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and to put out the first Sparks of Par- Refuge, than to tax it with excelive ty, ere they can kindle the Fire of Bounty, and abuse the Men whom Sedition.

they hate, for the Favours they have Moderation ought therefore to be received. 'Tis the first Instance that as strongly recommended to the Peo- a Government has been quarrellid ple, with Respect to their Behaviour with for being too good to those who towards those in Power, as it ought A deserve its Encouragement.

The to Men in Office, to prevent their ingenious Mr. Rowe spent much making ill Uses of the Authority put Time and Pains, at the late Earl of into their Hands.

Oxford's Command, to qualify him

self with Languages, in View to a Free Britor, Jan. 11.

N° 163

publick Employment; yet receiv'd Gratitude and Ingratitude.

no better Return, than meerly to be

B told, He bad the much envied Pleasure Am astonishid (lays Walfingham) of reading fome celebrated Authors in

to hear Mankind extol themselves ibeir Originals. And all the World as such generous Animals; for Vio- will agree, that such Usage as this lence and Rapine seem to be their would have justified even a Craftsman great Characteristicks. We complain against that Minister. of the Lyon and Tyger for their But whatever Attempts some Perfierce and rapacious Qualities, and C fons may make to afperle an Admiindulge the same ferocious Dispositi- nistration, or whatever their Motives on.' Elegance of Tafte, fruitful In

may be, 'tis infinitely less criminal, ventions, and artful Policies are our than for the Friends of those Minif beloved Attributes: Hence we up- ters to betray and deceive them. No braid the Brutes for Want of Reason; Man alive can say, with Truth, that not considering that, had they Fa- he would not rather have Reproach culties of Thought and Speech, e- D and Abuse in his Lot. than Treachequal to their Strength of Nerves and ry and Ingratitude: For my Part, I Muscles, they would then do by us would sooner chuse ten open Eneas they are now done by.

mies, than one unfaithful Friend. Histories are not without Instances of generous Lions and gentle Tygers ; Grubftreet Journal, Jan. 11. N° 159. Dogs are remarkably faithful, and almoit every Creature has something E

of the Grubs.

H. proposes to give some AcPart of them are corrupt, extrava

count of the Grubeans, or gant, and violent, the same may be Grubftreet Society. He thinks it was said of ourselves.

their venerable Body that gave Name The noblest Passion in every Crea- to the Street where their chief Lodge ture, in my opinion, is Gratitude, is held; as Newgate has done to To renounce this Virtue seems to be F Newgate-street; Lud's Castle, or Gate, the most unnatural Part; and the to Ludgate-street, &c. Man who is guilty of the odious But then 'twill be ask'd, says he, Crime of Ingratitude, is unworthy how we came to be callid Grubs? I of a Being even among the Beasts, answer, in the Words of an eminent for they dilown the Vice.

Author, All humar Kind are Worms: 'Tis the present Case with us, And if all Men have been usually reto charge not a few with de-G presented as Worms, it was natural Serting and deceiving the Govern- for the Wits of yore to divide the ment, whilst those, who are chus whole Species into several Classes. guilty of Ingratitude, have no other An Enemy to our Society repre


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lents modern Authors by fix Hiero- I shall conclude with observing,
glyphicks; and seems to point out that Crane-Court may poslibly take
the snaky Constitution as predomi- its Name from the learned Society
nant in a Grub-Areet Satyrit; in his there, who are famous for diving in-
firft Epifle to Mr. Pope, Page 19. to secret Things; which the extra-

ordinary Length of the Neck and
Tbe flood, flame, fwine, the lion, and tbe snake, A Beak of the Crane makes that Fowl

Those five-fold monsters modern autbors make.

The snake reigns moft ; snakes, Pliny says, are bred, capable of doing. And I have good

W ben tbe brain's perish'd in a buman bead. Reason to think, that the antient

Te groveling, trodden, wbipt, Pripe, furn-coat Name of Old-friet, wa: Owl-Areet:


Which Name was chang'd into the

Made up of venom, volumes, ftains and fings,&c.

other in the Reign of Edward V. in
Some may think we should from whose Time was constantly held a
hence be called Snakes: But some of B Chapter or Society of Antiquaries,
my Arguments, to shew the Impro- in Honour of whom it took the Ap-
priety thereof, will serve to prove

pellation of Old-freet, which it has

the Propriety of our most antient ever since retain'd.

