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Decay of Parts, alas! we all must feel-
But Horace, Sir, was delicate, was nice ;
In rev'rend Bishops note fome Small Neglects,
Could please at Court, and make AUGUSTUS fmile:
P. Sir, what I write, should be correctly writ.
Befides, you grow too moral for a Wit.
VER. 12. Bubo obferves,] Some guilty perfon very fond of making fuch an observation:
VER. R. 14. H--ggins] Formerly Jaylor of the Fleet prifon, enrich'd himself by many exactions, for which he was tried and expelled.
VER. 18. Who cropt our Ears,] Said to be executed by the Captain of a Spanish fhip on one Jenkins, a Captain of an English one. He cut off his ears, and bid him carry them to the King his master.
His Friend and Shame, and was a kind of Screen. But 'faith your very Friends will foon be fore: Patriots there are, who wish you'd jeft no moreAnd where's the Glory! 'twill be only thought 25 The Great man never offer'd you a groat,
Go fee Sir ROBERT
P. See Sir ROBERT!-hum
And never laugh-for all my life to come?
VER. 22: Screen.]
Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico
Tangit, et admiffus circum præcordia ludit Perf. Ibid. Screen.] A metaphor peculiarly appropriated to a certain person in power.
VER. 24. Patriots there are, etc.] This appellation was generally given to those in opposition to the Court. Though fome of them (which our author hints at) had views too mean and interested to deferve that name.
VER. 26. The Great man] A phrase, by common use, appropriated to the first minister.
VER. 31. Seen him, uncumber'd] These two verses were originally in the poem, though omitted in all the first editions.
VER. 34. what he thinks mankind.] This request seems fomewhat abfurd: but not more so than the principle it refers to. That great Minifter, it feems, thought all mankind Rogues; and that every one had his price. It was ufually given as a
Come, come, at all I laugh he laughs, no doubt; The only diff'rence is, I dare laugh out.
F. Why yes with Scripture ftill you may be free; A Horfe-laugh, if you please, at Honefty;
A Joke on JEKYL, or fome odd Old Whig
Whom all Lord Chamberlains allow the Stage:
If any ask you, "Who's the Man, fo near "His Prince, that writes in Verse, and has his ear?'
proof of his penetration, and extensive knowlege of the world. Others perhaps would think it an instance of a narrow understanding, that, from a few of Rochefoucault's maxims, and the corrupt practice of thofe he commonly con⚫ verfed with, would thus boldly pronounce upon the character of his Species. It is certain, that a Keeper of Newgate, who fhould make the fame conclufion, would be heartily laughed at.
VER. 37. Why yes: with Scripture, etc.] A fcribler, whofe only chance for reputation is the falling in with the fashion, is apt to employ this infamous expedient for the prefervation of his fleeting existence. But a true Genius could not do a foolisher thing, or fooner defeat his own aim. The fage Boileau used to say on this occafion, Une ouvrage "fevere peut bien plaire aux libertins; mais un ouvrage
trop libre plaira jamais aux perfonnes feveres."
VER. 39. A Joke on Jekyl] Sir Jofeph Jekyl, Master of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a man of the utmost probity. He fometimes voted against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh here described of ONE who bestowed it equally upon Religion and Honefty. He died a few months after the publication of this poem,
Why, anfwer, LYTTELTON, and I'll engage
So much the better, you may laugh the more,
Sets half the world, God knows, against the rest;
P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth:
VER. 47. Why, anfwer, Lyttelton.] George Lyttelton, Secretary to the Prince of Wales, diftinguished both for his writings and speeches in the spirit of Liberty.
VER. 51. Sejanus, Wolfey,] The one the wicked minister of Tiberius: the other, of Henry VIII. The writers against the Court ufually beftowed thefe and other odious names on the Minifter, without diftinction, and in the most injurious manner. See Dial. II. ver. 137.
Ibid. Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis XV. It was a Patriot-fashion, at that time, to cry up his wifdom and honesty.
Come, harmlefs Characters that no one hit;
And all the well-whipt Cream of Courtly Senfe 70
So Latin, yet fo English all the while,
As, tho' the Pride of Middleton and Bland,
VER. 66. Henley-Ofborn.] See them in their places in the Dunciad,
VER. 69. The gracious Dew] Alludes to fome court fermons, and florid panegyrical speeches: particularly one very full of puerilities and flatteries; which afterwards got into an addrefs in the fame pretty style; and was lastly served up in an Epitaph, between Latin and English, published by its author.
VER. 78. Nation's Senfe ;] The cant of Politics at that time. VER. 80. Carolina.] Queen confort to King George II. She died in 1737. Her death gave occafion, as is obferved above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whofe laft moments manifefted the utmost courage and refolution.