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present which was in their hand, into the house, and bowed themselves to him, to the earth. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is hé yet alive?-And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive: and they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me! And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.-And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there.

2. Methinks I see a fair and lovely child,
Sitting compos'd upon his mother's knée,
And reading with a low and lisping voice
Some passage from the Sabbath;* while the tears
5 Stand in his little eyes so softly blue,

Till, quite o'ercome with pity, his white arms
He twines around her néck, and hides his sighs
Most infantine, within her gladden'd bréast,
Like a sweet lamb, half sportive, half afráid,
10 Nestling one moment 'neath its bleating dàm
And now the happy mother kisses oft

The tender-hearted child, lays down the book,
And asks him if he doth remember still

A stranger who once gave him, long agó,
15 A parting kiss, and blest his laughing eyes!
His sobs speak fond remembrance, and he weeps
To think so kind and good a man should die.

3. Ye who have anxiously and fondly watched Beside a fading friend, unconscious that The cheek's bright crimson, lovely to the view, Like nightshade with unwholesome beauty bloomed,, 5 And that the sufferer's bright dilated eye, Like mouldering wood, owes to decay alone Its wondrous lústre:-ye who still have hoped, Even in death's dread presence, but at length Have heard the súmmons, (O heart-freezing call!)

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10 To pay the last sad duties, and to hear
Upon the silent dwelling's narrow lid

The first earth thrówn, (sound deadliest to the soul!—
For, strange delusion! then, and then alone,
Hope seems for ever fled, and the dread pang

15 of final separation to begín)

Ye who have felt all thís-O pay my verse
The mournful meed of sympathy, and own,
Own with a sígh, the sombre picture 's just.


Page 33. The indirect question and its answer have the falling inflection.

The interrogative mark is here inverted, to render it significant of its office, in distinction from the direct question, which turns the voice upward.

1. The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you; They said, Baràbbas. Pilate said unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus, which is called Christ; They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. And the governor said, Why; what èvil hath he done; But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crùcified.

2. Where now is the splendid robe of the cònsulate ¿ Where are the brilliant tòrches ¿ Where are the applauses and dances, the feasts and entertainments; Where are the coronets and canopies ¿ Where the huzzas of the.cìty, the compliments of the circus, and the flattering acclamations of the spectators; All these have perished.

3. I hold it to be an unquestionable position, that they. who duly appreciate the blessings of liberty, revolt as much from the idea of exercising, as from that of enduring, oppression. How far this was the case with the Romans, you may inquire of those nations that surrounded them. Ask them, 'What insolent guard paraded before their gates, and invested their strong holds They will answer, 'A Roman lègionary.' Demand of them, What greedy extortioner fattened by their poverty, and clothed himself by their nakedness' They will inform you, 'A Roman Quaèstor.' Inquire of them, 'What imperious stranger issued to them his


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mandates of imprisonment or confiscation, of banishment or death¿' They will reply to you, 'A Roman Cònsul.' 'Ques tion them, 'What haughty conqueror lead through his city, their nobles and kings in chàins; and exhibited their countrymen, by thousands, in gladiators' shows for the amusement of his fellow citizens' They will tell you: 'A Roman Gèneral.' Require of them, 'What tyrants imposed the heaviest yòke¿-enforced the most rigorous exàctions ¿ -inflicted the most savage pùnishments, and showed the greatest gust for blood and torture¿' They will exclaim to you, The Roman people.'

4. Let us now consider the principal point, whether the place where they encountered was most favorable to Milo, or to Clodius. We ere the affair to be represented only by painting, instead of being expressed by words, it would even then clearly appear which was the traitor, and which was free from all mischievous designs. When the one was sitting in his chariot, muffled up in his cloak, and his wife along with him; which of these circumstances was not a very great incumbrance; the dress, the chariot, or the companion How could he be worse equipped for engagement, when he was wrapt up in a cloak, embarrassed with a chàriot, and almost fettered by his wife; Observe the other now, in the first place, sallying out on a sudden from his seat; for what reason in the evening; what ùrged him-làte; to what purpose, especially at that season-He calls at Pompey's seat;, with what view To see Pómpey? He knew he was at Alsium.-To see his house? He had been in it a thousand times-What then could be the reason of this loitering and shifting about He wanted to be upon the spot when Milo came up.

5. Wherefore cèase we then ¿

Say they who counsel war, we are decreed,
Reserved, and destin❜d to eternal wòe;
Whatever doing, what can we suffer more,
5 What can we suffer wòrse¿ Is this then worst,
Thus sitting, thus consulting, thus in árms?
What! when we fled amain, pursued and struck
With heav'n's afflicting thunder, and besought
The deep to shelter us-this Hell then seem'd
10 A rèfuge from those wounds: or when we lay

Chain'd on the burning lake,—that sùre was worse.
What, if the breath, that kindled those grim fires,
Awak'd, should blow them into sev❜nfold rage,
And plunge us in the flames or from above
15 Should intermitted vengeance arm again
His red right-hand to plàgue us what if all
Her stores were open'd, and this firmament
Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire,
Impendent horrors, threat'ning hideous fall
20 One day upon our heads; while we perhaps,
Designing or exhorting glorious war,

Caught in a fiery tempest, shall be hurl'd,
Each on his rock transfix'd, the sport and prey
Of wracking whirlwinds; or forever sunk
25 Under yon boiling ocean, wrapt in chàins;
There to converse with everlasting groans,
Unrèspited, unpitied, unrepríev'd,

Ages of hopeless end! This would be worse.

6. But, first, whom shall we sènd


In search of the new world whom shall we find
Sufficient who shall tempt with wand'ring feet
The dark unbottom'd infinite abyss,

5 And through the palpable obscure find out
His uncouth way, or spread his airy flight,
Upborne with indefatigable wings,

Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive

The happy isle what strength, what art, can then 10 Suffice, or what evasion bear him safe

Through the strict senteries and stations thick
Of Angels watching round Here he had need
All circumspection, and we now no less

Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we send, 15 The weight of all, and our last hòpe, relies. Milton


Page 34. Language of authority, of surprise, and of distress, commonly requires the falling inflection. Denunciation, reprehension, &c. come under this head.

1. Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and

be wise:—which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, pro videth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food ir. the harvest. How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard? when wilt thou arìse out of thy sleep?-Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep:-So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy wànt as an armed man.

2. And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man that had not on a wedding-garment:—And he saith unto him, friend, how camest thou in hìther, not having a wedding-garment? And he was speechless.-Then said the king to the servants, bìnd him, hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

3. Then he which had received the one talent came, and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art a hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strewed:-And I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth: lo there thou hast that is thine.-His lord answered and said unto him, thou wìcked and slòthful servant,—thou knewest that I reap where I sowed nòt,* and gather where I have not strèwed:-Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury. Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents.-And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

4. Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not.— Wò unto thee, Chorazin! wò unto thee Bethsaida! for if the mighty works which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon,† they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.-But I say unto you, It shall be more tòlerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgement than for you. And thou, Capèrnaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shall be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works which have been done in thee, had been done in

*This_clause uttered with a high note and the falling slide, expresses censure better with the common punctuation, than if it were marked with the interrogation.

Even in Tyre and Sidon, is the paraphrase of the emphasis.

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