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N 526. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1712.

Fortius utere loris.

Keep a stiff rein.

OVID. Met. 1. ii. ver. 127.

ADDISON.

am very loth to come to extremities with the oung gentlemen mentioned in the following letter, ad do not care to chastise them with my own and, till I am forced by provocations too great be suffered without the absolute destruction of y spectatorial dignity. The crimes of these ofnders are placed under the observation of one my chief officers, who is posted just at the enance of the pass between London and Westminer. As I have great confidence in the capacity, solution, and integrity, of the person deputed y me to give an account of enormities, I doubt ot but I shall soon have before me all proper noces which are requisite for the amendment of anners in public, and the instruction of each invidual of the human species in what is due from m in respect to the whole body of mankind. he present paper shall consist only of the aboveentioned letter, and the copy of a deputation | hich I have given to my trusty friend Mr. John y; wherein he is charged to notify to me all at is necessary for my animadversion upon the elinquents mentioned by my correspondent, as ell as all others described in the said deputa

00.

TO THE SPECTATOR-GENERAL OF GREAT-BRITAIN.

tell you that some of them are grown so bashful as to study only in the night-time, or in the country. The other night I spied one of our young gentlemen very diligent at his lucubrations in Fleet-street; and, by the way, I should be under some concern lest this hard student should one time or other crack his brain with studying, but that I am in hopes nature has taken care to fortify him in proportion to the great undertakings he was designed for. Another of my fellow-templars on Thursday last was getting up into his study at the bottom of Gray's-inn-lane, in order, I suppose, to contemplate in the fresh air. Now, sir, my request is, that the great modesty of these two gentlemen may be recorded as a pattern to the rest: and if you would but give them two or three touches with your own pen, though you might not perhaps prevail with them to desist entirely from their meditations, yet I doubt not but you would at least preserve them from being public spectacles of folly in our streets. I say, two or three touches with your own pen; for I have really observed, Mr. Spec, that those Spectators which are so prettily laced down the sides with little c's, how instructive soever they' may be, do not carry with them that authority as the others. I do again therefore desire, that, for the sake of their dear necks, you would bestow one penful of your own ink upon them. I know you are loth to expose them; and it is, I must confess, a thousand pities that any young gentleman, who is come of honest parents, should be brought to public shame. And indeed I should be glad to have them handled a little tenderly at the first; but if fair means will not prevail, there is then no other way to reclaim them but by making use of some wholesome severities; and I think it is better that a dozen or two of such good-for-nothing fellows

I GRANT it does look a little familiar, but I must should be made examples of, than that the reputa

all you

tion of some hundreds of as hopeful young gentlemen as myself should suffer through their folly. It 6 DEAR DUMB, is not, however, for me to direct you what to do; BEING got again to the further end of the Wi- but, in short, if our coachmen will drive on this ow's coffee-house, I shall from hence give you trade, the very first of them that I do find medime account of the behaviour of our hackney-tating in the street, I shall make bold to “take bachmen since my last. These indefatigable genemen, without the least design, I dare say, of If-interest or advantage to themselves, do stil! y as volunteers day and night for the good of eir country. I will not trouble you with enuerating many particulars, but I must by no means nit to inform you of an infant about six foot gh, and between twenty and thirty years of age, ho was seen in the arms of a hackney-coachman, iving by Will's coffee-house in Covent-garden,

the number of his chambers *,” together with a
note of his name, and dispatch them to you, that
you may chastise him at your own discretion.
I am, DEAR SPEC,
For ever yours,
MOSES GREENBAG,

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ESQ. if you please.

'P. S. Tom Hammercloth, one of our coachmen, is now pleading at the bar at the other end of the room, but has a little too much vehemence, and throws out his arms too much to take his audience with a good grace.'

