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Quench'd in a boggy Syrtis, neither fea,

Nor good dry land: nigh founder'd. on he fares, 940
Treading the crude confiftence, half on foot,
Half fly'ing; behoves him now both oar and fail.
As when a gryphon, through the wilderness
With winged courfe, o'er hill or moory dale,
Purfues the Arimafpian, who by stealth
Had from his wakeful cuftody purloin'd

The guarded gold: fo eagerly the fiend


O'er bog, or fteep, through ftrait, rough, denfe, or rare,
With head, hands, wings, or feet, purfues his way;
And swims, or finks, or wades, or creeps, or flies. 950
At length an univerfal hubbub wild

Of stunning founds, and voices all confus'd,
Borne through the hollow dark, assaults his ear,
With loudest vehemence: thither he plies,
Undaunted to meet there whatever power
Or fpirit of the nethermost abyfs


Might in that noife refide. whom to ask
Which way the nearest coaft of darkness lies

Bord'ring on light; when ftraight behold the throne Of Chaos, and his dark pavilion spread


Wide on the wafteful deep; with him enthron'd
Sat fable-vefted Night, eldeft of things,

The confort of his reign; and by them stood
Orcus and Ades, and the dreadful name

Of Demogorgon; Rumor next, and Chance


And Tumult, and Confufion all embroil'd,

And Discord with a thousand various mouths.

To whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye pow'rs

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Lies through your fpacious empire up to light
Alone, and without guide, half loft, I feek


What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds

Confine with heav'n; or if fome other place,

From your dominion won, th' ethereal King
Poffeffes lately, thither to arrive

I travel this profound; direct my courfe:


Directed, no mean recompenfe it brings
To your behoof; if I that region loft,
All ufurpation thence expell'd, reduce
To her original darknefs, and your fway,

(Which is my prefent journey), and once more 985
Erect the fandard there of ancient Night;
Yours be th' advantage all, mine the revenge.
Thus Satan; and him thus the anarch old,
With falt'ring fpeech and vifage uncompos'd,
Answer'd. I know thee, franger, who thou art, 990
That mighty leading angel, who of late

Made head against heav'n's King, though overthrown.
I faw, and heard; for fuch a numerous hoft
Fled not in filence through the frighted deep,
With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,

Confufion worfe confounded; and heav'n-gates
Pour'd out by millions her victorious bands
Purfuing. I upon my frontiers here
Keep refidence; if all I can will ferve
That little which is left fo to defend,




Encroach'd on ftill through your inteftine broils
Weak'ning the fceptre of old Night; first hell,
Your dungeon, ftretching far and wide beneath;
Now lately heav'n and earth, another world,
Hung o'er my realm, linked in a golden chain, IC05
To that fide heav'n, from whence your legions fell:
If that way be your walk, you have not far:
So much the nearer danger; go, and speed;
Havock, and fpoil, and ruin, are my gain.
He ceas'd; and Satan ftay'd not to reply,
But glad that now his fea fhould find a thore,
With fresh alacrity, and force renew'd,
Springs upward, like a pyramid of fire
Into the wild expanfe; and through the fhock
Of fighting elements, on all fides round
Environ'd, wins his way; harder befet
And more endanger'd, than when Argo.pass'd
Through Bofphorus, betwixt the juftling rocks:
Or when Ulyffes on the larboard fhunn'd
Charybdis, and by th' other whirlpool fteer'd.
So he with difficulty and labour hard




Mov'd on; with difficulty and labour he;

But he once pass'd, soon after, when man fell,
Strange alteration! Sin and Death amain

Following his tract, fuch was the will of Heav'n, 1025
Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way
Over the dark abyfs, whofe boiling gulf
Tamely endur'd a bridge of wondrous length,
From hell continu'd, reaching th' utmost orb
Of this frail world; by which the fp'rits perverfe 1030
With eafy intercourfe to and fro,

