Page images

from the top to the bottom of the cylinder, the the workman's thrusting his hand through one of air below it is condensed, and forced through the the valves to repair the adjacent one. The plates valves in the neck H into the pipe L, and thence which carry the valves in the chambers I, K, are into the receiver OP, while the space above the not movable; but apertures are left above to piston is a vacuum, and is instantly filled by the give access to the valves. These apertures, when rush of the external air through the valves in the the engine is at work, are covered by the lidsh, h, neck B. This operation is repeated at every which are fixed down by screws at each end. stroke of the engine; the cylinder full of air, The piston is rendered air-tight by means of a which is inhaled at the necks B and F, being ring of leather screwed on the upper and one on forced through the opposite necks G and H. the under side of the piston, which, in conseWhen the piston reaches the top or bottom of the quence of their elasticity, press gently against the cylinder, there would evidently be a short cessa- inside of the cylinder. In order to renew these tion in the blast of air that passes into the fur- rings when worn out, there is a hole in the lid, nace, were it not for the regulating receiver O P. and another in the bottom of the cylinder, sufWhen the air is forced into this receiver, the ficient to admit a man for that purpose. In some water within it is pushed out or displaced, and cases a movable lid in the piston. rises in the cistern, so that the surface of the water The cylinder is held down by four large bolts, in the cistern is often six, seven, or eight feet two of which are seen in the figure at d, d, passing higher than the surface of the water in the re- through a massive pier of brickwork or masonry, ceiver. The air in the receiver, therefore, is sufficiently stable to keep the cylinder steadily in pressed upwards by a column of water, six, its place. The cistern RS is placed at a much seven, or eight feet high, so that if there should greater distance from the cylinder than is reprebe any intermission in the supply of air from the sented in the figure, lest the tremulous motion cylinder, the blast will be kept up by the extru- produced by the violent concussion of the insion of the air in the receiver. The receiver OP, cluded air should make the cistern leak. An acas shown in the figure, is composed of a great cident of this nature ought to be carefully prenumber of cast iron plates, united by screws and vented ; as the water which escapes may insinuate fiaunches. Its size in the drawing is purposely itself into the sand of the casting-house, and ocdiminished, in order to comprise it within the casion the most perilous explosions, when the limits of the plate. The general size is forty feet hot metal is introduced into the moulds. in length, twelve feet in depth, and twelve feet in The internal diameter of the cylinder A A is breadth. The water cistern is then forty-seven five feet two inches, and the stroke seven feet. It feet long, fourteen feet deep, and nineteen feet is capable of blowing one furnace, when working broad. The receiver is supported upon blocks at the rate of six strokes per minute. of wood and masonry; its lower edge being two But the blowing machine lately erected at the feet from the floor of the cistern, to allow a free smithery in his Majesty's dock-yard, Woolwich, passage for the water. The buoyancy of the is perhaps the most powerful and most complete receiver is overcome by a great quantity of ma- in the kingdom. It is equal to the supply of air sonry placed upon the top of it; but we have for forty forge fires, amongst which are those for omitted this in the figure, for the purpose of show- forging anchors, iron knees, and other heavy ing the manner of uniting the plates of which it smithery works. It is represented in our plate II. is composed.

Blowing Machine; fig. 1, being a perspective A valve, loaded with a weight, is placed at .T view of the engine, and figs. 2, 3, and 4, elevations in the horizontal pipe. The weight is sufficient and sections of the blowing cylinders. The part to keep the valve shut when the engine works seen in fig. 1, is only that which appears above with a proper velocity; but when it works too the level of the floor. The other part is below, hard, the excess of air will escape through the and may be seen in figs. 2, 3, and 4. The length valve. When this happens, the velocity of the of the cylinders is five feet five inches, of which engine must be diminished.