To my loving and well-beloved John Sly, haberdasher of hats, and tobacconist, between the cities of London and Westminster†.

etween the hours of four and five in the afternoon that very day wherein you published a memoal against them. This impudent young eur, ough he could not sit in a coach-box without lding, yet would be venture his neck, to bid -fiance to your spectatorial authority, or to any ing that you countenanced. Who he was I know ot, but I heard this relation this morning from a -ntleman who was an eye-witness of this his im- WHEREAS frequent disorders, affronts, indignities, dence; and I was willing to take the first op- omissions, and trespasses, for which there are no rtanity to inform you of him, as holding it ex-remedies by any form of law, but which apparently emely requisite that you should nip him in the ad. But I am myself most concerned for my Alluding to the precaution of taking the number of a llow-templars, fellow-students, and fellow-la-hackney-coach before you enter it. Durers in the law. I mean such of them as are gnified and distinguished under the denomination hackney-coachinen. Such aspiring minds have ese ambitious young men, that they cannot eny themselves out of a coach-box. It is, hower, an unspeakable comfort to me that I can now

+ Dr. John Hoadly relates an anecdote of this eccentric character in the following words: My father, on a pressing invitation, ouce attended, when Bishop of Bangor, one of the whig meetings at the Trumpet in Shire-lane, where Steele rather exposed himself in his zeal, having the double duty of the day upon him, as well to celebrate the immortal memory of King William, it being the 4th of November, as to drink his friend Addison up to conversation pitch, whose phlegma

N° 527. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 17:2

Facile invenies et pejorem, ct pejus moretam ;
Meliorem neque tu reperies, me que se va
PLAUTUS 14 $24

You will easily find a worse woman; a better the sun
shone upon.

I AM SO tender of my women-readers, that 1-not defer the publication of any thing which cerns their happiness or quiet. The repos married woman is consulted in the first of te lowing letters, and the felicity of a maiden * in the second. I call it a felicity to have teyg dresses of an agreeable man; and i thok 15not any where seen a prettier application poetical story than that of this, in making the re of Cephalus and Procris the history picum: fan in so gallant a manner as he addresses it. h see the letters.

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MR. SPECTATOR,

disturb and disquiet the minds of men, happen near the place of your residence: and that you are, as well by your commodious situation, as the good parts with which you are endowed, properly qualified for the observation of the said offences; I do hereby anthorise and depute you, from the hours of nine in the morning till four in the afternoon, to keep a strict eye upon all persons and things that are conveyed in coaches, carried in carts, or walk on foot, from the city of London to the city of Westminster, or from the city of Westminster to the city of London, within the said hours. You are therefore not to depart from your observatory at the end of Devereux-court during the said space of each day, but to observe the behaviour of all persons who are suddenly transported from stamping on pebbles to sit at ease in chariots, what notice they take of their foot acquaintance, and send me the speediest advice, when they are guilty of overlooking, turning from, or appearing grave and distant to, their old friends. When man and wife are in the same coach, you are to see whether they appear pleased or tired with each other, and whether they carry the due mean in the eye of the world, between fondness and coldness. You are 'It is now almost three months since I was inte carefully to behold all such as shall have addition about some business; and the hurry of it bei*. * of honour or riches, and report whether they pre- I took a coach one afternoon, and drove to « serve the countenance they had before such addi- relation, who married about six years ago 1 ** tion. As to persons on foot, you are to be atten- thy citizen. I found her at home, but Lerkz tive whether they are pleased with their condition, gone to the Exchange, and expected back and are dressed suitable to it; but especially to an hour at the furthest. After the usual <! distinguish such as appear discreet, by a low-heel of kindness, and a hundred questions about t shoe, with the decent ornament of a leather garter: in the country, we sat down to piquet, plays. to write down the names of such country gentlemen or three games, and drank tea. I should have e as, upon the approach of peace, have left the hunt- you that this was my second time of in ing for the military cock of the bat; of all who since marriage; but before, she lived at the s* strut, make a noise, and swear at the drivers of town where I went to school; so that the p coaches to make haste, when they see it impossible a relation, added to the innocence of my yk they should pass; of all young gentlemen in coach-prevailed upon her good-humour to indulge z boxes, who labour at a perfection in what they a freedom of conversation, as often, and 0.5 are sure to be excelled by the meanest of the peo- than the strict discipline of the school world ple. You are to do all that in you lies, that of. coaches and passengers give way according to the course of business, all the morning in term-time towards Westminster, the rest of the year towards the Exchange. Upon these directions, together with other secret articles herein inclosed, you are to govern yourself, and give advertisement thereof to me, at all convenient and spectatorial hours, when men of business are to be scen. Hereof you are not to fail. Given under my seal of office. · THE SPECTATOR.'

