« PreviousContinue »
a perfect conformity with his. But when death removes this veil, by dissolving our connexion with this world and its works, we may be brought into a closer and more perceptible contact with Him who is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity. In that spiritual world, we may suppose, that each event, even the minutest part of the whole system of government, will bear such an unequivocal stamp of the Divine character, that an intelligent being of opposite views and feelings, will at every moment feel itself galled, and thwarted, and borne down by the direct and overwhelming encounter of this allpervading and almighty mind.'
We need hardly add, that the Author's opinions are what are usually termed evangelical.
Art. XIV. Narrative of a Voyage to the Spanish Main, in the Ship
“ Two Friends ;" the Occupation of Amelia Island, by M'Gregor, &c. Sketches of the Province of East Florida ; and Anecdotes illustrative of the Habits and Manners of the Seminole Indians : with an Appendix, containg a Detail of the Seniinole War, and the Execution of Arbuthnot and Ambrister. Svo.
pp. 328. Price 9s. London, 1819. THE wild speculations which have sent so many high and
restless spirits to misery and a grave in the swamps and wastes of South America, seem, at the present time, to be chastised into a temperate estimate of the unprofitable sutferings inevitably attendant on their romantic wanderings. The chain of evidence is too extended and consistent to admit of any plausible doubt respecting the sanguinary dispositions with which the war of liberty, as it is called, is carried on, or the entire absence of moral and military principle in the modes of conducting this predatory and piratical contest. But, previously to the ascertainment of these disgraceful circumstances, there was much in the general aspect of the strife, to excite the ardent feeling of the army of martial adventurers thrown upon society in idleness and poverty by the cessation of hostilities in Europe. Eager to escape from the miseries of half-pay, and, in some instances, actuated by a generous sympathy with a cause apparently pure and glorious, numbers of these gallant, but unthinking men, listened to the attractive delusions held forth by interested and unprincipled individuals, and rushed headlong on a career of privation and disease, terminating in miserable death. Some of the few who have been fortunate enough to escape, have told their melancholy tale; and the salutary effect has been, to put an effectual stop to these infatuated proceedings. The Author of the present volume has added his confirmation to the mass of testimony already before the world, and it must be admitted, that he has given proof of ability in the management of his materials. He should, however, have been aware Vol. XVI. N.S.
that, in a story of desperate enterprise, romantic circumstanee, and hazardous deliverance, a distinct and direct authentication is indispensably requisite; and that, with every disposition to place confidence in the veracity of the Writer, a feeling of uncertainty will inevitably connect itself with the concealment of his name.
In 1817, a party of fine young men, deceived by the boundless promises of individuals styling themselves the accredited agents of the Republic of Venezuela, einbarked, to the number of eighty, on board the Two Friends, with extravagant expectations, splendid uniforms, and a slender sea-stock. Their provisions were of the most uopalatable description ; rancid salt meats purchased at the sales of condemned naval stores, mouldy biscuit, and transparent pigs, are enumerated among the delicacies provided for the consumption of these craving warriors. In this condition, they arrived at Madeira, where they succeeded in procuring more substantial fare ; but their conduct on shore was só outrageous as to expose them to considerable hazard, and to render the condition of succeeding visiters much more unpleasant, owing to the strict regulations adopted in consequence.
