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fairy mythology introduced from the Ita-
lians, 303. Örigin of the Gothic system
of fairy mythology, 304. Known in
England in the eleventh century, 306.
Scandinavian system of fairy mythology,
308-312. Scandinavian system current
in England in the thirteenth century, 313.
Scottish elves, ibid. 314. Their dress and
weapons, 315. Lowland fairies, 316. Al-
lusions to fairy superstitions by Chaucer,
313. 317. Description of Elf or Fairy-
land, 318, 319. Allusions to it by va-
rious poets, 319-321. Fairy processions
at Roodsmass, 322. Fairies in Scotland
supposed to appear most commonly by
moonlight, 323. Their supposed in-
fluence on pregnant women, 324.

dren said to be stolen and changed by
them, 325, 326. Expedients for reco-
vering them, 326, 327. Their speech,
food, and work, 328, 329. Account of
the malignant fairy called the Wee Brown
Man of the Muirs, 329, 330. Tradi-
tions relative to the benevolent sprite,
Brownie, 330-336. The fairy mytho-
logy of Shakspeare, though partly found-
ed on Scottish tradition, yet, from its
novelty and poetic beauty, meriting the
title of the English System, 337, 338.
Critical illustrations of his allusions to
fairies and Fairy-land, 337-353. Scan-
dinavia the parent of our popular fairy
mythology, which has undergone various
modifications, 353-355.

Fairs, how celebrated antiently, i. 214—


Falconer, an important officer in the house-
holds of the great, i. 265, 266.
qualifications, 266.
Falconry, when introduced into England,
i. 255. Universal among the nobility
and gentry, ibid. 256. Notices of
books on, 257. note. Falconry an ex-
pensive diversion, 257-259. Prohibited
to the clergy, 259. note. Remarks on
this sport, 260–262. Poetical descrip-
tion of it by Massinger, 262, 263. A
favourite diversion of the ladies, 265.
Falcons, different sorts of, i. 263, 264. Ac-
count of their training, 266-271.
Falstaff, analysis of the character of, as in-
troduced in Shakspeare's plays of Henry
IV., Parts I. and II., ii. 381-384.

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And in the Merry Wives of Windsor,


Fans, structure and fashion of, in the age

of Shakspeare, ii. 98, 99.

Fare of country squires in the age of
Shakspeare, i. 75, 76. Of country gen-
tlemen, 79, 80. And of the sovereign
and higher classes, ii. 120-129.
Farmers, character of, in the time of Ed-
ward VI., i. 100, 101. In Queen Eliza-
beth's time, 98. Description of their
houses or cottages, 99, 100. Their fur-
niture and household accommodations,
101. 103. Their ordinary diet, 103-
108. Diet on festivals, 109. Dress,
110. Qualifications of a good farmer's
wife, 111, 112. Occupations, &c. of their
servants, 113. Manners, &c. of Scottish
farmers during the same period, 117,
118. Progress of extravagance among
this class of persons, 119.

Farmer (Dr.), conclusion of, as to the result
of Shakspeare's school education, i. 29,
30. His conclusion controverted, 30, 31.
His opinion as to the extent of Shak-
speare's knowledge of French and Italian
literature considered, 54-56, 57.
Faulconbridge, analysis of the character of,
ii. 420.

Feasts (ordinary), curious directions for,

i. 80. note.

Felton's portrait of Shakspeare, authenticity
of, ii. 623.

Fenner (Dudley), a minor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 682.

Fenton's (Geffray), account of his "Certain
Tragicall Discourses," a popular collec-
tion of Italian novels, i. 542.
Fern-seed, supposed to be visible on Mid-
summer-Eve, i. 329.

"Ferrex and Porrex," the first regular tra-

gedy ever performed in England, i. 227.
Ferrers (George), a minor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 682.

Ferriar (Dr.), theory of apparitions of, ii.
406. Application of it to the character
of Hamlet, 407. His opinion of the
merits of Massinger as a dramatic poet
controverted, 562.

Festivals, account of those observed in Shak-
speare's time, i. 123.
123-126. Twelfth
St. Distaff's Day, 135.

New-Year's Day,
Day, 127-134.
Plough Monday,

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Fete, magnificent, at Kenelworth Castle,
given to Queen Elizabeth, i. 37-39.
Fetherstone (Christopher), a minor poet of
the age of Shakspeare, i. 682.
Fires kindled on Midsummer-Eve, of Pagan
origin, i. 328, 329; and on All-Hallow-
Eve, 341.