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You may easily imagine after such a quaintance we might be exceeding merry w any offence; as in calling to mind how ma ventions I have been put to in deluding the aust how many hands forged for excuses, how es times been sick in perfect health; for I was th never sick but at school, and only then becas out of her company. We had whiled away ta? hours after this manner, when I found it past and, not expecting her husband would ret late, rose up, told her I should go early next ing for the country. She kindly answered he atraid it would be long before she saw në 12so I took my leave, and parted. Now, sử, 1

tic constitution was hardly warmed for society by that time Steele was not fit for it. Two remarkable circumstances hap-not been got home a fortnight, when I receivet a pened:

John Sly, the hatter, of facetious memory, was in the house: and when pretty mellow took it into his head to come into the company on his knees, with a tankard of ale in his hand, to drink it off to the "immortal memory," and to retire in the same manner. Steele, sitting next my father, whispered him, "Do laugh; 'tis humanity to laugh."

Sir Richard, being in the evening too much in the same condition, was put into a chair, and sent home. Nothing would serve him but being carried to the Bishop of Bangor's, late as it was. However, the chairmen carried him home, and got him up stairs; when his great complaisance would wait on them down stairs again, which he did, and then was got quietly to bed. Next morning he was much ashamed, and sent the bishop this distich:

"Virtue with so much ease on Bangor sits, All faults he pardons, though he none commits." On such another occasion the waiters were hoisting him into a backney coach, with some labour and pains, when a tory mob was just passing by, and their cry was "Down with the Rump," &c. "Up with the rump," cried Sir Richard to the waiters," or I shall not get home to-night."

letter from a neighbour of theirs, that ever sh
that fatal afternoon the lady had been ma
manly treated, and the husband publicy dan
that he was made a member of too numeraguka
ciety. He had, it seems, listened most of th*"**
my cousin and I were together. As j
always hear double, so he heard enough to
him mad; and as jealous eyes always see thing
magnifying glasses, so he was certain it coif
be I whom he had seen, a beardless strpl
fancied he saw a gay gentleman of the Tren
ten years older than myself; and for that m
I presume, durst not come in, nor take sey e
when I went out. He is perpetually uskott
wife if she does not think the time lorg ( er để
she should) until she see her cousin
sir, what can be done in this case: I have? •
him to assure him I was at his bouse all that e sh

100n expecting to see him. His answer is, it is only a trick of hers, and that he neither can nor vill believe me. The parting kiss I find mightily ettles him, and confirms him in all his errors. Ben fonson, as I remember, makes a foreigner, in one of his comedies, "admire the desperate valour of he bold English, who let out their wives to all ncounters." The general custom of salutation would excuse the favour done me, or you should y down rules when such distinctions are to be iven or omitted. You cannot imagine, sir, how oubled I am for this unhappy lady's misfortunë, nd beg you would insert this letter, that the busand may reflect upon this accident coolly. It is o small matter, the ease of a virtuous woman for er whole life. I know she will conform to any gularities (though more strict than the common iles of our country require) to which his particular mper shall incline him to oblige her. This accieat pats me in mind how generously Pisistratns, e Athenian tyrant, behaved himself on a like ocsion, when he was instigated by his wife to put death a young gentleman, because, being pasonately fond of his daughter, he had kissed her

the labour of hunting, came within her hearing* As he was fainting with heat he cried out, Aura veni; "Oh, charming air, approach!"