Title, Grubs.

For Snakes are said to be swift in Universal Spectator, Jan. 13. N° 223.

their Motions: Whereas the Contra-

Ty is the Property of Grubs, which c Character of King Edward the Third

for this Reason are by some called Correspondent says, I am fo

Slugs; and Grub-streei Genius's are enamour'd with the Evenness

remarkable for their deliberative and of Edward IIId's Conduct while he

flow Progreslion. Again, Snakes was fit for Action, that I know not any

are known to cast their Sloughs or Prince who can be put in Competiti-

Coats, and to put on new ones every on with him, if not Henry IV. of


Year: But every Body knows this is France. When the News

not agreeable to our Custom, who brought to Edward of his Son the

are forced to make our old ones serve Black Prince's Victory at Poitiers,

several Years. Besides, with Mr. where his noble Carriage to King

Pliny's Leave, Grubs are more fre- John did him no less Honour than

quently bred in human Heads than his Bravery and Conduct in the Bat-

Snakes; especially, if they are, as


tle; the English Monarch declar'd,

a Brother of ours asserts, a Sort of that he receiv'd less Satisfaction from

Maggots. And lastly, the obscure his Son's glorious Success, than from

Crawling, in Opposition to Soaring, the Account of his Behaviour to the

makes me conclude, that Grubs are captive King. Sure never Age saw,

the most proper Insects to denote living at the same Time, such a Fa-

Writers of our Rank; and conse- ther and such a Son! Their Memo-

quently, that Grub-street was so call. e ry ought always to be dear to the

ed from us.

English, since they rais'd their Name

Thus I think I have sufficiently to the highest Pitch of Glory.

demonstrated, that we derive our Whoever takes a View of the Life

Name from the real living maggoty of this great King, will find it set

Grub, so well known to our belove that of his Grandion (Richard II.)

ed Kinsmen the Society of Garden- in a very disadvantageous Light.

And as to our being called The Grandfather was a Father of

Grubeans, I can only say, it is a Cor- his Country, the Grandson a Tyranti

ruption of our true Name; and that the Former made the La the Rule

the Free Masons may a; properly be by which he governd, the other.

called Mafonians.

broke tharo' all Law, trampled upon




the Liberties of his Subjects, and by elated in Prosperity, so he was never a corrupt Parliament spilt the best dejected in Adversity; his Evenness English Blood to remove his Fears, of Temper was visible, both in the and establish an arbitrary Power.

Loss of those Provinces which cost A French Historian gives Edward him so much Money, such Fatigue III. the following Character, and Care to conquer, and in the Vic.

He was tall, but well proportion. A tories by which he acquir'd them: ed, and his very Looks commanded In short, we might look upon him Respect; he was beneficent to Men as an accomplish'd Prince, if his Amof Worth, but inexorable to those bition had not made him break, afof a different Character. History ter an unjustifiable Manner, the Peace makes mention but of few Princes he had himself concluded with Score who knew so well how to blend the land, to deprive a Minor of his King. Characters of a Sovereign, a Man of B dom, who was, belide, his BrotherProbity, and a good Chrisian; tho'as in Law. Some add his Rupture to the latter, he was not without his with France, and his Pretensions to Faults. In his Conversation he was that Crown, as not over prudent, always easy, but yet grave: A Friend and attribute them to his Ambition to the Poor, the Widow, and the only. As to his Weakness for Alice Orphan; and thought it a Duty in- Pierce in his old Age, it is a Blot cumbent on him to relieve the Ne. C will scarcely be perceivd, when ceflities of those who had fallen into blended with the many

