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fcene- His Majefty was
it must seem only the act of Mr. Joyce; Cromwell protested he knew nothing of it (though he was the man that appointed it to be done, as appears by what has been recited, taken out of fome of their own authors); Sir Thomas Fairfax writes a letter to the house, profefles the fame for himself as in the prefence of God, with a large undertaking for the rest of his officers, and the body of the army; and, perhaps, he faid true; I would fain be fo charitable as to believe it; nor, indeed, do I think the good man is privy to all their plots; he must have no more than what they are pleafed to carve and chew for him, but muft fwallow all, and own them when they come abroad. Here then they have the King, Joyce drives away the guards, forced colonel Greaves to fly, whom elfe they threatened to kill (murther being no fin in the vifible faints); carries away his Majefty, and the ⚫ commiffioners that attend him, prifoners, and imme(Holles's diately fends up a letter to certify what he had done, Memoirs, p. with directions it fhould be delivered to Cromwell (m). 96. Ludlow, who understood the defigns and actions of the army, probably, better than Holles, fpeaking of the divifions between it and the parliament, adds, The ai
tators of the army, fenfible of their condition, and knowing that they muft fall under the mercy of the parliament, unlcfs they could fecure themfelves from their power, by profecuting what they had begun; and fearing those who had fhewed them felves fo forward to clofe with the King, out of principle, upen < any terms, would now, for their own prefervation, ⚫ receive him without any, or rather put themselves under his protection, that they might the better fubdue the army, and reduce them to obedience by force; fent a party of horfe under the command of cornet
Joyce, on the 4th of June, 1647, with an order in writing, to take the King out of the hands of the
was rendered as agreeable as poffible to him, in his captive fituation, and Cromwell entered
< commiffioners of parliament. The cornet, having placed guards about Holmby houfe, fent to acquaint the King with the occafion of his coming, and was admitted into his bedchamber, where, upon promise that the King should be used civilly, and have his fer• vants and other conveniencies continued to him, he • obtained his confent to go with him. But whilst cor
net Joyce was giving orders concerning the King's removal, the parliament's commiffioners took that occafion to difcourfe with the King, and perfuaded him to alter his refolution; which Joyce perceiving at his • return, put the King in mind of his promife, acquainting him, that he was obliged to execute his orders; whereupon the King told him, that, fince he had paffed his word, he would go with him; and, to that end, defcended the stairs to take horse, the ⚫ commiffioners of the parliament being with him. • Colonel Brown and Mr. Crew, who were two of • them, publickly declared, that the King was forced out of their hands; and fo returned, with an account of what had been done, to the parliament (n). was a very bold ftroke indeed! performed in the name of foldiers only under the command of Fairfax, but no doubt contrived by Cromwell and Ireton, in order to make themselves arbiters between King and parliament, and advance their own ambitious projects. Lord Clarendon affures us, that the King did, in truth,
This (") Vol. i.
believe that their purpose was to carry him to fome place where they might more conveniently murder him (o). The author of the Icon Bafilike more fenfi- (0) Vol. v. P. 48. bly observes, in his Majesty's perfon, This furprize of ⚫ me tells the world, that a King cannot be fo low but
he is confiderable, adding weight to that party where (p) King he appears (p).' The King had no reafon to fear Charles's murther: Joyce behaved with civility to him; promifed Works, P. him all conveniencies;, did what in him lay to pleafe Lond. 1687.
entered into a negociation with him, in order to his reftoration; but terms being
him, and rendered him more pleafed with his fituation than he had before been. Let us hear Fairfax.