two feet four inches appear above the floor; the The horizontal pipe N M, after bending down- interior diameter of each cylinder is four feet fards, is divided into two branches X, Y, which, eight inches, and the length of the stroke is also by a series of pipes, convey the air round the four feet eight inches; which is repeated in furnace, so as to introduce the blast at opposite each of the three cylinders A, B, C, twenty times sides of the hearth; a practice which is now pretty per minute, which corresponds to an expulsion of generally followed.

nearly 5000 cubic feet of air per minute. Tbe: The cylinder A A is made of cast iron, with a fourth cylinder, D, is used only to regulate the: flaunch at each end. The upper necks G, B, are pressure, as will be explained below. cast in the same piece with it, but the lower ones, The motion communicated to the piston rod's: H, F, are screwed to the under fiaunch of the is so contrived, that while one piston rod is at cylinder. The valves within the necks B and F its highest point, another is half way down, or open inwards. They are made of leather, covered up, and the other quite down. A large iron with plates of iron, and are screwed, by a pro- wind-chest, twenty-two feet five inches in length, jecting part of the leather, against the external is placed on proper stone supports or pillars in plate, a, of the chamber, so as to cover three cor- the cellar below, and upon this are fixed the four responding apertures in the plate (see fig. 2), cylinders A, B, C, D, the latter being open to I y, which is screwed to the neck by a number of the chest at its bottom, but the others are closed bolts, shown in the figure. This plate is removed From this chest, under the cylinder C, proceeds when the valves require any material repairs; the main eduction pipe, shown in the elevations, but any trifling adjustments may be made, by tigs. 3 and 4, and from this, branch pipes proceed


to the several forges, each pipe near the forge chemistry, mineralogy, &c. so extremely useful being furnished with a cock, so that the blast may an instrument, as to form an essential article be turned off or on at pleasure.

in the laboratory. It is employed to raise an In fig. 3 will be seen a short cylinder behind intense heat by the flame of a lamp or candle, the eduction pipe, in which is a valve shown and operates by rapidly and strongly throwing more particularly in fig. 2, where the section is a current of air through the flame, against the made to pass through the axis both of the valve object to be heated. The blow-pipe is capable cylin ler and blowing cylinder; the former ele- of heating a small object in a manner that would vation being at right angles to the principal axis . be difficult to heat a large quantity of the same of the machine, and that in fig. 4, parallel to the substance in the most powerful furnaces ; with same, neither of which therefore embrace the this advantage also that the process is much valve cylinder, which is placed somewhat on one more under the inspection of the operator We side.

refer to LABORATORY for an account of the more On the principal axis, fig. 1, are seen three ec- scientific inventions and improvements of this centric wheels, furnished with iron straps, fig. 3, kind. which are connected with the lever under the The blow-pipe of artificers, consists of a cowind chest, seen in fig. 3, at E: and these wheels nical metal tube, regularly tapering from the size are so arranged, in respect to the corresponding convenient to be held in the mouth to that of a crank, that when the piston of any cylinder is small pin : The small end is bent with a regular either above or below, the lever, fig. 3, is horizon- curvature, so as to be nearly at right angles to the tal, and the valve a then exactly closes the hole main tube. This pipe being held in the mouth, h, fig. 2. When the piston in this figure begins and a regular stream of air discharged through to ascend; the end, E, of the lever, fig. 3, con- it into the flame of a candle, the flame is protinues to ascend also, and the other end, F, des- jected sideways into a long conical spiracle of cends, and being connected with the valve rod at fire, which is of a blue color at its root, or the G, fig. 2, this also descends, and thereby opens part where it joins the flame; farther on it is of a a communication between the interior of the yellow cast, growing more and more faint towards cylinder and the atmosphere, which former thus the extreme point. The object to be heated is receives a fresh supply of air. This valve con- held so that the flame strikes upon it; or, if it tinues to descend till the piston is half way up; is large, it should be placed upon a piece of it then begins to ascend till the piston is at its charcoal, which reverberates the flame forcibly highest point, when the valve has again exactly on all sides of the object, and at the same time the position shown in the figure. The piston maintains the heat by its own combustion. This now descends, but the valve rod still continues instrument is very effective in the hands of a to ascend, and thereby opens a communication skilful operator. There is an artifice, says Dr. between the cylinder and wind chest, into which Ure in the blowing through this pipe, which is latter the air is forced by the action of the piston. more difficult to describe than to acquire. The When this latter is half way down, the valve rod effect intended to be produced is a continual has reached its highest point, and then continues stream of air for many minutes, if necessary, to descend with the piston till the latter is down, without ceasing. This is done by applying the when the hole h is again covered with the valve, tongue to the roof of the mouth, so as to interand the whole is situated as at first, to have the rupt the communication between the mouth and process again repeated as above described. By the passage of the nostrils ; by which means the these means the cylinders are successively opened operator is at liberty to breathe through the nosto the atmosphere, and then to the wind chest, and trils, at the same time that by the muscles of the a constant influx of air is produced. To pre- lips he forces a continual stream of air from the serve a steady action in the valve rods, they are anterior part of the mouth through the blowmade to pass through guards level with the floor, pipe. When the mouth begins to be empty, it as shown in figs. 1 and 2. The cylinder, D, has is replenished by the lungs in an instant, while no bottom, being open to the wind-chest, and the tongue is withdrawn from the roof of the its piston, which weighs 700 lbs. serves only to mouth, and replaced again in the same manner regulate the pressure, which amounts to about as in pronouncing the monosyllable tut. In one-fourth lb. per square inch. When the pres- this

