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And that accurs'd hand-writing doth deface : The likeness of a kingly crown had on. Arise, fir knight, arise, and leave this cursed Satan was now at hand, and from his seat place.

The monster moving onward came as fast So up he rose, and thence amounted streight.

With horrid Itrides; hell trembled as he strocle: Which when the earl beheld, and saw his guest

Th’undaunted fiend what this might be admir'd, Would safe depart, for all his fubtle Neight,

Admir'd, not fear'd; God and his Son except, He chose an halter from among the rest,

Created thing nought valued he nor fhuon'd, And with it hung himself, unbid, unbleft.

And with diidainful look thus first began : But death he could not work himself thereby;

Whence and what art thou, cxecrable shape, For thousand times he to himselt had dreis'd,

That dar'ft, though grim and terrible, advance Yet natheless it could not do him dic,

Thy mifcrcated front athwart my way Till he should die his last, that is eternally,

To yonder

gates? through them I mean to pass, Thar be affur'd, without leave ask'd of thee:

Retire, or taste thy folly; and leam by proof, MILTON'S PARADISE LOST.

Hell-born, not to contend with spirits of heaven.

To whom the goblin full of wrath replied: $ 54. The Arrival of Satan at Hell; and the Art thou that traitor-angel, art thou he;. [then Allegory of Sin and Dearb.

Who first broke peace in heaven, and faith, till SATAN with thoughts inflam'd of high'r Unbroken, and in proud rebellious arms design,

Drew after him the third part of heaven's sons, Puts on swift wings, and tow'rds the gates of hell Conjur'd against the Higheit; for which both Explores his solitary flight; fometimes

thou He scours the right hand coast, fomctiipes the left, And they, outcast from God, are here condemn'd Now shaves with level wing the deep, then foars To waste cternal days in wne and pain ? Up to the fiery concave tow'ring high.

And reckon'st thou hyself with spirits of heaven, As when far off at sea a fleet descried

Hell-doom'd, and breath's detiance here and Hangs in the clouds, by equinoctial winds

Scorn Clole failing from Bengala, or the isles

Wliere I reign king, and, to enrage thee more, of Ternate and Tidorc, whence merchants bring Thy king and lord? Back to thy punishment, Their spicy drugs; they on the trading food Fallc fugitive, and to thy speed add wings; . Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape Left with a whip of scorpions I pursue Ply, stemming nightly tow'rd the pole : to feem'dThy ling'ring, or with one strokc of this dart Far off the flying fiend: at laft appear

Strange horror seize thee, and' pangs unfelt Hell-bounds, high reaching to the horrid roof,

before. And thrice threc-fold the gates; three folds were So spake the grisly terror, and in shape, brass,

So speaking and so threat’ning, grew tenfold Three iron, three of adamantine rock;

More dreadful and deform. On th'other lide Impenetrable, impal'd with circling Gre, Incens'd with indignation Satan food Yet unconsum'd. Before the gates there fat Unterrified; and like a.comet burn'd, On either side a formidable shape;

That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge The one seein'd woman to the waist, and fair, In th’af&tic sy, and from his horrid hair But ended foul in many a scaly fold

Shakes pestilence and war. Each at the head Voluininous and vast, a serpent arm'd

Levell’d his deadly aim; their fatal hands With mortal fling: about her iniddle round No second stroke intend, and such a frown A cry of hell-hounds never ccaling bark'd Each cast at th'other, as when two black cloud With wide Cerberean mouths full loud, and ning with heaven's artillery fraught, come rattlin. A hideous peal; yct, when they list, would creep, Over the Caspian, then stand front to fron If aught difturb'd their noise, into her womb, Hovering a spacc, till winds the signal blow And kennel there; yet there ftill bark'd and To join their dark encounter in mid air : howl'a,