Their arrival at the islavd of St. Thomas, dissipated all their golden dreams of wealth and aggrandisement, by awakening them to the conviction that they had been made the dupes of a gross and infamous deception. They had been instructed to present themselves before the confidential agent of the Venezuelan Republic, and to await from him their further destination, receiving at the same time a stipulated sui in liquidation of the expenses of their outfit. It was soon found, that no such officer resided on the island, and that the representations of the flourishing state of affairs on the Spanish Main, were equally veracious with the other assurances wbich had been so liberally advanced in the entire absence of all substantial encouragement. Their situation was now wretched in the extreme : few of them had any pecuniary resources, and the charity of the Danish officers and merchants had been previously pressed upon most heavily by the assistance afforded to a previous debarkation of a similar kind. Their last hope lay in the claim that they had upon the captain of the Two Friends for a further conveyance to Angostura, the seat of the insurgent government; but even this was now taken from them by the clandestine departure of the ship, which sailed in the night without discharging the harbour dues, carrying with her the clothes and equipments of several of those who were left behind. In these disastrous circumstances, it was determined by the Writer of this volume and some of his comrades, to procure a passage to Amelia Island, with the view of enlisting under the banners of M'Gregor. This commander having quitted the service of Bolivar and the Republic of Venezuela, had obtained
the assistance of a few American adventurers, and made himself master of Amelia, as a point from which he right advantageously extend his conquests over the whole of East Florida. This project failed, and M Gregor was happy to escape from his difficulties by making over bis acquisition to Aury, the well known captain of an insurgent privateer. When the Author of this narration' reached Amelia, he found it under the government of the latter chief, with whom he speedily quarrelled, and intrigued very actively against him, for the apparent purpose of occupying his post. Failing in this scheme, after some further vicissitudes, be reached St. Augustine, the capital of the province; and though he had set out froin England for the avowed purpose of aiding the patriotic cause, we find him accepting a grant of land from the governor of that fortress for the King of Spain, and offering his assistance in the recovery of Amelia to the Spanish doininion. After the governinent of the United States had felt the expediency of driving out the lawless bands wbo bad taken possesion of that important island, he revisited his old quarters, and seems to bave enjoyed with much keenness, the opportunity of triumphing over bis crest-fallen enemies. The subsequent details of the proceedings of Aury and M'Gregor, have been rendered uninteresting by later events; and we shall decline following the Writer through his comments on the pelancholy transaction connected with the execution of Arbuthnot and Ambrister by the orders of General Jackson. Against the latter, a strong case appears to be made out, but the statements are ex parte, and the language in which they are made, is extremely violent.
« This celebrated General Jackson possesses an extensive influence over the people of Kentucky and Tennessee, who believe him to be in. vincible in arms, and unequalled in courage. His defence of New Orleans against our ill conducted attack upon that city, has fixed in their opinions, his immovable, and imperishable fame. His conquests over the Creek Indians, and his notable exploit, in enticing ten of hose unfortunates from their hiding place, under a promise of proection, and then delivering them up to be butchered by his followers, s another wreath in the chaplet of this hero.
· The passions of this man are of the most violent and barbarous character, despising, under every circumstance, the forms, and retraints of society, outraging decency on every occasion. During the lefence of New Orleans, Judge Hall had directed the service of some rocess, which did not please this leader, who, forgetting the respect lue to the judgement seat, and the character of the individual who resided, ordered a file of soldiers to remove him, saying he would arest the president of the United States, if he should dare to interfere rith his command. After the restoration of peace, the judge sumnoned the general to answer for a contempt of court, and fined him ne thousand dollars, which was immediately paid by public subscrip
tion. He is much addicted to gambling, particularly in horses ; if he loses his money, and requires a further supply, he sends & cart to his plantation, for a load of negroes, who are thus exposed to the chance of changing masters, upon the hazard of the race. He has been known to challenge the owner because he asserted' his horse had greater speed than the general's, in fine his extravagant follies, and his crimes, are without number, and disgusting in the recital."
pp. 180, 181,
These imputations are possibly correct, but they cannot be implicitly received on the faith of an anonymous writer. The war against the Seminole Indians was pursued in that savage spirit of ferocity which has too uniformly distinguished these conflicts. The Aborigines combated with the unrestrained fierceness of barbarians; the more civilized assailants, with the vindictive and sanguinary feelings of men regardless of the sufferings of a race which they considered in no higher a character than that of wild beasts, fit only to be hunted down and exterminated. But the instanees of perfidious cruelty cited in the present volume, cannot be admitted without authority. The following anecdote is so interesting in itself, and so creditable to the parties concerned, that we shall insert it here.