'The unfortunate wife, taking the word air to be the name of a woman, began to move among the bushes; and the husband, believing it a deer, threw his javelin, and killed her. This hist ry painted on a fan, which I presented to a lady, gave occasion to my growing poetical.

"Come, gentle air!" th' Eolian shepherd said,
While Procris panted in the secret shade;
"Come, gentle air!" the fairer Delia cries,
While at her feet her swain expiring lies.
Lo the glad gales o'er all her beauties stray,
Breathe on her lips, and in her bosom play.
In Delia's hand this toy is fatal found,
Nor did that fabled dart more surely wound.
Both gifts destructive to the givers prove,
Alike both lovers fall by those they love:
Yet guiltless too this bright destroyer lives,
At random wounds, nor knows the wounds she gives:
She views the story with attentive eyes,
And pities Procris, while her lover dies*.

Dum potuit, solita gemitum virtute repressit.
OVID. Met. ix. ver. 163.
With wonted fortitude she bore the smart,
And not a groan confess'd her burning heart.
GAY.

public as be met her in the street. "What," N° 52S. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1712. ys he, "shall we do to those who are our enemies, we do thus to those who are our friends?" I will at trouble you much longer, but am exceedingly oncerned lest this accident may cause a virtuous dy to lead a miserable life with a husband who is no grounds for his jealousy but what I have utafully related, and ought to be reckoned none. t is to be feared too, if at last he sees his mistake, et people will be as slow and unwilling in disbelievig scandal, as they are quick and forward in beeving it. I shall endeavour to enliven this plain onest letter with Ovid's relation about Cybele's nage. The ship wherein it was aboard was randed at the mouth of the Tiber, and the men

ere unable to move it, until Claudia, a virgin, at suspected of unchastity, by a slight pull hauled The story is told in the fourth book of the

10.

'asti.

"Parent of gods," began the weeping fair,
"Reward or punish, but oh! hear my pray'r:
If lew iness e'er defl'd tay virgin bloom,
From heaven with justice I receive my doom;
But if my honour yet has known no stain,
Thou, goddess, thou my innocence maintain;
Thou, whom the nicest ruies of goodness sway'd,
Vouchsafe to follow an unblemish'd maid."
She spoke, and touch'd the cord with glad surprise,
(The truth was witness'd by ten thousand eyes)
The pitying goddess easily comply'd,
Follow'd in triumph, and adorn'd her guide;
While Claudia, blushing still for past disgrace,
March'd silent on, with a slow solemn pace:
Nor yet from some was all distrust remov❜d,
Tho' heaven such virtue by such wonders prov'd.

' [ am, SIR,

'Your very humble servant,

MR. SPECTATOR,

PHILAGNOTES.

You will oblige a languishing lover if you will ease to print the inclosed verses in your next aper. If you remember the Metamorphoses, you ow Procris, the fond wife of Cephalus, is said to ave made her husband, who delighted in the sports the wood, a present of an unerring javelin. process of time he was so much in the forest, at his lady suspected he was pursuing some mph, under the pretence of following a chase ore innocent. Under this suspicion she hid herIf among the trees, to observe his motions. hile she lay concealed, her husband, tired with

