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Defodiet, condetque nitentia. ' cum bene notum
Porticus Agrippa, et via te confpexerit Appî;
Ire tamen reftat, Numa " quo devenit et Ancus.


Si latus aut renes morbo tentantur acuto, Quære fugam morbi. * vis recte vivere? quis non?



VER. 45. CRAGGS] In the Political State of Great Britain, pubished 1721, is the following curious account of the fenior Craggs. He was born in the Bishoprick of Durham, of people "of the meanest rank; but being a hopeful youth, his relations "were refolved to do something extraordinary for him; when "his apprenticefhip was expired, he took a fhort walk of about 66 200 miles up to London." &c.

VER. 48. Grac'd as thou art, with all the Pow'r of Words,] It is faid that Pope was Murray's inftructor in elocution.

VER. 49. Houfe of Lords:] In 1738, Murray was fuccefsful as counsel in appeals before the Houfe, for no less than eleven caufes. Life of Lord Mansfield.

VER. 52. Where MURRAY, &c.] The concurring teftimony of friends and enemies confirms the high panegyric here expreffed øn Lord Mansfield, yet the intended parallel fails in its most material part. The Roman Conful has left unequivocal proofs of the fertile and comprehenfive genius attributed to him by his contempotaries; the British Chancellor will be known to posterity in the character of a wife and virtuous Hiftorian. This cannot be faid of the late Lord Chief Juftice, eminent, learned, and poffeffed of the higheft endowments, as he certainly was.

VER 53. TULLY, HYDE !] Equal to either, in the ministry of his profeffion; and, where the parallel fails, as it does in the rest of the character, fuperior to both. TULLY's brightest talents were frequently tarnifhed by Vanity and Fear; and HYDE's moft virtuous purpofes perverted and defeated by fuperftitious notions concerning the divine origin of Government, and the unlimited obedience of the People. WARBURTON.

VER. 53. than HYDE!] Much beyond the Original; particularly on account of the very happy and artful use Pope has made of the neighbourhood of the House of Parliament to Weft



Grac'd as thou art, with all the Pow'r of Words, So known, so honour'd, at the House of Lords: Confpicuous Scene! another yet is nigh,


(More filent far,) where Kings and Poets lie; Where MURRAY (long enough his Country's pride). Shall be no more than TULLY, or than HYDE!



Rack'd with Sciatics, martyr'd with the Stone,
any Mortal let himself alone?

See Ward by batter'd Beaus invited over,
And desp❜rate Misery lays hold on Dover.

The cafe is easier in the Mind's disease ;



There all Men may be cur'd, whene'er they please. Would ye be bleft? defpife low Joys, low Gains; Difdain whatever CORNBURY difdains;

Be virtuous, and be happy for your pains.




minster Abbey; and of the well-turned and unexpected compliment he has paid to his illuftrious friend. The character of Lord Chancellor Clarendon feems to grow every day brighter, the more it is fcrutinized, and his integrity and abilities are more af certained and acknowledged, even from the publication of private papers, never intended to fee the light When Clarendon was going from Court, juft after his profligate and ungrateful master had obliged him to refign the great feal, the Duchefs of Cleveland meanly and wantonly infulted him from a window in the. palace. He looked up at her, and only faid, with a calm and contemptuous dignity, "Madam, if you live, you will grow old." WARTON.

VER. 57. And defp'rate Mifery lays hold on Dover.] Warbur ton says, “There is a prettiness in this expreffion, which depends on its contraft to that flippery medicine, by which this Quack rendered himself famous, namely Quickfilver !"

VER. 60. Would ye be bleft?] This amiable young nobleman wrote from Paris, 1752, a very preffing remonftrance to Mr.

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Lucum ligna? cave ne portus occupet alter.

Ne Cibyratica, ne Bithyna negotia perdas.

• Mille talenta rotundentur, totidem altera, porro et Tertia fuccedant, et quæ pars quadret acervum.



Mallet, to diffuade him, but in vain, from publishing a very offenlive digreffion on the Old Teftament, in Lord Bolingbroke's Letters on History. "I must fay to you, Sir, for the world's fake, and for his fake, that part of the work ought by no means to be communicated further. If this digreffion be made public, it will be cenfured, it must be cenfured, it ought to be cenfured. It will be criticifed too by able pens, whofe erudition, as well as their reafonings, will not eafily be anfwered:" He concludes by faying, "I therefore recommend to you to fupprefs that part of the work, as a good citizen of the world, for the world's peace, as one intrufted and obliged by Lord Bolingbroke, not to raise florms to his memory." WARTON.

