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the purpose) with the Names of the Authors; or any letters fent us (though not to the purpose) fall yet be printed under the title of Epiftolæ Obscurorum Virorum; which, together with some others of the same kind formerly laid by for that end, may make no unpleasant addition to the future impressions of this poem.
To the complete Edition of 1743.
HAVE long had a design of giving some sort of
Notes on the works of this poet. Before I had the happiness of his acquaintance, I had written a commentary on his Essay on Man, and have fince finished another on the Essay on Criticisin. There was one already on the Dunciad, which had met with general approbation : but I still thought some additions were wanting (of a more serious kind) to the humourous notes of Scriblerus, and even to those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Arbuthnot, and others. I had lately the pleasure to pass some months with the author in the country, where I prevailed upon him to do what I had long desired, and favour me with his explanation of several passages in his works. It happened, that juft at that juncture was published a ridiculous book against him, full of personal Reflections, which furnished him with a lucky opportunity of improving This Poem, by giving it the only thing it wanted, a more considerable Hero. He was always sensible of its defect in that particular, and owned he had let it pass with the Hero it had, purely for want of a better, not entertaining the least expectation that such an one was reserved for this Poft, as has since obtained the Laurel : But since that had happened, he could no longer deny this justice either to him or the Dunciad.
And yet I will venture to say, there was another motive which had still more weight with our Author : This person was one, who from every Folly (not to say Vice) of which another would be ashamed, has constantly derived a Vanity! and therefore was the man in the world who would least be hurt by it.
Printed in the JOURNALS, 1730.
lating to the Gentlemen of the Dunciad, some have been willing to suggest, as if they looked upon them as an abuse: we can do no less than own, it is our opinion, that to call these gentlemen bad authors is no sort of abuse, but a great truth. We cannot alter this opinion without some reason; but we promise to do it in respect to every person who thinks it an injury to be represented as no Wit, or Poet, provided he procures a Certificate of his being really such, from
any three of his companions in the Dunciad, or from Mr. Dennis singly, who is esteemed equal to any three of the number. VOL. III. U
PARA L L E L
CH A R A C T E R S
Mr. DRYDEN and Mr. POPE,
Mr. DR Y DEN, His Politics, RELIGION, MORALS. M ,
R. Dryden is a mere renegado from Monarchy, poetry, and good sense a.
A true republican son of monarchical Church b. A republican Atheists Dryden was from the beginning an addorpécaddos, and I doubt not will continue so to the last d.
In the Poem called Absalom and Achitophel are notoriously traduced, The King, the Queen, the LORDS and GENTLEMEN, not only their honourable persons exposed, but the whole Nation and its REPRESENTA
a Milbourn on Dryden's Virgil, 8vo, 1698, p. 6. Pag. 38.
Ć Pag. 1926
R. Pope is an open and mortal enemy to his
country and the commonwealth of learning a. Some call him a Popish whig, which is directly inconsistent b. Pope, as a Papist, must be a tory and high flyer c.
He is both whig and tory d. He hath made it his custom to cackle to more than one party in their own sentiments e.
In his Miscellanies, the Perfo is abused are, The King, the QUEEN, His late MAJESTY, both Houses
a Dennis, Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Pref.
xii. b Dunciad dissected. c Pref. to Gulliveriana. d Dennis, Character of Mr. P. ¢ 'Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journals, June 22, 1728,
TIVES notoriously libelled. It is scandalum magnatum, yea of MAJESTY itself e.
He looks upon God's Gospel as a foolish fable, like the Pope, to whom he is a pitiful purveyor f. His very christianity may be questioned s. He ought to expect more severity than other men, as he is moft unmerciful in his own reflections on others b: With as good a nght as his Holiness, he sets up for poetical infallibility i.
Mr. DRYDEN only a Verfifier. His whole Libel is all bad matter, beautified (which is all that can be said of it) with good metrek, Mr. Dryden's genius did not appear in any thing more than his Verfification, and whether he is to be ennobled for that only, is a question!.
Mr. DRYDEN's VIRGIL. Tonson calls it Dryden's Virgil, to thew that this is Not that Virgil fo admired in the Aaguftan age; but a Virgil of another stamp, a filly, impertinent, nonfenfical writer. None but a Bavius, a Mævius, or a Bathyllus, carped at Virgil m; and done but such un. thinking Vermin admire his Translator . It is true, foft and easy lines might become Ovid's Epiftles or Art of Love-But Virgil, who is all great and majeftic, &c. requires ftrength of lines, weight of words, and
• Whip and Key, 4to, printed for R. Janeway, 1682. Pref. f Ibid. s Milbourn, p. 9.
Ibid. p.175. i Pag. 39. * Whip and Key, Pref.
i Oldmixon, Effay on Criticism, p. 84.
m Milbourn, p. 2. A Pag. 35