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INtroduction. That 'tis as great a fault to judge ill,
That a true Tafte is as rare to be found, as a true Ge-
That most men are born with fome Tafte, but spoil'd by
Nature the best guide of Judgment, v, 68 to 87.
Improv'd by Art and Rules, which are but methodis'd
Rules deriv'd from the Practice of the Ancient Poets,
That therefore the Ancients are neceffary to be fludy'd
by a Critic, particularly Homer and Virgil, v. 120
Of Licenfes, and the use of them by the Ancients,
Reverence due to the Ancients, and praise of them,
PART II. Ver. 203, etc.
Caufes hindering a true Judgment. 1. Pride, v. 208.
2. Imperfect Learning, v. 215. 3. Judging by
parts, and not by the whole, v. 233 to 288. Cri-
v. 394. 6. Prejudice or Prevention, v. 408.
7. Singularity, v. 424. 8. Inconftancy, v. 430:
9. Party Spirit, v. 452, etc. 10. Envy, v. 466.
Against Envy, and in praise of Good-nature, v. 508,
When Severity is chiefly to be used by Critics,
PART III. Ver. 560, etc.
Rules for the Conduct of Manners in a Critic. I. Can-
dour, v. 563. Modefty, v. 566. Good-breed-
ing, v. 572. Sincerity, and Freedom of advice,
v. 578. 2. When one's Caunfel is to be reftrained,
v. 584. Character of an incorrigible Poet, v. 600.
And of an impertinent Critic, v. 610, etc.
racter of a good Critic, v. 629. The Hiftory of
Criticifm, and Character of the beft Critics, Ari-
ftotle, v. 645. Horace, v. 653. Dionyfius,
v. 665. Petronius, v. 667. Quintilian, v. 670.
Longinus, v. 675. Of the Decay of Criticism,
and its Revival. Erafmus, v. 693. Vida, v. 705.
Boileau, v. 714. Lord Rofcommon, etc. v. 725.
IS hard to fay, if greater want of skill
'Tis with our judgments as our watches, none Go juft alike, yet each believes his own.
In Poets as true genius is but rare,
True Taste as feldom is the Critic's fhare;
Both must alike from Heav'n derive their light,
Let fuch teach others who themfelves excel,
Yet if we look more closely, we shall find Moft have the feeds of judgment in their mind: 20 Nature affords at least a glimm'ring light;
The lines, tho' touch'd but faintly, are drawn right,
VER. 15. Let fuch teach others.] Qui fcribit artificiofe, ab aliis commode fcripta facile intelligere poterit. Cic. ad Herenn. lib. 4. De pittore, fculptore, fillore, nifi artifex, judicare non poteft. Pliny. P.
VER. 20. Moft have the feeds] Omnes tacito quodam fenfu, fine ulla arte, aut ratione, quæ fint in artibus ac rationibus recta et prava dijudicant. Cic. de Orat. lib. iii. P.
VER. 25. So by falfe learning) Plus fine do&rina prudenția, quam fine prudentia valet doctrina. Quint. P.
Between v. 25 and 26 were these lines, fince omitted by the author:
Many are fpoil'd by that pedantic throng,
By frange transfufion to improve the mind,
Each burns alike, who can, or cannot write,
There are, who judge ftill worse than he can write.
To tell 'em, would a hundred tongues require,
And wifely curb'd proud man's pretending wit.
VER. 51. And mark that point where fenfe and dullness meet.] This precept cautions us against going on, when our Ideas begin to grow obfcure; as we are apt to do, tho' that obfcurity is a monition that we thould leave off; for it arifes either thro' our fmall acquaintance with the fubject, or the incomprehenfibility of its nature. In which circumftances a genius will always write as heavily as a dunce. An obfervation well worth the attention of all profound writers.