To tempt or punish mortals, except whom
GoD and good Angels guard by fpecial grace.
But now at laft the facred influence
Of light appears, and from the walls of heav'n
Shoots far into the bofom of dim Night
A glimm'ring dawn: here Nature first begins
Her fartheft verge, and Chaos to retire,
As from her utmost works a broken foe,
With tumult lefs, and with lefs hoftile din ;
That Satan with less toil, and now with ease,



Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light,
And like a weather-beaten veffel holds


Gladly the port, though fhrouds and tackle torn;
Or in the emptier wafte, refembling air,

Weighs his fpread wings, at leifure to behold
Far off th' empyreal heav'n, extended wide
In circuit, undetermin'd fquare or round,
With opal tow'rs, and battlements adorn'd
Of living faphir, once his native feat;
And faft by, hanging in a golden chain,
This pendent world, in bignefs as a star


Of fmalleft magnitude, close by the moon,

Thither full fraught with mischievous revenge,
Accurs'd, and in a curfed hour, he hies.







God fitting on his throne fees Satan flying towards this world, then newly created; fhews him to the Son who fat at his right hand; foretels the fuccefs of Satan in perverting mankind; clears his own juftice and wisdom from all imputation, having created man free, and able enough to have withstood his tempter; yet declares his purpofe of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of his own malice, as did Satan, but by him feduced The Son of God renders praises to his Father for the manifeftation of his gracious purpose towards him: but God again declares, that grace cannot be extended towards man without the fatisfaction of divine juftice. Man hath offended the majefty of God by afpiring to Godhead; and therefore with all his progeny, devoted to death, must die, unless fome one can be found fufficient to answer for his offence, and undergo his punishment. The Son of God freely offers himself a ransom for man: the Father accepts him, ordains his incarnation, pronounces his exaltation above all names in heaven and earth; commands all the angels to adore him: they obey; and hymning to their harps in full quire, celebrate the Father and the Son. Mean while Satan alights upon the bare convex of this world's outermoft orb; where wandering he first finds a place, fince called the limbo of vanity: what perfons and things fly up thither: thence comes to the gate of heaven, defcribed afcending by ftairs, and the waters above the firmament that flow about it: his passage thence to the orb of the fun; he finds there Uriel, the

regent of that orb, but first changes himself into the Shape of a meaner angel; and pretending a zealous defire to behold the new creation, and man whom God had placed here, inquires of him the place of his habitation, and is directed: alights firft on mount Niphates.


AIL, holy light, offspring of heav'n first-born,
Or of th' Eternal coeternal beam!

May 1 exprefs thee' unblam'd? fince God is light,
And never but in unapproached light
Dwelt from eternity; dwelt then in thee,
Bright effluence of bright fence increate.
Or hear'it thou rather pure ethereal ftream,
Whofe fountain, who fhall tell? Before the fun,
Before the heav'ns thou wert, and at the voice
Of God, as with a mantle didft inveft
The rifing world of waters dark and deep,
Won from the void and formlefs infinite.
Thee I revifit now with bolder wing,

Efcap'd the Stygian pool, though long detain'd
In that obfcure fojourn; while in my flight



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Through utter and through middle darkness borne, With other notes than to th' Orphean lyre,

I fung of Chaos and eternal Night;


Taught by the heav'nly Mufe to venture down
The dark defcent, and up to re-ascend,
Though hard and rare. Thee I revifit fafe,
And feel thy fov'reign vital lamp; but thou
Revifit'ft not thefe eyes, that roll in vain
To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn;
So thick a drop ferene hath quench'd their orbs, 25
Or dim fuffufion veil'd. Yet not the more
Ceafe I to wander, where the Mufes haunt
Clear spring, or fhady grove, or funny hill,
Smit with the love of facred fong; but chief
Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath,
That wash thy hallow'd feet, and warb'ling flow,
Nightly I vifit: nor fometimes forget
Thofe other two equall'd with me in fate,
So were I equall'd with them in renown,
Blind Thamyris, and blind Mæonides;



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