• A straggler from the militia of Georgia, named M‘Krimmon, was captured by the Indians, and was about to be sacrificed to Indian vengeance; tied to the stake, the tomahawk raised to terminate his existence, no chance appeared of escape. At that moment Milly Francis, the daughter of Hidlis Hadjo, placed herself between the executioner and his victim, and arrested his uplifted arm; then throwing herself at the feet of her father, she implored the life of his prisoner. It was granted, and he was liberated. To the honour of M‘Krimmon, it must be added, that some time after, learning that Milly Francis had given herself up, with others of her unfor. tunate race, in a state of wretched destitution, lo the commander at Fort Clairborne, he immediately set forward to render her assistance, determined to make her his wife, and thus in some sort, repay the noble and disinterested generosity of his saviour. Milly, upon learning the intentions of M-Krimmon, declared she was not influenced by any personal motive, that she should have acted in the same way for
any other unfortunate victim; she therefore declined his offer.'
The habits of the Seminoles do not appear to differ from those of other Indian tribes. They are equally addicted to the use of ardent spirits, and are thus in a state of destitution and decay. The balls and bayonets of the American militia are only anticipating that dissolution which would be as surely, though more tardily, effected by other means.
Art. XV. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the Press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic Review, by sending information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the public, if consistent with its
The Rev. John Campbell, of Kingsland, Gutta Serena, illustrated by numerous is preparing an account of his late journey in the interior of South Africa, A member of the late Salter's Hall which, like the former, was undertaken Congregation has in the press, a work, in at the request of the London Missionary one vol. 8vo. addressed to the Old MemSociety. The course of this journey lay bers of that Society, in which some of through a considerable tract of country the Errors of the Rev. Dr. Collyer are which had not been explored by any Eu- stated and corrected. ropean. It extended three hundred Church of England Theology. In the miles beyond Lattakoo, which was the course of the ensuing month, a second limit of his first journey, and it confirmed series of sermons in manuscript characthe conjecture which he had formed, that ter, for the use of young divines and he should find the country better peopled, candidates for holy orders, will be puband more advanced in civilization as he lished by the Rev. R. Warner, Rector of proceeded towards the North.' The in- Great Chalbield, Wilts, and Author of troduction which his Missionary objects “ Sermons on the Epistles and Gospels," gave him to the chiefs of the several na- &c. and of “ Old Church of England tions he visited, and the confidence with Principles, &c.” The second series treats which he was received by them, afforded of Christian Virtues; and will consist him the most favourable opportunities of (like the former series on Christian Docobserving their manners and customs, trines) of ten sermons on the following as well in the adininistration of their interesting subjects. 1. On Loyalty, or public affairs, as in their domestic re- the duty of subjects. 2. The duty of sations. This was particularly the case hearers of the word. 3. The duty of with regard to the Mashow and Maroot- children. 4. The duty of parents. 5. zee nations, whose chief towns, Mashow The duty of frugality. 6. The duty of and Kurreechane, contain several thou- industry, honesty, purity and sobriety. saod inhabitants. The work will contain 7. The duty of veracity, and the governa map of the country through which he ment of the tongue. 8. The duty of travelled, and other illustrative engrav- compassion. 9. The duty of forgiveness, ings.
10. The duty of preparation for death. Dr. Carey has in the press
The Rev. Edw. Chichester will soon Greek Terminations, including the Dia- publish, in three octavo volumes, Deism lects and Poetic Licenses, in Alphabetic compared with Christianity. Order, with References to the Grammar," The Speeches of the Rt. Hon. Henry ou the same plan as his “ Clue for Young Grattan, with a Memoir by his Son, Latinists,” lately published.
are printing in four octavo volumes. In a few days, will be published, a Anthony Todd Thompson, Esq. is poetical Essay on the Character of Pope, preparing for publication, Lectures on by Charles Lloyd.
Botany. The Rev. Joboson Grant will shortly The Miscellaneous Tracts of the late publish, a course of Lent Lectures on the Dr. Wm. Withering, with a Memoir seven last sentences uttered by our Sa- by Wm. Witbering, Esq. in two octavo viour from the cross.
volumes, are nearly ready for publication. Mr. Stevenson, oculist to H.R.H. the Mr. Lowe is preparing a volume for Duke of York, will shortly publish in 1 the press, On the Situation and Prose vol. 8vo. a practical Treatise on the pects of this Country, in regard lo Agrinature, symptoms, and treatment of culture, Trade, and Finance.