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NAME. Kheyry is the Arabic name of some sweet scented plant: xep (cheir) is Greek for the hand: this and aveos (anthos) (Gr.) a flower, Linnæus formed cheiranthus, hand-flower, and applied it to this plant as fitted for bouquets, with an allusion to the Arabic name, which is retained in the specific.

1. C. Cheiri, Common Wall-Flower. Smith 3.203. Lind. 22. Bab, 19. E.B. 1934. 2 ed. 946.

Loc. Old walls. P. April, May.

LEA. 1. Old walls at Hertford. 2. Codicote. 3. Watton. 4. Buntingford. 6. Cheshunt; Hoddesdon. COLNE. 10. Walls of the Abbey Church, St. Alban's! 1.C. Abbey walls; c.H.

OUSE. 12. Royston Church Yard; old walls at Royston.

In Floral language, the Wall-Flower is considered the emblem of fidelity in misfortune, because it attaches itself to the desolate, and enlivens the ruins which time and neglect would otherwise render repulsive. It hides the savage strokes of feudal times on the Castle wall; fills the space of the wanted stone in the mouldering church, and wreathes a garland on the crumbling monument, deserted even by grateful memory.

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LINN. Cl. xv. ORD. ii.

NAME. From nasus tortus (Lat.), a convulsed nose, in allusion to the effect produced by the pungent quality of the plant.

1. N. officinale, officinal, Common Water Cress. Smith 3.192. Lind. 23. Bab. 19. E.B. 855. 2 ed. 935.

Loc. Running waters, common. P. June, July. General in all the districts, and extensively cultivated in places for the London market.

2. N. terrestre, land, or Marsh Cress. Smith 3.193. Lind. 23. Bab. 20. (N. palustre). E.B. 1747. 2 ed. 937. Loc. Muddy places and river banks; frequent. P. June, September.

LEA. 1. Rye Mead, Stanstead; T.F.? (sylvestre in MS.) pond by the Cowper Arms, Hertingfordbury ; Waterford Marsh; in the brook near the Essendonbury chalkpit; ditch near Holwell Farm. Pond in Hatfieldpark, near the house; R.G.C. Ludwick Hyde, Hatfield; Hartham Common, Hertford; and thence in many places along the valley of the Lea to Waltham. 2. Wheathamstead. 3. Datchworth Green. 5. Canal-side, Stortford; 6. Cheshunt.


COLNE. 7. Reservoir at Elstree; London Colney; near Colney Heath; Smallford. In the Wash below Warren Gate ; also near Symond's Hyde ; 8. Common Moor, Rickmansworth; and near Pinchfield. 9. Pendleigh Hall, Tring; Great Berkhamstead. 10. St. Alban's.

OUSE. 11. In a close near Pirton Church; I.B.

3. N. amphibium, Amphibious C. 23. Bab. 19. E.B. 1840. 2 ed. 938.

Smith 3.195. Lind.

Loc. Streams and ditches, rare. P. June, August. LEA. 6. In an old channel of the Lea between Waltham Cross and the King's Weir; and in ditches at Waltham Cross. We have planted it on the N. bank of the Lea near Bengeo Church, where it is spreading rapidly.

COLNE. 8. Cashio Bridge Waters; G.W.B. River Colne, one mile below Rickmansworth.


4. N. anceps, two-edged, podded. Bab. 20.

Loc. Pools and river sides.

P. July, August.

LEA. 1. In a pond at Ludwick Hyde Farm, Hatfield. 6. Pond near Cheshunt Church, by the road to Flamstead End.

5. N. sylvestre, wood, creeping C. Lind. 23. Bab. 20. E.B. 2324. 2 ed. 936.

Smith 3.193.

Loc. Wet places on a gravelly soil. P. June.
LEA. 2. Pond at Mardley Bury, near Welwyn; plenti-




BARBARÉA. Rocket or Winter Cress.

LINN. Cl. xv. ORD. ii.

NAME. The "Sanctæ Barbara herba," Herb of St. Barbara of some of the old Herbalists; probably from its flowering about her Day.

1. B. Vulgaris, common yellow R. Smith 3.198. Lind. 23. Bab. 20. E.B. 443. 2 ed. 933.

Loc. Marshy places, and sides of streams and ditches, common. B. May, August.

General in all the Districts, but less frequent in Wheathamstead District, and the N. of the County.

2. B. arcuata, arched B. var. B. vulgaris of Bab. Loc.

Brooks and river sides.