Fire Spirits, machinery of, introduced in
the Tempest, ii. 521, 522.
Fishing, pursued with avidity, in the 16th
century, i. 289. Account of books on
this sport, 290, 291. Poetical descrip-
tion of, 292, 293. Qualifications requi-
site for, 294-297.

itzgeffrey (Charles), Biographical notice
of, i. 620. Specimen of his poetical ta-
lents, 621.

Fitzherbert (Sir Anthony), notice of his
agricultural treatises, i. 115. note. His
precepts to a good housewife, 116,
117. notes.

Fleming (Abraham), a miscellaneous writer,
account of, i. 504. Character of his

style, 505. Poems of, 682.
Fletcher (Robert), a minor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 682.
Fletcher (Giles), critical remarks on the
poetry of, i. 621, 622.
Fletcher (Phineas), notice of, i. 622. Cri-

tical observations on his "Purple Island,”
623.; and on his "Piscatory Eclogues," ib.
Fletcher (John), the chief author of the
plays extant under his name, ii. 557.
How far he was assisted by Beaumont,
558. Critical estimate of his character
as a dramatic poet, 558-560. His fee-
ble attempts to emulate Shakspeare, 560,
561. His Faithful Shepherdess (act. v.
sc. i.) illustrated, i. 130. See also Beau-
mont, in this index.

Floralia (Roman), perpetuated in May-
Day, i. 152.

Florio (John), pedantry of, satyrised by

Shakspeare, i. 445. Appointed reader
of the Italian language to the Queen of
James I., 451.

Flowers, antiently scattered on streams at
sheep-shearing time, i. 185. Garlandsof
flowers carried at funerals, and buried
with the deceased, 240-242. Graves
in Wales still decorated with flowers, 242
-244. Allusions to this custom by Shak-
speare, 243.

Fools of Shakspeare's plays, &c. remarks on,
i. 587. ii. 550. Description of their ap-
parel and condition, ii. 141, 142. Apes
or monkies kept as companions for them,
145, 146.

Ford, merits of, as a dramatic poet, consi-
dered, ii. 563, 564.

Forks, when introduced into England, ii. 126.
Fortescue's (Thomas), "Forest of Histo-

ryes," a popular collection of novels,
notice of, i. 543.

"Fortune my Foe," a popular song, quoted
by Shakspeare, i. 477.
Fountains and wells, why superstitiously
visited, i. 391. Supposed to be the
haunts of fairies and spirits, 392. Pil-
grimages made to them, 393.

Fowling, how pursued in the sixteenth cen-
tury, i. 287-289.

Fox's "Acts and Monuments," character
of, i. 482.

Fraunce (Abraham), notice of his "Arca-

dian Rhetoricke," i. 464. List of his
poetical works, 682, 683.
Freeman (Thomas), a minor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 683.
French Language, Shakspeare's knowledge
of, when acquired, i. 53, 54. Proofs
that he had some acquaintance with it,
55, 56. List of French grammars which
he might have read, 57.

"Friar of Orders Grey," a beautiful ballad,

notice of, i. 579, 580. Quoted by Shak-

speare, 589, 590.
Friend, absence from, exquisitely pour-
trayed by Shakspeare, ii. 78.
Friendship, beautiful delineation of, ii. 389.
Fulbeck's account of Roman factions, i. 476.
Fulbroke Park, the scene of Shakspeare's
deer-stealing, i. 402, 403.

Fuller (Thomas), character of Shakspeare,
i. 29.; and of Dr. Dee, and his asssistant
Kelly, ii, 512, 513.

Fullwell (Ulpian), aminor poet of the age
of Shakspeare, i. 683.
Funeral ceremonies described, i. 232–237.
Entertainments given on those occasions,


Furniture, splendid, of Queen Elizabeth's palaces, ii. 111, 112. Of the inhabitants. of London, 112-120. Of the halls of country gentlemen, i. 77-79. Fuseli's picture of the night-mare, description of, i. 348. note.


Gale (Dunstan), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 683.

Gamage (William), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 684, and note. + Games (Cotswold), account of, i. 252–254. Gaming, prevalence of, in the age of Shakspeare, ii. 157, 158.

"Gammer Gurton's Needle," illustration of,

i. 106. The earliest comedy ever written or performed in England, ii. 227. Critical remarks on, 233.

Garlands, anciently used at funerals, and buried with the deceased, i. 240-242. Garnier's Henriade probably seen by Shakspeare, i. 54, 55.

Garter (Barnard), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 684.

Garter (Thomas), a dramatic poet in the reign of Elizabeth, character of, ii. 235. Gascoigne (George), notice of the "Posies" of, i. 461. Biographical sketch of, 623, 624. Remarks on his poetry, 624, 625. Character of, as a dramatic poet, ii. 233,


Gastrell (Rev. Francis), purchases Shakspeare's house at Stratford, ii. 584. note. Cuts down his mulberry tree, ibid. And destroys the house itself, 585.


