Page images

to flourish; that is to bud; to blossom; to bear talents in making verses, some of which he sent flowers. Excy. Met. Bloom carries with it the to the newspapers. At length he produced a idea of freshness as well as fragrance; whatever poem of considerable extent, entitled, The has the bloom upon it, is in its loveliest, freshest Farmer's Boy,' describing the occupations of the state; pure; untouched; untainted: thus it is husbandman through the four seasons of the year. applied, figuratively, to youth in its vigor; to This piece was shown in manuscript to bookbeauty in its prime; to intellectual and moral sellers and others, from whom it attracted little escellencies in their state of unsophisticated ma- attention, till it fell into the hands of Capel turity.

Lofft, Esq., of Troston, near Bury, who, on peThe rod of Aaron for the house of Levi was bud- rusal, was so much struck with its beauties, that ded, and brought forth buds, and bloomed blossoms, he immediately corrected and prepared it for the and yielded almonds.

Numbers xvii. 8. press, and shortly after published it with notes, Rites and customs, now superstitious, when the and a prefatory account of the author, from which strength of virtuous, devout, or charitable affection the preceding facts are derived. Both the poem bloomed them, no man could justly have condemned and the poet now became the objects of general as evil.


curiosity and applause. His book passed through It is a common experience, that if you do not pull off some blossoms the first time a tree bloometh, it will many editions in a short time, and Messrs. Verblossom itself to death.

nor and Hood, by whom it was published, acted Bacon's Nat. Hist.

with considerable liberality to the author. The How nature paints her colours, how the bee

duke of Grafton became his patron, and beSits on her bloom, extracting liquid sweet.

Milton. O nightingale! that on yon bloomy spray

stowed on him a small annuity, and appointed Warblest at eve, when all the woods are still Id.

him under-sealer in the seal-office; but this siBeauty, like the fair Hesperian tree

tuation he was forced to resign on account of ill Laden with blooming gold, had need the guard health. He then again worked at his trade as a Of dragon-watch with unenchanted eye,

shoemaker, and employed himself in constructing To save her blossoms and defend her fruit

Æolian harps. He also published Wild FlowProm the rash hand of bold incontinence. ers, and two or three other volumes of poetry,

Id. Comus. which must haveadded to his emoluments; butenDeparting spring could only stay to shed

gaging in the book-trade, he became a bankrupt; Her bloomy beauties on the genial bed,

and to add to his difficulties, in the latter part of But left the manly summer in her stead. Dryden. his life, he was afflicted with violent head-aches, Were I no queen, did you my beauty weigh,

and became nearly blind. At length he left the My youth in bloom, your age in its decay.

Id. Aurengzebe.

metropolis, and went to Shefford in Bedfordshire, The bloom of opening flowers, unsullied beauty,

for the benefit of his health. He, however, was Softness, and sweetest innocence she wcars

gradually reduced to such a state of nervous irriAnd looks like nature in the world's first spring. tability, that apprehensions were entertained of

Rowe's Tamerlaine. his becoming insane. His death took place AuOh she is all perfection!

gust 19th 1823. His last production, HazlewoodAll that the blooming earth can send forth fair; Hall, a Village Drama, appeared shortly before All that the gaudy heavens could drop down glorious. his decease. But his literary reputation will

Lee's Theodosius. always rest principally on his first work, which, Hear how the birds, on every bloomy spray, under the disadvantageous circumstances of its With joyous musick wake the dawning day. Pope. composition, must be considered an extraorPleasures are like poppies spread,

dinary performance. You seize the flower, its bloom is shed. Burns.

BLOOT (Peter), a Flemish painter, whose One spot existswhich ever blooms,

works are seldom seen in Britain: nor are they Even in that deadly grove.

easily purchased abroad, being highly esteemed Byron. Bride of Abydos. and carefully preserved in private collections. Bloom, in the iron-works, has yet to undergo His subjects were boors drinking, feasting, many hammerings before it become iron fit for dancing, &c. He died in 1667. the smith's use, and be made what they call the

BLORE', n. s. from blow. Act of blowing ; ancony. See ANCONY.

blast: an expressive word, but not used. Bloom, Half, a round mass of metal, which comes out of the finery of an iron work.

Out rushed, with an unmeasured roar, BLOOMFIELD (Robert), an English poet,

Those two winds, tumbling clouds in heaps ; ushers

to either's blore. was born in 1766, at Honington, near Bury St.

