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A VIEW OF THE PROGRESS OF SOCIETY FROM THE RISE OF THE MODERN
KINGDOMS TO THE PEACE OF PARIS, IN 1763
BY WILLIAM RUSSELL, LL.D.
A CONTINUATION OF THE HISTORY TO THE PRESENT TIME.
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, N.
, , Unitog
a view of the Progress of Society, from the Rise of the modern Kingdoms, to the Peace (Paris, in 1763 Ay William Kussell, LL.D. And a Continuation of the History to the present Time, by William Jones, Esq.-With Annotatinas, by an American."
In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled " An Act for the encouragement of Learuing, by securing the copies of naps, charts and looks, 10 he authon and pmprietors of rich copies, during the times there mentioned.” And als in an Act en inled, -* An Act, suuj plenuentary to an Aci, entitled an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the opies of maps, charts, and books, to the author and prpretons of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and ex teading the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and a 28 bistorical and other prints.
FREDERICK J. BETTS,
CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
England and Ireland, from the Accession of James England and Scotland, from the Rise of Bucking
1. to the Murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, and ham to the Death of James I., in 1625.
the Fall of Somerset, in 1615.
Page Account of the rapid rise of George Villiers,
A. D. 1603 Introductory reflections ............ 41 created duke of Buckingham................ 52
......... 41 His insolence and profusion
...... 42 1616 Sale of the cautionary towns............. 52
He disgusts the populace by his want of general 1617 King's journey Scotland....
42 Retrospective view of the state of religion in that
His profuse liberality in conferring titles ....... 42 kingdom, with an account of the system of
He leaves the great offices of state chiefly in the worship there establisbed
hands of Elizabelli's ministers...... ....... 42 Great influence of the presbyterian clergy in civil
His negotiations with foreign princes and states 42 affairs...
Conspiracy against his government deseated.... 43 Disorders occasioned by it..
43 Restrained by the royal authority..
1604 Conference at Hampton Court between the Abhorrence of the Scottish divines against episco-
puritans and the body of the clergy.
44 The king attempts to introduce that form of wor-
James strongly prejudiced against them ........ 44 ship into Scotland, and to get his supremacy in
They are enjoined to conform to the ceremonies of matters of religion there acknowledged...... 55
.......... 45 1618 He is obliged to abandon his scheme...... 56
The king's speech to his first parliament........ 45 The Scots greatly disgusted al the obtrusion of cer-
He proposes a union between England and Scot- tain ceremonies upon them.......
..... 45 Account of sir Walier Raleigh
The minds of men not yet ripe for such a mea- He pretends to have discovered a remarkable rich
The commons assert their right of judging finally in invested with authority to engage adventurers, and
regard to their own elections and returns...... 46 go in search of that mine...
They attempt the abolishing of wardship and pur- Plunders a Spanish town named St. Thomas, near
46 the mouth of the river Oronoco, and returns
47 He is convicted of having acted contrary to his in-
47 structions, and publicly beheaded.. .. 58
Its object the destruction of the king and parlia High dissatistaction occasioned by that mea-
Wales and the infanta Maria, second daughter of
He and other conspirators seized and executed.. 48 Philip IV. of Spain ....
James enjoys a temporary popularity ........... 48 1620 Affairs of ibe elector Palatine, the king of
His laudable policy in regard to Ireland ...... 49
1612 He abolishes the Irish custom that supplied The people of England zealous for a war with both
branches of the house of Austria ............ 59
49 1021 The commons frame a remonstrance to that
English laws substituted in their stead, and regular purport, and against the Spanish match...... 59
adminstration, both civil and military, esta- Jaines, jealous of his prerogative, orders the speaker
to admonish the members lot to presume to meddle
Beneficial effects of those regulations.
with any thing that regards his gorernment.. 60
Amiable character of Henry prince of Wales 49 They assert their ancient and undoubted right to inc-
terpose with their counsel in all natters of go-
The king renders himself contemptible by an in- vernment....
50 The memorable protest of the cominons, in which
Account of the rise of Robert Carr, earl of Somer. they maintain freedom of debate in parliament to
50 be the birthright of the people of England ... 60
Somerset is benefited by the friendly counsels of sir The grand di-pute concerning privilege and prero
His amour with the countess of Essex ......... 50 The commons an essential branch of the English
51 consitution, and the privileges they now claimed
He marries her
51 just and reasonable
She engages him to conspire the death of sir 1622 The earl or Bristol despatched to the court
Thomas Overbury, who is secretly taken off by of Madrid, in order to facilitate the Spanish
The murder discovered..
51 The marriage treaty seemingly in great forward-
pardoned through the indiscreet lenity of The duke of Buckingham persuades the prince of
52 Wales to go over to Spain in person....... fu
1623 The prince and minister obtain the king's con- Speech of sir Robert Philips.
sent, and set off for Madrid ..
