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The lonely mountains o'er,

So when the sun in bed,
And the resounding shoro,

Curtained with cloudy red,
A voice of weeping heard and loud lament: Pillows his chin upon an orient wave,
From haunted spring and dale,

The flocking shadows pale
Edged with poplar pale,

Troop to the infernal jail, The parting Genius is with sighing sent;

Each fettered ghost slips to his several grave; With flower inwoven tresses torn

And the yellow skirted fayes, The nymphs in twilight sbade of tangled thickets Fly after the night-steeds, leaving their moon-love



In consecrated earth,

But see, the Virgin blest And on the holy hearth,

Hath laid her Babe to rest; The Lares, and Lemures, mourn with midnight Time is our tedious song should here have ending; plaint;

Heaven's youngest teemed star In urns, and altars round,

Hath fixed her polished car, A drear and dying sound

Her sleeping Lord with handmaid lamp attendAffrights the Flamens at their service quaint; ing; And the chill marble seems to sweat,

And all about the courtly stable While each peculiar Power foregoes his wonted Bright harnessed angels sit in order serviceable.


muz mourn.

Peor and Baalim

THE PASSION. Forsake their temples dim,

Erewhile of music, and ethereal mirth, With that twice battered God of Palestine;*

Wherewith the stage of air and earth did ring, And mooned Ashtaroth,

And joyous news of heavenly Infant's birth, Heaven's queen and mother both,

My muse with angels did divide to sing ; Now sits not girt with tapers' holy shine;

But headlong joy is ever on the wing; The Libyc Hammon shrinks his horn, In vain the Tyrian maids their wounded Thum- Soon swallowed upin dark and long outliving night.

In wintry solstice like the shortened light,

For now to sorrow must I tune my song, And sullen Moloch, fled,

And set my harp to notes of saddest wo, Hath left in shadows dread

Which on our dearest Lord did seize ere long, His burning idol all of blackest hue;

Dangers, and snares, and wrongs, and worse than In vain with cymbals' ring

so, They call the grisly king,

Which he for us did freely undergo: In dismal dance about the furnace blue:

Most perfect Hero, tried in heaviest plight The brutish gods of Nile as fast,

Of labours huge and hard, too hard for human wight! Isis, and Orus, and the dog Anubis haste.

He, sovereign Priest, stooping his regal head, Nor is Osiris seen

That dropt with odorous oil down his fair eyes, In Memphian grove or green,

Poor fleshy tabernacle entered, Trampling the unshowered grass with lowings His starry front low rooft beneath the skies: loud:

O what a mask was there, what a disguise : Nor can he be at rest

Yet more; the stroke of death he must abide, Within his sacred chest;

Then lies him meekly down fast by his brethren's Naught but profoundest hell can be his shroud;

side. In vain with timbrelled anthems dark The sable-stoled sorcerers bear his worshipped ark. These latest scenes confine my roving verse;

To this horizon is my Phæbus bound: He feels from Judah's land

His godlike acts, and his temptations fierce, The dreaded Infant's hand,

And former sufferings other where are found; The rays of Bethlehem blind his dusky eyn;

Loud o'er the rest Cremona's trump doth sound; * Nor all the gods beside

Me softer airs befit, and softer strings Longer dare abide,

Of lute, or viol still, more apt for mournful things. Not Typhon huge ending in snaky twine: Our babe, to show his Godhead true,

Befriend me, Night, best patroness of grief; Can in his swaddling bandscontrolthe damned crew. Over the pole thy thickest mantle throw,

*" That twice-battered God of Palestine;" — Dagon, first • “Cremona's trump doth sound;"_alluding to the battered by Samson, then by the ark of God.

Christiad of Vida, a native of Cremona.

And work my flattered fancy to belief,

When once our heavenly guided souls shall climb; That Heaven and Earth are coloured with my wo: Then, all this earthly grossness quit, My sorrows are too dark for day to know: Attired with stars, we shall for ever sit,

The leaves should all be black whereon I write, Triumphing over Death, and Chance, and thee, And letters, where my tears have washed, a wan- O Time.

nish white.

See, see the chariot, and those rushing wheels,
That whirled the prophet up at Chebar flood;

My spirit some transporting cherub feels,
To bear me where the towers of Salem stood,

Ye flaming powers, and winged warriors bright, Once glorious towers, now sunk in guiltless blood; First heard by happy watchful shepherds

' ear,

That erst with music, and triumphant song, There doth my soul in holy vision sit, In pensive trance, and anguish, and ecstatic fit.

