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Should with the Liquor mix a Pigeon's Eggs ; The falling Yolk precipitates the Dregs.
Shrimps, Cockles, to the Taste new Relish lend: 8 Lettuce, 'tis true, I dare not recommend ;
I So cold, it damps the loaded Appetite : But your staunch Topers their dull Taste excite With Ham or Chitterling, and some require A Sausage, reeking from a Tavern-Fire.
Two Sorts of Sauce deserve your utmost Care; With Oyl alone the simplest we prepare : Both Wine and 9 Caviare too the other boasts, (Caviare, the Produce of Byzantium's Coasts) And shredded Herbs and Saffron ; let it boil, And, when it cools, infuse Venafrian Oyl.
With Form and BeautyTibur's Fruits are grac'd, But thine, Picenum, have a richer Taste.
Pots to preserve Venusia's Grape provide ; But in the Smoke the Alban may be dry’d. The Roman Cooks this Grape before each Guest, With Apples, Salt and Pepper, at a Feast To place on sep’rate Plates by Me were taught ; Caviare and Pickles into Use I brought.
Monstrous the Fault to crowd 10 the vagrant (So dearly purchas’d) in a fcanty Dish! [Fish
The simplest Fare a Zest from Neatness gains : It turns one's Stomach when your Boy distains The Glass with greasy Fingeis; or when Dust And Mold your ancient Goblet's Brim incrust,
How small of Mats and Rubbers is the Price !
rare, With much more Credit you might justly spare.
HORACE. 11 By all the Gods and Friendship, I engage
I Your Promise, Catius, to this learned Sage To lead me strait, wherever he may live; Though justly you translate, it fure must give Much more Delight th' Original to hear [Air. From his own Mouth, and mark his voice and This Circumstance, though high in my Efteem, To you, because enjoy'd, may trifling seem. I, by the Love of sacred Science led, Would quaff her Waters at the Fountain-head.
N O T E S. The Commentators are of Opinion, that the Design of Horace, in this Satire, is to ridicule both Catius and his culinary Precepts. Whether justly or not, is submitted to the Reader's Judgment. Perhaps, he did not concemn the Rules themselves, at least in the main; and intended only to railly that Air of Importance with which the Sage delivers them,
It is pleasant to obferve, how widely different the Taste of the French is from that of the Romans, as will
partly appear from the following Remarks taken from Dacier. In some of these Points the English Reader will probably subscribe to the Doctrine of Catius.
1 Longa quibus facies ovis.] The round Eggs are the best and contain the Male Embryo. DACIER.
2 Caule suburbano.] Palladio and our Gardeners think the Cale, or Colewort, which flourishes in Gardens near the City, where the Ground is dunged, and often watered, preferable to that which grows on dry Land, in spite of Catius and fliny.
DACIER. 3 Pratenfibus oprima fungis
Natura eft; aliis malè creditur.j It is true that some Mushrooms are very pernicious; and whole Families have lost their Lives by eating of them ;. but those of this poisonous kind grow as often in Mea. dows as in Woods. DACIER.
4 nigris prandia moris
Finiet.] It is more wholesome to eat Fruit before Dinner, and with an empty Stomach. DACIER.
5 Lubrica nascentes implent conchylia luna. ) It is a Mistake, though vouched by Antiquity, to say that Shell fith increase with the Moon.
6 laurens malus efi, ulvis et arundine pinguis. ] The Boar, like our cominon Swine, delights in Water, and to wallow in the Mire. Therefore, the Flesh of those so bred minst be better than that of others who are fed with Mast and Acorns on dry Ground. DACIER.
Our Critic, it seems, would have preferred the Pork of the Distillers to that of the Country.
7 Frecundi leporis sapiens se fiabitur armos.] The Wings of Hares are also served up as a dainty Dish at the Feait of Rutus Najidienus. See Satire VIII. of this Book. But Dacier says, "Nobody ever tho!ight the • Wings preferable to the Buick.' He seeins to have forgot the Proverb, De gustibus non eft difputandum.
8 annem lacluca innatat acri
Poft vinum ftomacho.] Lettuce, being naturally cold, is proper after a Debauch. It disperses the Fumes of the Wire, and tempers the Heat of the Stomach occasioned by it. DACIER.
9 Muria.] Caviare, or Caviac, is the Roe, or Eggs, of the Sturgeon, taken out, salted, and dried in the Sun, or by the Fire. To he good, it should be of a reddish brown Colour, and very dry. 'Iis eat with Cyl and Lemon ; sometimes with Vinegar. Some eat it alone with Bread; and others only as a Sauce, or Pickle, like Anchovies. CHAMBERS.
10 Angustoque vagos pifces urgere catino.] Mr. Francis juítly observes, that he probably meant here to play upon the Words vazos and angufto ; q. d. “It is a
wicked thing to imprison the vagrant Fishes in a narrow • Dish.' This is what we call a Conceit. We find an In, stance of the like kind in Epistle XVIII. Book I.
Nec retinent patulæ commissa fideliter aures.
Open Ears can never be retentive. 11 Doete Cati, &c.] This last Speech is ironical. Horace finding, by his Air and Manner, that Catius himseif was the Author of these profound Maxims, raillies him very agreeably,
SA TIRE V.
NE Boon, Tiresias, more ; the Means declare
How I my shatter'd Fortune may repair ? You smile, methinks.
What! not content, once more To see your Houshold-Gods, and native Shore ?