Gay's Trivia, quotation from, on the influence of particular days, i. 323. note. Poetical description of spells, 332. Genius of Shakspeare's drama considered, ii. 536-541. Gentlemen, different sorts of, in the age of Shakspeare, i. 69. Their virtues and vices, ibid. 70. Description of the mansion houses of country gentlemen, 72— 74, Their usual fare, 79, 80-$2. Em

ployments and dress of their daughters, 83, 84. Character of country gentlemen towards the commencement of the 17th century, 84, 85. When they began to desert their halls for the metropolis, 85. Portraits of, in the close of the 17th, and at the beginning of the 18th century, 86, 87. notes. Dress of gentlemen in the metropolis, ii. 87, 88, 89. 101-109.

Gerbelius (Nicholas), rapturous declamation of, on the restoration of some Greek authors, i. 435.

Gerguntum, a fabulous Briton, notice of, i. 192. note.

Germans, fairy mythology of, ii. 312. Gesta Romanorum, a popular romance in Shakspeare's time, i. 534. Different translations of the continental Gesta, ibid. 535. Critical account of the English Gesta, 535, 536. ii. 386. Notice of its different editions, i. 537, 538. Long continuance of its popularity, 538. Ghosts, superstitious notions concerning, prevalent in the age of Shakspeare, i. 318, 319. Remarks on the supposed agency of ghosts, as received at that time, ii. 399-405. Considerations on the introduction of the ghost in Hamlet, and its strict consonance to the popular superstitions shewn, 411-417. Its supe riority over all other ghostly representations, ancient or modern, 417, 418. Gifford (Humphrey), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 684. Gifford (Mr.), conjecture of, on the date of Shakspeare's Henry VIII. ii. 442, 443. Observations on the excellent plan of his notes on Massinger, 561. note. His estimate of the merits of Ben Jonson, as a dramatic poet, 575, 576. Vindicates Jonson from the cavils of Mr. Malone, 578. note.

Gilchrist (Mr.) on the character of Putten

ham's Arte of English Poesie," i. 466. Gleek, a fashionable game at cards, notice of, ii. 170.

Glen Banchar, anecdote of a peasant of, i. 233, 234.

Globe Theatre, license to Shakspeare for, ii. 207, 208. Account of it, 208, 209 Description of its interior, 210-214. Gloves, costly, presented to Elizabeth, ii, 99.

Goblins and spectres, superstitious notions concerning, i. 316, 317. Machinery of goblins or spirits of earth, introduced into the Tempest, ii. 523, 524. Goder Norner, or beneficent elves of the Goths, notice of, ii. 308. Godwin (Mr.), remarks of, on Shakspeare's

Troilus and Cressida, ii. 440, 441. His . estimate of the merits of Ben Jonson, as a dramatic poet, 571-579. Golding (Arthur), a minor poct of the of Shakspeare, i. 684.


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"Gorgeous Gallery of Gallant Inventions,' a collection of poems, critical account of, i. 715-717.

Gorges (Sir Arthur), a minor poet of the

age of Shakspeare, i. 684, 685. and notes. Gossipping, prevalence of, in the age of Shakspeare, ii. 159, 160. Gosson (Stephen), a Puritannical wit, in Shakspeare's time, account of, i. 500, 501. Notice of his "Speculum humanum," 685. and note §. Gowns, materials and fashions of, in the age of Shakspeare, ii. 97, 98. Grammars and dictionaries, list of, in use in Shakspeare's time, i. 25. note. Henry VIII.'s grammar learned by Shakspeare, 26. The English grammar but little cultivated, previous to the time of Ascham, 439. Improved by him, ibid.; and by Wilson, 440. Notice of eminent Latin grammarians, 454, 455. English graminar of Ben Jonson, 456.

Grange (John), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 685.

Grant (Edward), an eminent Latin philologer, notice of, i. 454.

Graves, why planted with flowers, i. 242— 244. and note. Allusions to this custom by Shakspeare, 243.

Grave-digger in Hamilet, songs mis-quoted by, probably by design, i, 591. Greek literature, cultivated and encouraged at the court of Queen Elizabeth, i. 429431, 432. Promoted essentially by the

labours of Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Henry Savile, and Dr. Boys, 453, 454. List of Greek authors, translated into English in the time of Shakspeare, 483. Greene (Thomas), the barrister, an intimate friend of Shakspeare's, ii. 600. Greene (Thomas), the player, notice of, i. 417. Character of, ibid. Whether a townsman and relation of Shakspeare, 420.

