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Of darkness visible so much be lent,

the wall in taking the lown. It was situated As half 10 shew, half veil the deep intent. to the south-east of Asturica, and is now in

ld. Dunciad.

ruins. He is more disengaged from his intentness on af

INTERCALATION, n. s. Fr. intercalation; fairs.


Lat. intercalatio. Insertion of days out of the Whilst they are intent on one particular part of

ordinary reckoning. their theme, they bend all their thoughts to prove or disprove some proposition that relates to that part, In sixty-three years there may be lost almost without attention to the consequences that may affect eighteen days, omitting the intercalation of one day another.


erery fourth year, allowed for this quadrant, or six Be intent and solicitous to take up the meaning of supernumeraries.

Broune. the speaker.


INTERCEDE', v. n.). Fr. interceder; Lat. Some, with hope replenished and rebuoyed, INTERCED'er, n. s. intercedo. To pass beReturn to whence they came-with like intent,

INTERCES'Sion, n. s. And weave their web again.

tween;.to mediate; to

INTERCES’sor, n. s. act between two parByron. Childe Harold. He lied with such a fervour of intention,

ties with a view of reconciling differences. It There was no doubt he earned his laureat pension.

has with if only one part be named, and between

if both be named. Interceder, more properly

Id. Don Juan, Some have been so good-natured as to cloak coun

written intercessor, a mediator; an agent besel under the garb of conjecture, and under pretence tween two parties to procure reconciliation : inof guessing my intentions have recommended their tercession, mediation; rposition; agency in own favorite studies to my notice as fit objects for the cause of another, sometimes against him. may recommendation to the notice of my fellow citi

Canning. Microcosm.

He bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Isa. liii. 12. INTER', v.a. Fr. enterrer; Lat. in and terra, Pray not thou for this people, neither make interTo cover with earth; to bury.

cession to me; for I will not hear thee. Jer. vii. 16. The evil that men do lives after them;

He maketh intercession to God against Israel.

Rom. xi. 2. The good is oft interred with their bones.


So of thy grace and bountie speciall His body shall be royally interred,

To the King on hyghe be intercessor,
And the last funeral pomps adorn his herse.

In hevyn to crown hir a quene of honoure.

G. Cavendishe's Metrical Visions.

The better course should be by planting of garriThe best way is to inter them as you furrow pease.


sons about hirn, which, whensoever he shall look The ashes, in an old record of the conveni, are

forth, or be drawn out, shall be always ready to in

Spenser. said to have been interred between the very wall and tercept his going or coming, the altar where they were taken up.


Can you, when you pushed out of your gates the But let him

very defender of them, think to front his revenges Inter his son before we press upon


with the palsied intercession of such a decayed dotard This edict.

as you seem to be.

Shakspeare. Byron. Tragedy. Two Foscari. act. iv. sc. I. Behold the heavens! thither thine eyesight bend; INTERAMNA, in ancient geography, a town Thy looks, sighs, tears, for intercessours send.

Fairfax. of the Cisappennine Umbria; so called from its

Un man's behalf, situation between rivers, or in an island in the

Patron or intercessour, none appeared. Milton. river Nar, now called Terni. It was the birth

Them the glad son place of Tacitus the historian, and Tacitus the Presenting, thus to intercede began. Id. Emperor. Pliny distinguishes the natives by He supposeth that a vast period interceded between the name of Interamnates Nartes.

that origination and the age wherein he lived. INTERAMNA LIRINAS, a town and colony of

Hale. the Volsci in Latium, on the confines of Sam- Loving, and therefore constant, he used still the nium, at the confluence of the rivers Liris and intercession of diligence and faith, ever hoping, because

he would not put himself into that hell to be hopeless. Melpis, now in ruins.

Sidney. INTERAMNA, or INTE2Amnia, Prætutianorum,

Origen denies that any prayer is to be made to a town in the territory of the Prætutiani, a part them, although it be only to intercede with God for of Picenum; now called Teramo, in the Abruzzo

us, but only the Son of God. Stillingfleet. of Naples. INTERÖCALAR, adj. 2 Fr. intercalaire ; Lat. merits and intercessions, is allowed and contended for

To pray to the saints, to obtain things by their INTERCA L'ARY. intercalaris. Inserted by the Roman church.