So frown'd the mighty combatants, that he Within unseen, Far less abhorr'd than chefe Grew darker at their frown; fo match'd Vex'd Scylla bathing in the sea that parts

ftood; Calabria froin thc hoarsc Trinacrian shore : For never but once more was cither like Nor uglier follow the night-hay, when call’d To meet so great a foe. And now grcat deeds In secret, riding through the air the comes, Had been achiev'd, whercof all hell had rung, Lurd with the smell of infant-blood, to dance Had not the snaky forcerefs that sat With Lapland witches, while the lab'ring moon Taft by hell-gate, and kept the fatal kcy, Eclipsey at their charms. The other shape, Ris'n, and with hideous outcry ruth'd between. If shape it might be call'd that shape had none O father, what intends thy hand, she cried, Distinguinhable in member, joint, or linb; Againit thy only fon? What fury, O son, Or. substance might be callid that shadow seem'd, Polieties thee to bend that mortal dart For cach seem'd cither; black it Itood as night, Against thy father's head? and know'ít for whom? Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell,

For him who firs above and laughs the while And thook a dreadful dart; what seem'd his head At thee, ordain d his drudge, to execute



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W'hate'cr his wrath, which te calls justice, bids; s And honrly born, with sorrow infinite
Ilis wrath, ubich one day will justrov se both.

ve To me, for, when they lift, into the womb She spake, and at her uc.ds ne hillith putt That bred them they return, and howl, and gray Forbcre; then thcfe to her Satan retumd: My bjuels, their repaft! then burtting forth

So strange thy outcry, and thy words fu ftrange Atrch with conscious terrors vex me round, Thou interpoiii, that my sudden hand

That reft or intcrmiffion none I find. Prevented ipares to tell thee yet by deeds Before mine eyes in opposition fits What it intends; tied tirit I know of thee Grim Death, my fon and foc, who fets them on, What thing thou art, thus double-forin'd, and why And me his parent would full soon devour In this infernal valc firit met thou call'it For want of ither prey, but that he knows Me father, and that plantatin call'st my fon : His end with mine involv'd: and knows that I I know thee not, nor ever iaw till now

Should prove a bitter morfel, and his bine, Sight more deteftable than him and thee. Whenever that shall be; fo fate pronounc'd.

T' whom thus the portress of hell-gate replied: Bur thou, O father, I forewarn thee, Thun Haft thou forgot me then, and do I feem His deadły arrow; neither rainly hope Now in thine eve io foul once dcem'd to fair To be invulnerable in those bright arms, In Heaven, when at thi' assembly, and in fight Though temper'd heavenly; for that mortal dint, Of all the feraphim, with thee combid Save he who reigas abwe, none can refift. In bold conspiracy againtt Heaven's King,

She finith'd; and the subtle fend his lore All on a sudden milerable pain

Soon learn'd, now milder, and thus ansever'd Surpris'd thee, dim thinc eves, and dizzy fnan


(fire, In darkness, while thy head Hannes thick and fast Dear daughter, since thou claim'ft me fur thy Threw forth ; till on the left side op’ning wide, And my fair

ton here shew 'ft me, the dear pierige Likest to thee in shape and count'nance bright, Of dalliance had with thee in heaven, and joys Then thining heavenly fair, a goddets arm d Then firect, now tad to mention, through dire Ort of thy head I sprung: amazement feiz'd

change All th' hoit of heaven; back they recoil d, afraid Befall'us, unferefeen, innthought of; know At first, and call'd me Sin, and for a lign I come no enemy, bat to tet free Portentous held me; but fimiliar grown, From out this dark and dismal house of pain I pleas’d, and with attrattive graces won Both him and thee; and all the heavenly hutt The most averfe, thee chietly, wbo full oft Of ipirits, that in our jnft pretences arm'd Thyself in me thy perfect image viewing Fell with us from on high: from them I go Becam'it cnainour'd, and such joy thou took'it This uncouch errand tole, and one for all With me in fecret, that my womb conceiva Mvfett expofe, with lonely fteps to tread A growing burden Meanwhile war arofa, Th' unfounded deep, and through the void imAnd neids were fought in hcaven; wherein re- menfc main'd

To search with wand'ring quest a place forctoid (For what could else:') to our almighty foe Should bs, and, by concurring figns, ere no: Clear victory, to our part lots and rout

Created vast and round; a place of bliss
Through all the empyréan : down they fell In the purlicus of heaven, and therein placid
Driv'n headlong from the pitch of heaven, down A race of upstart crcatures, to supply
Into this deep; and in the general fall