Chapman's Iliad. Edmund's, in Suffolk, where his father was a BLOSʻSOM, v. & n.

See Bloom. To

Blos'sOMED, tailor; and his mother, who became a widow

}forthe flowers; to have shortly after our poet's birth, kept a village


S the hue, the sweetness, school. Being taught to read by her, at the age the freshness of flowers newly blown. We geof eleven he was taken into the employ of his nerally call those flowers blossoms, which are uncle, a farmer, and engaged for a year or two in not much regarded in themselves, but as a token the labors of husbandry; after this, the delicacy of some following production. of his constitution induced his elder brother, who Although the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither was a shoemaker in London, to bring him to the shall fruit be in the vines, yet will I rejoice in the metropolis, and teach him that trade, at which Lord.

Habb. iii, 17. he worked for several years. Being fond of Lo how the trees grenyth that naked wer, and reading books of amusement, and especially nothing poetry, he at an early age began to exercise his Bare this month afore ; but their sommer clothing

a blot

Lo how Nature maketh for them everichone!

He sung how earth blots the moon's gilded wane, And as many as ther be he forgetteth none !

Whilst foolish men beat sounding brass in vain. Lo how the season of the yere and Averell shoures,

Cowley. Doeth the bushin burgyn out blossoms and floures.

Let flames on your unlucky papers prey,
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales. Your wars, your loves, your praises, be forgot,
Long worke it were

And make of all an universal blot.
Here to account the endlesse progeny

Dryden. Jurenal.
Of all the weeds that bud and blossome there.

O Bertram, oh no more my foe, but brother!

Spenser. One act like this blots out a thousand crimes. Thc blossome which my braunch of youth did beare

Dryden. With breathed sighes is blown away and blasted. Id. My guilt thy growing virtues did defame; This is the state of man : to-day he puts forth

My blackness blotted thy unblemished name. The tender leaves of hope ; to-inorrow blossoms,

Id. Æneid. And bears his blushing honours thick upon


These simple ideas, offered to the mind, the underShakspeare. Henry VIII. standing can no more refuse, nor alter, nor blot out, Cold news for me :

than a mirrour can refuse, alter, or obļiterate, the Thus are my blossoms blasted in the bud,

images which the objects produce.

And caterpillars eat my leaves away.

For mercy's sake restrain thy hand,
Id. Henry IV.

Blot not thy innocence with guiltless blood. The pulling off many of the blossoms of a fruit tree,

Rowe. doth make the fruit fairer. Bacon's Natural History.

For thee I would my dearest friend resign,

And from my heart blot every name but thine. Id. To his green years your censure you would suit,

Even copious Dryden wanted, or forgot, Not blast the blossom, but expect the fruit. Dryden.

The last and greatest art, the art to blot.

It called Narcissa long before her hour;
It called her, tender soul, by break of bliss,

A man of the most understanding will find it im-
From the first blossom,-from the buds of joy ;

possible to make the best use of it, while he writes in Those few our noxious fate unblasted leaves

constraint, perpetually softening, correcting, or blotting In this inclement clime of human life. Young.

out expressions.


A disappointed hope, a blot of honour, a stain of BLOT, v. & n. ? Fr. blottir; Ang.-Sax. be- conscience, an unfortunate love, will serve the turn. Blot'TING. S hlidan. Be-hlot is the regu

Temple. lar past tense and past participle; hence our BLOTCH', v. & n.' From the Ang.-Sax. English blot, which is literally to cover. Tooke blodig, that is, bloody; for instance, a bloody

; observes, and the Metropolitana after him, that tumor : or from blæse, a blaze, which it resem

upon any thing extends just so far as bles in its fiery appearance, and its burning heat. that thing is covered, and no farther' To render Skinner, as quoted by the Metropolitana. illegible by covering. It is figuratively used to express any mark of disgrace, any stigma that blotches and tumours which break out in the body,

The one might be employed in healing those may be fixed upon a particular action, or a ge- while the other is sweetening the blood and rectifying neral character.

the constitution.

Spectator. A lie is a foul llot in a man ; yet it is continually Spots and blotches, of several colours and figures, in the mouth of the untaught. Eccl. xx. 24. straggling over the body; some are red, others yelAnd sad repentaunce used to embay

low, or black.