'MR. SPECTATOR, 'I WHO now write to you am a woman loaded with injuries; and the aggravation of my misfortune is, that they are such which are overlooked by tae generality of mankind; and, though the most afflicting imaginable, not regarded as such in the general sense of the world. I have hid my vexation from all mankind; but have now taken pen, ink, and paper, and am resolved to unbosom myself to you, and lay before you what grieves me and all the sex. You have very often mentioned particular hardships done to this or that lady; but methinks you have not, in any one speculation, directly pointed at the partial freedom men take, the unreasonable confinement women are obliged to, in the only circumstance in which we are necessarily to have a commerce with them, that of love. The case of celibacy is the great evil of our nation; and the indulgence of the vicious conduct of men in that state, with the ridicule to which women are exposed, though ever so virtuous, if long unmarried, is the root of the greatest irregularities of this nation. To show you, sir, that though you never have given us the catalogue of a lady's library, as you promised, we read books of our own choosing, I shall insert on this occasion a paragraph or two out of Echard's Roman History. In the 44th page of the second volume the author observes that Augustus, upon his return to Rome at the end of a war, received complaints that too great a number of the young men of quality were unmarried. The emperor thereupon assembled the whole equestrian order; and, having separated the married from the single, did particular honours to the former; but he told the latter, that is to say, Mr. Spectator, he told the bachelors, that their lives and actions had been so peculiar, that he knew not by what

duced, were written by Pope. It is not known who wrote These verses, and the letter by which they are introthe rest of the paper, as it was not lettered at the end, but it might probably be Hughes. See the concluding paragraph

of No 537.

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ficed and given up to lewdness, shame; poven
and disease. It is to this also that so many ens
lent young women, who might be patterns of es
jugal affection, and parents of a worthy race, p
under unhappy passions for such as have not
tion enough to observe, or virtue enough to pres
them to their common wenches. Now, Mr.
tator, I must be free to own to you that I ma
suffer a tasteless insipid being, from a conside
I have for a man who would not, as he has t
my hearing, resign his liberty, as he calls it,
all the beauty and wealth the whole sex is passe
of. Such calamities as these would not happes,
it could possibly be brought about that, by ive
bachelors as papists convict, or the like, they
distinguished to their disadvantage from the re
the world, who fall in with the measures of t
society. Lest you should think I speak tha
being, according to the senseless rude phrase,
malicious old maid, I shall acquaint you las
woman of condition, not now three-and-tw
and have had proposals from at least ten difere
men, and the greater number of them have pa
the upshot refused me. Something or other
ways amiss when the lover takes to some ser
wench. A settlement is easily excepted araw-
and there is very little recourse to avoid the vici
part of our youth, but throwing oneself awas
some lifeless blockhead, who, though he is wide
vice, is also without virtue. Now-a-days we |*|
be contented if we can get creatures which
not bad, good are not to be expected. Mr. |
tator, I sat near you the other day, and thus ?
did not displease your spectatorial eye-sight; wh
I shall be a better judge of when 1 see wheth
you take notice of these evils your own way,
print this memorial dictated from the dista

name to call them; not by that of men, for they performed nothing that was manly; not by that of citizens, for the city might perish notwithstanding their care; nor by that of Romans, for they designed to extirpate the Roman name. Then, proceeding to show his tender care and hearty affection for his people, he further told them, that their course of life was of such pernicious consequence to the glory and grandeur of the Roman nation, that he could not choose but tell them, that all other crimes put together could not equalize theirs, for they were guilty of murder, in not suffering those to be born which should proceed from them: of impiety, in causing the names and honours of their ancestors to cease; and of sacrilege,in destroying their kind, which proceed from the immortal gods, and human nature, the principal thing consecrated to them: therefore, in this respect, they dissolved the government in disobeying its laws; betrayed their country by making it barren and waste: nay, and demolished their city, in depriving it of inhabitants. And he was sensible that all this proceeded not from any kind of virtue or abstinence, but from a looseness and wantonness which ought never to be encouraged in any civil government. There are no particulars dwelt upon that let us into the conduct of these young worthies, whom this great emperor treated with so much justice and indignation; but any one who observes what passes in this town, may very well frame to himself a notion of their riots and debaucheries all night, and their apparent preparations for them all day. It is not to be doubted but these Romans never passed any of their time innocently but when they were asleep, and never slept but when they were weary and heavy with excesses, and slept only to prepare themselves for the repetition of them. If you did your duty as a Spectator, you would carefully ex-heavy heart of, amine into the number of births, marriages, and burials; and when you had deducted out of your deaths all such as went out of the world without marrying, then cast up the number of both sexes born within such a term of years last past; you might, from the single people departed, make some useful inferences or guesses how many there are left unmarried, and raise some useful scheme for the amendment of the age in that particular. I have not patience to proceed gravely on this abominable libertinism; for I cannot but reflect, as I am writing to you, upon a certain lascivious manner which all our young gentlemen use in public, and examine our eyes with a petulancy in their own which is a downright affront to modesty. A disdainful look on such an occasion is returned with a countenance rebuked, but by averting their eyes from the woman of honour and decency to some flippant creature, who will, as the phrase is, be kinder. I must set down things as they come into my head, without standing upon order. Ten thousand to one but the gay gentleman who stared at the same time is an housekeeper; for you must know they have got into an humour of late of being very regular in their sins; and a young fellow shall keep his four maids and three footmen with the greatest gravity imaginable. There are no less than six of these venerable housekeepers of my acquaintance. UPON the hearing of several late disputes corris This humour among young men of condition is imi-ing rank and precedence, I could not far tated by all the world below them, and a general dissolution of manners arises from this one source of libertinism, without shame or reprehension in the male youth. It is from this one fountain that so many beautiful helpless young women are sacri