So sweetly sung your joy the clouds along

Through the soft silence of the listening night; Mine eye hath found that sad sepulchral rock Now mourn; and, if sad share with us to bear That was the casket of Heaven's richest store, Your fiery essence can distil no tear, And here through grief my feeble hands up lock, Burn in your sighs, and borrow Yet on the softened quarry would I score

Seas wept from our deep sorrow: My plaining verse as lively as before;.

He, who with all Heaven's heraldry whilere For sure so well instructed are my tears,

Entered the world, now bleeds to give us ease That they would fitly fall in ordered characters. Alas, how soon our sin

Sore doth begin Or should I thence, hurried on viewless wing,

His infancy to seize ! Take up a weeping on the mountains wild,

O more exceeding love, or law more just! The gentle neighbourhood of grove and spring Just law indeel, but more exceeding love! Would soon unbosom all their echoes mild,

For we, by rightful doom remediless, And I (for grief is easily beguiled)

Were lost in death, till he that dwelt above Might think the infection of my sorrows loud High throned in secret bliss; for us fraii dust Had got a race of mourners on some pregnant cloud. Emptied his glory, even to nakedness,

This subject the Author finding to be above the years he And that great covenant which we still transgress had, when he wrote it, and nothing satisfied with what was Entirely satisfied; begun, left it unfinished.

And the full wrath beside
Of vengeful justice bore for our excess;

And seals obedience first, with wounding smart,

This day; but O, ere long,

Huge pangs and strong
Fly, envious Time, till thou run out thy race; Will pierce more near his heart.
Call on the lazy leaden-stepping hours,
Whose speed is but the heavy plummet's pace;
And glut thyself with what thy womb devours,

Which is no more than what is false and vain,
And merely mortal dross;

Blest pair of Syrens, pledges of heavenly joy, So little is our loss,

Sphere-born harmouious sisters, Voice and Verse, So little is thy gain!

Wed your divine sounds, and mixed power employ For when as each thing bad thou hast entombed, Dead things with inbreathed sense able to pierce; And last of all thy greedy self consumed, And to our high-raised fantasy present Then long Eternity shall greet our bliss That undisturbed song of pure consent, With an individual kiss;

Aye sung before the sapphire coloured throne And joy shall overtake us as a flood,

To him that sits thereon,
When every thing that is sincerely good With saintly shout, and solemn jubilee;
And perfectly divine,

Where the bright seraphim, in burning row, With truth, and peace, and love, shall ever shine Their loud uplifted angel-trumpets blow; About the supreme throne

And the cherubic host, in thousand choirs Of him, to whose happy making sight alone Touch their immortal harps of golden wires,

With those just spirits that wear victorious palms, • In these poems where no date is prefixed, and no circum- Hymns devout and holy psalms, stances direct us to ascertain the time when they were com.

Singing everlastingly: preed, we follow the order of Milton's own editions, before this copy of verses, it appears from the manuscrips That we on earth, with undiscording voice, that the poet had written, To be set on a clock-case. May rightly answer that melodious noise;



As once we did, till disproportioned sin
Jarred against Nature's chime, and with harsh din
Broke the fair music that all creatures made
To their great Lord, whose love their motions

In perfect diapason, whilst they stood
In first obedience, and state of good.
O may we soon again renew that song,
And keep in tune with Heaven, till God ere long
To his celestial concert us unite,
To live with him, and sing in endless morn of




And those pearls of dew she wears,
Prove to be presaging tears,
Which the sad morn had let fall
On her hastening funeral.

Gentle lady, may thy grave
Peace and quiet ever have;
After this thy travail sore
Sweet rest seize thee ever more,
That, to give the world increase,
Shortened hast thy own life's lease.
Here, besides the sorrowing
That thy noble house doth bring,
Here be tears of perfect moan
Wept for thee in Helicon;
And some flowers, and some bays,
For thy hearse, to strew the ways,
Sent thee from the banks of Came,
Devoted to thy virtuous name;
Whilst thou, bright Saint, high sit'st in glory,
Next her, much like to thee in story,
That fair Syrian shepherdcss,
Who, after years of barrenness,
The highly favoured Joseph bore
To him that served for her before,
And at her next birth, much like thee,
Through pangs fled to felicity,
Far within the bosom bright
Of blazing Majesty and Light;
There with thee, new welcome Saint,
Like fortunes may her soul acquaint,
With thee there clad in radiant sheen;
No marchioness, but now a queen.

This rich marble doth inter
The honoured wife of Winchester,
A viscount's daughter, an earl's heir,
Besides what her virtues fair
Added to her noble birth,
More than she could own from earth.
Summers three times eight save one
She had told; alas! too soon,
After so short time of breath,
To house with darkness, and with death.
Yet had the number of her days
Been as complete as was her praise,
Nature and Fate had had no strife,
In giving limit to her life.