VER. 61. Whatever CORNBURY difdains ;] When Lord Corn bury returned from his travels, the late Earl of Effex, his brother-in-law, told him he had got a handsome pension for him. To which Lord Cornbury answered with a compofed dignity-How could you tell, my Lord, that I was to be fold; or, at leaft, how came you to know my price fo exactly? To this anecdote Pope alludes. RUFFHEAD.

VER. 63. art thou one,] Here we have a direct and decifive cenfure of a celebrated infidel writer; at this time, therefore, which was 137, Pope was ftrongly and openly on the fide of Religion, as he knew the great lawyer to be, to whom he was writ ing. Horace, it is faid, alludes to the words of a dying Hercules in a Greek Tragedy; and Dion Caffius relates, in the twentyfeventh Book of his Hiftory, that thefe were the words which Brutus ufed just before he stabbed himself, after his defeat at Philippi. But it is obfervable, that this fact refts folely on the credit of this fawning and fulfome Court Hiftorian; and the Plutarch, who treats largely of Brutus, is filent on the fubject. If Brutus


" But art thou one, whom new opinions fway, One who believes as Tindal leads the way,

Who Virtue and a Church alike difowns,


Thinks that but words, and this but brick and


Fly then, on all the Wings of wild Defire,

Admire whate'er the maddeft can admire:

Is Wealth thy paffion? Hence! from Pole to Pole, Where winds can carry, or where waves can roll, 70 For Indian fpices, for Peruvian Gold,

Prevent the greedy, and outbid the bold:


Advance thy golden Mountain to the skies;

On the broad bafe of Fifty Thousand rise,

Add one round hundred, and (if that's not fair) 75
Add fifty more, and bring it to a square.

For, mark th' advantage; just so many score
Will gain a' Wife with half as many more,



had adopted this paffage, 1 cannot bring myfelf to believe, that Horace would fo far have forgotten his old republican principles, as to have mentioned the words adopted by the dying patriot, with a mark of reproach and reprobation,

It must be added, to what is faid above, of our Author's orthodoxy at this time, that he wrote a very respectful letter to Dr. Waterland, to thank him for his Vindication of the Athanafian Creed, dated October 16, 1737. Which letter was given by Dr. Waterland to Mr. Seed, and was in the poffeffion of Mr. Seed's widow, 1767, who fhewed it to Mr. Bowyer the eminent and learned Printer. WARTON.

VER. 65. Who Virtue and a Church alike difowns,] The one he renounces in his party-pamphlets; the other, in his Rights of the Chriftian Church. WARBURTON.

Tindal was of All-Souls College Oxford, and remarkable for his excentricities.




Scilicet uxorem cum dote, fidemque, et amicos,
Et genus, et formam, regina Pecunia donat;
Ac bene nummatum decorat Suadela, Venufque.

Mancipiis locuples, eget aeris


Cappadocum rex.

Ne fueris hic tu, chlamydes Lucullus, ut aiunt,
Si poffet centum fcenæ præbere rogatus,

Qui poffum tot? ait: tamen et quæram, et quot habebo

Mittam poft paulo fcribit, fibi millia quinque
Effe domi chlamydum: partem, vel tolleret omnes.
* Exilis domus eft, ubi non et multa fuperfunt,
Et dominum fallunt, et profunt furibus. ergo,
Si res fola poteft facere et servare beatum,
Hoc primus repetas opus, hoc poftremus omittas.



VER. 77. For, mark] Not imitated with the vigour and energy of the Original. This 77th line is uncommonly weak and languid. Three Divinities, for fuch Horace has defcribed them, Pecunia, Suadela, and Venus, confpire in giving their various accomplishments to this favourite of Fortune. WARTON.

VER. 85. His Wealth] By no means equal to the Original : there is fo much pleasantry in alluding to the known ftory of the Præ. tor coming to borrow dreffes (paludamenta) for a chorus in a public fpectacle that he intended to exhibit, who asked him to lend him a hundred, fays Plutarch; but Lucullus bade him take two hundred. Horace humorously has made it five thousand. We know nothing of Timon, except it be the Nobleman introduced in the Epiftle to Lord Burlington, Ver. 99. There is ftill another beauty in Horace; he has fuddenly, according to his manner, introduced Lucullus fpeaking; " qui poffum," &c. He is for ever introducing these little interlocutions, which give his Satires and Epiftles an air fo lively and dramatic. WARTON.

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