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Temple Fress Ltd., Printers, 7-15, Rosebery Avenue, London, E.C.

HORTICULTURAL CLUB. The annual excursion will take place on July 26, when the members will leave the Great Central Railway Station (Marylebone) by the 10.5 train, arriving at Wendover at 11.12, where brakes will be in readiness to convey the party to Halton, the beautiful country seat of ALFRED DE ROTHSHILD, Esq., who most kindly provides luncheon. In the afternoon the party will drive to Tring Park (three miles), where, on the kind invitation of Lord ROTHSCHILD, tea will be provided, after which the gardens will be visited, and also the museum of the Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD. The return train leaves Wendover at 7.45 for Marylebone. The inclusive cost of each ticket will be 11s. 6d. Those wishing to be present will kindly send their names, on or before July 16, to Mr. HARRY J. VEITCH, East Burnham Park, Slough, who is undertaking the necessary arrangements.

NATIONAL ROSE SOCIETY'S NORTHERN SHOW, EDINBURGH.-We are asked to state in connection with this show, which will be held on July 18, that the Great Northern Railway will issue special cheap tickets at the reduced fare of £2 Os. 10d. third class, and £3 11s. first class return from King's Cross, available for three days, with sleeping accommodation to be attached to the 8.45 p.m. train on July 17. Early application to Mr. C. C. DANIELS, Chief Passenger Agents' office, King's Cross, is particularly requested. Anyone forming a party of five can join this train at any stopping place, but to obtain the reduction tickets must be applied for beforehand as above. Any further

information can be obtained of H. E. MOLYNEUX, hon. treasurer, National Rose Society, 80, Cannon Street, E.C.

SIR DANIEL MORRIS.-What may be done by energy, ability, and perseverance is well illustrated by two votes of thanks which we find recorded in the Agricultural News. When fungoid disease destroyed the crop of Sugar Canes in Barbados, it was suggested that an alternative industry should be started. Every one agreed that it was desirable, but few thought it was practicable.-"But through the energy and tact displayed by Sir DANIEL MORRIS and his staff, we have' (says a speaker at the 'conference of cotton growers) "an alternative and a paying industry." A vote of thanks was passed unanimously. In the same periodical, a few pages 'further on, we find that the clergy of the Church 'of England in the island of Antigua assembled at a clerical meeting resolved formally: "That the work in connection with the agricultural education Hin secondary and elementary schools which has been developed and fostered by the Imperial Department of Agriculture in the island of Antigua, has been of great benefit to the schools and 'education generally: That the work now being done is likely to lead to good results in the future: That their grateful thanks are hereby tendered to the Imperial Department of Agriculture for their valuable help in the past, and it is hoped that every effort may be made to continue the work on the present lines." Sir DANIEL's advice would be valuable in securing the passage of the Education Bill in such a shape as to be satisfactory to all parties! "REWARD" STRAWBERRY.-Messrs. LAXTON BROTHERS have sent us samples of their new Strawberry bearing the above name. The "fruits" are of variable size, the largest measuring 14 inches in the longest diameter. In form they are variable, some being conic, others flattened and spade-shaped. The colour is crimson and the carpels (so-called seeds) are slightly embedded, and distributed over the whole surface of the "fruit." The flesh is firm, solid, deeply coloured, rich and slightly acidulous in flavour. We know nothing of its cropping qualities, but judging from the samples sent, it travels well and amply deserves the Award of Merit it received from the Royal Horticultural Society.

PARIS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.M. P. H. LECOMTE has been appointed Professor of Systematic Botany in place of M. BUREAU resigned.