Her high birth, and graces sweet,
Quickly found a lover meet;
The virgin choir for her request
The God that sits at marriage feast;
He at their invoking came,
But with a scarce well-lighted flame:
And in his garland, as he stood,
Ye might discern a cypress bud.
Once had the early matrons run
To greet her of a lovely son,
And now with second hope she goes,
And calls Lucina to her throes;
But, whether by mischance or blame
Atropos for Lucina came;
And with remorseless cruelty
Spoiled at once both fruit and tree:
The hapless babe, before his birth,
Had burial, yet not laid in earth;
And the languished mother's womb
Was not long a living tomb.

So have I seen some tender slip,
Saved with care from winter's nip,
The pride of her carnation train,
Plucked up by some unheedy swain,
Who only thought to crop the flower
New shot up from vernal shower;
But the fair blossom hangs the head
Sideways as on a dying bed,

Now the bright morning-star, day's harbinger,
Comes dancing from the east, and leads with her
The flowery May, who from her green lap throws
The yellow cowslip, and the pale primrose.

Hail, bounteous May, that doth inspire
Mirth, and youth, and warm desire;
Woods and groves are of thy dressing,

Hill and dale doth boast thy blessing.
Thus we salute thee with our early song,
And welcome thee, and wish thee long.

ON SHAKSPEARE. 1630. What needs my Shakspeare for his honoured

The labour of an age in piled stones?
Or that his hallowed relics should be hid

Under a star-ypointing pyramid ?
Dear son of memory, great heir of fame,
What need'st thou such weak witness of thy name
Thou in our wonder and astonishment
Hast built thyself a live-long monument.

For whilst, t the shame of slow-endeavouring art, Ease was his chief disease; and, to judge right,
Thy easy numbers flow: and that each heart He died for heaviness that his cart went light:
Hath from the leaves of thy unvalued book, His leisure told him that his time was come,
Those Delphic lines with deep impression took; And lack of load made his life burdensome,
Then thou, our fancy of itself bereaving, That even to his last breath, (there be that say't,)
Dust make us marble with too much conceiving; As he were pressed to death, he cried, more weight;
And so sepulchred, in such pomp dost lie, But, had his doings lasted as they were,
That kings, for such a tomb, would wish to die. He had been an immortal carrier.

Obedient to the moon he spent his date

In course reciprocal, and had his fate ON THE UNIVERSITY CARRIER,

Linked to the mutual flowing of the seas,

Yet (strange to think) his wain was his increase. Who sickened in the time of his vacancy, being forbid to go His letters are delivered all and gone, to London, by reason of the plague.

Only remains this superscription.
Here lies old Hobson; Death has broke his girt,
And here, alas! hath laid him in the dirt;
Or else the ways being foul, twenty to one,
He's here stuck in a slough, and overthrown.

'Twas such a shifter, that, if truth were known, Hence, loathed Melancholy,
Death was half glad when he had got him down; of Cerberus and blackest Midnight born,
For he had, any time these ten years full, In Stygian cave forlorn,
Dodged with him, betwixt Cambridge and The 'Mongst horrid shapes, and shrieks, and sights

unholy! And surely Death could never have prevailed, Found out some uncouth cell, Had not his weekly course of carriage failed; Where brooding Darkness spreads his jealous But lately finding him so long at home,

wings, And thinking now his journey's end was come, And the night raven sings; And that he had ta’en up his latest inn,

There, under ebon shades, and low-browed In the kind office of a chamberlain

Showed him his room where he must lodge that As ragged as thy locks,

In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwel).
Pulled off his boots, and took away the light: But come, thou goddess, fair and free,
any ask for him, it shall be said,

In Heaven yclep'd Euphrosyne,
Hobson has supped, and 's newly gone to bed.' And by Men, heart-easing Mirth;

Whom lovely Venus, at a birth,

With two sister Graces more,

To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore:

Or whether (as some sages sing)
Here lieth one, who did most truly prove The frolic wind, that breathes the spring,
That he could never die while he could move; Zephyr, with Aurora playing,
So hung his destiny, never to rot,

As he met her once a Maying;
While he might still jog on and keep his trot, There on beds of violets blue,
Made of sphere-metal, never to decay

The fresh-blown roses washed in dew,
Until his revolution was at stay.

