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discovery of so much importance, that I immediately publifhed a small Pamphlet, called The Melody of Speaking Delineated; in which I explained it as well as I was able by writing, but referred the reader to fome paffages where he could scarcely fail to adopt it upon certain words, and perceive the juftness of the diftinction. I was confirmed in my opinion by reflecting that à priori, and independently on actual practice, these modifications of the human voice muft neceffarily exift. First, if there was no turn or inflexion of the voice, it must continue in a monotone. Secondly, if the voice was inflected, it must be either upwards or downwards, and fo produce either the rifing or falling inflexion. Thirdly, if these two were united on the fame fyllable, it could only be by beginning with the rifing, and ending with the falling inflexion, or vice versa ; as any other mixture of these oppofite inflexions was impoffible. A thorough conviction of the truth of this diftinc tion, gave me a confidence which nothing could shake. I exemplified it, viva voce, to many of my critical friends, who uniformly agreed with me: and this enabled me to conceive and demonftrate the Greek and Latin circumflex, (fo often mentioned, and fo totally unintelligible to the moderns), but occasioned not a little furprise (ince it is as eafy to conceive that the voice may fall and rise upon the fame fyllable, as that it may rife and fall) why the ancients had the latter circumflex, and not the former. Some probable conjectures respecting this point, as well as 'the nature of accent, ancient and modern, may be seen at the end of a Work lately published, called A Key to the Claffical Pronunciation of Greek and Latin Proper Names.
Fear and Terror
Surprise, Wonder, Amazement, Admiration
Confidence, Courage, Boafting
Perplexity, Irrefolution, Anxiety
Envy and Malice
Gravity, Inquiry, and Attention
Teaching or Inftructing
Authority, Commanding, and Forbidding
Affirming and Denying
Differing and Agreeing
Reproving and Acquitting
Veneration and Refpect
Fatigue and Sickness
Ir may not, perhaps, be improper to inform the Reader, that if he wishes fully to understand the following Work, he muft firft apply himfelf closely to the acquiring of a just idea of the two radical distinctions of the Voice into the Rifing and Falling Inflexion, as explained, Part I. p. 74 and 76, and Part II. p. 186. If, however, after all his labour, the Author should not have been able to convey an idea of these two distinctions of Voice upon paper, he flatters himself that thofe parts of the Work, which do not depend upon thefe diftinctions, are fufficiently new and useful to reward the time and pains of a perufal.