way the stream may be continued for a long sure exceeds this, the piston rises and opens a time without any fatigue, if the flame be not safety valve connected with this cylinder at the urged too impetuously, and even in this case no back, not seen in our drawing, but the operation other fatigue is felt than that of the muscles of of which will be easily conceived. The form of the lips. A wax candle, of a moderate size, but the bottom of the cylinder, shown in fig. 2, is thicker wick than they are usually made with, peculiar only to that particular section, the other is the most convenient for occasional experiments; part of the bottom is perfectly flat, its purpose but a tallow candle will do very well. The is to furnish a communication with the valve cy- candle should be snuffed rather short, and the linder.

wick turned on one side toward the object, so Blowing Snake, in zoology, a name given that a part of it should lie horizontally. The in Virginia to a species of serpent, resembling stream of air must be blown along this horizontal the European viper, but considerably larger, part, as near as may be without striking the wick. and remarkable for inflating and extending the If the flame be ragged and irregular, it is a surface of its head before it bites. Its wound is proof that the hole is not round and smooth; fatal,

and if the flame have a cavity through it, the BLOW-PIPE, the blow-pipe lias become in aperture of the pipe is loo large. When the

[ocr errors]

hole is of a proper figure, and duly proportioned, BLUBBER, Sea. See MEDUSA and URTICA. the flame consists of a neat luminous blue cone, BLUCHER (Gebharal Lebrecht Von), a cesurrounded by another flame of a more faintlebrated Prussian general, was born at Rostock, and indistinct appearance. The strongest heat in 1742. At the age of fourteen he entered the is at the point of the inner fame.'

Swedish service, but being taken prisoner he BLow-Pipe, in anatomy, is a straight hollow transferred his services to Prussia. After the brass tube, of an elongated conical form, about seven years' war he resigned his commission in six inches in length, and open at both ends. disgust, and devoted himself to agriculture, but The large end is three-tenths of an inch in was recalled to his old regiment as major, by diameter, the smaller is of the size of a needle's William II. and fought at the head of it till the point. It is used for blowing air into the col- battle of Leystadt, September 18th 1794, when lapsed vessels of a dead subject, in order to he was made major-general. In 1806 he took ascertain the course of them.

possession of Erfurt and Muhlhausen, and after BLOWZE, One who by exposure to the battle of Jena made an extraordinary retreat Blow'ZED, wind and weather has a ruddy through Lubeck, by wbich he drew the French Blowzy. and coarse complexion; an

across the Oder. On the taking of Lubeck he appearance of boisterous health; unfeminine. was obliged to capitulate, but was soon ex