Id. out of the common order to preserve the equation I


restore myself into the good graces of my of time; as, the 29th of February in a leap year fair criticks, and your lordship may intercede with is an intercalary day.

them on my promise of amendment. Dryden. INTERCALARY DAY, the odd day in leap

Your intercession now is needless grown; year, so called from calare, to proclaim, it being

Retire, and let me speak with her alone. Id. proclaimed by the priests with a loud voice. When we shall hear our eternal doom from our

INTERÖCALATE, v.a. Fr. intercaler ; Lat. intercessours, it will convince us, that a denial of intercalo. To insert an extraordinary day. Christ is more than transitory words. South.

INTERCATIA, in ancient geography, a town Those superficies reflect the greatest quantity of of the Vaccæi in Hispania Citra. Here Scipio light, which have the greatest refracting power, and Æmilianus slew a champion of the barbarians which intercede mediums that differ most in their rein single combat; and was the first who mounted fracting densities.


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Though for the first all Westminster should plead, and counterrolments, running through the hands, And for the last all Gresham intercede. Young. and resting in the power of so many several persons, INTERCEPT, v.a.? Lat. intercipio. To is sufficient to argue and convince all manner of

Bacon's Office of Alienation. INTERCEP'tion, n. s. S stop and seize in the falsehood.

With what delights could I have walked thee way; to obstruct; cut off, or stop from being

round! communicated.

If I could joy in ought! sweet interchange
Who intercepts me in my expedition?

Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains. -0, she that might have intercepted thee,

Milton. By strangling thee. Shakspeare. Richard III.

His faithful friend and brother Euarchus came so I then in London, keeper of the king,

mightily to his succour, that, with some interchangMustered my soldiers, gathered flocks of friends,

ing changes of fortune, they begat, of a just war, the Marched towards St. Albans t' intercept the queen.

best child peace.

Sidney. Shakspeare.

All along the history of the Old Testament we. Your intercepted packets

find the interchangeable providences of God towards You writ to the pope.

Id. Henry.

the people of Israel, always suited to their manners. Though they cannot answer my distress,

Tillotson. Yet in some sort they're better than the tribunes ;

Removes and interchanges would often happen in For that they will not intercept my tale.

the first ages after the food. Burnet's Theory. Shakspeare.

After so vast an obligation, owned by so free an The word in Matthew doth not only signify sus- acknowledgment, could any thing be expected but a pension, but also suffocation, strangulation, or inter- continual interchange of kindnesses ? South. ception of breath.


These articles were signed by our plenipotentiaries, On barbed steeds they rode in proud array, and those of Holland; but not by the French, aiThick as the college of the bees in May,

though it ought to have been done interchangeably; When swarming o'er the dusky fields they fly, and the ministers here prevailed on the queen to exeNew to the flowers, and intercept the sky. cute a ratification of articles, which only one part Dryden. had signed.

Swift. If we hope for things which are at too great a dis

Too late and long tance from us, it is possible that we may be inter- We may deplore and struggle with the coil, cepted by death in our progress towards them. In wretched interchange of wrong for wrong

Addison's Spectator. 'Midst a contentious world, striving where none are Behind the hole I fastened to the pasteboard, with


Byron. Childe Harold. pitch, the blade of a sharp knife, to intercept some Upon occasions of such trying exigency, as those part of the light which passed through the hole.

which we have lately experienced, I hold it to be the Newton's Opticks.

very essence of our free and popular constitution, The direful woes,

that an unreserved interchange of sentiment should Which voyaging from Troy the victors bore,

take place between the representative and his constiWhile storms vindictive intercept the shore.

Canning's Speeches. How dark the veil that intercepts the blaze

INTERCESSIO, INTERCESSION, was used in Of Heaven's mysterious purposes and ways!

ancient Rome, for the act of a tribune of the

Cowper. Charity. people, or other magistrate, by which he inbiINTERCHANGE, v.a.& n. s. Fr. changer.

bited the acts of other magistrates; or even, in INTERCHANGEABLE, adj.

To put each

case of the tribunes, the decrees of the senate. INTERCHANGE'Ably, adv.

Veto was the solemn word used by the tribunes, INTERCHANG'MENT, n. s.

the other; to

when they inhibited any decree of the senate, exchange; to succeed alternately: commerce; al

or law proposed to the people. The general

law of these intercessions was, that any magisternate succession; mutual donation and recep- trate might inhibit the acts of his equal or intion.

ferior; but the tribunes had the sole prerogaIn these two things the East and West churches tive of controlling the acts of every

other magisdid interchangeably both confront the Jews and concur

trate. with them.