Filled her with thee a daughter fair,
Time numbers motion, yet (without a crime So buxom, blithe, and debonair.
'Gainst old truth) motion numbered out his time; Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee
And, like an engine moved with wheel and weight, Jest, and youthful Jollity,
His principles being ceased, he ended straight. Quips, and Cranks, and wanton Wiles,
Rest, that gives all men life, gave him his death, Nods, and Becks, and wreathed Smiles
And too much breathing put him out of breath; Such as hang on Hebe's cheek,
Nor were it contradiction to affirm,

And love to live in dimple sleek;
Too long vacation hastened on his term. Sport that wrinkled Care derides,
Merely to drive the time away he sickened, And Laughter holding both his sides:
Fainted, and died, nor would with ale be quick- Come, and trip it, as you go,

On the light fantastic toe;
Nay,' quoth he, on his swooning bed outstretch'd; And in thy right hand lead with thee,
'If I may’nt carry, sure I'll ne'er be fetched, The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty;
But row, though the cross doctors all stood hearers, And, if I give thee honour due.
For one carrier put down to make six bearers.' Mirth admit me of thy crew,

To live with her, and live with thee,
In unreproved pleasures free;
To hear the lark begin his flight,
And singing startle the dull night
From his watchtower in the skies
Till the dappled dawn doth rise ;
Then to come, in spite of sorrow,
And at my window bid good morrow,
Through the sweet brier, or the vine,

Or the twisted eglantine :
-While the cock, with lively din,

Scatters the rear of darkness thin;
And to the stack, or the barn door,
Stoutly struts his dames before:
Oft list’ning how the hounds and horn
Cheerly rouse the slumbering morn,
From the side of some hoar hill,
Through the high wood echoing shrill:
Sometime walking, not unseen,
By hedge-row elms, on hillocks green,
Right against the eastern gate,
Where the great sun begins his state,
Robed in flames, and amber light,
The clouds in thousand liveries dight;
While the ploughman, near at hand,
Whistles o'er the furrowed land,
And the milk maid singeth blithe,
And the mower whets his scythe,
And every shepherd tells his tale
Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures,
Whilst the landscape round it measures,
Russet lawns, and fallows gray,
Where the nibbling flocks do stray,
Mountains, on whose barren breast
The lab'ring clouds do often rest;
Meadows trim with daisies pied,
Shallow brooks, and rivers wide:
Towers and battlements it sees
Bosomed high in tufted trees,
Where perhaps some beauty lies,
The cynosure* of neighbouring eyes.
Hard by a cottage chimney smokes,
From betwixt two aged oaks,
Where Corydon and Thyrsis met,
Are at their savoury dinner set
Of herbs, and other country messes,
Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses;
And then in haste her bower she leaves
With Thestylis to bind the sheaves:
Or, if the earlier season lead,
'To the tanned haycock in the mead.
Sometimes with secure delight
The upland hamlets will invite,
When the merry bells ring round,
And the jocund rebecs sound

To many a youth, and many a maid,
Dancing in the chequered shade;
And young and old come forth to play
On a sunshine holy-day,
Till the livelong daylight fail :
Then to the spicy nut-brown ale,
With stories told of many a feat,
How fairy Mab the junkets eat;
She was pinched, and pulled, she said :
And he, by friar's lantern led,
Tells how the drudging goblin sweat,
To earn his cream-bowl duly set,
When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,
His shadowy flail hath threshed the corn,
That ten day-labourers could not end;

Then lies him down the lubber fiend,
And, stretched out all the chimney's length,
Basks at the fire his hairy strength;
And cropful out of doors he flings,
Ere the first cock his matin rings.
Thus done the tales, to bed they creep,
By whispering winds soon lulled asleep.
Towered cities please us then,
And the busy hum of men,
Where throngs of knights and barons bold,

In weeds of peace, high triumphs hold,
With store of ladies, whose bright eyes
Rain influence, and judge the prize
Of wit, or arms, while both contend
To win her grace, whom all commend,
There let Hymen oft appear
In saffron robe, with taper clear,
And pomp, and feast, and revelry,
With mask, and antique pageantry;
Such sights as youthful poets dream,
On summer eves by haunted stream,

Then to the well trod stage anon,
If Jonson's learned sock be on,
Or sweetest Shakspeare, Fancy's child,
Warble his native woodnotes wild.

And ever, against eating cares,
Lap me in soft Lydian airs,
Married to immortal verse;
Such as the meeting soul may pierce,
In notes, with many a winding bout,
or linked sweetness long drawn out,
With wanton heed and giddy cunning,
The melting voice through mazes running,
Untwisting all the chains that tie
The hidden soul of harmony;
That Orpheus' self may heave his head
From golden slumber on a bed
Of heaped Elysian flowers, and hear

Such strains as would have won the ear Of Pluto, to have quite set free

His half-regained Eurydice. in

These delights if thou canst give, Mirth, with thee I mean to live :

• "Cynosure of neighbouring eyes.”—The pole star, the lesser bear

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