Virtues unavoidable Misfortunes: Never which adornd his Life; we may in King before him, distributed Ho. some Measure excuse tim, by saying, nours and Rewards with greater Judg. that in the Beginning he look'd upon ment and more Regard to reid Merit. his Pallion as a pure Amusement, Tro' his Bravery was every where which somewhat diverted his acknowledg'd, he never shew'd the D Thoughts from the Cares he was least Vanity on this Account; and in; that having been little acquainted never gave greater Proofs of his Hu. with the Force of Love, during his mility than in the Course of his Vic- Youth, he was not suficiently upon tories, which he ever attributed to his Guard in his old Age. the only Protection of Heaven: He very well knew how to maintain the

Applebee's Journal, Jan. 13. Prerogatives of the Crown, without

E breaking in upon the Liberties of the HIS Paper is design'd as Subject. All the preceding Reigns Answer to the laft Craftsman, taken together, will not furnih so (ice p. 5.) Let us go farther fill, many Acts of Parliament for the Be- says D'Anvers, let us suppoje, that nefit of the People, as were made some foreign Power in the Interest of in his. Edward always agreeing with the Pretender, jould conjure up a great this august Body which represented


naval Armament, all on a sudden, withthe Nation, by the Means of so hap- out any body's Nutice, and found Mugs py an Union, repress'd the Enterprizes to seal it into England, by the of the Court of Rome, which durit Alistance of a dark Night, or favouranever venture to have any Disputes ble Wind; yet I should be glad to know with him. The Glory of his Son, what they are to do, when tbey get the Prince of Wales, added a new bere. We will tell him (says this Lustre to his own; and the uninter. G Writer) what has been done by one, rupted Harmony between him and who was a Prelinder to ihe Crown of bois Queen, was an Augmentation England', who in every Respect and of lus Harpire. As he was never every Circumiiance lid smaller Ex




on us.

pectations of Success than the present. ble; no Passes, nor strong Places can This was William the Conqueror, ftup an Enemy that Mouid land upwhose Forces were not comparable to those of England, who had in the Our Ifand is very large; a Fleet Country he undertook to conquer no

can be but in one place, at one Time ; strong Holds, or Friends or Correspon- the same Wind that drives the Enedents whereon to ground the Hopes A my upon us, may hinder us from of Succeeding. Even after be bad being able to come at them: they landed a powerful Army, says Rapin, may be to secret in their Design, and not a single Lird declar'd in his Favour. bring over so many thoufand ReguFor from reajonably expecting any lar Troops in a few Vefsels, that we Allance from the English, he could may be absolutely unprepared. The 20t pofibly be ignorant how well they French in Q. Anne's Time, shipped stood affected to Harold their then B 7000 Soldiers in 11 Frigates, of King. They were so little inclin'd to which we knew nothing till 3 Weeks rejell the King they had chosen, that before they put to Sea. So that our on the contrary they is ad just giver him Fleet depending on so many Chances, fenfiole Marks of their Fidelity, by ought not to be our only Resource abeir Zeal and Readiness in bis Defenje against a Foreign Invasion; we should against tbe King of Norway. have two Strings to our Bow, and

C not be without this double Security London Journal, Jan. 13. N° 707. of Fleet and Army.

I confess I see no Necessity of reOf the Army : Occalon'd by fome late gular Troops against popular InsurrecCraftfinen. (See Vol. I. p. 478.)

tions; the natural Strength of the F Europe (says Osborne) was in Kingdom, the Militia and Civil

the same Condition in which it Magiflrates, besides the influence was an Age ago, the Proposal of an D which the Disposition of Employments, Army in England would be received Offices, and Honours gives the King with Deteltation by every English. over the Nobility, Gentry, and man: They had then nothing but others, would be sufficient against all Mimtias. But all this Part of the popular Insurrections; especially, if World, ever since Cardinal Richlieu

it be true, as we are informed, that shewed the Way, are got into the there is no Diseffection among us but dreadful Cuslom of keeping up a E downright Jacobitijin, and that the mighty Force; and the most powerful Church is converted. of all these Kingdoms and States hap- Against our Enemies at Home, pens to be our next Neighbour, who then, we must trust to our natural