I had rather marry a fair one, and put it to the changed for marshal Victor. He was now embazard, than be troubled with a blowze ; but do thou ployed in the war department, till the renewal as thou wilt, I speake only of myselfe.

of hostilities against France in 1813, when he Burton. Anat. of Mel. displayed the utmost activity and courage for I protest I do not like to see my daughters trudging the deliverance of Europe. At Lutzen the order up to their pews all blowxed and red with walking, of St. George was given to him by the emperor and looking for all the world as if they had been Alexander, and on the 26th of August he dewinners of a sinock race.

Goldsmith. feated Macdonald at Katsbach. The glorious BLUB', From bleb; Germ. blaen, victory of Leipzic was in a great degree owing

to his exertions; and he pursued the flying enemy BLUBʻBER, v. & n. to inflate; to swell; to BLUBBER'ING. tumify. To blubber is to

across the Rhine with such celerity as to be indulge in unseemly violent weeping, so as to

called by the Russians • Marshal Forwards.' distend the cheeks and inflame the eyes; the After the battle of Moutmartre, on the 31st of

March, he would have severely retaliated the precise idea is distension.

wrongs of Berlin upon Paris, had he not been reFair streams represent unto me my blubbered face ; strained by the allied sovereigns, whom he accomlet tears procure your stay.

Sidney. panied to England, and was received with enthuThe wild wood gods, arrived in the place, There find the virgin doleful, desolate,

siasm. His military glory attained its height at

the battle of Waterloo. In a preceding engageWith ruffled raiment, and fair blubbered face, As her outrageous foe had left her late.

ment he had been defeated, his horse shot under

Paerie Queene. him, and a whole regiment had charged and been Even so lies she

repulsed over his person. After this great victory, Blubbering and weeping, weeping and blubbering. to which he contributed by bringing up the

Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. Prussian forces towards the close of the battle, A thief came to a boy that was blubbering by the he was created prince of Wahlstadt, and received side of a well and asked what he cried for,

several additional orders of knighthood. Falling

L'Estrange. ill at Kriblowtz in 1819, the king of Pr ssia Soon as Glumdalclitch missed her pleasing care, She wept, she blubbered, and she tore her hair. Swift. which carried him off on the 12th of September

visited him repeatedly during his last sickness, Thou sing with him, thou booby! never pipe in that year. Was so profaned, to touch that blubbered lip. Dryden.


Sax. blæo; Fr. bleu. Une Tired with the search, not finding what she seeks, Blue'lY, of the seven original colors. With cruel blows she pounds her blubbered cheeks. Id.


So says Johnson; but he Dear Chloe how blubbered is that pretty face,


attempts not either the ety-' Thy cheek all on fire, and thy hair all uncurled,

BLUISH'NESS, Pri'thee quit this caprice; and (as old Falstaff says)

mology or the definition. Let us e'en talk a little like folks of this world. Prior.

BLU'EYED, It seems to be derived from

BLUE'HAIRED, the Ang. Sax. bleo, to The maudling hero, like a puling boy

Blue'sWOLLEN, blow; on which the writer Robbed of his play-thing, on the plains of Troy,

BLUE'VEINED. Had never blubbered at Patroclus' tomb.

in the Encyclopædia MeChurchill.

tropolitana has ventured a very ingenious, and BLUBBER is the fat of whales and other large as it should seem satisfactory conjecture:--sea animals, whereof train oil is made. It is

'may not the blue, formerly blewe sky, be the properly the adeps of the animal : it lies imme- blew-en, or blown skye,-the sky from which diately under the skin, and over the muscular flesh. the clouds are blown, dispersed. Vossius derives In the porpoise, it is firm and full of fibres, and in- cæruleus from cælum. As other colors take vests the body about an inch thick. In the whale their name from that by which they are proits thickness is ordinarily six inches ; but, about duced, may not blue, the color of the clear the under lip, it is two or three feet thick. The sky after wind, derive its name from this cirwhole quantity yielded by one of these animals cumstance.' The blowing color; the color exordinarily amounts to förty or fifty, sometimes posed to view by the dispersion of the clouds ; eighty hundred weight, or even more.

the blew-en, or blown sky.

