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of theirs as they have done of mine. However, I shall have this advantage and honour on my side, that whereas, by their proceeding, any abuse may be directed at any man, no injury can possibly be done by mine, since a nameless character can never be found out but by its truth and likeness.
P. SHUT, shut the door
, good John!, fatigued I said ;
What walls can guard me, or what shades can hide ?
Is there a parson, much bemused in beer,
1 [John Serle, his old and faithful servant, remembered in his will. Curll speaks of " honest Serle, Mr. Pope's gardener at Twickenham," in 1735. After his master's death, in 1744, John published a plan of the poet's garden, with an account of the mineral and other curiosities it contained, which we have given in the appendix to the poet's life. He next went into the employ. ment of Mr. Allen, at Bath.
2 [The Mint in Southwark was a sanctuary for insolvent debtors. It included several streets and alleys. Nahum Tate, the poet, died in the Mint, in 1716. An attempt was made to curtail the privilege, in the reign of William III., and it was finally suppressed in the reign of George I.] 3 After ver. 20, in the MS.
“Is there a bard in durance ? turn them free,
Arthur, whose giddy son neglects the laws,4
Friend to my life! (which did not you prolong,
35 And to be grave, exceeds all power of face. I sit with sad civility, I read With honest ngu and an aching head; And drop at last, but in unwilling ears, This saving counsel,- -“ Keep your piece nine years." 40
“Nine years !" cries he, who, high in Drury-lane, Lull’d by soft zephyrs through the broken pane, Rhymes ere he wakes, and prints before Term ends, Obliged by hunger, and request of friends : " The piece, you think, is incorrect ? why take it, 45 I'm all submission; what you'd have it, make it.”
Three things another's modest wishes bound, My friendship, and a prologue, and ten pound.
Pitholeon sends to me: “ You know his grace, I want a patron; ask him for a place.”
50 Pitholeon 6 libell'd me" but here's a letter Informs you, Sir, 'twas when he knew no better. Dare you refuse him ? Curll invites to dine, . He'll write a journal, or he 'll turn divine.”?
4 [Arthur Moore, father of the poetical James Moore Smythe. See life of Pope, and Notes to Dunciad.] 6 In the first edition
“Dear Doctor, tell me, is not this a curse?
Say, is their anger or their friendship worse ? " 6 The name taken from a foolish poet of Rhodes, who pretended much to Greek. Schol. in Horat. 1. i. Dr. Bentley pretends that this Pitholeon libelled Cæsar also. See notes on Hor. Sat. 10, 1. i. 7 In the MS.
"If you refuse, he goes, as fates incline,
Bless me! a packet.8 “ 'Tis a stranger sues,
“ Commend it to the stage.”
'Tis sung, when Midas' ears began to spring,
! I'd never name queens, ministers, or kings: Keep close to ears, and those let asses prick, 'Tis nothing-P. Nothing ? if they bite and kick ? Out with it, DUNCIAD! let the secret pass, That secret to each fool, that he's an ass :
8 [Alludes to a tragedy called the Virgin Queen, by Mr. R. Barford, published 1729, who displeased Pope by daring to adopt the fine machinery of his sylphs in an heroi.comical poem called The Assembly.- Warton.] 9 [In first edit.
“Cibber and I are luckily no friends.” Cibber, in his letter to Pope, 1742, notices this alteration. “You have taken off a little of its edge,” he says. “This is so uncommon an instance of your checking your temper, and taking a little shame to yourself, that I cannot in justice omit my notice of it.”]
10 The story is told by some of his barber, but by Chaucer of his Queen. See Wife of Bath's Tale in Dryden's Fables. [It is scarcely necessary to point out that the poet intends a sarcastic allusion to Queen Caroline and Sir Robert Walpole. The Queen's management of the King, as detailed by Lord Hervey in his Memoirs, was as artfully constructed and evolved as any dramatic plot. Walpole knew where the real power lay, and made his arrangements accordingly. Hervey, in a letter to Bishop Hoadley (1734) has the expression, “You know the King's two ears as well as I do.”]
The truth once told (and wherefore should we lie ?)
You think this cruel ? Take it for a rule,
11 Alluding to Horace, —
“Si fractus illabatur orbis,
Impavidum ferient ruinæ.” [Or rather to Addison's version,
"Should the whole frame of Nature round him break,
And stand secure amidst a falling world.”] 12 [In first edit.
“Scribblers, like spiders, break one cobweb through,
Still spin,” &c. There are numerous small alterations in this Epistle.] 13 He was of this society, and frequently headed their processions.
[Orator Henley and James Moore Smythe. The former preached in Newport and Clare Markets.]
14 [The Bavius of this couplet has not been named. Shadwell used to represent the character, but he had been dead long ere this Epistle was written. Dennis died in January of the same year, 1733-4. The bishop alluded to was Bishop Boulter, Primate of Ireland, to whom Ambrose Philips was for some time secretary.]