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The following should be had in everJasting remembrance.
The unfavourable weather which occurred in July 1764, did infinite damage to the grain near London; and a hail-storm that fell on the 23d injured the inferior farmers' property to the amount of £4,864 in Middlesex only; the benevolent inhabitants of the metropolis, touched with their misfortunes, opened a subscription, and restored their losses. .. A second scene of wretchedness and distress attracted commiseration in the above
year, for certain Germans; who, deceived by splendid offers of prosperity provided they emigrated to America, were left by their inhuman deceivers to perish in the neighbour hood of London, because they found some 'deficiencies in their own calculations of profit. Such was the miserable situation of those poor Palatines that they actually lay in
the fields near Bow, where, it is asserted, hey had not eaten for two days previous to the following generous act recorded of a baker, who should have been a prince. This worthy man (whose name is unfortunately not mentioned) passing along the road
near the Germans with his basket on his shoulder, containing 28 two-penny' loaves, perceiving their forlorn situation, threw it down, and observed, that his customers must fast, a little longer that day, and immediately distributed the bread, for no other return than signs of gratitude and tears of joy.
This affecting circumstance is the first intimation the public received of their situation; but Mr. Wachsel, Minister of the German Lutheran church, in little Ayliffe-street, Goodman's fields, addressed the public on their behalf immediately afterwards.
A subscription was opened at Batson's cef fee-house, where eight hundred pounds was instantly subscribed; and government, fully impressed with the urgency of the case, immediately sent 100 tents and other necessaries from the Tower. On the following Sunday 120 was collected at Whitechapel church, and several other parishes followed this most urgent example; but one unknown good Samaritan sent Mr. Wachsel an 100 bank note. The king sent £300.
On Saturday, October 6, the Germans left their tents, to embark on board of lighters which were to convey them to Black wall, attended by the treasurer and several gentlemen of the committee.
The parting between those poor people and their guardian Wachsel was exceedingly af-1
fecting; nor were their expressions of gratitude to the inhabitants of London less fervent, who accompanied them in crowds in boats, admiring the devotion with which they sung various hymns on their way.
We remember these poor Palatines: and. remember too, with pleasure, that most if not all of the tents we visited, had bibles; and that their owners were reading in them attentively.
Our fashionable crops are secure against the following mode of putting in requisition.
From the Weekly Journal of March 30, 1717. "The thieves have got such a villain, ons way now of robbing gentlemen, that they cut holes through the backs of hackney head dresses of gentlewomen; so a gentlecoaches, and take away their wigs, or fine man was served last Sunday in Tooley street, and another but last Tuesday in Fenchurch street; wherefore, this may serve for a caution in the night time, to sit on the fore seat, to gentleman or gentlewomen that ride single which will prevent that way of robbing."
In 1718, the Leet Jury for Westminster presented 35 houses for prosecution as gaming houses; the number detected in one night's search, p. 61. In 1725, the number of known gin shops, was 6187.
The Society for the Reformation of Manners published a statement, by which it appears, they had prosecuted from December 1, 1724, to December 1, 1725, 2506 persons for keeping lewd and disorderly houses, swearing, drunkenness, gaming, and proceeding in their usual occupations on Sundays. The total amount of their prosecutions for 34 years amounted to the amazing number of 91,899.
To the House of Commons an eminent physician to one of our hospitals gave the following information: "That the increase of patients in all the hospitals, from 1704 to 1718, being 14 years, the total increase was from 5612 to 8189, which was somewhat above one-fourth; that from 1718 to 1734, being 16 years, the total increase was from 8189 to 12,710, or perhaps 13,000, which was above one-third; but that from 1734 to 1749, being 15 years, the total increase was from 12,710 to 38,147, which was near three times the number." Being asked his opinion, whence he apprehended so great an increase could arise? he answered, from the melancholy consequences of gin drinking, principally which opinion he enforced with such strong reasons (in which he was supported by another eminent physician to one of the hospitals) as gave full conviction' to the house.
It appeared by the evidence of the high
constable of Holborn, that there were in his division 7066 houses of which 1350 licenced and unlicenced, being about one house in 54. That in St. Giles's there were about 2000 houses and 506 gin shops, being above one house in four; besides about $2 twopenny honses of the greatest infamy, where gin was the principal liquor drauk."