Perhaps our vacant room; though more remord, I alto; at which eine this pow'rful key Left hearen surcharg'd with potent multitude Into my hand was giv'n, with charge to keep Might hap to move new broils. Be this, or aught Theic gates for ever thur, which none can pass Than this inore decret, now deliyu’d, I hatte Without iny Peniwe here I fat To know; and, this once known, ihail foon te. Alone ; but long I fat not, till my womb,


(Dearh Pregnant by thic, and now excetlive grown, And bring ye to the place where thou and Prodi rious motion felt, and rueful throcs. Shall dwett ar eale, und up and down unseca At last tiis odious ott pring whom thou icett, Wing silently the buxun air, imbalın'd Tnine own begotten, breaking violent way With odours; there ye thall be fed and filld, Tore through my entrails, that with fear and pain Immeafurately, all things thall be your prey. Distorted, all my nether thape thus grew

He ceas d, for both tecr'd highly pleas d; and Transform'd: but he my inbred enemy

Forth issued, brandishing his fatal dast

Grinn'd horrible a ghastly smile, to hear
A lade to destroy: I tied, and cried out, Death; His tamines thould be tillid; and blers'd his maw
Hell trembled at the hideous name, and figh'd Destin'd to that good hour: no lefs rejoic'd
From all her cave, and back itiounded Death. His mother bad, and thus beipake her fire :
I fed, but he pursued (though more, it seems, The key of this infernal pi by duc,
Inham'd with Lui dian raye); and, fiviftur far, And by command of heaven's all-powerful King,
Me overtook, his mother, all dilmay'd,

I keep, by him forbidden to unlock
And in embraces forcible and foul

These adamantine gatos; against all force Irgend'ring with me, of that rape be got

Death ready stands to interpose his dait, Thete velling munitors, that with Ccaleless cry Fearless to be o'ermatch'd by living might. Surround me, as thou 'li, concuirid Bui what owe I to his commands above






Who hates me, and hath hither thrust me down I sung of chaos and eternal night;
Into this gloon of Tartarus profound,

Taught by the heavenly muse

to venture down To fit in hateful office here confin'd,

The dark descent, and up to reafoond,
Inhabitant of heaven, and heavenly born, Though hard and rare: thec I revifit lafe,
Here in perpetual agony and pain,

And fuel thy for’reign vital lamp; but thou
With terrors and with clamours compass'd round Revisit's not these cyes, that roll in vain
Of mine own brood, that on my bowels feed? To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn;
Thou art my father, thou my author, thou So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their orbs,
My being gav'st me, whom ihould I obey Or din fuffufion veild. Yet not the more
But thee? whom follow thou wilt bring me foon Ccale I to wander, where the mufes haunt
To that new world of light and bliss, among Clear spring, or shady grovt, or funny hill,
The gods who live at eate, where I shall reign Smit with the love of sacred fong; but chicf
At thy right hand voluptuous, as beseems Thee, Sion, and the flow ry brooks beneath,
Thy daughter and thy darling, without end. That wash thy hallow'd fect, and warbling flow,

Thus laying, from her fide the fatal key, Nightly I visit: nor sometimes forget
Sad instrument of all our woe, she took;

Those other two equallid with me in fate,
And tow'rds the gate rolling her bestial train, So were I equalld with them in renown,
Forthwith the huge portcullis high up drew; Blind Thamyris, and blind Mæonides,
Which, but hertelf, not all the Stygian powers And Tirelias, and Phineus, prophets old :
Could once have mov'd I then in the key-tole Then feed on thoughts, that voluntary move

Harmonious numbers; as the wakeful bird
Th' intricate wards, and every bolt and bar Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid
Of mally iron or folid rock with cafe

Tuncs her nocturnal note. Thus with the year
Unfastens : : on a sudden open fly,

Seasons feturn, but not to me returns
With impetuous recoil and jarring sound, Day, or the sweet approach of ev'n or morn,
Th’infernal doors, and on their hinges grate Or fight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose,
Harth thunder, that the lowest bottom thook Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine;
Of Erebus. She open'd, but to thut