Let Diomedes bear him,

INTERCESSOR, in the Roman law, was the And bring us Cressid hither. Good Diomed,

name of an officer, whom the governors of pra Furnish you fairly for this interchange.

vinces appointed principally to raise taxes and Shakspeare.

other duties. Farewell ; the leisure, and the fearful time, Intercessor is also a term heretofore applied Cuts off the ceremonious vows of love,

to such bishops as, during the vacancy of a see, And ample interchange of sweet discourse. Id.

administered the bishopric, till à successor to Since their more mature dignities made separation the deceased bishop had been elected. The of their society, their encounters, though not personal, third council of Carthage calls these interventors. have been royally attornied with interchange of gifts. INTERCIPIENT, adj. & n. s. See INTER

I shall interchange
My wained state for Henry's regal crown. Id,

They commend repellents, but not with much asA contract of eternal bond of love,

tringency, unless as intercipients upon the parts above, Confirmed by mutual joinder of your hands,

lest the matter should thereby be impacted in the Attested by the holy close of lips,


Wiseman. Strengthened by interchangement of your rings. Id.

INTERCISION, n. s. Lat. inter and cado. This in myself I boldly will defend,

Interruption. And interchingeably hurl down my gage

By cessation of oracles we may understand their Upon this overweening traitor's foot. ia. intercision not abscission, or consummate desolation. So many testimonies, interchangeable warrants,






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INTERCLUDE, v. n. Lat. intercludo. To INTERDICT, v, a. & n. s. Fr. interdire ; shut from a place or course by something inter- INTERDICTION, n. s.

Lat. inter and Fening; to intercept.


S dico. To forThe voice is sometimes intercluded by a hoarseness, bid; to prohibit: a prohibitory decree; a papal er viscous phlegm cleaving to the aspera arteria. prohibition to the clergy to celebrate the holy

Holder. offices : interdiction, a forbidding decree; papal INTERCLUʻSION, n. s. Lat. interclusus. Ob- anathema: interdictory, belonging to interdict. struction; interception. ·

Amongst his other fundamental laws, he did orINTEŘCOLUMNIATION, n. S. Lat. inter dain the interdicts and prohibitions touching entrance and columna. The space between the pillars.

of strangers.


T'he truest issue of thy throne, The distance of intercolumniation may be near four of its own diameter, because the materials commonly

By his own interdiction stands accurst. laid over this pillar were rather of wood than stone.

Shakspeare. Wotton.

Sternly he pronounced

The rigid interdiction, which resounds INTERCOM'MON, v. n. Inter and com- Yet dreadful in mine ear. Milton's Paradise Lost. mon. To feed at the same table.

Alone I passed, through ways Wine is to be forborn in consumptions, for that That brought me on a sudden to the tree the spirits of the wine do prey upon the roscid juice

Of interdicted knowledge.

Id. of the body, and intercommon with the spirits of the Those are not fruits forbidden, no interdict body, and so rob them of their nourishment.

Defends the touching of these viands pure; Bacon's Natural History. Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil. INTERCOMMUʻNITY, n. s. Inter and com

Id. Paradise Regained. munity. A mutual communication or commu

Had he lived to see her happy change, nity ; a mutual freedom or exercise of religion.

He would have cancelled that harsh interdict, ÍNTERCOSTAL, adj. Fr. intercostal; Lat.

And joined our hands himself.

Dryden's Don Sebastian. inter and costa. Placed between the ribs.

Nani carried himself meritoriously against the The diaphragm seems the principal iustrument of pope, in the time of the interdict, which held up his ordinary respiration, although to restrained respira- credit among the patriots.

lotion. tion the intercostal muscles may concur. Boyle. An archbishop may not only excommunicate and

By the assistance of the inward intercostal muscles, interdict his suffragans, but his vicar-general may do in deep suspirations, we take large gulps of air.

the same.

Ayliile. More. INTERCOURSE, n. s. Fr. entrecours. Com. No morta? touched this interdicted ground. Tickel.

By magick fenced, by spells encompassed round, merce; exchange.

INTERDICT, a censure inflicted by a pope, or This sweet intercourse Of looks, and smiles; for smiles from reason flow,

bishop, suspending the priests from their funcTc brute denied, and are of love the food. Milton.

tions, and depriving the people of the use of sa

craments, divine service, and Christian burial. Communication : followed by with. The choice of the place requireth many circum- time of Gregory VII. Afterwards indeed inter

This punishment was but little practised till the stances, as the situation near the sea, for the commodiousness of an intercourse with England. Bacon.

dicts were often executed in France, Italy, and What an honor is it that God should admit us Germany; and, in 1170, pope Alexander III. put into such a participation of himself! That he should all England under an interdict, forbidding the give us minds capable of such an intercourse with the clergy to perform any part of divine service, exSupreme Mind!