foon as I heard of it [the King's feizure at Holmby} I immediately fent away two regiments of horie, commanded by colonel Whalley, to remove this force, and to fet all things again in their due order. But before he came to Holmby, the King was advanced · two or three miles on his way to Cambridge, attended by Joyce, where colonel Whalley acquainted the King, he was fent by the general to let him know how much ⚫ he was troubled at thofe great infolencies that had been 'committed fe near his perfon; and, as he had not the leaft knowledge of them before they were done, so he had omitted no time in feeking to remove that force, which he had orders from me to fee done;
and therefore he defired his Majesty that he would be. pleased to return again to Holmby, where all things fhould be fettled again in as much order and quietnefs as they were before. And also he defired the ⚫ commiffioners to reaffume their charge, as the parlia⚫ment had directed them, which he was alfo to defire
them to do from the general. But the King refused · to return, and the commiffioners to act; whereupon • colonel Whalley urged them to it, faying, he had an
exprefs command to fee all things well fettled about his Majefty, which could not be done, but by his returning again to Helmby. The King faid pofitively, he would not do it: fo the colonel preffed him no more to it, having, indeed, a fpecial direction from < me to use all tenderness and refpect, as was due to his Majefty. The King came that night, or the next, to Sir John Cutts's houfe near Cambridge; and the next day I waited on his Majefty, it being alfo my bufinefs to perfuade his return to Ho'mby, but he was ⚫ otherwife refolved. I preft the commiffioners alfo to act according to the power given them by the parlia'ment,
not agreed on, or dangers of fome kind or other (DD) being apprehended, Cromwell broke
ment, which they also refused to do: fo having spent the whole day about this bufinefs, I returned to my quar'ters; and, as I took leave of the King, he faid to me, Sir, I have as good intereft in the army as you; by which I plainly faw the broken reed he leaned on. The agitators could change into that colour which • ferved next to their ends, and had brought the King into an opinion that the army was for him. That it might appear what a real trouble this act was to me, though the army was almoft wholly infected with this humour of agitation, I called for a council of war to proceed against Joyce for this high offence and breach of the articles of war; but the officers, < whether for fear of the diftempered foldiers, or ra
ther (as I suspected) a fecret allowance of what was (2) Short done, made all my endeavours in this ineffectual (9).' Memorials, I have tranfcribed Fai fax's account at length, that the P113 reader may the better be enabled to judge of the juftice of Clarendon's narrative above mentioned, and alfo of the truth of the meflage, delivered to the houfe of lords by the Earl of Dumfermline, from the King, that () Parlia his Majefty went from Holdenby unwillingly (r).'. Thus, fys Perinchief, was that religious Prince made vol. xv. once more the mock of fortune, and the sport of the P. 399. factious, and was drawn from his peaceful contemplations and profpect of heaven, to behold and con- Life of K. Charles, verfe with men fet on fire of hell ().' Whether prefixed to the reader be difpofed to laugh or be ferious at this his works, folemn paragraph is very indifferent to me; but the P. 40. writer, who compofed it, ftands little chance for credit with such as with attention have ftudied the character of his hero.
(DD) Terms being not agreed on, ar danger being apprehended, Cromwell broke off all thoughts of friendship with Charles, &c] The King no fooner found himself in the hands of the army, than he had reafon to be fa
broke off all thoughts of friendship with the King, and openly declared for bringing him
tisfied with their civility and refpect Ludlow, with fome indignation, speaks of the attendance and homage that was paid him by fome chief officers. Lord Clarendon has given us a particular account of the treatment he received, which I will here transcribe for the fatiffaction of the reader. The King found himfelf at • Newma, ket, attended by greater troops and fuperior ⚫ officers; fo that he was prefent'y freed from any subjection to Mr. Joyce, which was no fmall fatisfaction to him; and they who were about him appeared men of better breeding than the former, and paid his Majefty all the respect imaginable, and feemed to defire to pleafe him in all things. All reftraint was taken off from perfons reforting to him, and he faw every day the faces of many who were grateful to him; and be no fooner defired that fome of his chaplains
⚫ might have leave to attend upon him for his devotion, but it was yielded to, and they who were named by him (who were Dr. Sheldon, Dr. Morley, Dr. Sanderjon, and Dr. Hammond) were prefently fent, and gave their attendance, and performed their functions at the ordinary hours, in their accuftomed formalities; all perfons, who had a mind to it, being fuffered to be prefent, to his Majefty's infinite fatis:action, who began to believe that the army was not fo much his enemy as it was reported to be; and the army had fent an addrefs to him full of proteftation of duty, and befought him, that he would be content, for ' fome time, to refide among them, until the affairs of the kingdom were put into fuch a pofture as he might find all things to his own content and fecurity, which they infinitely defired to fee as foon as might be; and, to that purpofe, made daily inftances to the parliament.' In the mean time his Majefty fate ftill, or • removed to fuch places as were moft convenient for the march of the army; being in all places as well. ( pro