Harvey. His body in salt water smarting sore,

To BLOTE, v. a. To smoke, or dry by the The filthy blottes of sin to wash away. Spenser. smoke; as bloted herrings, or red herrings. Amongst all knights he blotted was with blame, BLOTED CHINA-WARE, a sort of china, And counted but a recreant knight with endless loaded with color in an irregular manner. This shame.

Id. pleases some, but it is a defective sort of ware, What foul disgrace is this the large blotches of colors having been only To so faire ladie, as ye seeme in sight,

laid on to cover the blemishes of the first baking. To blot your beautie, tbat unblemisht is, With so foule blame as breach of faith once plight,

BLOTELING, or BLOOTELING (Abraham), a Or change of love for any world's delight. Id.

designer and engraver of Amsterdam, flourished

about 1670. From the style of his etchings, Make known, It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,

which have great merit, he is supposed to have That hath deprived me. Shakspeare. King Lear. frequented the school of the Visschers.

BLOUNT (Sir Henry), an English writer, You that are king Have caused him, by new act of parliament,

born at Tittenhanger, in Hertfordshire, in 1602. To blot out me, and put his own son in.

After a regular education, he set out on his tra

Id. Henry VI. vels in 1634; and, becoming acquainted with a Unknit that threatening unkind brow;

janissary at Venice, accompanied him into the It blots thy beauty, as frost bites the meads,

Turkish dominions. Having been abroad two Confounds thy fame. Id. Taming of the Shrew. years, he returned and published a relation of his 'I remember, the players have often mentioned it veral editions. He was knighted by Charles I.

travels in the Levant, which went through seas an honour to Shakspeare, that in his writing and was at the battle of Edge-hill; but after the ( whatsoever be penned) he never blotted a line. My answer hath been, would he had blotted a thousaud. king's death was employed by the parliament

Ben Jonson. and by Cromwell. 'After the Restoration he Powers that erst in heaven sat on thrones;

was high sheriff of Hertfordshire. He published, Though of their names in heavenly records now

1. An account of his Travels. 2. Six Comedies Be no memorial, blotted out and rased

written by John Lilly, under the title of Court By their rebeilion from the books of life. Milton. Comedies. 3. The Exchange Walk, a satire;


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


and 4. An Epistle in praise of Tobacco He

BLOW', v. Ang.-Sax. blawan, to cast died October 9th 1682.

Blow'ER, forth; to send out air, with vioBLOUNT (Sir Thomas Pope), Bart., eldest son Blow'ing, (lence, and noise; when natural of Sir Henry, was born at Upper Holloway, in Blown'. breathing is accelerated, it beMiddlesex, September 12th 1649. He distin- comes puffing and blowing; when the air is guished himself as a lover of liberty, a sincere stirred beyond the zephyr which plays with the friend to his country, and a true patron of learn- summer beam it becomes wind; and we say the ing. He was made a baronet by Charles II., in wind blows. To blow always implies effort; whose reign he represented St Alban's in two , the Metropolitana says excess. Query? parliaments, and was knight of the shire in three

The priests shall blow with the trumpet. Joshua. parliaments after the Revolution. He wrote in When blow an alarm, then the camps that lie Latin, 1. A Critique on the most celebrated on the east parts shall go forward.

Numbers. Writers. 2. Essays on several subjects. 3. A Blow the trumpet among the nations. Jeremiah. Natural History, extracted out of the best mo

I have created the smith that bloweth the coals,

Isaiah. dern writers. He died June 30th 1697, in the

A fire not blown shall consume him. Job forty-eighth year of his age.

At his sight the mountains are shaken, and at his BLOUNT (Charles), younger brother of Sir

Ecclus. xliii. 16. Thomas, wrote Anima Mundi; or, An Historical will the south wind bloweth.

His sea horses did seeme to snort amayne, Narration of the Opinions of the Ancients, con- And from their nosethrilles blow the brynie streame, cerning Man's Soul after this Life, according to That made the sparkling waves to smoke agayne unenlightened Nature, which gave great offence, And Aame with gold; but the white fomy creame and was complained of to the bishop of London. Did shine with silver and shont forth his beame. But the work which rendered him most known,

Spenser. was, his translation of Philostratus's Life of Here's Mrs. Page at the door, sweating and blowApollonius Tyanæus, published in 1680; which ing, and looking wildly.


Rather at Nilus' mud
was soon suppressed. He published another
work of the same kind the same year, called Great

Lay me stark naked, and let the water-fies
Blow me into abhorring.