POSTAL CHANGES.-The following reductions of postal charges are now officially announced :Money orders payable abroad.-The poundage charged on money orders issued in the United Kingdom for payment abroad for sums exceeding £1 is now reduced from 4d. to 3d. Postal orders. The poundage chargeable on certain values of postal orders is reduced from the present time, as follows: On orders for 2s. and 2s. 6d. the charge is d. instead of 1d.; on orders for 11s., 11s. 6d., 12s., 12s. 6d., 13s., 13s. 6d., 14s., 14s. 6d., and 15s. the charge will be 1d. instead of 11d. Parcel post. The rates of postage for inland parcels exceeding 4 lb. in weight is reduced: Not exceeding 1lb., 3d.; exceeding 1 lb. and not exceeding 2 lb., 4d.; exceeding 2 lb. and not exceeding 3 lb., 5d.; exceeding 3 lb. and not exceeding 5 lb., 6d. ; exceeding 5 lb. and not exceeding 7 lb. 7d.; exceeding 7 lb. and not exceeding 8 lb., 8d.; exceeding 8 lb. and not exceeding 9 lb., 9d.; exceeding 91b. and not exceeding 10 lb., 10d.; exceeding 10 lb. and not exceeding 11 lb., 11d.


(The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions expressed by his correspondents.) Exhibiting Vegetables. In reply to Mr. J. A. Simpson (p. 8), if I were called upon to judge the varieties mentioned, each would receive credit, but if the schedule read-six distinct kinds of vegetables, with no other remarks, and Parsley in a pot was included, I should at once disqualify the exhibit as I do not consider Parsley a vegetable, and it should only be included in collections of herbs or in separate classes set apart for it. Much as I have admired the pots of beautiful Parsley exhibited in Scotland in the separate classes, I think the schedule should stipulate for one plant only and not for one pot, which is very misleading, as it may contain two or more plants. I also consider the varieties or kinds as mentioned by Mr. Simpson a very weak set; and, further, would any judge, providing Parsley were allowed by the wording of the schedule, give it the preference to a good dish of Carrots or Celery? W. J. Pritchard, Elstree.

GARDENERS' ROYAL BENEVOLENT INSTITUTION AND ROYAL GARDENERS ORPHAN FUND. -I beg to call your attention to a special effort that is being made locally in Derbyshire to aid the funds of these two societies. It is proposed to hold an exhibition and sale by auction at the Auction Mart, Derby, on Wednesday, August 1 next, for which gifts are solicited of plants, flowers, fruit, vegetables, or any other articles. At this season when there is such a profusion of garden products, I trust this appeal will meet with a generous response, feeling certain that all who are interested in gardening will readily give of their abundance to assist those whose past efforts have yielded so much to their pleasure. To enable the matter to be properly advertised, I would ask intending contributors to forward particulars of their gifts without delay, so that proper arrangements can be made. All plants, &c., should be delivered here on the day prior to, or not later than 9 a.m. on the morning of, the exhibition. The perishable nature of these articles renders an earlier sending unadvisable. The use of three spacious sale rooms has been given free of cost by Messrs. Galbraith, Bethune & Co., Ltd., who have also offered to conduct the auction sale and give their fees to the funds. A great expense has thus been saved, and the only costs to be defrayed are those of advertising, &c. The entire proceeds will be equally divided between the two societies. exhibition will be opened at 10.30 a.m. on Wednesday, August 1. The sale by auction commences promptly at 2 p.m. Admission tickets (6d. each) can be obtained on application. Programmes giving the names of donors and particulars of their gifts will be printed in due course, price 3d. each. A limited number of advertisements can be inserted. Notice of contributions will be gratefully received and acknowledged by the local honorary


secretary, Mr. W. H. Cooke (gardener to the Rt. Hon. Lord Belper), Kingston Hall Gardens, Derby; or by Messrs. Galbraith, Bethune & Co., Ltd., Auctioneers, Surveyors and Land Agents, Market Place and Derwent Street, Derby, from either of whom tickets and all further information can be obtained, R. T. Bethune.