An evil of almost equal magnitude was the multiplicity of quacks. Mr. M. has mentioned several. How the facetious Dr. Rock, who cured one disorder; and the wonderful Dr. Sibley, who cured all disorders, could escape him, we cannot tell: but we can tell, that Dr. Sibley's English style and orthography in his private letters, before he came to town, was altogether, sui generis. Mr. M. in a very illiberal paragraph, says he believes that only one hall of those belonging to the city companies is used for public wor ship: we believe we are correct in enumerating, Founder's hall, Salter's hall, Haberdasher's ball, and perhaps Pinner's
The following demi-official account of the dresses worn on occasion of the mar
riage of the Prince of Wales in 1736, is somewhat different from what would be necessary to describe the present costume.
The ladies were variously dressed, though with all the richness and grandeur imaginable: many of them had their heads dressed English of fine Brussels lace, of exceeding rich patterns, made upon narrow wires, and small round rolls, and the hair pinned to large puff caps, and but a few without powder; some few had their hair curled down on the sides: pink and silver, white and gold, were the general knots wore. There were a vast number in Dutch heads, their hair curled down in short curls on the sides and behind; and some had their hair in large ringlets behind, all very much powdered, with ribbands frilled on their heads variously disposed, and some had diamonds set on ribbands on their heads; laced tippets were pretty general, and some had ribbands between the frills; treble laced ruffles were universally worn, though abundance had them not tacked up. The gowns were gold stuffs, or rich silks with gold or silver flowers, or pink or white silks, with either gold or silver netts, or trimmings; the sleeves to the gowns were middling (not so short as formerly) and wide, and their facings and robings broad; several had ounced sleeves and petticoats, and gold or silver fringe set on the flounces; some had stomachers of the same sort as the gown, others had large bunches of made flowers at their breasts; the gowns were variously pin
ned, but, in general flat, the hoops French, and the petticoats of a moderate length, and little sloped behind. The ladies were exceeding brilliant likewise in jewels, some had them in their necklaces and ear rings, others with diamond solitaires to pearl necklaces of three or four rows; some had necklaces of diamonds and pearls intermixed, but made up very broad; several had their gown sleeves buttoned with diamonds, others had diamond sprigs in their hair, &c. The ladies' shoes were exceeding rich, being either pink, white, or green silk, with gold or silver lace and braid all over, with low heeels, and low hind quarters, and low flaps, and abundance had large diamond shoe buckles.
The gentlemen's cloths were generally gold stuffs, flowered velvets, embroidered or trimmed with gold, or cloth trimmed, the colours various. Their waistcoats were als exceeding rich silks flowered with gold, of a large pattern, all open sleeves, and longer than formerly, and the cuff broader; the cloths were longer waisted than of late; and the plaits of the coat were made to stick out very much (in imitation of the ladies hoops) and long. The wigs were of various sorts; the tyes, higher foretops than formerIv, and tied behind with a large flat tye; the bag wigs, &c. as usual. White stockings well as the ladies. were universally worn by the gentlemen as
This hint at white stockings will be understood by but few of our readers: the fact is, that coloured stockings, pink, blue, &c. were worn by ladies of character; while white stockings were one of the marks adopted by ladies who did not Green stockings, being dyed with verdi pique themselves on being inaccesible. gris, were supposed to occasion the cramp: blue stockings were esteemed salutary against the rheumatism.
If we recollect rightly, the British nation is under obligation to Voltaire for being the cause of abolishing the custom of giving vales to servants-what little merit that man had, we would not deny him. Mr. M. does not mention his name on this subject, neither does he tell us that the servants constantly locked the door, and took the key into the kitchen, till their own dinner was over; to prevent the guests from escaping.
Mr. M. hints at the mischiefs arising from the number of fairs, formerly held in and near London. He mentions Horn fair at Charlton; and Edmonton' fair: he might have added Bow Fair, Peckham fair, and others still subsisting; besides Southwark fair, May, fair, and several
now abolished. Bartholomew fair is hap-more, Lord Burlington, and the Duke of pily reduced from three weeks to three Richmond, £50 each; Colonel Paget,"£30; days were it totally suppressed the cityfilled at four o'clock; and as the stage was and Lady Rich, £20, &c. &c. The pit was would lose nothing of its respectability.
crowded with beauty and fashion, no scenes were used during the performance i gili lear ther hangings were substituted, which usual ly adorned that part of the theatre at Ridottos. Many of the songs in the Opera were new i that which preceded the chorus was composed by Farinelli, and so vehemently applauded, that he sung it a second time at the request of the audience, though the chorus was over,
and the musicians had retired from the or. chestra.
this faronrite singer, with a richly wrought The Prince of Wales soon after presented gold snuff box set with rubies and diamonds, containing a pair of diamond knee buckles, and a purse of 100 guineas.