LEA. 1. Banks of rivers and ditches between Hertford and Ware Park and elsewhere, perhaps not uncommon. 4. River Rib at Buntingford; River Quin near Biggin and at Hare Street. 5. River Ash between Brent and Furneux Pelhams. 6. Brooks at Cheshunt; in Broxbourne Woods ; more common than B. vulgaris in the Cheshunt District. COLNE.


3. B. præcox*, early R. Smith 3.199. Lind. 23. Bab. 20. E.B. 855. 2 ed. 935.

Loc. Found wild occasionally on the sides of ditches and in waste ground, but probably a wanderer from the kitchen garden, having long been cultivated as a spring salad. P. April, October.

LEA. 5. At Stortford on a wall.



TURRÍTIS. Tower Mustard.
LINN. Cl. xv. ORD. ii.

NAME. From turris (Lat.) a tower, pyramidal growth. 1. T. glabra, smooth. Smith 3.215. Lind. 24. Bab. 21. E.B. 777. 2 ed. 932.

Loc. Dry gravelly soil, on banks, in gravel pits, and newly cut copses; rare; more commonly about Hertford. B. June, July.

LEA. 1. Frequent to the N.W. of Hertford, as in the copse on the hill side between the brick-kiln and Goldings; copse between Goldings and Broad Oak End; and in several places between that and Panshanger. In Panshanger Wood! J.w. Gravel pit at Waterford Hall; roadside at Marden Hill, also within the Park. Bull's Green, Datchworth, R.G.C. At Tewin, near the Lower Green; and in Westley's Wood; in a gravel pit on the E. side of Hatfield Woodhall Woods; roadside between Hatfield Park and Cole Green, plentiful in 1847. 2. Robbery Wood near Welwyn; R.T.! 3. Lane from Welwyn to Watton; Aston-bury Wood.

COLNE. 7. N. Mimms, roadside between Hatfield and St. Alban's. 8. Long Valley Wood, Rickmansworth. 10. On the St. Alban's side of the Three Horse Shoes tollgate on the Hatfield road.


CARDÁMINE. Our Lady's Smock.

LINN. Cl. xv. ORD. ii.

ΝΑΜΕ. Καρδαμίνη, An old Greek name of some plant similar ( (as the name implies) to water-cress kapdaμov (kardamon); the latter is derived from kapdia (kardia) the heart or rather the stomach, water-cresses being reputed stomachic.

1. C. pratensis, meadow, or common Lady's Smock. Cuckoo Flower. Smith 3.189. Lind. 25, Bab. 22. E.B. 776. 2 ed. 925.

Loc. Meadows and marshy places. P. April, May, General in all the districts.

Shakspeare enumerates this plant among the beauties of Spring Flowers.

When Daisies pied, and Violets blue,
And Lady-Smocks all silver white,
And Cuckoo-buds of yellow hue,

Do paint the meadows with delight.

2. C. amara, bitter L. S. Smith 3.190. Lind. 25. Bab. 22. E.B. 100. 2 ed. 926.

Loc. Banks of streams in sandy or peaty ground; rare. P. May, June.


8. Riverside near Harefield. (BLACKSTONE'S Plants of HAREFIELD, 1737.) Banks of the Colne between Harefield and Rickmansworth. Rev. E. Hodgson, 1822. We have seen a specimen in the Herbarium of the late Mr. Cory, marked Herts." and as that gentleman was formerly curate to the Rev. E. Hodgson, of Rickmansworth, it is more than probable that it was gathered in that district.


3. C. hirsuta, Hairy L. S. Smith 3.188. Lind. 25. Bab. 22. E.B. 492. 2 ed. 924.

Loc. Shady waste ground and damp walls; rare. A. April, August.

LEA. 1. Wall of Thundridge Church-yard; old garden wall at Youngsbury.


4. C. sylvatica, Wood L, S.

Loc. Banks of rivers and streams in woods; frequent. We are by no means satisfied of the distinctness of this plant from the preceding. Moist and rather shaded spots seem its natural habitats, but it is capable of accommodating itself to all soils and situations, and like other plants similarly circumstanced, is exceedingly variable in appearance. A. April, August.

LEA. 1. Banks of the Lea at Roxford; common in woods to the S. of Hertford; banks of ditches between Hertford and Ware Park; Essendon Glebe and other woods in the neighbourhood 2. Near Bull's Green,


5. Stortford; G.W. 6 Bank of a ditch S. of the Old Mill, Hoddesdon; Wormley Wood; Bank of brooks near Theobalds; at Cheshunt.



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