our confiant Rival in Trade, Strength; but against Foreign InvaWealth, and Power, and between frons we ought to have some regular whom and us there neither is nor can Body of Troops. But it seems, Mr. be any Common Interest. This neigh. F Trenchard says, • That Army which bouring Kingdom keeps up great Ar

do no Hurt, can do no Good.' This mies; and we may appear too inviting Affertion holds as strong against all if we lie in such an open


unguard. Power upon Earth, even against ei Condition, that the Success of the Civil Power, as against an Army; Attempt miy appear not only pro- there is not a Civil Government, the babe, but almost certain: For Eng. most free, but can do Hurt, as well Inrict is an open Country, full of G as Good: Muft we therefore have no Penty, every where able to sublist Civil Government ? an Army; our Towns and Cities are The Gentleman who wrote the uniurtitiçd, our Rivers are all forda- late Papers in the Craft;mar, talks


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well about Militias, and like a
true Briton says, • That we ought

Fog's Journal, Jan. 13. N° 219.
never to divest ourselves or Chil- Excises pernicious to Trade.
• dren, of the Means of asserting our TF the Commodities imported from

Liberty; and that no People can be our Plantations, and which take
• justly callid free, when they have our own Product and Manufactures

no Dernier-resort from Oppresion, A in Return, Jould be laid under Ex-
« and when 'tis in the Power of the cises, the Consequence must be, that
« Prince to make himself absolute.' the Consumption will be less in this
But we have a Dernier-resort, viz. Kingdom.
the Parliament; and as long as Such Commodities will be also
the Parliament continues wise and rais'd in Price to Foreigners, which
konefi, 'will be impossible for the will have this Consequence, That
Prince to make himself absolute. B they will either seek to have them

We must, after all, trust England from other Countries, or plant them in
to a House of Commons; while that their own Colonies.

remains free, we are safe ; This must necessarily hinder the
but if ever, in Time to come, it producing the fame Quantities in our
grows so far corrupted as to give into Plantations, and our American Setile-
Arbitrary Power, and make us Slaves ments must decline, at the same
by Law, our Dernier-resort then will C Time the Planters will not be able
be, Ourselves Sword in Hand.

to take near the Quantities of the
The Craftsman does not consider, Manufactures and Utensils of Great
that in the Wars between the Houses Britain, which they used to do, to
of York and Lancaster, their Armies the Ruin of great Part of our Artifi-
were the Vasals of their several cers, as well as the Decrease of our
Lords; who, after the Battle was Navigation, which is both our
over, went home to their Huts and D Strength and our Glory.
their Vassalage. The Kingdom was Let no Man say, That these are
then a Military Government; for, all vain Apprehensions, when it is con-
Lands were held by Military Service: fider'd what is already come to pass
So that we were a Kingdom of Soldi- in our Sugar-Trade. We see with

But the Cafe is so far altered, Sorrow that the Burdens with which
that 'tis absurd to argue from that that Trade has been incumber'd,
Antient State of the Nation to the E has enabled another Nation to beat
present. (See p. 4)

us in it.
What is said about Q. Elizabeth, It is not only the Money which
that she had none but Train'd- Bands was brought into this Kingdom by
against the mighty Spanish Armado, the Sugar re-exported to Hlland,
tignifies nothing to the Purpose; for Hamburgh, and other Foreign Coun-
who could tell the Event, if the Spa- tries, by which Great Britain once
niards' had landed 20,000 regulir F annually gain’d, and by the Decline
Trops? The Queen indeed seemed not of which Trade me faffers ; but the
to fear; and the rode about bravely; suffers again by the Sugar - Planters
but wise and brave. Men feared. And not being able to take so much of
one of the Vere's, who wanted nei- our Goods and Manufactures ' by
ther Foresight nor Courage, declared, 300,000l. per Ann. as they did
That he trembled for the Event, when their Plantations were in a
And many others believed, That G Aourishing Condition, which is al-
had the Spaniards join'd the rince ready but too mu felt by the Manu-
of Parmi's Forces, and landed, we facturers and Traders of Great
had been conquered; but God defeated Britain.
chem, and prefireed us.



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