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er fights of science. By looking into physical causes, our minds are opened and enlarged ; and in this pursuit, whether we take or whether we lose our game, the chace is certainly of service. Cicero, true as he was to the academick philosophy, and consequently led to reject the certainty of physical, as of every other kind of knowledge, yet freely confesses its great importance to the human understanding ; « Est animorum ingeniorumque nostrorum nuturale quaddam quasi pabu« lum consideratio contemplatioque naturæ.If we can direct the lights we derive from such exalted speculations, upon the humbler field of the imagination, whilst we investigate the springs, and trace the courses of our passions, we may not only communicate to the taste a sort of philosophical solidity, but we may reflect back on the severer sciences some of the and elegancies of taste, without which the greatest proficiency in those sciences will always have the appearance of something illiberal.




A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our

Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful


[The first edition of this work was published in 1756: the second,

with large additions, in the year 1757.]

Introduction. On Taste


81 82


85 87


1. Novelty II. Pain and Pleasure III. The Difference between the removal of Pain

and positive Pleasure IV. Of Delight and Pleasure, as opposed to each

V. Joy and Grief
VI. Of the Passions which belong to Self-preser-

VII. Of the Sublime
VIII. Of the passions which belong to Society
IX. The final cause of the difference between the

Passions belonging to self-preservation, and

those which regard the Society of the sexes
X. Of Beauty
XI. Society and Solitude
XII. Sympathy, Imitation, and Ambition
XIII. Sympathy
XIV. The effects of Sympathy in the distresses of


88 ibid 89

90 91 92 93 ibid


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