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COLNE. 7. Bank at S.E. corner of Colney Heath; 9. Near the Tring Station, by the lane to Cowroast; 10. Cornfields, St. Alban's; I.c.

OUSE. 11. Wain Wood; at Bearton Green; and in another locality one mile due N. of Hitchin Church; I B.


LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD. iii.

Smith 3.59 Lind. 12.

ΝΑΜΕ. From kalathos (Gr.), a cup; form of flower. 1. C. palustris, Marsh Marigold. Bab. 8. E.B. 506. 2 ed. 798.

Loc. Marshy meadows and ditch banks, in open places, P. March, April.


General in all the districts.

HELLÉBORUS. Hellebore.

LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD, ii.

NAME. From helein (Gr.), to cause death, and bora, food.

1. H. viridis,* green Hellebore. Smith 3.57. Lind. 12. Bab. 19. E.B. 200. 2 ed. 800.

Loc. Really wild, as we believe, in woods and bushy places on a chalky soil; naturalised about houses, in old orchards, &c. P. March, April.

LEA. 1. Near Amwell, by the lane towards Hertford Heath! w.s. at Wadesmill (Miss Kirkman). Old Orchard, by the Lea at Watery Hall Farm, Hertingfordbury; in the Warren, Tewin; in a paddock between Upper and Lower Tewin Greens; and in a copse by the road from Panshanger to Welwyn, near Tewin Mill; steep pasture at Sawtrees Farm; copse at Broad Oak End; D.S. 2. in a copse near the 26th milestone on the road from Welwyn to Stevenage; Miss Kemble; I.c. Marshall's Heath Wood; R.T. 3. Boxwood! Stevenage (Miss Pollard); and near Clay Hall, Walkern; J. I. Pryor. Combe's Wood near L. Munden; A.M. In a small wood at Gannock, near Sandon; H.F.


8. Lane S.W. of Rickmansworth; 9. Meadows at Great Berkhamstead; Mrs. C. Warner; and in a wood at Ashlyn's Hall; w.I.B. 10. Near No Man's Land; R.T. Sallow Wood, between Sandridge and Coleman's Green; R.T.

OUSE. Cadwell; Cadwell Grove, near Ickleford; Trunk's Wood, 21 m. S. of Hitchin! I.B.

2. H. fœtidus*, stinking Hellebore; Bearsfoot. Smith 3.58. Lind. 13. Bab. 9. E.B. 613. 2 ed. 801.

Loc. A doubtful native of our county; if anywhere really wild, it will be in bushy places on a chalky soil. P. March, April.

LEA. 1. In an old shrubbery at Hertingfordbury Park;


COLNE. 9. Between Tring and the Reservoirs; D.J. OUSE. 12. Ashwell; Mrs. Morice! There is a specimen in the herbarium of Miss Kirkman, gathered at Ashwell by Mr. Oswald Fordham, in 1836; H.F. A specimen was brought from Ashwell to Mr. Dawson by a peasant a few years since; I.B.


LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD. iii.

NAME. From erao (Gr.) to love, and anthos, a flower. 1. E. hyemalis*, winter Aconite; Bab. 9.

Loc. This plant,-a native of the S. of Europe, but cultivated in England since 1596, and now very common in gardens-having been introduced into the British Flora by Mr. Babington, we think it right to notice it. P. February.

LEA. 1. By the roadside at Admiral Gosselin's, Bengeo; and in a gravel-pit up the lane to the N.; about the site of the Cole Green House at Panshanger.

AQUILÉGIA. Columbine.

LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD. iii.

NAME. From aquila (Lat.) an eagle; the nectaries being shaped like the claw of that bird.

1. A. vulgaris, common C. Bab. 9. E.B. 297. 2 ed. 770.

Smith 3.33. Lind. 13.

P. May, June.

Loc. Woods and bushy places; rare. LEA. 1. Near Digswell Rectory; R.C. In a wood at Digswell; w.I.B. at Bramfield; T.F. (in a furze field near the brick grounds); Sherrard's-park Wood, near the Keeper's; between the Rye House and Stanstead Church; H.W.

