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gentlemen of the country gathering about my old friend, and striving who should compliment him most; at the same time that the ordinary people gazed upon him at a distance, not a little admiring his courage, that was not afraid to speak to the Judge.

In our return home we met with a very odd accident; which I cannot forbear relating, because it shews how desirous all who know Sir RoGER are of giving him marks of their esteem. When we were arrived upon the verge of his estate, we stopped at a little inn to rest ourselves and our horses. The man of the house had it seems been formerly a servant in the Knight's family; and to do honour to his old master, had some time since, unknown to Sir ROGER, put him up in a sign-post before the door; so that the Knight's Head had hung out upon the road above a week before he himself knew any thing of the matter. As soon as Sir ROGER was acquainted with it, finding that his servant's indiscretion proceeded wholly from affection and good-will, he only told him that he had made him too high a compliment; and when the fellow seemed to think that could hardly be, added with a more decisive look, that it was too great an honour for any man under a Duke; but told him at the same time, that it might be altered with a very few touches, and that he himself would be at the charge of it. Accordingly they got a painter by the Knight's directions to add a pair of whiskers to the face, and by a little aggravation of the features to change it into the Saracen's-Head. I should not have known this story, had not the innkeeper, upon Sir ROGER's alighting, told him in my hearing, That his Honour's Head was brought back last night with the alterations that he had ordered to be made in it. Upon this, my friend, with his usual chearfulness, related the particulars above-mentioned, and ordered the head to be brought into the room. I could not forbear discovering greater expressions of mirth than ordinary upon the appearance of this monstrous face, under which, notwithstanding it was made to


frown and stare in a most extraordinary manner, I could still discover a distant resemblance of my old friend. Sir ROGER, upon seeing me laugh, desired me to tell him truly if I thought it possible for people to know him in that disguise. I at first kept my usual silence; but upon the Knight's conjuring me to tell him whether it was not still more like himself than a Saracen, I composed my countenance in the best manner I could, and replied, That much might be said on both sides.

These several adventures, with the Knight's behaviour in them, gave me as pleasant a day as ever I met with in any of my travels.

No. 123.

SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1711.

Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam,

Rectique cultus pectora roborant :
Utcunque defecere mores,

Dedecorant bene nata culpæ.

HOR. 4. OD. iv. 33:

"Yet the best blood by learning is refin'd,

"And virtue arms the solid mind;
"Whilst vice will stain the noblest race,
"And the paternal stamp efface."




As I was yesterday taking the air with my friend Sir ROGER, we were met by a fresh-coloured ruddy young man, who rode by us full speed, with a couple of servants behind him. Upon my inquiry who he was, Sir ROGER told me that he was a young gentleman of a considerable estate, who had been educated by a tender mother that lived not many miles from the place where we were.


She is a very good lady, says my friend, but took so much care of her son's health that she has made him good for nothing. She quickly found that reading was bad for his eyes, and that writing made his head ake. He was let loose among the woods as soon as he was able to ride on horse-back, or to carry a gun upon his shoulder. To be brief, I found, by my friend's account of him, that he had got a great stock of health, but nothing else; and that if it were a man's business only to live, there would not be a more accomplished young fellow in the whole country.*

The truth of it is, since my residing in these parts I have seen and heard innumerable instances of young heirs and elder brothers, who either from their own reflecting upon the estates they are born to, and therefore thinking all other accomplishments unnecessary, or from hearing these notions frequently inculcated to them by the flattery of their servants and domestics, or from the same foolish thought prevailing in those who have the care of their education, are of no manner of use but to keep up their families, and transmit their lands and houses in a line to posterity.

This makes me often think on a story I have heard of two friends, which I shall give my reader at large under feigned names. The moral of it may, I hope, be useful, though there are some circumstances which make it rather appear like a novel, than a true story.

EUDOXUS and LEONTINE began the world with small estates. They were both of them men of good sense and great

* We have remarked in the life of ADDISON, that knowledge is now much more generally diffused among gentlemen, than it was at the beginning of the century. Heirs to great estates, the class of men on whose ignorance Mr. ADDISON here animadverts, instead of being kept at home, and flattered by servants and dependants, are most commonly sent to seminaries of learning; where they meet with equals, must trust to personal exertions for eminence, and are strongly impelled to excellence, by the principle of emulation, which operates so powerfully on youthful minds at great schools.

great virtue. They prosecuted their studies together in their earlier years, and entered into such a friendship as lasted to the end of their lives. EUDOXUS, at his first setting out in the world, threw himself into a court, where by his natural endowments and his acquired abilities he made his way from one post to another, until at length he had raised a very considerable fortune. LEONTINE on the contrary sought all opportunities of improving his mind by study, conversation, and travel. He was not only acquainted with all the sciences, but with the most eminent professors of them throughout Europe. He knew perfectly well the interests of its princes, with the customs and fashions of their courts, and could scarce meet with the name of an extraordinary person in the Gazette whom he had not either talked to or seen. In short, he had so well mixt and digested his knowledge of men and books, that he made one of the most accomplished persons of his age. During the whole course of his studies and travels he kept up a punctual correspondence with EUDOXUS, who often made himself acceptable to the principal men about court by the intelligence which he received from LEONTINE. When they were both turned of forty (an age in which, according to Mr. COWLEY, there is no dallying with life,') they determined, pursuant to the resolution they had taken in the beginning of their lives, to retire, and pass the remainder of their days in the country. In order to this, they both of them married much about the same time. LEONTINE, with his own and his wife's fortune, bought a farm of three hundred a year, which lay within the neighbourhood of his friend EUDOXUS, who had purchased an estate of as many thousands. They were both of them fathers about the same time, EUDOXUS having a son born to him, and LEONTINE a daughter; but to the unspeakable grief of the latter, his young wife (in whom all his happiness was wrapt up) died in a few days after the birth of her daughter. His affliction would have been insupportable, had not he been comforted by the

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daily visits and conversations of his friend. As they were one day talking together with their usual intimacy, LEONTINE, Considering how incapable he was of giving his daughter a proper education in his own house, and EUDOXUS reflecting on the ordinary behaviour of a son who knows himself to be the heir of a great estate, they both agreed upon an exchange of children, namely, that the boy should be bred up with LEONTINE as his son, and that the girl should live with EUDOXUS as his daughter, until they were each of them arrived at years of dis-, cretion. The wife of EUDOXUS, knowing that her son could not be so advantageously brought up as under the care of LEONTINE, and considering at the same time that he would be perpetually under her own eye, was by degrees prevailed upon to fall in with the project. She therefore took LEONILLA, for that was the name of the girl, and educated her as her own daughter. The two friends on each side had wrought themselves to such an habitual tenderness for the children who were under their direction, that each of them had the real passion of a father, where the title was but imaginary. FLORIO, the name of the young heir that lived with Leontine, though he had all the duty and affection imaginable for his supposed parent, was taught to rejoice at the sight of EUDOXUS, who visited his friend very frequently, and was dictated by his natural affection, as well as by the rules of prudence, to make himself esteemed and beloved by FLORIO. The boy was now old enough to know his supposed father's circumstances, and that therefore he was to make his way in the world by his own industry. This consideration grew stronger in him every day, and produced so good an effect, that he applied himself with more than ordinary attention to the pursuit of every thing which LEONTINE recommended to him. His natural abilities, which were very good, assisted by the directions of so excellent a counsellor, enabled him to make a quicker progress than ordinary through all the parts of his education. Before he was


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