Happily I him spide,

Blue is one of the seven colors into which the Where in a bush he did him hide,

rays of light divide when refracted through a glass With winges of purple and blewe.

prism. For an account of the particular strucSpenser. Shepheard's Calendar.

ture of bodies by which they appear of a blue The blew in black, the green in


is tinct. Id. color, see CHROMATICS.
gold, and here

BLUE Ashes, Cendre blue, Fr. by corruption, My bluest veins to kiss; a hand that kings

Saunders blue, much used in water-colors; but Have lipt and trembled kissing. Shakspeare. in oil they grow greenish, being of the nature of Where fires thou findest unraked, and hearths un

verdigris. They are found in the form of a soft swept, There pinch the maids as blue as bilberry.

Id. stone, in places where there are copper minez, O coward conscience how dost thou afflict me!

and water only is used in levigating them, to reThe lights burn blue. Is it not dead midnight?

duce them to a fine powder. This kind of blue Cold fearful drops stand on my trembling flesh.

Id. ought to be used in works to be seen by candle Side sleeves and skirts, round underborne with a

light, as in scene painting; for though a great

deal of white is mixed with it, it appears very bluish tinsel.

Id. These blue-veined violets whereon we lean,

beautiful, notwithstanding it has a greenish cast. Never can blab, nor know they what we mean. Id. BLUEʻBOTTLE, n. s. cyanus; from blue Why else this double object in our sight

and bottle; a flower of the bell-shape; a species Of flight pursued in the air, and over the ground,

of bottleflower; a fly with a large blue belly. One way the self-same hour? why in the east

If you put bluebottles, or other blue flowers, into an Darkness ere day's mid course, and morning light ant-hill, they will be stained with red : because the More orient in yon western cloud, that draws ants thrust their stings, and instil into them their O'er the blue firmament a radiant wbite,

stinging liquor.

Ray. And slow descends, with something heavenly fraught ? Say, sire of insects, mighty Sol,

Milton Paradise Lost. A fly upon the chariot pole
This isle,

Criés out, What bluebottle alive
The greatest and the best of all the main,

Did ever with such fury drive ?

Prior. He quarters to his blue-haired deities. Id. Comus. Blue Cap, an English name for a peculiar

In a moment our liquor may be deprived of its species of fish of the salmon kind, distinguished Blueness, and restored to it again by the affusion of a by a broad blue spot on the head, whence few drops of liquor.

Boyle on Colours. they have their name. These seem not to breed At last, as far as I could cast my eyes

with us; but appear in our rivers only at certain Upon the sea, somewhat, methought, did rise seasons, when there have been violent north Like bluish mists.

Dryden. winds. This fish is seldom found single ; so Nor to the temple was she gone, to move

that the fishermen rejoice at their taking one of With prayers the blue-eyed progeny of Jove.


them, as they expect a large shoal of them at hand. Why does one climate and one soil endue The blushing poppy with a crimson hue,

Blue Hills, a range of mountains in New Yet leave the lilly pale, and tinge the violet blue ?

England, whose first ridge in New Hampshire

Prior. passes through Rochester, Barrington, and NotThere was scarce any other colour sensible besides tingham. red and blue ; only the blues, and principally the se- BLUE JAPAN.—Take gum-water, and white cond blue, inclined a little to green. Newton, lead, a sufficient quantity ; grind them well upon

This esquire he dropped his pen full soon, porphyry: then take isinglass size, and the finest While as the light burnt bluely.