CARTER'S Monarch STOCK.-A new and very fine strain of Ten-week Stock is Carter's Monarch. Our trial proves that it comes into bloom particularly early, and the great length of spike favours a continuance of blossom for a long period. Its fragrance, which at any season is most refreshing and agreeable, fills the air during the early morning and evening. The immense size of individual pips, together with the unusual length of spike, makes a bed of these plants very effective, and certainly for the flower basket they possess considerable value in early summer. The seeds were sown in March, and seedlings planted out early in May provided a good display in June. Many visitors who have inspected them agree that the strain is an excellent one, the bold spikes, vigorous constitution of the plant, and purity of its colour making an impression that will probably remain for some length of time. As with all other Stocks there is a proportion of single flowers, but the percentage is below the average. It would seem that the new Monarch is a glorified form of the now well-known and popular Princess Alicea favourite Stock with everyone. W. Strugnell.

THE WEATHER IN THE NORTH.-After some very fine dry weather, lasting from June 6 till June 27, the weather in the north-eastern counties underwent a remarkable change, with disastrous results to many tender plants in fields and gardens. Slight frosts were experienced from June 28 to July 2, that of the morning of July 1 being the most severe, 1° being registered in a Stevenson's lowered screen, which means at least 3° of ground frost at this season of the year. A cold northerly wind helped to accentuate the evil wrought amongst tender plants. Potatos were badly blackened in places. Kidney Beans suffered very much, also Begonias, Ageratums, Dahlias, and other bedding plants. I very much fear that Strawberries in full flower, and also Raspberries in the same condition, have been badly injured. These two crops looked remarkably well previously and were quite a contrast to several other fruit crops this season, such as Plums and Cherries, which are absolute failures. Gooseberry crops are under the average, while Currants are full crops. The Apple crop will, I fear, be a very light one. This may be the effects of the cold wet autumn of 1905, followed by similar conditions in spring, which culminated in a rainfall during May of 5.78 inches, with an extremely low temperature. The month of June was very dry. Vegetable crops, though late, are looking well. As a result of the recent frosts, the common bracken (Pteris aquilina) has also been blackened, showing in a marked degree the unusual nature of the recent meteorological conditions in Ross-shire. W. Laing Minty, Ardross, Alness, N.B.


ROYAL HORTICULTURAL. SUMMER SHOW AT HOLLAND HOUSE. JULY 10, 11.-After an interval of one season. when the Royal Horticultural Society held its summer show in the grounds attached to the Royal Hospital at Chelsea, the Society was again privileged to visit Holland Park, Kensington, on the above dates. On former occasions it has been obvious to everyone attending these shows that no situation in London could possibly be more suitable for the holding of a horticultural exhibition than the grounds attached to this fine old residence at Kensington, and on the present occasion the scene appeared brighter and more glorious than ever. weather was fair, if not fine, and the number of visitors appeared to be much larger than at previous exhibitions, whilst the exhibition itself was quite as attractive as previous ones have been.


Orchids, though less numerous than at the Temple Show, made a good display, and the ORCHID COMMITTEE recommended four First Class Certificates, one Botanical Certificate, and six Awards of Merit.

The FLORAL COMMITTEE had a large number of novelties to inspect, and amongst the awards

were one First-Class Certificate and ten Awards of Merit.

The FRUIT AND VEGETABLE COMMITTEE did not make any award to a novelty.

There was a large attendance at the luncheon, at midday, when Sir Trevor Lawrence presided, and was supported by Sir J. T. D. Llewelyn, Sir Michael Foster, Sir Daniel Morris, Captain Holford, and most of the members of the Society's committees.

The arrangements for the show, which certainly involve considerable extra work on the part of the secretaries and upon Mr. S. T. Wright, Mr. Frank Reader, &c., were satisfactory.

Owing to the kindness of Mary Countess of Ilchester, the private gardens were opened to the public for the benefit of the two gardening charities. The charge made for admission was one shilling, and we believe that a sum of £156 12s. was thus realised.

Floral Committee.

