« PreviousContinue »
Celestial Venus haunts Idalia's groves;
3 All nature mourns, the skies relent in fhow'rs, Hush'd are the birds, and clos'd the drooping flow'rs; If Delia fmile, the flow'rs begin to fpring, 71 The fkies to brighten, and the birds to fing.
All nature laughs, the groves are fresh and fair,
VER. 69. &c. Thefe verfes were thus at first :
All nature mourns, the birds their fongs deny,
In fpring the fields, in autumn hills I love,
Nor plains at morn, nor groves at noon delight. So
Sylvia's like autumn ripe, yet mild as May,
More bright than noon, yet fresh as early day;
VER. 69. All nature mourns,]
Aret ager, vitio moriens fitit aëris herba, &c.
Say, Daphnis, fay, in what glad foil appears, 85 A wond'rous Tree that facred Monarchs bears: Tell me but this, and I'll disclaim the prize, And give the conqueft to thy Sylvia's eyes.
Nay, tell me first, in what more happy fields
Ceafe to contend, for Daphnis, I decree, The bowl to Strephon, and the lamb to thee. Bleft Swains, whofe Nymphs in ev'ry grace excel; 95 Bleft Nymphs, whofe Swains thofe graces fing fo well! Now rife, and hafte to yonder woodbine bow'rs, A soft retreat from fudden vernal show'rs; The turf with rural dainties fhall be crown'd, While op'ning blooms diffuse their sweets around. 100 For fee! the gath'ring flocks to shelter tend, And from the Pleiads fruitful fhow'rs defcend.
NOT B S.
VER. 86. A wondrous Tree that facred Monarchs bears:] An allufion to the Royal Oak, in which Charles II. had been hid from the pursuit after the battle of Worcester.
VER. 90. The Thistle Springs to which the Lily yields :] Alludes to the device of the Scots Monarchs, the Thistle, worn by Queen Anne; and to the arms of France, the Fleur de lys. The two riddles are in imitation of those in Virg. Ecl. iii.
Dic quibus in terris infcripti nomina Regum
VER. 99. was originally,
The turf with country dainties shall be spread,
A Shepherd's Boy (he feeks no better name)
Led forth his flocks along the filver Thame,
VER. 1, 2, 3, 4. were thus printed in the first edition ::
Where gentle Thames his winding waters leads
There to the winds he plain'd his hapless love,
VER. 3. The Scene of this Paftoral by the river's fide: fuitable to the heat of the feafon; the time noon,
Accept, O GARTH, the Mufe's early lays,
Ye fhady beeches, and ye cooling ftreams,
Where ftray ye, Mufes, in what lawn or grove,
VER. 8. And Jove confented]
Jupiter et læto defcendet plurimus imbri. Virg.
VER. 15. nor to the deaf I fing.]
Non canimus furdis, refpondent omnia fylvæ. Virg.
Quæ nemora, aut qui vos faltus habuere, puellæ
VER. 9. Dr. Samuel Garth, Author of the Difpenfary, was one of the first friends of the Author, whofe acquaintance with him began at fourteen or fifteen. Their friendship continued from the year 1703 to 1718, which was that of his death.
VER. 16. The woods shall answer, and their echo ring.] Is a line out of Spenser's Epithalamion.
Virg. out of Theocr
As in the crystal fpring I view my face,
Oft in the crystal spring I caft a view,
And equall'd Hylas, if the glass be true;
But fince thofe graces meet my eyes no more,
VER. 27. Virgil again from the Cyclops of Theocritus,
Cum placidum ventis staret mare; non ego Daphnim,
VER. 40. bequeath'd in death, &c.] Virg. Ecl. ii.
Eft mihi difparibus feptem compacta cicutis
VER. 39. Colin.] The name taken by Spenfer in his Eclogues, here his miftrefs is celebrated under that of Rofalinda.