By means of the abstract of his indictment Mr. M. has made a passable article of Jonathan Wild. It is probable that, he did not know, that a succeeding tenant of his house on Ludgate hill, being engaged in repairing it, happened to be on the spot, overlooking the workmen when they were taking down the cieling of the privy. Suddenly he observed something fall, which proved to be a gold watch :He instantly sent the workmen to their dinner; and when they returned, the cieling was completely demolished. This tenant afterwards found his trade very profitable, and left off with a fortune. Dawks's News letter of April 2, 1713, has the following article: Yesterday a trial of skill was fought at the Bear garden between Henry Clements and Parks of Coventry, where there was good sport, hacking and hewing. It is thought they got £50 apiece, the French ambassador being there, and girly ing them money very liberally." Soon after three bouts "at threshing flail" were announced; and a flourish of "no cut no bout."
The proprietors of the Boarded House Soho advertised a savage entertainment for the 21st of May, 1717. They had, during the period between the baiting of the leopard and May 21, refined upon cruelty to the very ecme, and were ready to exhibit an African tiger on a stage four feet high, worried by six bull and bear dogs, for £100; a mad bull, and a bear, both covered with fire works; and, lest those pleasant spectacles should fail to amuse, six young men were to play at blunts in other words he that broke
most heads obtained a hat.
One of the follies of 1728, was the performance of the Beggar's Opera at the thea; and
The ridiculous custom of placing two cestinels on the stage, during the performance of plays, was not discontinued in the above year, as a soldier employed for that purpose highly entertained an audience in October by laughing at the character of Sir Andrew Ague-check in Twelfth Night, till he actualfell convulsed upon the floor."
Mr. M. might have added that in a prologue spoken by her, in the character of a soldier, Mrs. Woffington, had casion to shake one of the centinels by the hand, to the infinite amusement of the loyal audience.
Mr. M.'s article on dress is amusing but it is not all it might have been. He does not insert any explanation of the names of dresses, or of their parts, most of which were derived from the French. Should a future Strutt, desire to know the meaning of Negligée, Pet en l'air, Bruns wick, or Teresa, he will derive no assistance from this volume. What an English Night Hot say: we doubt whether he knows the gown, as a full dress was, Mr. M does distinction between a Sacque and a Man
tre in Lincoln might be sup- tua: at least his prints do not mark his
that the childish
ported in all its branches, the managers contrived to send a book of the songs across the stage by a flying cupid to Frederic Prince of Wales
knowledge. He does not even hint at row over row of gold lace, worn by the ladies on their petticoats, the under one being the longest. Chignons and Toupees Farinelli engaged to perform fifty nights he passes over, also, unnoticed. Had he during the season of 1734-5, for a salary of described the Head Dress à ta Tête de 1,500 guineas and a benefit. At this benefit Mouton, or that en Papillon; had he exthe theatre was so contrived as to accommo-plained what was intended by hair in date 2,000 spectators, whose admission money, added to the following sums, giving by the nobility, amounted to more than £2,000. The Prince of Wales, 200 guineas; the Spanish Ambassador, £100, the Imperial, £50, the Duke of Leeds, the Countess of Port
crape (Crepée)-en Avacat, &c. he might have laid readers for ages to come under obligations to him. Had he stated the conflict of the Carlo Khan colours and cut of the clothes, versus the Windsor
NOVELS, like fleeting meteors, generally cross the cross our Panoramic horizon unnoticed, but name of Madame de Genlis, at least, may be allowed to attract attention. We own, at the same time, that we open ed these volumes with no highly favourable impression: we recollected Marmontel's philosophical rhapsody, on the same subject, written for the purpose of incul cating those baneful political doctrines, so terribly illustrated by the devastation of Europe. We recollected too, some of this lady's former productions, in which sanctified effusions of visionary romantic devotion were blended by main force with disgusting scenes of profligacy and vice.
listens, to his tale of woe, sooths his sufferings by commiseration, calms his irritated feelings by religious considerations, and to give a greater weight to his exhortations, discovers to the wonder-struck hero, that his liberator is Gelimer, king of the Vandals, formerly dethroned and led in chains by Belisarius himself, but now his pro tector and his guide. It being admitted that Belisarius is deeply impressed with the divine doctrine of returning good for evil, every deed of heroism becomes credible in him, and we are not astonished at seeing the Christian hero, led by his holy guide, forgiving his enemies, and again delivering his ungrateful country.
