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unresistingly from his strokes, and, while they writhe beneath the poignancy of his satire, he exposes their mis-statements and their bigotry to contempt and derision. He lays open the inconsistency of their doctrines, he confounds the falsehood of their assertions, and, like the Indian sun dissipating the fogs of a dewy morn, he scatters into air the nothingness of their unwarrantable and groundless charges.

The apostle of an atheistical and unbelieving world, he seemed ordained to form the barrier against the wily insinuations of the Deist and the infidel-to support the eternal fabric of Catholicity against the malignant shafts of the hottest bigotry to encourage her against the weakness of her own members, and the traitorous defection of some of her own children,-while he boldly wrenched the weapon of mis-statement from his trampled antagonists; and tearing off the hidden mask of misrepresentation, exhibited the beauteous features of the primitive church in all their original purity. Devoted from his cradle to the works of piety and of learning, every scene of his existence portrays the same unvaried adoration of his God and his religion. Exempt from all the trifling passions which diversify the days of boyhood, the spirit of humility and of study led him by the hand; she conducted him to the dawning of manhood; and, instead of deserting him in the hour of tribulation, she raised him up a pillar in the wilderness-a Palmyra in the desert!! Persecution and libertinism were howling their fiendish yell; he trusted himself to the very jaws of Cerberus; when he quelled their harmless barkings, defied their attempts, and foiled each noxious attack. The controvertist of error and of heresy withered before his scowl; while the advocate of threadbare falsehood and of oft-told forgeries was overpowered by the cloudless rays of truth, which he held up to the gaze of benighted millions. Inflexible and unbending in the path of rectitude, a superior beam of heavenly wisdom seemed to have lent its illuminising rays to him; so clearsighted and so piercing were his views of politics, and of political schemes.

"Dr. Milner's duties, as a pastor and as a bishop, have invariably been marked with zeal that knew no fatigue, and with an eagerness in the discharge of those functions, which manifested how entirely absorbed he was in the offices of his holy calling. But yet, however great the exertions of his ordinary life, still there is one period which can never be forgotten, and which must ever be recurred to with feelings of fearful gratitude by the church of Great


Its members are sensible that had it not been for his foresight, and his indefatigable struggles, they would have been the voluntary, though blinded victims, of their own credulity; they would have surrendered the dearest rights of their belief; they would have set the seal to their vassalage, and would have effectually proved to Europe that they were indeed ordained to be Helots. When then the disgusting and unprincipled machinations of corrupt legislation sought to betray and cajole a class that they both feared and oppressed when the speciousness of their deceitful proposals had deluded an overwhelming majority of the Catholic hierarchy, Dr. Milner stood forth to avert the storm which was instantly threatening to burst and annihilate them. When all had yielded, he alone was sensible of the latent danger-he alone persisted in ceaseless opposition. The agitated emotions of his own party, as well as the virulence of the other, were unable to alter his opinions, or to drive him from his post. Concealed beneath the offers of political advantage and instant emancipation lay the feathery arrow, which they had poisoned for our destruction with venom more direful in its effects than even that of the Wourali. His Lynxean eye perceived the weapon of death; and when he discovered that the infatuation of his fellow-labourers was hurrying them on to apply the asp to their veins, he warned them of the danger; and, notwithstanding their obstinacy, he persisted, until he finally succeeded in guarding them against the deleterious venom of its destructive contagion.

"The polemical works of Dr. Milner must rank him among the most distinguished fathers of the church. They display a depth of erudition, a force of reasoning, and a peculiar energy of style, with a purity of diction, which we in vain look for in the similar productions of his contemporaries. Ever steady to the truth, he deduces incontrovertible authority for his statements; and, armed at all points for the combat, overthrow invariably awaits the opponent that has the hardihood to engage him. Although the heat of discussion has sometimes led him to personalities, yet he has never transgressed the bounds of propriety, or of gentlemanly language. Indeed, if he was so inclined, the liberality of his adversaries would have disgusted him too highly to allow him to have indulged in it. As the Lacedemonians, in other times, were accustomed to expose their drunken slaves to the ridicule of their children, in order to give them a horror of that debasing vice; so have Dr. Milner's antagonists, by their lavish use of the lowest ribaldry, taught him to avoid what so much polluted their contemptible tracts. A certain unction of the divine C. M. VOL. VIII.- -No. 67.


grace has visibly infused itself into his books; for those who have perused them in the true spirit of religious inquiry declare, in their conversion, how irresistible is the effulgence of orthodoxy breaking on their dazzled sight; when that shroud was rent asunder which had prohibited them from beholding the sublimity and the elevated force of the doctrines of the one sheepfold of the one shepherd. Their extensive sale, and translations into every modern tongue, proclaim the opinions which the learned have formed of their merits.

"His death was such as his life would have promised; his sufferings were borne with the most uncomplaining resignedness, and the most cheerful endurance. For a short time he reigned, and then hurried to receive the compensations of the just. The meteor star of the British church shed its resplendency on that horizon, and sunk beneath the weeping billow of mortality. Yes! even Death herself now mourned to think that she should pluck so fair a vintage, and consign its fruitful honours to her mouldering embrace. The tomb, although closing its gaping jaws on the remains of its hoary victim, has lost all its terrors, and a dawning of beatific brightness refreshes the dampy earth. Now indeed might we say, Death! where is thy sting? Oh Grave! where is thy victory?" The Voltaire of Christianity is inhumed in his bosom; and while the grave closed over the mortal remains of the incomparable prelate, we felt that his name would be reverenced by after generations, with all its honours and its triumphs.