Present: W. Marshall, Esq. (Chairman), and Messrs. J. F. McLeod, Amos Perry, C. T. Druery, T. W.. Turner, W. P. Thomson, W. Bain, C. R. Fielder, W. Howe, R. Wilson Ker, C. E. Shea, Geo. Nicholson, Jno. Jennings, G. Reuthe, R. C. Notcutt, R. W. Wallace, A. R. Goodwin, M. J. James, Ed. Mawley, W. G. Baker, Jno. Green. Chas. Dixon, F. Page Roberts (Rev.), Geo. Paui, H. J. Cutbush, C. J. Salter, H. J. Jones, Chas. Jeffries, H. B. May, Jas. Walker, W. Barr, J. W. Barr, and R. Hooper Pearson.


Messrs. BEN R. CANT & SONS, The Old Rose Gardens, Colchester, staged a beautiful lot of garden Roses, and boxes of specimen blooms, principally H. T. and T. varieties. Countess of Derby is a new H. T. The flower is of good shape, the colour being cream, tinted with faint rose. The new seedling, Mrs. O. G. Orpen, was prominent in several vases. Lucy Carnegie, although small, is a charming flower, the sulphur-coloured centre being set off with outer rosy petals. Well-known varieties occupied the exhibition boxes.

The KING'S ACRE NURSERY Co., Hereford, showed a charming exhibit of Roses. They had bunches in vases at the back, and boxes containing larger blooms in the front. Such beautiful varieties as Bessie Brown, Ulrich Brunner. Killarney, Mildred Grant, and Mrs. R. G. Sharman Crawford were shown in exhibition style. while at the background were Rambler and Polyantha varieties arranged in pyramidal shape.

Messrs. WM. PAUL & SON, Waltham Cross Nurseries, Herts, made a beautiful display of Roses in a corner of one of the tents. The great poles, covered with such fine Roses as Walthain Rambler, Crimson Rambler, Sweetheart (Wichuriana), and other varieties, were extremely effective, and cut flowers of Hybrid Tea and other exhibition Roses were shown in baskets and other receptacles, in which they were massed in bunches.

One of the most. delightful ground exhibits in the large Orchid tent was one from Messrs. R. & G. CUTHBERT, Southgate Nurseries, Middlesex. It was composed of Rambling Roses, including Lady Gay, Hiawatha, and most of the novelties we have seen in this section of Roses. The plants were arranged thinly, and between them was a miscellaneous collection of plants in flower, including hybrid Verbenas in the newest varieties, Lilium longiflorum, L. auratum, L. speciosum, L. giganteum, Hydrangea Hortensia. Ivy-leaved and zonal Pelargoniums, Lilies of the Valley, and other species. The effect was brilliant and varied.

Messrs. HOBBIES. LTD., Dereham, Norfolk, had an exhibit of Roses which was remarkable for the pretty standards of Wichuriana and Polyantha varieties which it contained. These standards had an effect similar to that of a bouquet. In other forms were Hiawatha, Lady Gay, Dorothy Perkins, &c., and very fine blooms of the varieties Frau Karl Druschki and Mildred Grant.

Messrs. PAUL & SON, The Old Nurseries, Cheshunt, also had a corner exhibit in the large tent, and arranged their display of Roses much in the same manner as the firm is in the habit of doing at the Temple Show. Both the plants and the cut flowers were excellent in quality,

and they had a pretty effect. Many of the cut flowers were arranged in small, green bucketlike receptacles, and appeared at first sight to be well-flowered dwarf plants of the varieties represented.

Messrs. ALEX. DICKSON & SONS, Newtownards, co. Down, showed vases of Roses, some of which were new varieties, that named Mrs. Jardine receiving an Award of Merit. The


single" Irish Elegance was much admired. Messrs. FRANK CANT, LTD., Braiswick Rose Gardens, Colchester, showed Roses that were of superb quality. Among the more notable blooms were Liberty, Prince de Bulgarie, Mdme. Moreau (gold and rose), Irish Engineer, and Irish Beauty (carmine and white respectively), Killarney, and Florence Pemberton.