62 Speech of sir Thomas Wentworth
Charles treated with great respect by Philip IV. 62 The PETITION of Rights ....
The Spanish courtiers disgusted at the levity and Substance of the bill containing that petition.... 73
licentiousness of Buckingham...
62 Charles obliged to pass it, or lose the vote of sup-
He quarrels with Olivarez, the prime minister, and ply....
induces Charles to break off the marriage. He reluctantly gives it his assent..
62 Dispute with the commons concerning the duty of
Ingratiates himself into the favour of the popular toppage and poundage
63 The king hopes to conciliate the affections of his
Distressing situation of the earl of Bristol at the subjects, by succouring the distressed Protestants
court of Madrid, and the domestic uneasiness of of France..
63 Buckingham assassinated by Felton, while preparing
Generous behaviour of the king of Spain 63 to embark for the relief of Rochelle
His liberal offer to Bristol....
63 Account of Felton, of his motives for perpetrating
That nobleman's magnanimous refusal.. 63 such a murder, and the circumstances with which
1624 He is committed to the tower on his return to it was accompanied ........
64 Rochelle surrenders ...........
The prince of Wales contracted to Henrietta of
France, sister to Louis XIII. and daughter of
1625 Death and character of James I........... 64
His reign favourable to commerce and industry 64 England and Scotland, from the Assassination of
Buckingham to the Execution of the Earl of
England, from the Accession of Charles I. to the 1629 The dispute between the king and parliament,
Assassination of the Duke of Buckingham, in
concerning the duty of tonnage and poundage re
The commons grant it only for a year .......... 75
The commons, by their excessive parsimony, disap-Charles enraged at their rigour
point the expectations and break the confidence He dissolves the parliament, with a firm resolution
never to call another, unless he should discern a
65 niore compliant disposition in the nation .....
The popular party in parliament determine to re- The commons behave with great firmness...... 76
65 Bold remonstrance voted ...
They are jealous of the ambitious views of Buck- The most active leaders of opposition ordered to he
ingham, who governed the king with an absolute taken into custody
ascendant, and grasped the whole powers of ad- 1630 Peace with France and Spain ..
66 The causes and consequences of the jealousy be-
Their parsimony appears highly criminal to tween the king and parliament traced......
66 The commons saw themselves regarded in the light
He dissolves the parliament, and endeavours to of layers of taxes...
67 The royal authority too high in ecclesiastical mat.
Popular dissensions, occasioned by the failure of an ters
67 Charles induced, by his fondness for his queen, to
1626 The king's necessities oblige him to assemble procure impolitic indulgences for the Catho-
The commons vote a scanty supply, and proceed to Laud, archbishop of Canterbury, presses upon the
the redressing of grievances ....
puritans, and introduces into the church, with the
They impeach the duke of Buckingham........ 67 consent of the king, many superstitious cere-
Charles rashly resolves to support his minister.. 67 monieg...
Two of the members, appointed to conduct the im. The genius of his religion differed little from that
of Rome, to which it was considered as a pre-
The commons petition that Buckingham may be Jude ..
68 He and his followers, in return for royal favour, en-
Substance of that petition considered, and the deavour to cxalt the authority of the crown.. 79
merits of the dispute between the king and par. By these flatteries, and his original prepossessions,
... 68 Charles is led to consider himself as vested with
The king pays no regard to the prayer of the com- absolute powers to provide for the happiness of
bis people, both in spiritual and temporal con-
He involves himself, in the opinion of the nation,
in all his minister's crimes, by continuing to sup. He draws off some of the leaders of the opposition
in parliament, by giving them a share in the ad-
Dissolves the parliament..
His lofty ideas of the royal prerogative......... 69 The indignation of the people at that political
He raises money by unconstitutional means .... 69
Many persons thrown into prison for refusing to pay Arbitrary impositions upon the subject during the
69 course of seven years..
1627 The judges, obsequious to the court, refuse to Rigorous sentences of the courts of Star Chamber
admit the prisoners to bail......
70 and High Commission ...
Other grievances and oppressions .............. 70 1637 John Hampden refuses to pay the revived tax
Charles engages in a war with France ......... 70 of ship-money..:
His motives for so doing...,
70 The matter or right, in his case, heard before the
He enters into a negotiation with the Hugonots.. 70 twelve judges
71 Sentence pronounced in favour of the crown... 81
1628 New parliament
71 The people of England strongly awakened to a
sense of the danger to which the constitution is
The commons proceed with temper, but spiril, in exposed...
taking into consideration the national griev- Discontents in Scotland....
71 Innovations in regard to the religion of that king
Espeech of sir Francis Seymour ................ 71 dom
. . 81
The king's veneration for the ecclesiastical or- Execution of Strafford ..