Swift. and best smalt, sufficient quantities : mix them Rise, then, fair blue-eyed maid, rise and discover well, and add, of the white-lead, before ground, Thy silver brow, and meet thy golden lover.

so much as may give it a sufficient body. Mix Crasluw.

all these together to the consistence of a paint. I could make, with crude copper, a solution without the bluishness that is wont to accompany its vulgar the island of New Holland, north-west of the

Blue Mountains, a range of mountains in solutions.

Boyle. Here, in full light, the russet plains extend;

British settlement at Port Jackson. 2. A chain There, wrapt in clouds, the bluish hills ascend. Pope. of mountains longitudinally intersecting the

Deep in the grove, beneath the secret shade, island of Java. 3. A range of mountains in A various wreath of odorous flowers she made ; Northampton county, Pennsylvania, which extend Gay motleyed pinks and sweet jonquils she chose, from south-west to north-east, and a short way The violet blue, that on the moss-bank grows; across the Delaware. 4. A range of mountains All sweet to sense, the flaunting rose was there : which run from south-east to north-west, through The finished chaplet well adorned her hair.

Collins' Eclogues.

Surrey county, in the island of Jamaica. In vain she [Circassia] boasts her fairest of the legany mountains, in Pennsylvania and Virginia,

Blue Ridge, the easternmost ridge of the Alfair, Their eyes' blue languish, and their golden hair;

about 130 miles from the Atlantic, and rising to Their eyes, in tears, their fruitless grief must send ;

the height of 4000 feet above the level of the Those hairs, the Tartar's cruel hand shall rend. ia. sea; thickly covered with large trees to the very Long Pity let the nations view

summit. Some of the mountains are rugged and The sky-worn robes of tenderest blue,

stony; in others the soil is found to be rich and And eyes of dewy light. Id. Ode to Pity. fertile. See ALLEGANY. Look, how he laughs, and stretches out his arm,

BLUE, LACMUS or LUMUS. This is a beautifur And opens wide his blue eyes upon thine

blue, made of lacmus in the following manner : To hail his father; while his little form

Take an ounce of lacmus, and boil it in a pint Flutters, as winged with joy.

Byron. of small beer wort, till the color is as strong as


you would have it; then pour off the liquor into way; stumble; mistake; and were not their a gallipot, and let it cool for use.

infirmity known, would thus expose themselves BLUE, PRussian, is considerably in use among to contempt.

To blunder is to act in the compainters, though inferior to the ultramarine blue. mon affairs of life, as a stranger to a country The following process for making the finest sort would act in the dark, and as a blind man of Prussian blue with quicklime, is given in the conducts himself without a guide; a blunderer History of the Academy of Sciences at Paris for is one who betrays great want, or obliquity of the year 1756:

understanding, by the silly and barefaced misTake 3lbs. of ox's blood, dried and reduced takes into which he is constantly falling; a bluninto a kind of small scales, an equal quantity of derer is a fool of the stupid clase. quicklime newly baked, 2lbs. of red tartar, and We blundren, ever, and poren in the fire; 1lb. Soz. of saltpetre ; pulverise the whole grossly And for all that, we faille of our desire.


Cant. Tales. and put it into a crucible, placed in the midst of a

At the rate of this thick-skulled blunderhead, every great furnace, and give it a gradual fire. After four hours, when the matter is reduced into a kind of plow-jobber shall take upon him to read upon divinity.

L'Estrange. paste which emits no more smoke, and is equally red, throw it by spoonfuls into two pails of boil- at all besides themselves as barbarous and insignifi

The grandees and giants in knowledge, who laughed ing water; and, having filtrated the lixivium, cant, yet blundered and stumbled about their principal mix it with a solution of 6lbs. of alum, and ilh. concern.

South, 8oz. of green vitriol. This operation will yield

He seems

to understand no difference between but 7oz. of fecula ; but its beauty will make suffi- titles of respect and acts of worship; between excient amends for the small quantity.

pressions of esteem and devotion ; between religious BLUE, Saxon, a dye made by dissolving indigo and civil worship : for he blunders and confounds in oil of vitriol by which the indigo becomes of all these together; and whatever proves one, he a much more lively color.

thinks proves all the rest.


