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David, to retrieve this lofs and ignominy, ga. thered as great an army as ever he could together, and came to Roxburgh. Thither Turftan Archbishop of York, or (as William of Newberry calls him), Turftinus, was fent by the English, to treat of a pacification; and, there being fame hope of agreement, a truce was made for three months, upon condition, "That Northumberland fould be prefently "reftored to the Scots." But this promife, which was made by Stephen, only to have the army disbanded, was not performed; fo that David drove away a great booty out of that part of Northumberland which obeyed Stephen; and Stephen, gathering a great force together, pierced as far as Roxburgh; but, understanding that the nobility were averfe, and complained that they were involved in an unjuft and unnecessary war, without performing any memorable exploit, he retired into the heart of his kingdom: and the next year, fearing fome inteftine fedition, he fent his wife Maud to David her uncle, to treat of peace. Upon her mediation, it was accorded, that David, from Newcastle, where he commonly refided, and Stephen, from Durham, should send arbitrators, for compofing of matters, to the town of Chester, fituate in the mid-way, equally diftant from both places. David fent the Archbishops of St. Andrews and Glasgow; Stephen, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York. Both parties were the more inclinable to peace, becaufe Stephen feared war from abroad, and feditions at home; and the Scots complained, that they were forced to bear the fhock of a war made in the behalf of another; whereas Maud,

Maud, for whofe fake it was commenced, did nothing at all in it. The peace was made on thefe conditions. "That Cumberland, as by "antient right, fhould be poffeffed by David; "and that Northumberland, unto the river "Teife, (as William of Newberry, an English66 man, writes), and Huntingtonfhire, fhould "be enjoyed by Henry, David's fon, as his "mother's inheritance; and that he fhould do. "homage to Stephen for the fame." When things were thus compofed, David retired into Cumberland, and Stephen into Kent. This peace was made in the year of our Lord 1139, in which year Maud returned to England, and, ten years after, viz. 1149, fhe fent her fon Henry, afterward King of England, to Carlisle, to David, his great-uncle, that he might be inftructed in the fates of arms, and likewife advanced by him to the dignity of Knighthood; who, without doubt, was the moft excellent knight of his time; and that dignity was in those days conferred with a great deal of ceremony.

AT that time there was fo great disturbance in England, by reafon of domeftick difcords, that no part of it was free from civil war, buf that which was in the hands of David King of Scots and that he alone might not plead exemption from the publick calamity, within three years after, viz. 1152, his fon, the only heir (in hope) of fo much power and felicity, died in the flower of his age, leaving three fons and as many daughters. He died fo greatly in the love and affection both of the Scots and English,. that, befides the publick lofs, every one lamented his death as his own private misfortune; for fo great fincerity and moderation of mind


fhone forth in him, even in that age when youth is accustomed to play the wanton, that every body expected moft rare and fingular fruits from his difpofition when it was ripened by age. His father's grief was alfo farther increafed, by reafon of the tender age of his grandchildren, and the ambitious and reftlefs difpofition of Stephen; and, if he died, he was concerned for the fierceness of Henry's fpirit, then in the fervour of his youth, who, being the fon of Maud, was to fucceed in the kingdom. When the thoughts of fo many forefeen mifchiefs affaulted his difeafed and feeble mind, infomuch that all men imagined he would have funk under them; yet he bore up fo ftoutly,, that he invited fome of the prime nobility (who were folicitous for him, left he fhould be too much afflicted, as well they might) to fupper; and there he entertained them with a difcourfe, rather like a comforter, than a mourner. He told them, "That no 66 new thing had happened to him, or to his fon: "that he had long fince learned, from the fer66 mons of holy and learned men, that the "world was governed by the providence of "Almighty God, whom it was a foolish and im<< pious thing to endeavour to refift: that he 66 was not ignorant, that his fon was born on 66 no other terms to live, but that he muft as 66 certainly die, and fo pay that debt to nature "which he owed even at his very birth; and "if men were but always ready to pay that "debt, 'twas no great matter when God, their 66 great creditor, called upon them for it: that "if only wicked men were subject to death, “then a man might justly grieve at the decease


"of his kindred; but when we fee good men "alfo die, all Chriftians, faid he, ought to be "thoroughly fettled in this perfuafion, That "no evil can happen to the good, either alive 66 or dead and therefore, why should we be "fo much troubled at a fhort feparation, efpe<< cially from our kindred, who have not fo "much left us, as they are gone before us, to 66 our common country, whither we too, though we should live never fo long, muft 66 yet at last follow? As for my fon, if he "hath taken this voyage before us, that so he "might vifit and enjoy the fellowship of my


parents and brethren, thofe precious men, "fomewhat earlier than ourselves; if we are "troubled at it, let us take heed, that we seem "not rather to envy his happiness, than to 66 mourn for our own lofs. As for you, "" worthy lords, as I am beholding to you for many offices of refpect, fo both I and my "fon (for I fhall undertake alfo for him) are "much obliged for your love to me, and your grateful and pious memory of him."


THIS greatnefs of mind in the King, as it added much to the veneration that was paid to his royal perfon, fo it increafed the fenfe of the lofs of his fon in the minds of all, when they. confidered what a prince they and their children were deprived of. And David, that he might make use of the only way of confolation which was left him, caufed his fon's children to be brought to him, and to be trained up in courtdifcipline, which was then moft pious. In fine, he provided for their fecurity, as far as the wit of man or human forefight could provide. He commended Malcolm, the eldest of the three, to




the care of the whole nobility, and particularly of Macduff Earl of Fife, a very powerful and prudent man; and he caused him to carry him all over the land, that fo he might be received as the undoubted heir of the kingdom. William, the next fon, he conftituted Earl of Northumberland, and put him into the immediate poffeffion of that county. He created David, the third fon, Earl of Huntington in England, and of Garrioch in Scotland. He made the more hafte to prefer them, becaufe, lingering under a difeafe, that was judged to be mortal, he forefaw his time could not be long in this world. He died in the year of Chrift 1153, the 24th day of May. He was fo well beloved, that all men thought in him they had loft rather a father, nay rather the belt of fathers, than a king for though his whole life was fo devout, as no history records the like, yet, fome few years before his death, he devoted himself particularly to the preparation for his latter end; fo that his deportment then very much increafed mens veneration for the former part of his life. For though he equalled his royal predeceffors, who were most praise-worthy, in the art of war, and excelled them in the ftudy of peace; yet now, leaving off contending with others for fuperiority in virtue, he maintained a combat with himself alone; wherein `he advanced fo much, that if the highest and most learned wits should endeavour to give the idea or pattern of a good king, they could never comprehend in their thoughts, fuch an exemplary prince as David fhewed himself, in his whole life, to be. He reigned twenty nine years, two months, and three days.


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