Such was not the character of the dogmatizing Belisarius of Marmontel: for who can believe, or who will trust in the forgiveness of a philosopher? But, as Madame de Geulis observes, in the histo rical notice affixed to this novel," Religious sentiments are an inexhaustible source of the pathetic and sublime. Religious belief being once admitted, the beautiful in morals ceases to be ideal ; the most exalted, the most heroic conceptions of imagination have already been realized, beyond the possibility of doubt. Virtue knows no bounds, and perfection is no longer a chimera." (p. 168, vol. II.)
It is but justice to the writer, to observe, that notwithstanding her errors, she has constantly professed those doctrines, and zealously defended the cause of religion against the unbelieving party of her coun trymen. In this she has been powerfully assisted by the best French writers of the present day: such as Bonnald, Chateaubriand, Fiévée, &c. This kind of warfare has been carrying on for some time, attended with much personal rancour; and the French tyrant, so suspicious in politics, kept, at first, the balance pretty even between the two parties, as might be expect ed from his total indifference to reli gion, But, on his return from Poland, he
Our apprehensions, however, as to the moral tendency of this publication were soon happily relieved. Belisarius, the fa-affected to fear, that those disputes would mous general, the saviour of the empire, occasion dangerous animosities. In fact, reduced, by the ingratitude of a capricious he was conscious that many applications, sovereign, to the last degree of human not very favourable to his blood-thirsty wretchedness, bereft of sight, is ex- ambition, might be made, and really had posed, chained on a rock, in the wilds of been made, from the publications of the the Thebaid in this situation he is reliev-religious party. All Christians were, in ed by a hermit, of the desert; at first, he vents his rage in bitter imprecations against an insensate court, his baughty soul breathes nothing but revenge; the hermit
consequence, turned out of their employments, whether profitable or honourable, in the various literary departments, to make room for unbelievers,, whose compli
ance was perfectly unreserved and complaisant.
But, from this digression, which we hope may be forgiven, we return to Madame de Genlis's Belisarius. In praising her intentions we have conscientiously allowed her all the merit she is fairly enti tled to. As a literary production, this work is hardly worth notice; now and then, some brilliant passages remind us of the author's known talents; but the whole bears evident marks of haste and negligence. It is a wanton abuse of her facility in the knack of writing. The characters are faintly drawn; the situations are indicated rather than expressed, and the natural consequence is, a total deficiency of interest, although a very good novel might certainly be made on the plan suggested by Madame de Genlis.
Gonzalve de Cordoue, ou Grenade Reconquise. Précédé du Précis Historique sut les Maures. Par Florian. Nouvelle Edition, augmentée de Notes Historiques et Géographiques, par M. Gros. Gonsalvez of Cordova, or Grenada Reconquered, &c. &c. 12mo. pp. 456, price 65. Dulau et Co. London, 1808.
THE principal merit of this new edition consists in its being comprised in one volume, and in the geographical and his torical notes which have been added by Mr. Gros; it is enriched with a chronological table of the Arabian and Moorish Sovereigns who reigned in Spain.-The work is of established reputation, and is, in the present state of affairs, very interesting. We cannot better submit an opinion of this work than by quoting the character given of it by M. de la
We shall say nothing on the merit or demerit of historical novels in general. We leave this grand question to the learn-high ed frivolity of our neighbours; convinced, Harpe : that provided a production of this kind be harmless in its moral tendency, it matters but little, whether fictitious adventures are attributed to imaginary heroes, or to historical personages; keeping, however, in mind, the precept of Horace, notandi sunt tibi mores. Yet, when the real manners, sentiments, and actions of the persons introduced are correctly represented, and the opinions of their age and country are also set before us, truly, we are of opinion that this attention to costume and character enhances the consideration at all times due to the labours of genius. As to the events of real history, to seek them in works of imagination is illusory, and generally dangerous.
We shall conclude this article by a curious observation of Madame de Genlis; after remarking that the cruel punishment of Belisarius is by no means an authenticated fact, she thinks, that the only authority which sanctions the popular notion of his blindness, is a beautiful picture by Vandyck, now in the possession of the duke of Devonshire. at Chiswick. In this picture the Grecian hero is represented sitting, while the boy who serves him as a guide tends the casque of the warrior to receive the alms of a soldier heartstruck by the misery of his general :
Pictoribus atque poetis Quidlibet audendi semper fuit aqua potestas.
larly conceived; and the action is gradually
It is divided into four epochs; the first extends from the conquest of the Arabs to the establishment of the Ommiades at Cordova the second contains the reigns of these kalifs of the west; the third relates all that could be collected of the small kingdoms raised on the ruins of the kalifs of Cordova; and the fourth comprehends the history of the sovereigns of Grenada until the entire expulsion of the Mussulmans.