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"Si quid novifti rectius iftis,
"Candidus imperti; fi non, his utere mecum."
*Mr. Pope told me himself, that the "Effay on "Criticifm" was indeed written in 1707, though faid 1709 by mistake. J. RICHARDSON.
THE Poem is in one book, but divided into three prin- · cipal parts or members. The first [to ver. 201.] gives rules for the Study of the Art of Criticism; the fecond [from thence to ver. 560.] exposes the Causes of wrong Judgment; and the third [from thence to the end] marks out the Morals of the Critic. When the Reader hath well confidered the whole, and hath obferved the regularity of the plan, the masterly conduct of the feveral parts, the penetration into Nature, and the compass of learning fo confpicuous throughout, he should then be told that it was the work of an Author who had not attained the twentieth year of his age. A very learned Critic has fhewn, that Horace had the fame attention to method in his Art of Poetry.
NTRODUCTION. That 'tis as great a fault to judge
That a true Tafte is as rare to be found as a true Ge-
That most men are born with some Tafte, but fpoil'd
by falfe Education, ver. 19 to 25.
That we are to ftudy our own Tafte, and know the limits
Nature the best guide of judgment, ver. 68 to 87.
Improved by Art and Rules, which are but methodized
That therefore the Ancients are neceffary to be ftudied
by a Critic, particularly Homer and Virgil, ver. 120
Of Licences, and the use of them by the Ancients, ver.
Reverence due to the Ancients, and praise of them,
Caufes hindering a true Judgment. I. Pride, ver. 208.
Imperfect Learning, ver. 215. 3. Judging by
parts, and not by the whole, ver. 233 to 288. Cri-
tics in Wit, Language, Verfification, only, 288, 305,
to admire, ver. 384. 5. Partiality-too much love
to a Sect,-to the Ancients or Moderns, ver. 394.
6. Prejudice or Prevention, ver. 408. 7. Singularity,
ver. 424. 8. Inconftancy, ver. 430. 9. Party Spi-
rit, ver. 452, &c. 10. Envy, ver. 466. Against
Envy, and in praise of Good-nature, ver. 508, &c.
When Severity is chiefly to be used by Critics, ver.
Rules for the Conduct of Manners in a Critic. 1. Can-
E S SAY
IS hard to fay, if greater want of skill
'Tis with our judgments as our watches; none
Yet, if we look more closely, we shall find