2. Ninning's Wood, Welwyn; and in a hedge near the footpath from Welwyn to Rabley-heath; W.I.B.

COLNE. 9. Stubbin's Wood W. of Tring! E.W. OUSE. 11. Trunk's Wood!; Hitch Wood; Colney Wood, near Highdown; I.B.


LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD. iii.

NAME. From delphin (Gr.), a dolphin, supposed resemblance of the nectary.

1. D. Consolida, uniting, field Larkspur. The name consolida is a Latin noun, signifying the herb comfrey, or consound, and is derived from consolido, to unite, the plant being formerly reputed as a most powerful vulnerary. Smith 3.30. Lind. 13. Bab. 10. E.B. 1839. 2 ed. 769. Loc. Cornfields; probably introduced, but now plentiful in some parts of Cambridgeshire. A. June, July. LEA. 1. In a gravel-pit near Panshanger Park. COLNE.

OUSE. 11. Cornfields near Hitchin, occasionally; J. and A. Ransom; 12. at Royston (Miss S. Fordham);



LINN. Cl. xiii. ORD. iii.

NAME. From Acona, a town in Bithynia, where it is said to grow plentifully; or from akon (Gr.), a dart; used for poisoning.

1. A. Napellus,* radix napo, similis; root resembling a turnip. Eng. Monk's-hood, from the form of the flower. Wolf's-bane. Smith 3.31. Lind. 13. Bab. 10. E.B. Sup. 2730. 2 ed. 769.

Loc. A doubtful native of our County; its natural habitats are shady banks of streams. P. June, July. LEA. 1. E. bank of the Lea, about half-a-mile below Ware; w.w. Sought for several times in vain. ED. COLNE. 9.

OUSE. 11. Hitchin Park on the edge of a pond! I.B.

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NAME. Berberys is said to be the Arabic name of the fruit.

1. B. vulgaris, common B. Smith 2.184. Lind. 14. Bab. 10. E.B. 49. 2 ed. 462.

Loc. Hedges, rather rare; perhaps formerly more plentiful, but destroyed by the farmer from an idea of its causing mildew in the crops. Sh. May, June.

LEA. 1. Hedge above the Fir Grove midway between Port Hill and Bengeo Church; hedge between Hag Dell and Mangrove-lane, Hertford; riverside at Panshanger, near the house; near Tewin Lower Green; also near the church; two fields from Grubb's-lane, nearly opposite the Wood-hill Lodge, Hatfield. 2. Wheathamstead. N. & W.T.! 3. Hedge near Broadwater Turnpike! 1.B. 6. Near Wormley Rectory! T.F.

COLNE. 9. Road from Tring Station to Aldbury.

OUSE. 11. Green-lane, one m. S. of Hitchin! I.B. 12. Radwell, on the bank of a ditch near the river.

The irritability of the stamens of this plant is very remarkable; if the inside of the filaments be touched near the base by any extraneous body, as the point of a needle, &c., they immediately spring up and strike the anthers against the stigma.



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(Gr.) vvupala (Numphaia); from vʊμøn (Numphe), a Water Nymph.

1. N. alba, White W. L. Smith 3.14. Lind. 13. Bab. 11. E.B. 160. 2 ed. 765.

Loc. Rivers and ponds, but often planted; rare. P. July.

LEA. 1. River Lea at Stanstead; T.F. Formerly near the junction of the Stort, but eradicated by the nursery gardeners; w.s. Pond in Hertingfordbury-park; river Lea at Bayfordbury-farm; pond at How Green, L. Berkhamstead. 3. At Cottered. 6. Pond at Totteridge, by the road to Elstree.

COLNE. 8. In Harefield River (Colne) plentifully; BLACKSTONE. 9. Ashridge Park; E.w. 10. St. Alban's;


This plant has been almost as great a favourite with poets as with botanists. F. Wm. Faber has made it the subject of a beautiful poem entitled the Cherwell Water Lily, which appeared in Blackwood's Magazine for 1836. Mrs. Hemans, in her National Lyrics, has given a lovely description of its flowers; these, like the flowers of the sacred Lotos of the Nile, arise and expand in the morning, as the sun gains its ascendancy, close towards evening, and in that state either repose through the night, reclining

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