But cloud instead, and ever-during dark
Excell'd her pow'r: the gates wide open food, Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of men
That with extended wings a banner'd hoft, Cut off, and for the book of knowledge fair
Under spread ensigns marching, might pass thro' Presented with a universal blank
With horse and chariots rank'd in loose array; Of nature's works, to me expung'd and ras'd,
So wide they stood, and like a furnace inouth And wisdom at one entrance quite Thut out.
Calt torth redounding (moke and ruddy fame. So much the rather thou, celestial light,
Before their eyes in sudden view appear

Shine inward, and the mind thro' all her pow'rs
The secrets of the hoary deep, a dark

Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from thence Illimitable ocean, without bound,

Purge and disperse, that I may fee and tell
Without dimension, where length, breadth, and of things invisible to mortal light.

And time, and place are lost; where eldest Night
And Chaos, ancestors of Nature, hold

$ 56. Address from the Deity to his Sun. Eternal anarchy, amidst the noite


THOU, in Heaven and Earth the only peace Of endless wars, and by confusion stand.

Found out for mankind under wrath, O thou My fole complacence! well thou know'ít how

dear § 55. Milton's Address to the Sun.

To me are all my works, nor man the least, HAİL, holy Light, offspring of Heaven first- | Though last crcated; that for him I spare born,

Thee from my bofum and right hand, to fave,
Or of th'Eternal coeternal beam,

By losing thee awhile, the whole race loit.
May I express thee unblam'd? fince God is light, Thou therefore, whom thou only canst redeein,
And never but in unapproached light

Their nature also to thy nature join;
Dwelt from eternity, dwelt then in thee, And be thgselt Man ainong inen on earth,
Bright effluence of bright eisence incrcare. Made flesh, when time ihall be, of virgin seed,
Or hear'st thou rather, pure ethereal stream, By wondrous birth : be thou in Adam's room
Whofe fountain who fall tell ? Before the sun, The head of all mankind, though Adam's son.
Before the heavens thou wert, and at the voice As in him perish all men, so in thee,
Of God, as with a mantle, didst invest

As from a second root, shall be icitor'd
The rising world of waters dark and deep, As many as are restor’d, without thee rone.
Won from the void and formless infinire. His crime makes guilty all his fons; thy murie
Thee I revisit now with bolder wing,

Imputed thali abfolve them who renounce
Escap'd the Stygian pool, though long detain'd Their own both righarcous and unrightcous decus,
In ctiat obscure fojourn; while in my fight And live in thee transplanted, and froin thee
Thro' utter and thro' middle darkness borne, Receive new life. So Man, as is most jutt,
With other notes than to sh'Orphéan ivre, Shall fatisfy for Man, be judgd, and die,


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And dying rise, and rising with him raise And where the river of bliss through midit of His brethren, ransom'd with his own dear life.

hcaven So hcavenly love shall outdo hellith hate, Rolls o'er Elysian flow'rs her amber stream: Giving to death, and dying to redeem,

With those that never fade, the fpirits elect So dearly to redeem what hellith hate

Bind their resplendent locks, inwreath'd with So casily destroy'd, and Itill destroys

beains; In those who, when they may, accept not grace. Now in loote garlands thick thrown off, the bright Nor (halt thou, by descending to assume Pavement, that like a fea of jasper thone, Man's nature, letsen or degrade thine own, Impurpled with celeftial roscs im:ld. Because thou hast, though thron'd in highest bliss, Then crown'd again, their golden harps they took; Equal to God, and equally enjoying

Harps ever tun'd, that glittering by their fide Godlike fruition, quitted all, to save

Like quivers hung, and with preainble sweet
A world from utrcr loss, and hast been found

Of charming symphony they introduce
By mcrit more than birthright Son of God, Their sacred fong, and waken raptures high;
Found worthicst to be fo by being good, No voice excmpt, no voice but well could join
Far more than grcat or high; because in thee Melodious part, such concord is in heaven.
Love hath abounded more tham glory' abounds ;
Therefore thy humiliation thall exalt
With thee thy manhood alto to this throne;

§ 57. Satan's Address to the Sun.
Here shalt thou fit incarnate, here thalt reign
Boty God and Man, Son borh of God and Man, O THOU that, with

furpaffing glory crown'd,

Look'st from thy fole dominion like the goe Anointed universal King; all pow'r

Of this new world ; at whose fight all the stars I give thee; reign for ever, and assume

