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As for the rest, each winter up they run,
30 Then, urged by C-t,14 or by C-t stopp'd,
Rise, rise, great W-16-fated to appear,
What can thy H,18
Or those foul copies of thy face and tongue,
18 Horace. Walpole, the brother of Sir Robert. He had been Secretary to Earl Stanhope, in Spain, Secretary to the Treasury, and Ambassador in Holland and France, &c.
19 Winnington. He was successively Lord of the Admiralty, Lord of the Treasury, and Paymaster of the Forces. Though an inconsistent politician, he is represented as having been one of the most amiable of men.
20 Sir William Yonge (for so he spelt the name), Secretary at War. 21 Bub Dodington, Lord Melcombe.
22 Francis Hare, Bishop of Chichester, who died in the year assigned to this fragment, 1740.
Hervey and Hervey's school, FH-y, H
C., that Roman in his nose alone,32
Can the light packhorse, or the heavy steer,
The plague is on thee, Britain, and who tries
23 Fox, Henley, Hinton.
24 The Archbishop of York, and Bishop of Winchester; Blackburn and Hoadley.
25 26 Arthur Onslow, Speaker of the House of Commons, and Lord Delaware, Chairman of Committees in the House of Lords.
27 Duke of Newcastle.
28 Lionel, first Duke of Dorset. He had been Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and conciliated the favour and regard of Swift. Read Dorset's sager sneer.
29 Duke of Marlborough. A sarcastic allusion to the second Duke, formerly Lord Sunderland.
30 Probably Sir Joseph Jekyll, though Jekyll died in 1738.
32 Sir John Cummins, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas; or Compton, Lord Wilmington, President of the Council. Compton died in 1743, and Pope wrote to Lord Marchmont, strongly condemning the useless life of the deceased nobleman. “Three hundred thousand pounds, the sum total of his life, without one worthy deed, public or private! His titles only must be his epitaph; and there can be nothing on his monument remarkable, except his nose, which, I hope, the statuary will do justice to." Lord Hervey also alludes to Compton's prominent feature, calling him “Privy Nosy."
The first firm P—-y, soon resign'd his breath.
Thy nobles sl—8, thy se—8 bought with gold, 38
Alas! on one alone our all relies, 39
still a .
35 Lord Scarborough. Pope generally spelt Scarborough and Peterborough with a w, instead of ugh.
86 The Earl of Marchmont, who died in January, 1740, when his son, Hugh, Lord Polwarth, succeeded to the earldom.
87 Sir William Wyndham died in June, 1740. 88 Thy nobles slaves, thy senates bought, &c.
39 The one on whom all relied was probably Frederick, Prince of Wales, with whom Pope was then on terms of intimacy. If the poem is of Jacobite origin, the Chevalier St. George, the Pretender, must have been meant. Mr. Bowles restores the passage as follows:
“Alas ! on one alone our all relies,
Let him be honest, and he must be wise;
Long kept by wars, and long by tempests toss'd,
[The above was sent by Pope to H. Cromwell, in a letter dated Oct. 19, 1709, containing a very interesting panegyric upon dogs.“ Histories," he says, “are more full of examples of the fidelity of dogs than of friends, but I will not insist upon many of them, because it is possible some may be almost as fabulous as those of Pylades and Orestes, &c. I will only say for the honour of dogs, that the two most ancient and estimable books, sacred and profane, extant, (viz. the Scripture and Homer,) have shown a particular regard to these animals. That of Toby is the more remarkable, because there seemed no manner of reason to take notice of the dog, besides the great humanity of the author. Homer's account of Ulysses's dog, Argus, is the most pathetic imaginable, all the circumstances considered, and an excellent proof of the old bard's good nature. Ulysses had left him at Ithaca when he embarked for Troy, and found him at his return after twenty years (which, by the way, is not unnatural, as some critics have said, since I remember, the dam of my dog was twenty-two years old when she died. May the omen of longevity prove fortunate to her successors !). Plutarch, relating how the Athenians were obliged to abandon Athens in the time of Themistocles, steps back again out of the way of his history, purely to describe the lamentable cries and howlings of the poor dogs they left behind. He makes mention of one that followed his master across the sea to Salamis, where he died, and was honoured with a tomb by the Athenians, who gave the name of the Dog's Grave to that part of the island where he was buried. This respect to a dog, in the most polite people of the world, is very observable. A modern instance of gratitude to a dog (though we have but few such) is, that the chief order of Denmark (now injuriously called the order of the elephant) was instituted in memory of the fidelity of a dog, named Wildbrat, to one of their kings who had been deserted by his subjects. He gave his order this motto, or to this effect (which still remains), “Wild-brat was faithful.” Sir William Trumbull has told me a story, which he heard from one that was present. King Charles I. being with some of his Court, during his troubles, a discourse arose what sort of dogs deserved pre-eminence, and it being on all hands agreed to belong either to the spaniel or greyhound, the King gave his opinion on the part of the greyhound, because (said he) it has all the good-nature of the other without the fawning. A good piece of satire upon his courtiers, with which I will conclude my discourse on dogs.”]
IMPROMPTU TO LADY WINCHELSEA.
OCCASIONED BY FOUR SATIRICAL VERSES ON WOMEN WITS, IN THE RAPE OF
IN vain you boast poetic names of yore,
And cite those Sapphos we admire no more :