*For dissoluteness.

SIR,

• Your most obedient humble servant, RACHEL WELLANK" T.

STEELE

ADVERTISEMENT TO THIS PAPER IN THE FOLIO EDIT).

Whereas there hath lately been published a cera gendary story of an unknown Theodostus, coarasa of A very ancient, authentic, and remarkable Te priesthood of Christ, translated out of Suidas, under tik k concerning our blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, w the translator has taken the liberty not only to defacile à me, but to use my name in the title-page, thereby *occasion to think I countenance the authority of that mony: now these are to certify, that the person wor lished that pamphlet is altogether a stranger to me;

was no ways acquainted with his design tal i sas print; for though the passage produced may appear till able, yet I cannot think the testimony either ancient, it d thentic. Nov. 4, 1712. ROB. NELSON

N° 529. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1712

HOR. An Poster

Singula quæque locum teneant sortite drente
Let every thing have its due place.

ROSCOMMO

amusing myself with some observations, ware |
have made upon the learned world, as to the gr
particular. By the learned world I bee
large all those who are any way concerned t
works of literature, whether in the writing,
ing, or repeating part. To begin with the writes.
I have observed that the author of a folio, in all

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ompanies and conversations, sets himself above he author of a quarto; the author of a quarto, bove the author of an octavo; and so on, by a gradual descent and subordination, to an author in wenty-fours. This distinction is so well observed, hat, in an assembly of the learned, I have seen a olio writer place himself in an elbow chair, when he author of a duodecimo has, out of a just defeence to his superior quality, seated himself upon squab. In a word, authors are usually ranged a company after the same manner as their works re upon a shelf

The most minute pocket author hath beneath him he writers of all pamphlets, or works that are aly stitched. As for the pamphleteer, he takes lace of none but of the authors of single sheets, nd of that fraternity who publish their labours on ertain days, or on every day of the week. I de ot find that the precedency among the individuais a this latter class of writers is yet settled.

For my own part, I have had so strict a regard ▷ the ceremonial which prevails in the learned world, that I never presumed to take place of a amphleteer, until my daily papers were gathered ato those two first volumes which have already ppeared. After which, 1 naturally jumped over he heads not only of all pamphleteers, but of very octavo writer in Great Britain that had Fritten but one book. I am also informed by my ookseller, that six octavos have at all times been oked upon as an equivalent to a folio; which I take otice of the rather, because I would not have the arned world surprised if, after the publication of alf a dozen volumes, I take my place accordngly. When my scattered forces are thus rallied, and reduced into regular bodies, I flatter myself hat I shall make no despicable figure at the head f them.