Atterbury. cept baptising of infants, taking confessions, and Alone amid the shades,

giving absolution to dying penitents. In excomStill in harmonious intercourse they lived

municating a prince all his subjecis, who retain The rural day, and talked with flowing heart,

their allegiance, are excommunicated, and the Or sighed, and looked unutterable things.

whole country is put under an interdic.. In the Thomson.

reign of king John the kingdom of England INTERCUR'RENCE, n. s. From Lat. in- lay under a papal interdict for above six years tercuto. Passage between.

together : it began A. D. 1208. In imitation of Consider what fluidity salt-petre is capable of, the popes, the bishops also soon began to interwithout the intercurrence of a liquor. Boyle. dict; and it became a common thing for a city,

INTERCURʻRENT, adj. Lạt intercurrens. or town, to be excommunicated for the sake of a Running between

single person whom they undertook to shelter ; If into a phial, filled with good spirit of nitre, you

but this severity was found to have such ill cast a piece of iron, the liquor, whose parts moved effects, to promote libertinism and a neglect of replacidly before, meeting with particles in the iron, ligion, that the succeeding popes very seldom made altering the motion of its parts, and perhaps that of use of it. There was also an interdict of persome very subtile intercurrent matter, those active sons, who were deprived of the benefit of attendparts presently begin to penetrate, and scatter abroad ing on divine service. Particular persons were particles of the iron.

Boyle. also anciently interdicted of fire and water, "INTERDEAL', n. s.

Inter and deal. Traf- which signified a banishment for some particular fic; intercourse. Obso.ete.

offence : by their censure, no person was alThe Gaulish speech is the very British, which is lowed to receive them, or allow them fire or yet retained of the Welchmen and Britons of France; water; and, being thus wholly deprived of the though the alteration of the trading and interdeal with two necessary elements of life, they were doub:other nations has greatly altered the dialect. Spenser. · less under a kind of civil death.


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The following is the formula of an ancient in- It is a sad life we lead, my dear, to be so teazed ; terdict:

paying interest for old debts, and still contracting "In the name of Christ, We, the bishop, in be- new ones.

Arbuthnot. half of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, and of Wherever interest or power thinks fit to interfere, St. Peter, the chief of the apostles, and in our it little imports what principles the opposite parties own behalf, do excommunicate and interdict think fit to charge upon each other. Stift. this church, and all the chapels thereunto be- Endeavour to adjust the degrees of influence, that longing, that no man from henceforth may have each cause might have in producing the effect, and leave to say mass, or to hear it, or in any wise the proper agency and interest of each therein. to administer any divine office, nor to receive

Watts. God's tithes without our leave; and whosoever

What nation will you find whose annals prove shall presume to sing or hear mass, or perform So rich an interest in Almighty love ? any divine office, or to receive any tythes, con

Couper. Erpostulation. trary to this interdict, on the part of God the She could repay eaclı amatory look you lent Father Almighty, and of the Son, and of the With interest, and in turn was wont with rigour Holy Ghost , and on the behalf of St. Peter, and At sight, nor would permit you to discount

. Byron.

To exact of Cupid's bills the full amount, all the saints, let him be accursed and separated from all Christian society, and from entering

God forbid, that there should not be modes of asinto Holy Mother Church, where there is for sembly by which every class of this great nation giveness of sins; and let him be anathema, ma

may be brought together to deliberate on any matters

connected with their interest and their freedom. ranatha, for ever with the devils in hell. Fiat.

Canning. fiat, fiat.'— Du Cange. INTERDICTS, in the Roman .aw, were certain

INTEREST is the premium paid for the loan of formulæ of words by which the prætor, when the money. See ARITHMETIC.

INTEREST, in commerce, is a sum paid for the possession of any property was contested beiween many, ordered or forbade something to be loan, or for forbearance in demanding a sum of done with it, till the right or property should be money, called the principal. It is usually estilegally determined. Which formulæ were

mated according to some rate or proportion; in called interdicts, because they related to the pos- sidered as the aliquot part of £100.

this country at a sum of money laid on, or consession of the thing in the interim, or till the

The highest legal interest in England is 5 per right was ascertained. They had three kinds of interdicts, prohibi- the poor, in the case of the pawnbrokers

, who are

cent. per annum, except, to the great injury of tory, restitutory, and exhibitory: Prohibitory allowed to take from 15 to 20 per cent. were those by which the judges forbade any one

Interest is either simple or compound. to vex another in the possession of any thing le

Simple interest is that which is counted and gaily belonging to him. Restitutory were those by which the judges appointed any one, who

ullowed upon the principal only, for the whole

time of the loan or forbearance. had been expelled out of his estate, to be repossessed, before his right was legally ascertained.