Id. is Diana of the Ephesians, &c. in which, under

When icicles hang by the wall, color of exposing superstition, he struck at revela

And Dick the shepherd blows his nail, tion. In 1684 he printed An Introduction to Polite

And Tom bears logs into the hall, Literature. In the warmth of his zeal for the

And milk comes frozen home in pail. Id. Revolution, he wrote a pamphlet to prove king A plague of sighing and grief! it blows a man up William and queen Mary conquerors; which like a bladder.

Id. was condemned to be burnt by both houses of Your breath first kindled the dead coal of war, parliament. The close of his life was very un- And brought in matter that should feed this fire. happy. After the death of his wife, he became And now t’is far too huge to be blown out enamoured of her sister, whose only objection With that same weak wind which enkindles it. Id. was their prior connexion by marriage; yet the No blown ambition doth our arms incite, lady agreed to abide by the decision of compe- But love, dear love, and our aged father's right. tent divines : on which he stated a case as that

Id. King Lear. of a third person, with great learning and ad- Blow winds and crack your cheeks ! rage! blow! dress; but the archbishop of Canterbury and You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout other divines decided against him. He shot Till you have drenched our steeples, drowned the himself in 1693.


Id. BLOUNT (Thomas), a learned English barrister, in them, were so blown to give forth their attermost

All the sparks of virtue, which nature had kindled of the seventeenth century, born at Bordesley in heat, that justly it may be affirmed, they infamed Worcestershire, had not an university education; the affections of all that knew them. Sidney. but by strength of genius and great application

Where the bright Seraphim in burning row, wrote, 1. The Academy of Eloquence, or Com

Their loud uplifted angel trumpets blow. Milton. plete English Rhetoric, 12mo. 1654, often re

His praise, ye winds, that from four quarters blow printed. 2. Glossographia, or a Dictionary of Breathe soft or loud; and wave your tops ye pines, Hard Words, 8vo. London, 1656, of which there with every plant in sign of worship wave.

Id. were at least five editions. 3. The Lamps of

What if the breath that kindled those grim fires, the Law, and the Lights of the Gospel, 8vo. ibid. Awaked should blow them into sevenfold rage, 1658. 4. Boscobel, the first part in 1660, the And plunge us into flame.

Id. second in 1681. 5. A Law Dictionary, fol. Fair daughter, blow away those mists and clouds, ibid. 1671. 6. Fragmenta Antiquitatis, or An- And let thy eyes shine forih in their full lustre. cient Tenures of Land, &c. 8vo. 1679 and 1784,

Denhan, which has been lately reprinted in 4to. 7. A

These primitive heirs of the Christian church could Catalogue of the Catholics who lost their lives not so easily blow off the doctrine of passive obedience, in the King's Cause, during the Civil War,

South, printed at the end of lord Castlemain's Ca- Says the satyr, if you have gotten a trick of blowtholic Apology. 8. A Pedigree of the Blounts, ing bot and cold out of the same mouth, I've e'en

done with ye.

L'Estrange. printed in the Complete Gentleman, 1661.

It blew a terrible tempest at sea once, and there BLOUNTSVILLE, a post town of the was one seaman praying.


If it blows a happy gale, we must set up all our United States, in North Carolina. It is thirty sails; though it sometimes happens that our natural miles S.S. E. of Halifax, and 413 from Phila- heat is more powerful than our care and correctness.



He died in 1679.



Their chief blocon up in air, and waves expired,

But to turn tail, or run away,
To which his pride presumed to give the law. Id. And without blows give up the day,
The trumpets sleep, while cheerful horns are blown,

Or to surrender ere the assault,
And arms employed on birds and beasts alone.

That's no man's fortune, but his fault.

Butler's Hudibras. On the next day, some of the enemy's magazines

Assuage your thirst of blood, and strike the blow. blew up; and it was thought they were destroyed on

Dryden. purpose by some of their men.

Tatler. Every year they gain a victory, and a town; but Ye too, ye winds! that now begin to blow if they are once defeated they lose a province at a With boisterous sweep, I raise my voice to you.


Id. Thomson's Seasons.

Unarmed if I should go, Blow', v. & n. Ang.-Sax. blowan, to blow.

What hope of mercy from this dreadful foe,

But woman-like to fall, and fall without a blowo? Pope. Blow'TH, n. To bloom, blossom, or bear Blow'ERS. flowers; to bud; lo burgeon;

Words of great contempt commonly finding a re

turn of equal scorn, blows were fastened upon the to spring; to flourish.—Somner.

most pragmatical of the crew.