He who now to sense, now nonsense leaning, BLUE STONE, or Powder, used in washing of

Means not, but blunders round about a meaning. Pope. linen, is the same with smalt, either in the lump

Another sort of judges will decide in favour of an or powdered. When the smalt is taken from the author, or will pronounce him a mere blunderer, acpot, it is thrown into a large vessel of cold water: cording to the company they have kept.

Watts. this makes it more tractable, and easily powdered. But how shall I thy endless virtues tell

BLUE, ULTRAMARINE (beyond sea), from its In which thou dost all other books excel ? being first brought into Europe out of India and No greasy thumbs thy spotless leaf can soil, Persia; one of the richest and most valuable co- Nor crooked dog's-ears thy smooth corners spoil ; lors used in painting, is prepared from lapis la. In idle pages no errata stand,

Tickell zuli

, by first calcining the stone in an iron pot; To tell the blunders of the printer's hand. then grinding it very fine on porphyry; mixing

He ne'er suspects his want of skill, it

But blunders on from ill to ill; up with a paste made of wax, pitch, mastich,

And, when he fails of all intent, turpentine, and oil; and at last washing the

Blames only unforeseen event. Gay's Fables. paste well in clear water, to separate the coloring

What blundering puppies are mankind, part from the rest, which precipitates to the

In every science always blind.

Id. bottom, in form of a subtile, beautiful, blue

BLUN'DERBUSS, n. s. from blunder. A powder. The water is then poured off, and the

gun that is charged with many bullets, so that, powder dried in the sun.

without any exact aim, there is a chance of BLUFF,

Bluntless; coarseness ; hitting the mark. BLUFF'NESS. | roughness of manner.

There are blunderbusses in every loop-hole, that go Like those whom stature did to crowns prefer, off of their own accord at the squeaking of a fiddle. Black-browed and bluff, like Homer's Jupiter. Dryden.

Dryden. BLUFF-HEADED, among sailors is applied to a BLUNDERBUSS, a well-known fire-arm, conship that has an upright stern.

sisting of a wide, short bore, capable of holdBLUNG, the act or art of communicating a ing a number of musket-shot or slugs; doing blue color to bodies otherwise destitute thereof.

great execution in a crowd. Laundresses blue their linen with smalt; dyers

BLUNT, v. & adj. The past participle their stuffs and wools with woad or indigo.


of the Ang.-Sax. blinBLUING OF Iron, a method of beautifying

BLUNT'ISHNESS, nan, to blin; to stop that metal sometimes practised; for mourning


See Tooke. To stop in buckles, swords, and the like. The manner is

BLUNTLY, this: Take a piece of grind-stone or whet-stone,

its progress towards a

BLUNT POINT'ED, point or edge; to dull; and rub hard on the work, to take off the black


to deaden; to render scurs from it: then heat it in the fire; and as it

obtuse. grows hot, the color changes by degrees, coming sharp or pointed; smooth, and delicate; when

Thus it is opposed to whatever is first to light, then to a darker gold color, and lastly to a blue. Sometimes also they grind in-applied to the understanding it indicates dullness, digo and sallad-oil together; and rub ihe mixture approaching to stupidity; and to manners un

couth; incivility, and abruptness. on the work with a woollen rag, while it is heat

If the iron be blunt, and he do not wet the edge, ing, leaving it to cool of itself.

then must be put to more strength.

Eccles. BLUNDER, v. & n. Dutch, blunderer;

For weak was my remembrance it to hold, BLUN'DERER,

perhaps, says Dr. And bad her tongue that it so bluntly told. Spenser. BLUE'DERINGLY, Johnson, from blind.

Thanks to that beauty, which can give an BLUN'DERHEAD. The blind miss their the bluntest swords.



« PreviousContinue »