The sum of the principal and interest is called

the amount. Exhibitory were those by which any thing in dispute was ordered to be exhibited; as a testa- directly proportional to the principal sum and

As the interest of any sum, for any time, is INTERESS, v.a.

Fr. interes

time, therefore the interest of £l for one year In’TEREST, v.4., v. n., & n. s. s ser ; Lat. in. being multiplied by any proposed principal sum,

and by the time of its forbearance, in years and terest. To concern; to affect, or give share in; to affect or move with passion; to gain the affec- parts, will be its interest for that time. That is,

if r = the rate of interest of £1 per annum, p= tions: interest, concern, or advantage; influence over others ; participation; regard to private any principal sum lent, t = the time it is lent

for, and a = the amount, or sum of principal gain ; usury; surplus of advantage.

and interest; then is prt : = the interest of the The mystical communion of all faithful men is

s'imp, for the time t, at the rate r; and consesuch as maketh every one to be interessed in those precious blessings, which any one of them receiveth quentlyp + prt=p. x 1 + rt = a, the amount at God's hanus.


of the same for that time. And, from this general

theorem, other theorems can easily be deduced Although our last not least; to whose young love, for finding any of the quantities above-mentioned ; The vines of France and milk of Burgundy, which, collected all together, will be as follow:Strive to be interesseu. Shakspeare. King Lear.

1st, a = p + prt the amount Did he take interest ? - No, not take interest ; not, as you would say,

the principal, Directly, interest.


+ rt They, who had hitherto preserved them, had now

3d, r =

a-P lost their interest.


pt Divisions hinder the conimon interest and publick

a-P good

4th, t =

the time.

pr This was a goddess who used to interest herself in marriages.

Addison on Medals. Tables of simple interest are so numerous, Exert, great God, thy interest in the sky;

and attached to such a variety of publications, Gain each kind power, each guardian deity,

ment, &c.

Our joy,

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2d, pe

the rate,

that we cannot think them needed'in a work of That, conquered by the publick vow, They bear the dismal mischief far awav. Prior. Compound Interest, called also Interest-upon




Interest, is that which is counted not only upon 1st, a =p Ri the amount,
the principal sum lent, but also for its interest,
as it becomes due, at the end of each stated time

2d, p =

the principal,

R! of payment.

Although it is not lawful to lend money at 3d, r=-the ratio, compound interest, yet in purchasing annuities,


log. of.a – log. of p pensions, &c., and taking leases in reversion, it 4th, t =

the time. is usual to allow compound interest to the pur

log. of R. chaser for his ready money; and therefore it is from which any one of the quantities may be necessary to understand the subject.

found, when the rest are given. Besides the quantities concerned in simple For example, suppose it were required to find interest, viz. the principal p, the rate or interest in how many years any principal sum will double of f1 for one year r, the amount a, and the time itself, at any rate of interest. In this case we , there is another quantity employed in com- must employ the 4th theorem, where a will be pound interest, viz. the ratio of the rate of in- = 2 p, and then it is terest, which is the amount of £1 for one time

1. a -l. p 1. 2p – l. P.

log. 2

t= of payment, and which here let be denoted by

log. R. R, viz. R=1+r. Then, the particular amounts So, if the rate of interest be 5 per cent. per anfor the several times may be thus computed, viz. num; then R = 1 + .05 = 1.05, and hence As fi is to its amount for any time, so is any

log. 2. •3010300 proposed principal sum to its amount for the

= 14:2067 nearly : same time; i. e.

log. 1.05

0211893 :pR the 1st year's amount, that is, any sum doubles in 14} years nearly, at f1 :R

Ꭱ ; PR’ the 2d year's amount,

the rate of 5 per cent. per annum compound £1:R::p RP : p Rthe 3d year's amount,

interest. and so on.

Compound interest is also computed by Therefore in general, pri = a is the amount means of such a table as the following; confor the t year, or t time of payment. Whence taining the amounts of £1 from one year to forty, the following general theorems are deduced :- at various rates of interest :

log. R.

log. R.


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