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Hiftorical and Critical AcCOUNT





Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of

After the Manner of Mr. BAYLE.
Drawn from Original Writers and State Papers.

To which is added,

An APPENDIX of Original Papers,
Now first published.


Ne quid falfi dicere audeat, ne quid veri non audeat.



Printed for A. MILLAR in the Strand.


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ROMWELL's birth and parentage. Allied to the best

families. Trade no difgrace to a gentleman, p. 1-3.

Of the learning of Cromwell, p. 4. Vicious in youth,
P. 5. Marries p. 6. Character of Mrs. Cromwell,
p. 6-8. Reports concerning the poverty of Cromwell,
P. 9. Reflections
Reflections on them, p. 10. Of the Religion of -

Cromwell, p. 11. An original letter of his to Mr.

Storie, p. 12. Of his enthufiafm, p. 13-23. Crom-

well courteous and affable, and inclined to buffoonery, p. 24.

Though on neceffary occafions he kept flate to the full,

p. 27. Of his want of eloquence, p. 34. Mr. Hume

cenfured, p. 35. Cromwell's Speech to the Swedish

ambaffador commended, p. 36. Cromwell no bigot,

p. 37. Mifchief of bigottry, ibid. Cromwell the

great Patron of religious liberty, p. 38-45. Falls in

with the Puritans, p. 45. Short ftate of the cafe be-

tween them and the Prelatifts, p. 46.

Character of Court-Prelates in the times of James and

Charles I. p. 47. Of the fevere measures taken in the

times of the latter of thefe Princes, p. 50. Cromwell

with others prepare to leave the kingdom, p. 55. Are

Stop'd by a proclamation, ibid. Reflections thereon, p. 56.

Of Cromwell's oppofition to the draining the Fenns,

p. 56. Of the parliament in 1641, p. 59. Justly ce-

lebrated for their noble deeds, p. 62-65. High cha-

racters of it by Mr. Sidney and Mr. Trenchard, p. 69.

·Account of the remonstrance of the fate of the kingdom,
p. 70-76. The Parliament puts itself in a flate of
defence Is adhered to by Cromwell, who raises a
troop of horse, and difciplines them in a most extraordi-
nary manner. Praise of Cromwell's army by Lord
Clarendon, p. 76-85. Of Cromwell's first actions
in the War, p. 85. Lord Holles's charge of cowardice
against him recited, p. 87. Hated and envied by very
powerful perfons. Account of a confultation to accufe him

P. 220-223.

The war in Ireland continued by them. Cromwell ap-

pointed commander in chief in that kingdom. He takes

Drogheda and puts the garrifon to the jord. Reflec-

tions thereon. Ireland reduced. The gallant Spirit of

Lieutenant General Ludlow, p. 224-233-

The Scots oppofe the execution of Charles. Charles II. takes

the covenant and is crowned in Scotland. The Scots

prepare to invade England.-Fairfax refigns_his_com-

miffion. Cromwell appointed general in his room,—Sets

forward for Scotland-The battle of Dunbar-Joy of

the friends of Cromwell and the commonwealth. Charles II.

marches to Worcester-Is totally overthrown-Scotland

wholly fubdued. Honours paid to Cromwell, p. 234-


Rife and progress of the quarrel with the Dutch-The par-

liament fend ambassadors to the States-Subftance of their

embay-Behave with great fpirit-St. John's Speech at

their departure-War commences between the two na-

tions-Declaration of the parliament hereupon-Patrio-

tifm and difinterestedness of Sir Henry Vane-Parliament

concerned for the honour and interest of the nation-Their

demands from the Dutch, p. 252-271.

Vaft defigns imputed to the commonwealth of England-

Courted by all nations.-Obtains the highest reputation,

p. 272-277.

An act of oblivion passed by the parliament-Cromwell bu-

mane and benevolent, p. 278–280.

Of the navigation act. Praifed by Sir Jofias Child,

p. 281.

Parliament projects an union with Scotland. Cromwell

finishes it. Superiorities, lordships and jurisdictions abo-

lifhed. Remarks on Mr. Dalrymple's cenfure of Crom-

well, p. 284-287.

Parliament propofes the new modelling the reprefentation in


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