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A brutish monster: what if I withal
Expel a devil who first made him such?
Let his tormentor conscience find him out;
For him I was not sent; nor yet to free
That people victor once, now vile and base,
Deservedly made vassal; who, once just,
Frugal, and mild, and temperate, conquer'd well,
But govern ill the nations under yoke,
Peeling their provinces, exhausted all
But lust and rapine; first ambitious grown
Of triumph, that insulting vanity;

Then cruel, by their sports to blood inur'd



Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'd; 140
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still,
And from the daily scene effeminate.

What wise and valiant man would seek to free
These thus degenerate, by themselves enslav'd,
Or could of inward slaves make outward free?
Know therefore, when my season comes to sit
On David's throne, it shall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth;
Or as a stone that shall to pieces dash
All monarchies besides throughout the world,
And of my kingdom there shall be no end.
Means there shall be to this, but what the means,

Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.

To whom the tempter impudent replied.

I see all offers made by me how slight

141 Luxurious] Manilius, iv. 10.

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Luxuriamque lucris emimus, luxuque rapinas.' Dunster.




Thou valu'st, because offer'd, and reject'st;
Nothing will please the difficult and nice,
Or nothing more than still to contradict.
On the other side know also thou, that I

On what I offer set as high esteem,
Nor what I part with mean to give for nought;
All these which in a moment thou behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give,
(For, given to me, I give to whom I please,)
No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else,
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord,
(Easily done,) and hold them all of me:
For what can less so great a gift deserve?



Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain. 170

I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less;

Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter
The abominable terms, impious condition;
But I endure the time, till which expir'd,
Thou hast permission on me. It is written


The first of all commandments, Thou shalt worship
The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;
And dar'st thou to the Son of God propound
To worship thee accurst, now more accurst
For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve,
And more blasphemous? which expect to rue.
The kingdoms of the world to thee were giv'n,

157 the difficult] Jortin and Sympson would read thee difficult.'


Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd;
Other donation none thou canst produce:

If given, by whom but by the King of kings, 185
God over all Supreme? if given to thee,

By thee how fairly is the giver now
Repaid? but gratitude in thee is lost

Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,
As offer them to me the Son of God?

To me my own, on such abhorred pact,

That I fall down and worship thee as God?
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.


To whom the fiend with fear abash'd replied. 195
Be not so sore offended, Son of God,
Though sons of God both angels are and men,
If I, to try whether in higher sort

Than these thou bear'st that title, have propos'd
What both from men and angels I receive,
Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth
Nations beside from all the quarter'd winds,
God of this world invok'd and world beneath;
⚫ Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold
To me so fatal, me it most concerns.
The trial hath indamag'd thee no way,
Rather more honour left and more esteem;
Me naught advantag'd, missing what I aim'd.
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory,
The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more
Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not.




And thou thy self seem'st otherwise inclin'd
Than to a worldly crown; addicted more
To contemplation and profound dispute,
As by that early action may be judg'd,




When, slipping from thy mother's eye, thou went'st
Alone into the temple, there wast found
Amongst the gravest rabbies disputant
On points and questions fitting Moses' chair,
Teaching not taught; the childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day. Be famous then
By wisdom; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world
In knowledge, all things in it comprehend:
All knowledge is not couch'd in Moses' law,
The Pentateuch, or what the prophets wrote;
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach
To admiration, led by nature's light;
And with the Gentiles much thou must converse,
Ruling them by persuasion as thou mean'st ;
Without their learning how wilt thou with them,
Or they with thee, hold conversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them? how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes?

Error by his own arms is best evinc'd.



Look once more, ere we leave this specular mount, Westward, much nearer by south-west, behold Where on the Egean shore a city stands

217 wast found] In Milton's own edition and others, it was printed 'was.' Tickell made the emendation wast,' and Fenton adopted it.

Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil;
Athens the eye of Greece, mother of arts
And eloquence, native to famous wits,
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess,

City or suburban, studious walks and shades;
See there the olive grove of Academe,
Plato's retirement, where the Attick bird

Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long;
There flow'ry hill Hymettus with the sound

Of bees industrious murmur oft invites

To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls



His whispering stream; within the walls then view
The schools of ancient sages; his who bred
Great Alexander to subdue the world,

Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next :

There shalt thou hear and learn the secret power
Of harmony, in tones and numbers hit

By voice or hand, and various-measur'd verse,
Æolian charms and Dorian lyric odes,

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239 pure] Athenis tenue cœlum.' Cic. de fato. v. Pricæum ad

• Apulium, p. 76.

In stately cities, and in fruitful soil,

In temperate breathing of the milder heaven,

Gorboduc, act ii. sc. 1.

240 eye] Phil. Jud. Opera, ed. Mangey, ii. p. 467. öлɛg rào v ὀφθαλμω κόρη, ἢ ἐν ψυχῇ λογισμός, τοῦτ ̓ ἐν ̔Ελλάδι Αθήναι.. Todd. 247 flow'ry] Val. Flacc. v. 344. Florea juga Hymetti.' and Ov. Met. vii. 701. Sil. Ital. ii. 217. Newton. Dunster.

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