Messrs. GEO. JACKMAN & SON, Woking Nursery, Surrey, occupied much of the central tabling in one of the large tents with an array of hardy flowers and Roses. The border flowers were a representative lot. and embraced many

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shown, Purity being one of the best (fig. 18), Mrs. G. Fry has large petals of a clear salmon shade; Beatrice has wavy petals, which are pale yellow at their base, passing to a pale-salmon tint. Miss Dorothy Hardwick, Percy Foster (scarlet), Mrs. W. L. Ainslie (yellow), and Mad. A. Patti (of the Picotee type) were all notable varieties in this exhibit.

Mr. A. LI.. GWILLIM, Cambria Nursery, New Eltham, Kent, exhibited a beautiful batch of tuberous-rooting Begonias, single and double varieties being about equally represented. Among the double forms notable varieties seen were Mary Pope (white), Margaret Gwillim (yellow), Morning Star (a new white variety), and Pride of Eltham (rich primrose).

Messrs. JOHN LAING & SONS, Forest Hill, London, showed many single and double-flowered varieties. Yellow, pink, salmon, white, scarlet, and other shades were seen, the flowers being very showy Lady Sefton (rosy pink), Lord Craven (a deep scarlet, almost crimson, shade),


FIG. 16.-CYPRIPEDIUM GODEFROYE VAR. HODGKINSONI. (See Report of the Holland House Show, p. 36.)

new and choice varieties. Among the Roses was a magnificent box of Mildred Grant. An epergne of the white Maman Cochet was also very fine.

Messrs. GEO. COOLING & SONS, Bath, exhibited a nice collection of Roses. Sprays of Rambler varieties hung over from the back, the small white Rover's Musk formed a plume of Roses, with vases and boxes of larger-flowering kinds, such as Hugh Dickson, Mrs. W. J. Grant, Capt. Hayward, Killarney, Comtesse de Nadaillac, and Souvenir de Catherine Guillot, all in capital form.

A small group of Roses came from Mr. ERNEST E. GRIMSON, York House, Sutton.


Messrs. BLACKMORE & LANGDON, Tiverton Hill Nursery, Bath, staged a beautiful exhibit of tuberous-rooting Begonias. The flowers were very large, of first-class form, and they showed exquisite colourings. Many new varieties were

and Mrs. Arthur Hall (soft salmon) may be mentioned as varieties of merit.

Messrs. THOS. S. WARE, LTD., Ware's Nursery, Feltham, showed tuberous-rooting varieties of much merit. The flowers were very large and the plants well grown. The beautiful shades of colours common in this plant were well represented-soft shades of salmon, seen in John Peed, Duchess of Connaught, Mrs. W. H. Edwards (with white edging), scarlet, as in William Marshall, King Edward VII. (new), and George Pike, white and blush, well shown in Mrs. W. H. Edwards, Mary Pope, Countess of Ilchester, &c.


Messrs. G. STARK & SON, Great Ryburgh, showed about 40 varieties of Sweet Peas, and variegated Nasturtiums, labelled Stark's Hybrids. A new carmine-coloured Sweet Pea was shown under the name of George Stark.

E. MOCATTA, Esq.. Woburn Place. Addlestone (gr. Mr. Thos. Stevenson), showed a nice assortment of Sweet Peas in about 40 varieties.

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played a large number of Sweet Peas in most of the newer and better varieties.

Mr. C. W. BREAD MORE, Winchester, showed vases of Sweet Peas. They had the new varieties Miss Audrey Crier, Elsie Herbert, Etta Dyle, and Dora Cowper, all of which are described on p. 38. Helen Lewis, the medal flower of last year, Mrs. W. Wright, Henry Eckford, Miss Willmott, &c.

Messrs. CARTERS, High Holborn, London, displayed vases and epergnes of Sweet Peas in great variety.


N., made a fine display with water-loving and bog plants, and in which the endless variety of tints seen in Grasses, Bamboos, Typhas, Rushes, Eulalias and other tall foliage plants were shown to advantage. Gunneras, Ferns, Spiræas, Iris Kæmpferi (a notable feature), Water Lilies, which were resplendent with beauty, and a representative collection, all contributed to a charming display, suggestive of much that could be done in the garden on similar lines.

In the open Mr. PERRY arranged a very fine group of herbaceous plants.

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