Greene (Thomas), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 685.

Greene (Robert), a miscellaneous writer in the time of Shakspeare, biographical account of, i. 486. Studies and dissipations of his early years, 486, 487. His marriage, 487. Pleasing sketch of his domestic life, 488. Returns to the dissipations. of the metropolis, 489. Affectionate demeanour of his wife, 490. His beautiful address," By a Mother to her Infant,” 492, 493. Becomes a writer for bread, 494. Character of Greene as a prose writer, 494. List of his principal pieces, 495.

Poetical extract from his "Never Too Late," 496. Extract entitled "The Farewell of a Friend," 497. His death, ibid. Miserable state of his latter days, Satirical sonnet addressed to him, 499. Critical notice of his poetry, 627. List of his dramatic productions, with remarks, ii. 249–251.


"Green Sleeves," a popular song, quoted by Shakspeare, i. 477.

Greepe (Thomas), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 686. Greville (Sir Fulke), list of the poems of,

i. 686.

Griffin (B.), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 686.

Griffith (William), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 686.

Grove (Matthew), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 686.

Grymeston (Elizabeth), a minor poetess of the age of Shakspeare, i. 686. Guardian angels, superstitious notions concerning, i. 336-339. Observations on, by Dr. Horsley, 339, 340. Guests, ranks of, how distinguished at table, i. 74.

Guteli, or benevolent fairies of the Germans, notice of, ii, 312.

Guy of Warwick, allusions by Shakspeare to the legend of, i. 566.


Haggard-Hawk, notice of, i. 270. Hair, fashion of, in the age of Shakspeare, ii. 92. The dead frequently plundered for, ibid. 93. The hair thus obtained, dyed of a sandy colour, 93. Hair of unmarried women, how worn, ibid. Various coverings for, 94. The fashions for dressing hair, imported from Venice and Paris, ibid. 95.

Hake (Edward), notice of his "Touchstone of Wittes," i. 464, 465. List of his poetical pieces, 686, 687. Hakluyt's Collection of Voyages and Travels, critical notice of, i. 477. Hall (Arthur and John), minor poets of the age of Shakspeare, i. 687. Hall (Bishop), portraits by, of a domestic chaplain and tutor, i. 95. Of an extravagant farmer's heir, 119. Of a poor copyholder, 120. Of horse-racing, 298. List of his poems, 627. Critical remarks on his satires, ii. 6. Hall (Dr.), marries Shakspeare's daughter Susanna, ii. 598, 599. Birth of his daughter Elizabeth, 599. Notice of her, 629. note. The executorship of Shakspeare's will, why intrusted to Dr. Hall, 613. Epitaph on him, 631, 632. notes. Halls of country squires and gentlemen, in Shakspeare's age, i. 73, 74. Of the nobility, how illuminated, ii. 116. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, date of, ii. 391. Analysis of the character of Hamlet, 392-398. Remarks on the agency of spirits, as connected with the Ghost in this play, 399-405. On the nature of Hamlet's lunacy, 406-409. The introduction of the Ghost critically considered, 411. Its strict consistency with the superstition of the times, 412-417. Superiority of Shakspeare's introduction of spirits over ancient and modern dramatists, 417, 418.

Passages of this drama illustrated in
this work.

Act i. scene 1., i. 352. ii. 414.
scene 2., i. 238.


scene 4., i. 129. ii. 412, 413.

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Harbert (Sir William), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 687. Harbert (William), a minor poet of the age of Shakspeare, i. 687. Harington (Sir John), critical notice of his Apologie of Poetry," i. 466, 467. His "New Discourse of a stale Subject," 515. And of his "Metamorphosis, Remarks on his poetry, 629, 630. Ludicrous account of a carousal given to the King of Denmark, ii. 124, 125. The inventor of water-closets, 135. note. His "Orders for Household Servantes," 139, 140.


Harmony of the spheres, doctrine of, a fa

vourite source of embellishment, i. 381. Allusions to, by Shakspeare, 381, 382. And Milton, 382.

Harrison (Rev. William), character of his "Description of England," i. 475. Picture of rural mansions in the time of Elizabeth, 73. Delineation of country-clergymen, 90, 91. Of farmers, 99, 100. And of their cottages and furniture, 101 -103. Of country-inns and ale-houses, 216-218. Of the fashionable mode of dress in the age of Shakspeare, ii. 8789. Of the hospitality and style of eating and drinking in the higher classes,


Hart (Joan), Shakspeare's sister, bequest to, ii. 629.

Harte (William), Shakspeare's nephew, not

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