"Peace to his undying shade! for his like again.'

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Letters from his late Majesty to the late Lord Kenyon on the Coronation Oath, with his Lordship's Answers: and Letters of the Right Honourable William Pitt to his late Majesty, with his Majesty's Answers, previous to the Dissolution of the Ministry in 1801. Printed for John Murray. London: 1827.

THE above Correspondence has been edited by Dr. Phillpotts, under the auspices, and with the approbation of Lord Kenyon, in whose possession it has been; and it was certainly with no intention of serving the Catholic cause, that the noble Lord and Reverend Gentleman have ushered these important letters into the world. Yet it would be difficult to point out a more powerful, effective, and seasonable service that could have been rendered to that cause at the present moment, than the important and highly interesting Correspondence in question.

These letters reveal, indeed, the absurd, but honest prejudices which our late excellent sovereign, king George III., entertained on the great question of Catholic Emancipation; but they also contain an able refutation of those objections from a determined enemy of that measure, the late Lord Kenyon, and they not only throw great light on the circumstances which led to the dissolution of the ministry in 1801, but they prove the warm, sincere, and enlightened devotion of Mr. Pitt to that cause, which alone occasioned his secession from power at the period alluded to. At a moment when a vague and ill-founded rumour had represented his present Majesty as influenced by the same scruples on the question of Catholic Emancipation, as his late august father, what could be more gratifying than to see the futility of such objections exposed by a statesman hostile to the measure itself? And at a moment when the disappointed ambition of some tories, who wish to appropriate exclusively the principles of Mr. Pitt, has rendered them particularly assiduous in misrepresenting the principles of this illustrious statesman on this vital question, what could be more fortunate than to discover a private and confidential communication from Mrr Pitt to his late Majesty, in which the former delivers a full, candid, and masterly exposition of his sentiments on this very point.

We shall now proceed to make some extracts from the Correspondence between his late Majesty and the late Lord Kenyon. The king addresses a letter to Lord Kenyon, in which he requests his Lordship to answer the following questions which he proposes :-

"The following queries," says his Majesty, “on the present attempt to abolish all distinctions in religion in Ireland, with the intention of favouring the Roman Catholics in that kingdom, are stated from the desire of learning whether this can be done, without affecting the Constitution of this country; if not, there is no occasion to view, whether this measure in itself be not highly improper.

"The only laws which now affect the Papists in Ireland, are the Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity, the Test Act, and the Bill of Rights. It seems to require very serious investigation how far the king can give his assent to a repeal of any one of those acts, without a breach of his Coronation Oath, and of the Articles of Union with Scotland.

"The construction put upon the Coronation Oath by the Parliament at the Revolution, seems strongly marked in the Journals of the House of Commons, when the Clause was proposed by way of rider to the bill, establishing the Coronation Oath, declaring that nothing contained in it should be construed to bind down the king and queen, their heirs and Successors, not to give the royal assent to any bill for qualifying the Act of Uniformity, so far as to render it palatable to Protestant Dissenters, and the Clause was nega

tived upon a division. This leads to the implication, that the Coronation Oath was understood at the Revolution to bind the Crown not to assent to any repeal of any of the existing laws at the Revolution, or which were then enacted for the maintenance and defence of the Protestant religion, as by law established.

"If the Oath was understood to bind the Crown not to assent to the repeal of the Act of Uniformity in favour of Protestant Dissenters, it would seem to bind the Crown full as strongly not to assent to the repeal of the Act of Supremacy, or the Test Act in favour of Roman Catholics.

"Another question arises from the provisions of the act, limiting the succession to the crown, by which a forfeiture of the crown is expressly enacted, if the king upon the throne should hold communication with, or be reconciled to the Church of Rome. May not the 'repeal of the Act of Supremacy and the establishing the Popish religion in any of the hereditary dominions, be construed as amounting to a reconciliation with the church of Rome?

"Would not the Chancellor of England incur some risk in affixing the Great Seal to a bill for giving the Pope a concurrent ecclesiastical jurisdiction with the king?

66 By the Articles of Union with Scotland it is declared to be an essential and fundamental article, that the king of Great Britain shall maintain the church of England as by law established, in England, Ireland, and Berwickupon-Tweed.

"The bargain made by England in 1782, by Yelverton's Act, gives rise to the question, whether the repeal of any of the English statutes adopted by that act would not be a direct violation of the compact made by the Parliament of Ireland with Great Britain ?”?

To these queries of his Majesty, Lord Kenyon makes a most judicious and sensible reply. He shews that the words of the Coronation Oath which bind the king to maintain the Protestant Reformed religion established by law, are too general to tie him down to any particular line of policy-that it is left to the royal conscience to decide what particular measures are, or are not subversive of the Protestant establishment, and, consequently, come within the obligations of the oath-that the supreme power of the state cannot limit itself, and that the securities devised by Parliament at one period for the protection of the established church, may be abolished at another period by another parliament, which shall deem those securities useless or pernicious- that the Toleration Act, passed by the very Parliament which framed the Coronation Oath, and the various statutes, either temporary or permanent, subsequently enacted for the relief of Catholics and Dissenters, prove that a restrictive policy was never implied by the words of the Coronation Oath-and that there is no more reason, why the total abrogation of the penal laws against the Catholics should be deemed a violation of the Coro

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