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Loc. Old chalk pits, and other waste chalky grounds. B. June, August.

LEA. 1. Port Hill, Bengeo. Steep pasture at Chadwell. Chalkpit behind the Hertford Union Workhouse. Chalkpit near Tewin Water. Chalkpit E. of Hatfield Park; and elsewhere not uncommon, and increasing in frequency northwards. 2. Kimpton. 3. Little Munden; N.E. of Watton. 4. Westmill; Barkway Moor. 5. Stortford. 6. By the Lock-gates at the junction of the River Stort with the Lea, Hoddesdon; H.W.

COLNE. 7. N. Mimms 8. Loudwater. 9. Wood near Tring; R.G.C. Aldbury. Great Berkhampstead; E.W.! 10. St, Alban's; C.H.

OUSE 11, Hitchin! I.B. 12. Ashwell, frequent; Near Barkway by the road to Chishall.


2. R. Luteola, Dyer's Rocket. Yellow Weed. Weld. Luteolus, signifying yellowish, a diminutive of luteus. Smith 2.348. Lind. 219. Bab. 33. E.B. 320. 2 ed. 685.


Waste chalky ground, frequent. B. July, Aug LEA. 1. Near Ware Park Mill; at L. Amwell, and elsewhere near Hertford; chalk pit on Essendonbury Farm; Bedwell chalk pit; under Widford; Foxley's Wood, Stapleford; Sawtrees Wood; Easney Park Wood; near Dawley's Wood, Tewin. 2. St. John's Close, near Batford Mill; N. &W.T. 3. N.E. of Watton. 4. West-Mill; Standon Lordship; near Puckeridge by the road to Great Munden. 5. Stortford. 6. Hoddesdon; Broxbourne Wood; Waltham Cross.

COLNE, 7. N. Mimms; near London Colney. 8. Rickmansworth. 9. Tring. 10. St. Alban's; ! C.H. 12. Ashwell, frequent;

OUSE. 11. Hitchin; I.B.



"The spleen is seldom felt where Flora reigns."-COWPER.


LINN. CL. xiii. ORD. i.

NAME. From us. Helios, (Gr.) the Sun, and Aveenov,

Anthemon, a flower; the flowers only opening in bright sunshine.

I. H. vulgare, Common Sun-Cistus, or Rock-Rose. Smith 3.26. Lind. 37. Bab. 34. E.B. 1321 2 ed. 760. Loc. Bushy places, and under the edges of woods, on a chalky soil; frequent. P. July, September.

LEA. 1. Gallow's Plain; T.F. Chalk Pits at Essendonbury, and near Hatfield Park; under Dawley's Wood, Tewin; about L. Amwell; Mangrove Lane; Port-Hill, Bengeo, &c.; pretty general wherever the chalk comes to the surface, and increasing in frequency northwards. 2. Wheathamstead; Kimpton. 3. Stevenage; Rushden; Bennington; Meadow, W. of Knebworth Park. 4. WestMill; by a wood opposite Old Hall. Braughing; F.H、s.s. 5. L. and M. Hadham. Sawbridgeworth; G.W.

COLNE. 7. Furze-field S. of Colney Heath. 8. Watford; Common Moor. Rickmansworth. 9 Tring. 10. St. Alban's, C.H. On the ruins of Verulam abundantly, BLACKSTONE. No-Man's Land.

OUSE. 11. Hitchin;! I.B. Royston; J.A.

12. Sandon Heath, H.F.



Flower bright Flower! beautiful Flower,
Radiant gem of the summer hour,
Favourite sweet of the graceful and young,
Honoured in painting, and loved in song,
Joy of the garden, delight of the vale,
Woo'd by the sun-light, caressed by the gale,
Dim is the spot where thy smile is unknown,
Cold are the hearts thy enchantments disown.

VIOLA. Violet.

LINN. CL. v. ORD. i.

The Latin name Viola, is probably derived from the Greek Iov, a Violet; though Ainsworth gives the derivation "a viâ," ubi homines eunt, a way-side plant.

1. V. hirta, Hairy V.

35. E.B. 894. 2 ed. 328.

Smith 1.301. Lind. 35. Bab.

Loc. Bushy, chalky, places; frequent. P. April, May.

Frequent in all the districts, except 6 and 7.

2 V. odorata, Sweet-scented V. Smith 1.301. Lind. 35. Bab. 35. E.B. 619. 2 ed. 329.

Loc. Groves, and shady banks; frequent. P. March, April.

General in all the districts.

A white variety of this species, as also of the preceding, is frequently met with.

3. V. canina, Dog's V., from canis, a dog, but why is not clear, unless it import inferiority. Smith 1.303. Lind. 35. Bab 36. E.B. 620. 2 ed. 331. Loc. Banks, groves, and heaths. Very general in all the Districts.

P. April, May.

Var. 7. pusilla, (Bab.) V. favicornis, Sm.
LEA. 1. Hertford Heath.

more Heath.

Bull's Green. 5. Pat

COLNE, 7. Colney Heath. 10. No Man's Land.



