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VII. The Constitutional History of England, from the Acces-
sion of Henry VII. to the Death of George II. By
VIII. 1. Personal Narrative of Travels in the United States
and Canada, in 1826, illustrated by Plates; with Re-
marks on the Present State of the American Navy.
By Lieutenant the Honourable Fred. Fitzgerald de
2. North America and the United States as they are
I.-The Planter's Guide; or, a Practical Essay on the best
Method of giving immediate effect to Wood, by the re-
moval of large Trees and Underwood; being an attempt
to place the Art on fixed Principles, and to apply it to
general purposes, useful and ornamental. By Sir Henry
Steuart, Bart., LL.D., F.R.S.E., &c.
II.-Report from the Select Committee on the Salmon Fish-
eries of the United Kingdom, June 17, 1824. Ditto,
March 30, 1825. Ditto, June 3, 1825. Ditto, May
III.-A Selection from the Public and Private Correspondence
of Vice-Admiral Lord Collingwood, interspersed with
Memoirs of his Life. By G. L. Newnham Collingwood,
2. Observations on the Corn Laws. Addressed to W.
VI.-A Pilgrimage in Europe and America, leading to the Dis-
covery of the Sources of the Mississippi and Bloody
River, with a Description of the whole Course of the
former, and of the Ohio. By J. C. Beltrami, Esq., for-
merly Judge of a Royal Court in the ex-Kingdom of
VII.-Eighth Report of the Commissioners of Irish Education
Inquiry, with the Appendix-Roman Catholic College
of Maynooth. London, June 2nd, 1827. Ordered by
the House of Commons to be printed, June 19th, 1827. 459
VIII.-A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Aberdeen,
K. T., President of the Society of Antiquaries, on the
Expediency of attaching a Museum of Antiquities to
that Institution. By James Heywood Markland, Esq.,
Director of the Society of Antiquaries, &c.
Note to the Article on Mr. Markland's Proposal for a Na-
IX.-1. Letter to the Magistrates of England, on the Increase
of Crime. By Sir E. E. Wilmot, Bart.
2. The Seventh Report of the Committee of the Society
for the Improvement of Prison Discipline, &c.
X.-A Narrative of the Campaigns of the British Army at
Washington and New Orleans, under Generals Ross,
Packenham, and Lambert, in the years 1814 and 1815.
By the Author of The Subaltern.'
XI.-Narrative of an Attempt to reach the North Pole, in
Boats fitted for the purpose, and attached to His Ma-
jesty's Ship Hecla, in the year 1827, under the com-
mand of Captain William Edward Parry, R. N., F.R.S.,
and Honorary Member of the Imperial Academy of
Sciences, at St. Petersburgh. Published by authority of
His Royal Highness the Lord High Admiral
XII.-Reports of the Select Committee on Emigration from the
ART. I.-Two Years in New South Wales; a Series of Letters, comprising Sketches of the actual State of Society in that Colony; of its peculiar Advantages to Emigrants; of its Topography, Natural History, &c., &c. By P. Cunningham, Surgeon, R.N. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 1827.
THE days are gone by when an author, to beget the serious
attention of his readers, deemed it a matter of indispensable necessity to procure the meretricious aid of laudatory epistles,' or 'commendatory verses,' from his very good friends and patrons. All that an author of the present time feels himself called on to do, is to state, in a brief preface, his claims to be considered competent to the task he has undertaken. Mr. P. Cunningham has modestly and satisfactorily acquitted himself of this duty he has, it seems, made no less than four voyages to New South Wales, as surgeon-superintendant of convict ships, in which were transported upwards of six hundred convicts of both sexes,—whom he saw landed at Sydney without the loss of one single individual ;— a fact of itself quite sufficient to attest his judgment and ability in the treatment and management of a set of beings not easily kept in order. He has besides resided two years, at occasional intervals, in the colony, and has travelled over a considerable portion of it; he has enjoyed, he tells us, the society of the most thriving and respectable inhabitants of Sydney; and, lastly, he has had the fortune to be brought into contact, in a variety of ways, with the aboriginal natives.
With such opportunities of acquiring knowledge, and the talent of observation which he obviously possesses, it would have been difficult for Mr. Cunningham to produce any other than an amusing and instructive book.
We do not pretend to say that the perusal of his performance has added much to the knowledge of this colony which we had previously obtained from Commissioner Bigge's reports, and Wentworth's recent volumes; but the information is conveyed in a more agreeable manner than in either of those collections, and in somewhat better taste than the latter of these gentlemen has thought proper to adopt :-not that we think there is much to be said in favour of Mr. Cunningham's style, which constantly sins against good taste and the sober march of narrative, by the too frequent introduction
VOL. XXXVII, NO. LXXIII.
introduction of low and vulgar phrases, hackneyed terms of the 'fancy,' and coarse attempts at wit, not much calculated to please the generality of his readers, however indulgent they may wish to be in granting every allowance for the license of epistolary correspondence.
Our first impression was, and a more attentive perusal has not removed it, that Mr. Cunningham has rather overrated the beauties and advantages of this southern paradise, which a receptacle proves to spirits foul,' in assigning to it the palm of superiority over the United States of America and the Canadas, as an eligible asylum for an agricultural emigrant.' The reasons which he gives for this predilection are, that in North America there is no unlocated ground to be obtained within a thousand miles of the sea-coast; that wherever land is obtained, it must be purchased; that its produce must be sent by land and water-carriage from one to two thousand miles, before it reaches the place of exportation while, on the other hand, in New South Wales, abundance of land may be had within from fifty to a hundred and fifty miles of the coast, upon terms neither irksome nor burdensome. Upon which we may observe that, if Mr. Cunningham had been as well acquainted with the British possessions in North America as he is with those in New South Wales, he would have known that, instead of a thousand miles from the sea, better land than any yet discovered in his favourite regions may be had on the coasts of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the shores of the gulf and river of St. Lawrence, within one-tenth or even one-twentieth part of that distance, and on terms quite as easy as those he has so zealously extolled for their moderation.
Then, again, in America the forests are so dense that a cart can hardly pass them, while in New South Wales the land is so thinly timbered, that a carriage may be driven over it in all directions. This, no doubt, is an advantage for the new settler. In America, cattle require to be supported, in the winter, on hay; whilst the climate of New South Wales is so mild, that they may be fed through the whole of that season on the native grasses: and here too, we admit, is another advantage in favour of New South Wales. In America, moreover, labourers are so scarce, labour so dear, and agricultural products so low in price, that the settler, to obtain a moderate profit for the outlay of capital, must perform all the field-labour by his own hands and those of his family; whereas, in New South Wales, labourers are plentiful and labour cheap. In addition to all those advantages, (and, perhaps, more important,) the healthiness of the climate of New South Wales is so remarkable, that there is no danger either of measles, hooping-cough, small-pox, ague, remittent fever, or, indeed, as our