 66. fq.

Difcite o miferi, & caufas cognofcite rerum,
Quid fumus, & quidnam victuri gignimur; ordo
Quis datus ; aut metæ quà mollis flexus, & unde:
quid fas optare

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patriæ, charifque propinquis Quantum elargiri deceat: quem te Deus effe Juffit, & humana qua parte locatus es in re.

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WAKE, my ST. JOHN! leave all meaner things To low ambition, and the pride of Kings. Let us (fince Life can little more fupply Than just to look about us, and to die) Expatiate free o'er all this fcene of Man; A mighty maze! but not without a plan; A Wild, where weeds and flow'rs promifcuous shoot; Or Garden, tempting with forbidden fruit.

Together let us beat this ample field,

Try what the open, what the covert yield;
The latent tracts, the giddy heights explore
Of all who blindly creep, or fightless foar;
Eye Nature's walks, shoot Folly as it flies,
And catch the manners living as they rise;
Laugh where we muft, be candid where we can,
But vindicate the ways of God to man.

I. Say firft, of God above, or Man below,
What can we reafon, but from what we know?
Of Man, what fee we but his Station here,
From which to reafon, or to which refer?
Thro' worlds unnumber'd tho' the God be known,
'Tis ours to trace him only in our own.

He, who thro' vaft immenfity can pierce,
See worlds on worlds compofe one universe,
Obferve how system into system runs,
What other planets circle other funs,

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