4. V. tricolor, three-coloured V.; Pansy or Heart's-ease. Pansy, from the French pensée, a thought. 'There's pansies, that's for thoughts." Hamlet, Act IV. Scene V." Smith 1.305. Lind. 36. Bab. 37. E.B. 1287. 2 ed. 333. Loc. Cultivated and waste ground; common. A. May, Sept.

General in all the Districts.

A variety-ß. arvensis-E.B. Supp. 2712, occurs near St. Alban's; I.C.



By the lone fountain's sacred bed,
Where human footsteps rarely tread,
Mid the wild moor or silent glen,
The Sun-dew blooms, unseen by men,
Spreads there her leaf of rosy hue,
A chalice for the morning dew.

Wouldst thou that to thy lot were given,
Thus to receive the dews of Heaven;
With heart prepared, like this meek flower,
Come then, and hail the dawning hour,
And, bending, seek in earnest prayer,

The gift of heavenly grace to share.

DRÓSERA. Sun-dew.

LINN. CL. V. Ord. vi.


From Sporepos (droseros), dewy (from apoσos,

dew); the pellucid drops which are secreted by its



glandular hairs appearing like drops of dew, and continue in spite of the sun which is fatal to the true dew. 1. D. rotundifolia, Round-leaved Sun-dew. 2.122. Lind. 38. Bab. 37. E.B. 867. 2 ed. 458. Loc. In bogs, amongst Sphagnum; rare. August.

P. July.

LEA. 1. Hertford Heath, F.H.S.S. Bog at L. Berkhamstead. On Barber's Lodge Farm, near Kentish-lane. Bog at Hatfield Woodside. Down Woodfield-lane, opposite Woodhill, Hatfield, in the first little swampy place on the left hand. G.S. In a boggy place within the wood to the right of the lane leading to Barber's Lodge.

COLNE. 7. In a boggy meadow by the high road at Bell Bar, between Hatfield and Barnet.

PARNASSIA. Grass of Parnassus.

LINN. CL. V. Ord. iv.

NAME. The name gramen Parnassi appears to be of great antiquity, though we are not aware that it is found in any classical author. It is almost needless to observe that this is not a true grass; the name gramen having been anciently applied very generally to herbaceous plants. 1. P. palustris, Marsh P. Smith 2.114. Lind, 67. Bab. 38. E.B. 82. 2 ed. 449.

Loc. In meadows where the soil is a black peat saturated with spring water; rather rare. P. August,


LEA. 1. Letty-green moor, Hertingfordbury; and in various places along the valley of the brook from Colegreen to Hertingfordbury-park. Valley of the MARAN in many places, especially at the W. end of Panshangerpark. By the LEA between Roxford and Bayfordbury Farms. In the low meadows about Stanborough, plentifully. Mead E. of Newlands, Stanstead; t.F. Amwell Marsh; w.s. 2. Meadows by the LEA above Brocket Hall; R.G.C. Boggy meadow at Kimpton (Mr. Sabine). Clutt. Near the Fulling Mill, Welwyn; w.I.B. 3. Near Walkerne; Mrs. Harding. Between Aston and Sheephall; F.H.S.S. 4. Barkway Moor; G.s. 5. Near Bromhall F., Sawbridgeworth; c.w.

COLNE. 8. In the moist meadows near Harefield Mill; and in a boggy field near Cashiobury-park! (Dr. Wilmer).

BLACKSTONE. Common Moor, Rickmansworth. 9. Great Berkhamstead; E.W. About Tring Reservoirs; D.J. Box Moor; J.H.

OUSE. 11. On Hitchin; Cadwell; Walsworth! ; and Norton Commons. I.B.

This pretty little plant affords, to the curious in Nature's works, a striking peculiarity of construction, and mode of performing its organic functions. The stamens are about half the length of the petals, at first not longer than the germen, but as soon as the flower is expanded, one of the filaments gradually increases in length, and presents its anther over the stigmas, where it remains till it has shed its pollen, after which it recedes from the germen, and falls back to the petals. Thus, one stamen having performed its destined office and retired, a second advances in like manner; as also do the other three in succession, till the pollen of all is discharged, and the fructification of the seed is thereby completed. From observations made in September, 1828, on some plants of the Parnassia, which were in flower in the Oxford Botanic Garden, Mr. Baxter found that each stamen occupied about twentyfour hours in elevating itself above the stigmas, and discharging its pollen; after which it was about the same length of time retiring from the stigmas to the petals. Eight days elapsed between the opening of the flower and the receding of the fifth and last stamen from the germen. The time, however, will vary in proportion to the stimulus yielded to its powers of vegetation, by the less or greater supply of heat and moisture.


Not a flower

But shows some touch in freckle, streak, or stain,
Of His unrivalled pencil. He inspires
Their balmy odours, and imparts their hues,
And bathes their eyes with nectar, and includes,
In grains as countless as the sea-side sands,

The forms with which He sprinkles all the earth.
Happy who walks with Him! whom what he finds
Of flavour, or of scent, in fruit or flower,

Of what he views of beautiful or grand

In nature, from the broad majestic oak
To the green blade that twinkles in the Sun,
Prompts with remembrance of a present God--
His presence, who made all so fair, perceived,
Makes all still fairer.


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