82 His noble deportment on that occasion ......... 93
82 Courts of High Commission and Star Chamber
A popular tumult at Edinburgh on that account 82 abolished..
Charles remains inflexible in his purpose of changing Scots sent home, and the English army dis-
the established religion of Scotland ..
People of all ranks and conditions join in a petition Charles goes down 10 Scotland, in order to settle the
1636 And, on their prayer being refused, they enter
into a civil and religious convention, known by
the name of the CoveNANT ................. 83 Great Britain and Ireland, from the Execution of
The nature of that convention ...
The king makes various concessions, but refuses to
Strafford, to the Beginning of the Grand Re-
The Scots treat his advances with disdain, and per- Encroachments of the Scottish parliament on the
sist in maintaining the covenant..
He empowers the marquis of Hamilton to submit Settlement of Scotland...
the disputed points to the general assembly of the Retrospective view of the affairs of Ireland .... 95
church and to the parliament
84 Rise of the rebellion in that kingdom....
1639 Episcopacy is abolished by an act of the gene- Cruel massacre of the Protestants.
ral assembly, and with it all the religious innova- Horrid circumstances with which it was accom-
tious introduced by James and Charles....... 84 panied ...
The Scottish malecontents see the necessity of main- English Catholics join the Irish
taming their religious opinions by military force, The remains of the Protestants take refuge in
and take their measures for that purpose with
84 The king imprudently commits to the English par-
The king puts himself at the head of his army, and liament the suppression of the Irish rebellion: 98
prepares to compel their obedience.
85 The commons take no effectual step for that pur-
They prudenty crave leave to negotiate.. 85 pose; but, under pretence of so doing, provide
Charles concludes a conditional pacification with themselves with arms to be employed against their
them, and disbands his army ......
The covenanters keep theirs in readiness....... 85 They frame a remonstrance, in which all the un-
They again take the field, and march towards the popular measures of Charles's reign are enume-
1640 The king's necessities oblige him to assemble The king publishes an answer to it....
the English parliament, after an intermission of The commons manifest, by new usurpations, their
86 purpose of subverting both the church and mo-
The cominons refuse to vote any supplies, until they narchy.....
shall have taken into consideration the redress of Form a party among the lords
86 The bishops, and such of the peers as adhere to the
The king dissolves the parliament
86 crown, insulted by the populace............. 100
He is enabled to collect and maintain his army by Rise of the party names of ROUNDHEADS and Ca-
loans from his ministers and courtiers.... 86 VALIERS, with the character of the parties they
Advanced body of the English forces routed by the were designed to mark ...
covenanters at Newburi upon Tyne...... 86 The bishops sequestered from parliament...... 101
Whole English army seized with a panic, and re- 1642 The king orders his attorney-general to enter
treats into Yorkshire ........
...... 86 an accusation of high-treason against lord Kim-
The covenanters take possession of Newcastle, and bolton and five commoners....
renew their protestations of loyalty and sub- Imprudence of that measure. ........... 101
.... 86 A sergeant-at-arms sent to the house of commong
The king again agrees to negotiate with them... 87 to demand the five accused members........ 101
English and Scottish commissioners appointed for They are not delivered up
87 Charles goes in person to the house of commons, in
87 hopes of surprising them....
Meeting of the long parliament ........ 87 Having received private intelligence of his purpose,
Impeachment of the earl of Strafford...
Impeachment of archbishop Laud, the lord-keeper Share and embarrassment of the king on that oc-
Finch, and secretary Windebank
The commons pass many extraordinary votes... 88 The accused members take refuge in the city.. 102
They politically delay the departure of the Scottish Affected fears of the commons and citizens.... 102
88 The king endeavours to remove those fears, by
Chiefly inclined to the presbyterian worship, they going without his guards to Guildhall... 102
make many furious attacks upon the established the accused members conducted to Westminster, in
89 a kind of triumph, by the city militia. 102
Bring in a bill prohibiting clergyman to exercise any Charles seeks to appease the commons by the most
The king, alarmed at this bill, sends for the two They refuse to accept of any concessions for the
bouses of parliament to Whitehall
breach of privilege of which he had been guilty,
His speech on that occasion.................... 89 unless he will discover his advisers ......... 103
The bill rejected by the peers ....
90 He rejects the condition with disdain
Another framed for the total abolition of episco- The popular members inflame the public discon-
Act passed to prevent the discontinuance of parlia- Petitions for redress of grievances presented to par-
90 liament by all orders of men in the state .... 103
lonnage and poundage without consent of parlia- countenanced, and their abeltors imprisoned and
prosecuted as delinquents ...
.......... 90 The peers and commoners attached to the court de-
91 terred from attending their duty in parliament 104
the principal seaports in the kingdom ....... 104