Clarendon. The first age was by ancient historians called

To all but thee in fits he seemed to go, Golden; ambition and covetousness being as then

And it was my ministry to deal the blow. Parnell, but greene, and newly grown up, the seeds and ef. fects whereof were as yet but potential, and in the Of palfrey'd dames, bold knights, and magic spells

Such dire achievements sings the bard that tells blowth and bud.


Where whole brigades one champion's arms o'erTulips are generally divided into three classes, ac

throw, cording to their seasons of flowering. But there is

And cleave a giant at a random blow; no occasion for making any more distinctions than Slay raynims vile that force the fair, and tame two, viz. early and late blowers.


The goblin's fury and the dragon's flame. Tiekell. We lose the prime to mark how spring

But first, ere came the rallying host to blows, Our tender plants, how blows the citron grove, And rank to rank, and hand to hand oppose, What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed.

Gulnare and all her haram bandmaids freed,

Safe in the dome of one who held their creed,
This royal fair

By Conrad's mandate safely were bestowed,
Shall, when the blossom of her beauty's blown,

And dried those tears for life and fame that flowed. See her great brother on the British throne.

Byron's Corsair. Waller.

Blow, in fencing, differs from a thrust, as the Fair is the king-cup that in meadow blows ; Fair is the daisy that beside her grows.


former is given by striking, the latter by pushing.

Blow, in law. See BATTERY.
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow,
And seeds of gold in Ophir's mountains glow.

Blow, MILITARY, that given with a sword on

the neck or shoulder of a candidate for knight

hood, in the ceremony of dubbing him. It For me, when I forget the daring theme, Whether the blossom blows, the Summer ray

seems to have taken its rise from the ancient ceRussets the plain, inspiring Autumn gleams, remony of manumission. In giving the blow, Or Winter rises in the blackening East,

the prince used the formula, Esto bonus miles, Be my tongue mute, may Fancy paint no more,

• Be a valiant soldier;' upon which the party And, dead to joy, my heart forget to beat. Thomson. rose a complete knight, and qualified to bear

No flowers embalmed the air, but one white rose, arms in his own right. Which on the tenth of June by instinct blows,

Blow (Dr. John), a musician and composer, By instinct blows at morn, and, when the shades was a native of Collingham in Nottinghamshire. Of drizzly eve prevail, by instinct fades.

Upon the death of Purcell, in 1695, he became Churchill. The Prophecy of Famine. organist of Westminster Abbey, and in 1699

Dutch blowe. The act of composer to the king. Blow was a composer of Blow'GEVER, } striking; a stroke; a sudden, anthems while a chapel-boy, and distinguished impetuous, injurious, assault; a hit, a knock, a by Charles II. for his merit. He composed at stroke: figuratively, any calamity that comes in a that early period that beautiful song, "Go permoment; any act of hostility : a sudden event; jured man.' He set to music an ode for St. Cethe stroke of the king of terrors; death. cilia's day in 1684, the words by Mr. Oldham, The tyrant thundered his thicke blowes so fast,

published with one of Purcell. He also pubThat through the yron walls their way they rent,

Îished a work entitled Amphion Anglicus, in And even to the vitall parts they past,

1700, in imitation of Purcell's Orpheus BritanNe ought could they endure, but all they cleft or brast, nicus, and containing compositions for one, two,

Id. Ihree, and four voices, with a thorough bass for Our Lord Jesus might bothe have destroyed the the organ, harpsichord, &c. He likewise pubwicked byshop, and also have letted this blowgeuer.

lished a collection of lessons for the barpsichord, Udall. John, chap. xxviii. and Dryden's ode on the death of Purcell. A most poor man, made tame to fortune's blows,

There are also extant of his composition various Who by the art of known and feeling sorrows hymns printed in the Harmonia Sacra, and a Am pregnant to good pity.

Id. King Lear. great number of catches. He died in 1708. Be most abated captives to some nation

Blowing, a ceremony in the ancient admiThan won you without blows. Shakspeare. nistration of baptism, whereby the catechumen, A woman's tongue,

upon rehearsing the renunciation, blew three That gives not half so great a blow to the ear,

blasts with his mouth, to signify that he rejected As will a chestnut. Id. Taming of the Shrew. the devil. Something like this is still retained


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »