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self privately at half of the expence that is necessary in a poor-house.
So far we have travelled on solid ground; and what follows is equally folid. Among the industrious, not many are reduced fo low, but that they can make some shift for themselves. The quantity of labour that can be performed by those who require aid, cannot be brought under any accurate estimation. To pave the
way to a conjecture, those who are reduced to poverty by diffoluteness or sheer idleness, ought absolutely to be rejected as unwor. thy of public charity. If such wretches can prevail on the tender-hearted to relieve them privately, so far well: they ought not to be indulged with any other hope. Now laying these afide, the quantity of labour may be fairly computed as half maintenance. Here then is another great article faved to the public. If a man can be maintained privately at half of what is necessary in a poor - house, his work, reckoning it half of his maintenance, brings down the sum to the fourth part of what is necessary in a poor-house.
Undistinguished charity to the deserving and undeserving, has multiply'd the poor ; ;
and will multiply them more and more
Hitherto of a poor-house with respect
up there, be
der government, are prompted by the
where. The worst of all is, that a poor-house never fails to corrupt the morals of the inhabitants : nothing rends fa inuch to proinote vice and immorality, as idleness among a number of low people collected in one place. Among no fot of people does profigacy more a
bound, than among the seamen in Greenwich hospital.
A poor-house tends to corrupt the body no less than the mind. It is a nursery of diseases, fostered by dirtiness and crouding.
To this scene let us oppose the condition of those who are supported in their own houses. They are laid under the necessity of working with as much assiduity as ever; and as the sum given them in charity is at their own disposal, they are careful to lay it out in the most frugal manner. If by parsimony they can save
small is their own; and the hope of encreasing this little stock, supports their spirits and redoubles their industry. They live innocently and comfortably, because they live industriously; and industry, as every one knows, is the chief pleasure of life to those who have acquired the habit of being constantly employ’d.
A Great City confidered in Physical, Moral,
cud Political Views.
N all ages an opinion has been preva
lcnt, that a great city is a great evil ; and that a capital may be too great for the state, as a head may be for the body. Considering however the very
thallow reasons that have been given for this opinion, it should seem to be but slightly founded. There are several ordinances limiting the extent of Paris, and prohibiting new buildings beyond the prescribed bounds; the first of which is by Henry II. ann. 1549. Thefe ordinances have been renewed from time to tine, down to the 1672, in which year
there is an edict of Louis XIV. to the same purpose. The reasons assigned are, “ First, That by enlarging the city, the « air would be rendered unwholesome.
Second, That cleaning the streets would
prove a great additional labour. Third, “ That adding to the number of inhabi
tants would raise the price of provi