Hide their diminith'd heads; to thee I call,
Thy merits ; under thee, as huad supreme, But with no friendlv voice, and add thy name,
Thrones, princedoins, pow'rs, dominions, I re- O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams,

That bring to my remembrance from what ftate
All knces to thee shall bow, of them that bide I fell, how giorious once above thy sphere;
In heaven or earth, or under carth in hell, Till pride, and worse ambition, threw me dorn,
When thou, attended gloriously froin heaven Warring in heaven against heaven's marchicis
Shalt in the sky appear, and from thee send

The fummoning archangels to proclaim

Ah wherefore! he deserv'd no such return
Tły dread tribunal; forthwith from all winds From me, wliom he created what I was,
'The living, and forthwith the cited dead In that bright eminence, and with his good
Of all patt ages, to the general doom

Upbraided none; nor was his service hard.
Shall haiten; fuch a peal thall route their slecp. What could be less than to afford him praise,
Then, all thy faints affembled, thou shalt judge The catick recompence, and pay him thanks,
Bad men and angels; they arraign'd thall link How duc! yet all his good prov'd ill in me,
Beneath thy fentence; hull, her numbers full, And wrought but malice; lifted up so high,
Thenceforth frall be for ever thur. Meanwhile I'ldain'd fubjetion, and thought one step higher
The world fall burn, and from her athes fpring Would set me highest, and in a moment quit
New heaven and carth, wherein the just thali dwell, The Jebt immcnte of endless gratitude,
And, after all the tribulat


So burdensome ftill paying, still to owe,
See golden days, fruitful of golden deeds, Forgetful what from lim I still receiv'd;
With joy and love triumphing, and fair truth: And understood not that a gratuful mind
Then thou thy regal sceptre ihalt lay by, By owing owes not, but still pays, at once
For regal fccptre thun no more thall need, Indebred and discharg'd; what burden then ?
God shall be all in all. But all ve Gods, Oh had his powerful deftiny ordain'd
Adore him, who to compass all this dics; Me some inferior angel, I had stood
Adore the Son, and honour him as mc.

Then happy ; no untounded hope had rais d
No fuover had th' Alinighey ccas'd, but all Ambition. Yet why not? foine other pow's
The multitude of angels, with a thout

As great might have aspir’d, and me though
I oud as from numbers without number, sweet
As from blets'd voices, uttering jov, hlaven rung Drawn to his part; but other pow'rs as great
With jubilce, and loud hofamas tillid

Fell not, but ftand unfhaken, from within
Th' cternal regions: lowly reverent,

Or from without, to all remptations arm d. Tow'rds cither throne they bow, and to the ground Hadit thou the fame free will and pou 'r to stands With folumn adoration down they caft

Thou hadit: whom haft thou then, or what, Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold;

t'accuse, Immortal amarant, a fow'r which once

But Heaven's free love, dealt equally to all?
In Paradise, fast by the tree of life,

Bu then his love accurs'd, fince love or hate,
Began to bloom; but foon for inan's offence To me alike, it deals eternal woe.
To heaven remov'd, where first it grew, there Niy, curs'd be thou ; fince against his thy will

Chole freely what it now to ufily nues.
And how'rs aloft shading the fount of life, Me miferable ! which way fhall I fly




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Infinite wrath, and infinite defpair ?

Yielded with coy submission, modeft pride,
Which way I Hy is hell; myself am hell;

And sweet reluctant amorous delay.
And in the lowest deep a lower deep

Nor those mysterious parts were then conceal'd;
Still threat’ning to devour me opens wide, Then was not guilty shame, dishonest shame
To which the hell I suffer seems a heaven. Of nature's works, hopour dishonourablc,
Oh then at last relent: is there no place Sin-bred, how liave ye troubled all mankind
Left for repentance, none for pardon left ?