Whether these rules, which have been received me out of mind in the commonwealth of letters, vere not originally established with an eye to our aper manufacture, I shall leave to the discussion of others; and shall only remark further in this lace, that all printers and booksellers take the vall of one another according to the above-menioned merits of the anthors to whom they respecvely belong.

I come now to that point of precedency which settled among the three learned professions by he wisdom of our laws. I need not here take otice of the rank which is allotted to every doctor each of these professions, who are all of them, hough not so high as knights, yet a degree above quires; this last order of men, being the illiterate ody of the nation, are consequently thrown to ether in a class below the three learned profesions. I mention this for the sake of several rural quires, whose reading does not rise so high as to The present State of England, and who are often pt to usurp that precedency which by the laws of heir country is not due to them. Their want of earning, which has planted them in this station, nay in some measure extenuate their misdemean ur; and our professors ought to pardon them when hey offend in this particular, considering that they are in a state of ignorance, or, as we usually say, to not know their right hand from their left.

There is another tribe of persons who are reainers to the learned world, and who regulate hemselves upon all occasions by several laws pecuiar to their body; I mean the players or actors of both sexes. Among these it is a standing and uncontroverted principle, that a tragedian, always akes place of a comedian; and it is very well nown the merry drolls who make us laugh are

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always placed at the lower end of the table, and in every entertainment give way to the dignity of the buskin. It is a stage maxim, 'Once a king, and always a king. For this reason it would be thought very absurd in Mr. Bullock, notwithstanding the height and gracefulness of his person, to sit at the right hand of an hero, though he were but five foot high. The same distinction is observed among the ladies of the theatre. Queens and heroines preserve their rank in pri ate conversation, while those who are waiting-women and maids of honour upon the stage, keep their distance also behind the scenes.

I shall only add that, by a parity of reason, all writers of tragedy look upon it as their due to be seated, served, or saluted, before comic writers, those who deal in tragi-comedy usually taking their seats between the authors of either side. There has been a long dispute for precedency between the tragic and heroic poets. Aristotle would have the latter yield the pas to the former; but Mr. Dryden, and many others, would never submit to this decision. Burlesque writers pay the same deference to the heroic, as comic writers to their serious brothers in the drama.

By this short table of laws order is kept up, and distinction is preserved, in the whole republic of letters.

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Sic visum Veneri; cui placet impares
Formas atque animos sub juga ahenea
Savo millere cum joco.

HOR. Od. xxxiii. 1. 1. ver. 10.
Thus Venus sports: the rich, the base,
Unlike in fortune and in face,
To disagreeing love provokes,
When cruelly jocose,

She ties the fatal noose,
And binds unequals to the brazen yokes.
CREECH.

Ir is very usual for those who have been severe upon marriage, in some part or other of their lives, to enter into the fraternity which they have ridiculed, and to see their raillery return upon their own heads. I scarce ever knew a woman-hater that did not, sooner or later, pay for it. Marriage, which is a blessing to another man, falls upon such an one as a judgment. Mr. Congreve's Old Bachelor is set forth to us with much wit and humour as an example of this kind. In short, those who have most distinguished themselves by railing at the sex in general, very often make an honourable amends by choosing one of the most worthless persons of it for a companion and yoke-fellow. Hymen takes his revenge in kind on those who turn his mysteries into ridicule.

My friend Will Honeycomb, who was so unmercifully witty upon the women in a couple of letters, which I lately communicated to the public, has given the ladies ample satisfaction by marrying a farmer's daughter; a piece of news which came to our club by the last post. The Templar is very positive that he has married a dairy-maid; but Will, in his letter to me on this occasion, sets the best face upon the matter that he can, and gives a more tolerable account of his spouse. I must confess I suspected something more than ordinary, when upon opening the letter I found that Will was fallen off from his former gaiety, having changed 'Dear Spec,' which was his usual salute at the beginning of the letter, into My worthy Friend,' and subscribed himself in the latter end

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