With thows instead, mere shows of seeming pure,
None left but by submission : and that word And banith'd from man's life his happiest life,
Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame Simplicity, and spotless innocence !
Among the spi'rits beneath, whom I seduc'd So pafs’d they naked on, nor shunnd the sight
With other promises and other vaunts

Of God or angel ; for they thought no ill:
Than to submit, boasting I could subdue So hand in hand they pass’d, the loveliest pair
'Th' Omnipotent. Ay me, they little know That ever since in love's embraces met;
How dearly 1 abide that boast fo vain,

Adam the goodliest man of men since born
Under what torments inwardly I groan,

His fons, the faireft of her daughters Eve,
While they adore me on the throne of hell. Under a tuft of thade that on a green
With diadem and sceptre high advanc'd, Stood whisp'ring soft, by a freth fountain-Side
The lower ftill I fall, only supreme

They fat them down; and after no more toil
In mifery: such joy ambition finds.

Of their sweet gard'ning labour than suffic'd But say I could repent, and could obtain To recommend cool Zephyr, and made cale By act of grace my former state; how loon Morc eaty, wholesome thirst and appetite Would height rccal high thoughts, how soon More grateful, to their fupper-fruits they fell unsay

Nectarine fruits, which the compliant bough.
What feign'd submission swore! ease would recant Yielded them, side-long as they fat recline
Vows made in pain, as violent and void. On the soft downy bank dainaik'd with flowers ·
For never can true reconcilement grow

The favory pulp ihey chew, and in the rind,
Where wounds of deadly hate have picrc'a so deep: Still as they thirsted, scoop the brimıning stream
Which would but lead me to a worse relapfe, Nor gentle purpose, nor endearing smiles,
And heavier fall: so should•I purchase dear

Wanted, nor youthful dalliance, as beteems
Short intermifiion bought with double smart. Fair couple, link'd in happy nuptial league,
This knows my punisher: therefore as far

Alone as they
From granting he, as I from begging peace :
All hope excluded thus, behold instead § 59. Adam's Address to Eve, relative to the
Of us outcast, exil'd, his new delight,

Tree of Knowledge, and Eve's Keply.
Mankind created, and for him this world.

SOLE partner, and sole part, of all thete joys,
So farewel hope, and with hope farewel fear, Dearer thyself than all; needs muft the Pow's
Farewel remorse : all good to me is loft: That made us, and for us this ample world,
Evil, be thou my good : by thee at least Be infinitely good, and of his good
Divided empire with Heaven's King I hold, As liberal and free as infinite;
By thee, and more than half perhaps will reign; That rais'd us from the dust, and plac'd us here
As man ere long, and this new world, shall know. In all this happiness, who at his hand

Have nothing merited, nor can perform
$ 58. Description of Adam and Eve. Ought whercof he hath need; he who rcquires
T'O of far nobler thape, erect and tall, From us no other service than to keep

Godlike erect, with native honour clad; This one, this caly charge, of all the trees
In naked majcitu leem'd lords of all :

In Paradise that bear delicious fruit
And worthy fecm'd; for in their looks divine So various, not to taste that only tree
The image of their glorious Maker Thone, Of knowledge, planted by the tree of life;
Truth, wisdom, fanćtitude fevere and pure So ncar grows death to lifc, whate'er death is,
(Severe, but in true filial freedom placid), Some dreadful thing, no doubt; for well thou
Whence true authority in men : though both

know It
Not cqual, as their sex not cqual feem'd: God hath pronounc'd it death to taste that tree,
For contemplation he, and valour form'd; The only lign of our obedience left
For softness the, and sweet attractive grace; Among so many ligns of pow'r and rulc
He for God only, shc for God in him.

Conferr'd upon us, and dominion given
His fair large fiont and cye sublime declar'd Over all other crcatures that poilets
Absolute rule ; and hyacinthian locks

Earth, air, and sea. Then let us not think hard
Round from his parteá forclock manly hung One caly prohibition, who enjoy
Clust'ring, but not beneath his shoulders broad: Free leave so large to all things elsc, and choice
She, as a veil, down to the slender waist Unlimited of manifold delights:
Her unadorned golden tresses wore

But let us ever praise him, and extol
Dithevell’d, but in wanton ringlets wavid, His bounty, following cur dclightful task,
As the vine curls her tendrils, which implied To prune these growing plants, and tend these
Subjection, but requir'd with gentle sway,

And by her yielded, by him best receiv'd, Which were it toillome, yet with the were were:

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